It is accepted that class-oriented behaviour can be a significant factor in American elections and in Americanpolitics in general. However the problem is to determine how significant class is in elections. The 1920's and 1930's - with the New Deal aiding the underprivileged - did, in fact, establish a direct relationship between class and party allegiance; though this allegiance was subject to considerable variation from election to the election.
Category Peoples, Nations, Events
Ernst Röhm was head of the SA (Brownshirts) up to July 1934. Many assumed that Röhm was a loyal member of the Nazi Party who had created an organisation (the SA) to protect Nazi Party meetings. However, fearing that Röhm was going to betray him, Hitler ordered his arrest and death. Ernst Röhm was born on November 28 th 1887.
Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk was in Adolf Hitler'sfirst cabinet as Reich Minister of Finance. Von Krosigk was an ardent Nazi and even served in the short-lived Dönitz government. Krosigk was born on August 22 nd 1887. After school, he attended Lausanne University where he studied law and politics. After this Krosigk became a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University.
Hans Fritzsche was a senior Nazi Party official. After Adolf Hitler attained power in January 1933, Fritzsche worked in the Propaganda Ministry headed by Joseph Goebbels from May 1933 to May 1945. Fritzsche had been a journalist who had worked for the ultra- right wing nationalist media magnate Alfred Hugenberg.
Martin Bormann became one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany and some regarded Bormann as second only to Hitler in the party as a result of the power he gained during World War Two. Bormann was born on June 17th, 1900, in Wegeleben. He was the son of a post-office employee. Bormann dropped out of education and went to work on a farm in Mecklenburg.
Heinrich Himmler was born in 1900 and died in 1945. Heinrich Himmler was to become one of the most feared men in Nazi Germany and Europe once World War Two broke out. As head of the SS, he had ultimate responsibility of internal security in Nazi Germany (as was seen in the Night of the Long Knives) and was associated with helping to organise the Final Solution though Reinhard Heydrich had a major input into the organisation of the Holocaust.
T/html; charset=windows-1252"> Who is the more powerful Who is the more powerful - America's president or Britain's Prime Minister? Political instinct alone seems to dictate to many that the American president - 'the world's most powerful man' - is the most powerful politician in any of the world's democratic nations.
Baldur von Schirach was head of the Hitler Youth movement in Nazi Germany. The young of Nazi Germany had a very important role to play in Hitler's Germany, so Schirach, as the head of all youth movements, must have been held in the highest esteem by the Nazi leader. Schirach was born on March 9 th 1907.
Arthur Seyss-Inquart was a senior Nazi Party official who as Reich Commissioner had control of the Netherlands during World War Two. Seyss-Inquart remained loyal to Adolf Hitler until the end of the war. He was arrested as a war criminal, tried at Nuremberg, found guilty and sentenced to death. Seyss-Inquart was born on July 22 nd 1892 in Stannern, which was then part of Bohemia in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Congressional elections are held every two years. There are elections for 1/3rd of the Senate (who sit for six years) and for all of the House of Representatives who all stand for re-election after two years. These are held mid-way (two years) through a president's term in office and are called mid-term elections.
'Vőlkischer Beobachter' was the main official newspaper of the Nazi Party. The primary aim of 'Vőlkischer Beobachter' was to spread the word of Nazism and to print the propaganda requirements of Joseph Goebbels, the minister responsible for propaganda. The production of 'Vőlkischer Beobachter' ended when Nazi Germany collapsed in May 1945.
Newspapers were greatly used by the Nazi Party to spread the party line. Newspapers were commonly purchased in an era that pre-dated television and along with the cinema and radio was the primary mode of spreading information - information that the Nazi Party wanted to control. Hitler came to power on January 30 th 1933 and almost immediately set out plans that would give the Nazis total power over all newspapers.
Universities in Nazi Germany were strictly controlled by the authorities. Senior university professors were hand-picked Nazis. The subjects that were taught in universities had to fit in to Nazi ideology and few in the universities were prepared to openly defy the regime. Historically, universities in Germany had been held in very high regard for their reputation for teaching students to think outside of the norm.
The Rosenberg Task Force (Einsatzstab Rosenberg) was headed by AlfredRosenberg and tasked by Adolf Hitler to hunt out and then confiscate any art treasures in Occupied Europe. Rosenberg was guided in what to acquire by Hermann Goering and Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel. Rosenberg was ordered to move to Germany “cultural goods which appear valuable to you and to safeguard them there.
The 'Red Orchestra' was an umbrella term adopted by the Nazi secret police when describing those who were plotting against the Third Reich. The term 'Red Orchestra' was used because each person in the plot was given a musical term - so that some were known as pianists, leaders were known as conductors.
The “rotteness” of the Roman Catholic Church was at the heart of Martin Luther's attack on it in 1517 when he wrote the “95 Theses” thus sparking off the German Reformation. At the start of the C16, the Roman Catholic Church was all powerful in western Europe. There was no legal alternative. The Catholic Church jealously guarded its position and anybody who was deemed to have gone against the Catholic Church was labelled a heretic and burnt at the stake.
Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach became an ardent supporter of Adolf Hitler after he became Chancellor in January 1933. Krupp made generous donations to the Nazi Party but the company he headed also made vast sums of money out of the Nazi rearmament plan. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach was born Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach in The Hague on August 7 th 1870.
Joseph Goebbels was appointed Reich Minister of Propaganda On March 13 th 1933. Goebbels proved to be an expert in his mastery of the dark art of propaganda. Goebbels had no formal training in any aspect of propaganda. However, he did seem to fulfil what Adolf Hitler wrote in 'Mein Kampf' with regards to the truth: if you are going to tell a lie, tell a big one and if you tell if often enough, people will begin to believe it.
Pressure groups have had to target government bureaucracy in America. Many day-to-day decisions are made by bureaucrats, by Departments of State and regulatory commissions. Pressure groups, therefore, are concerned that their views are represented at this level. Bureaucrats can also make use of the knowledge pressure groups might have on an issue that they represent especially if one government agency is in dispute with another.
Minor political parties do not do well in elections as two parties dominate American politics and the likelihood is that this will be the case in the future. The wealth that the Democrats and Republicans can generate and their traditional hold in American politics invariably means that no other party is likely to get even a 'toe hold' in the area where politics count - elections.
Sophie Scholl was a member of the White Rose movement that was formed in Nazi Germany during World War Two. Sophie, along with a small group of others, was anti-Nazi and therefore by definition anti-Hitler. It was only a matter of time before the authorities knew the identities of those who were writing what was described as 'subversive' leaflets and Sophie was put on trial, found guilty and executed.