The Heinkel He 111 was one of the primary bombers used by the Germans during the Blitz. The Heinkel 111 first flew in 1936 as an airliner for Lufthansa. However, while the civilian variety was capable of carrying ten passengers throughout Western Europe, a military version was also being developed. By 1937, the military version of the Heinkel 111 could carry 1700 kg of bombs, though later versions could carry over 2000 kg of bombs.
South Georgia was occupied by Argentine forces at the same time as the Falkland Islands were occupied. South Georgia had no intrinsic value, as it was an old whaling station. But the symbolic status of South Georgia was such that to the Argentine government its possession meant nearly as much as possessing the Falkland Islands.
Task Force South was the name given to the naval armada that sailed south from Britain at the start of the effort to reclaim the Falkland Islands. The task force was a mixture of naval ships (aircraft carriers, destroyers and support ships) and requisitioned merchant ships including ferries and two luxury liners - the 'Canberra' and the 'QE2'.
Mount Tumbledown is about 4 miles to the west of Port Stanley, the capital of the Falkland Islands. The height advantage that Mount Tumbledown gave to the Argentine forces based there, meant that no British troops could simply advance around it and leave it alone as they would be very vulnerable to their rear if the Argentine troops had been allowed to remain there.
The Royal Marines, along with the Parachute Regiment, were seen as the spearhead of the Task Force in their effort to remove the Argentine forces from the Falkland Islands. The Royal Marines, after landing at San Carlos Bay, fought at Mount Kent, Mount Harriet and Two Sisters before 'yomping' into Port Stanley.
The position of the president dominates American Politics. The president is head of America's executive;Congress heads America's legislative and the Supreme Court, America's judiciary. These three parts of the government, make up the federal structure of politics in America. Usually the only two elected members of the Executive are the president and the vice-president.
The amphibious landings at San Carlos Bay involved a great number of ships. By the very nature of the landing and the role of those ships, they were very vulnerable to aerial attacks. Flying low over land that gave an approaching plane many advantages, the ships, at anchor, must have been inviting targets to pilots in the Argentine Air Force.
The Wessex helicopter was the general workhorse of the military for many years. The Wessex was used in the Falklands War though it tended to be overshadowed by the Sea King helicopter. The first flight of the Wessex was in July 1958. It usually had a crew of two and at sea level the Wessex had a maximum speed of 132 mph.
The Lynx helicopter had a vital role to play in the Falklands War. Whereas the 'heavy' work of the war was done by the Sea Kings, the Lynx provided the Royal Navy and accompanying requisitioned ships with protection from submarines and surface vessels. The Lynx first flew in March 1971 and it went operational in the Army and Royal Navy in 1977.
A 527 group is a type of tax-exempt organisation that is named after the section of the United States tax code. 527's have legally avoided the restrictions put on spending at elections by the FEC 507's are created for the nomination and election or appointment of a candidate for public office. 527s are not regulated by the Federal Election Commission and are therefore not subject to the same contribution limits as Political Action Committees.
The Supreme Court in America adjudicates on acts passed through the political system by Congress and President. The Supreme Court's task is to declare whether an act is constitutional or unconstitutional. The Supreme Court cannot initiate a bill/act - it can only adjudicate. Presidents appoint Supreme Court judges and the Court was to play a part in the outcome of the 2000 Election.
Harry Truman was president of America after the death of F D Roosevelt in April 1945. Harry Truman gave the order for the atomic bombs to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and he represented the United States at Potsdam, the last of the great war meetings. Harry Truman was born in 1884 in Lamar, Missouri.
Voting patterns in America are keenly analysed statistics by party officials. In 1996 the turn out at the general election was 49% which was the lowest turn out since 1924. This was despite a record of 13 million new voters registering to vote in1992. This could simply have been because so many potential voters considered the result a forgone conclusion rather than America developing a sudden apathy towards politics.
American Politics, in the past, has been blighted by the issue of electoral districts and their impact on presidential elections. In recent years, this issue of electoral districts has become less of a problem, but presidential elections have to be seen as being 'whiter than white' and attempts to clean up the issue of electoral districts within American Politics have been well documented.
The primary season plays a very important role in American politics. While the caucus system was predominant, party bosses could effectively decide who the delegates voted for. This was hardly democratic but the man who was the favoured candidate had little to worry about with regards to the primary season.
The March 5 th 1933 election held in Nazi Germany was the last election to be held under Hitler's rule. Hitler may well have expected the election to have resulted in an overwhelming Nazi victory but he was wrong. The Nazi Party got less than 50% of the votes cast by 39 million voters. Other right wing parties pushed the vote for the right to just over 50% but it was not the result Hitler would have wanted in the election as it showed that many were still not in support of what the Nazis were trying to achieve.
The SA (Sturmabteilung or Storm Detachment) was better known as the Brownshirts or Storm Troopers. The SA got their nickname from the colour of the shirts they wore. From 1921 to 1933 the SA disrupted the meetings of Adolf Hitler's political opponents as well as defended the halls where Hitler was making a speech in public.
Josef Tito was born in 1892 and died in 1980. During World War Two, Tito found fame as a resistance leader in what was Yugoslavia. Loyalty to Tito was immense - even a reward of 100,000 Reichsmarks offered by the Nazis did not tempt his followers to betray him. Tito was born in Kumrovec in Croatia. His was born as Josef Broz and served with the Austrian infantry during World War One.
Max Amann served with Adolf Hitler during World War One and maintained his association with the future Fűhrer after the war ended. Amann was the Nazi Party's treasurer and in the 1920's worked with Alfred Rosenberg on the party's newspaper 'Volkischer Beobachter'. Max Amann was born in Munich on November 24 th 1891.
The Dumbarton Oaks Conference was held between August and October 1944. The principal objective of Dumbarton Oaks was to discuss the possibilities of creating an international organisation that would maintain world peace after the end of World War Two. In fact, there was not one meeting at Dumbarton Oaks, but a series of meetings.
Wilhelm Frick was a senior Nazi Party official who served in Adolf Hitler's cabinet as Minister of the Interior. Frick held the position until the collapse of the Third Reich in May 1945. Frick was arrested after the end of World War Two and tried at Nuremberg. Wilhelm Frick was born on March 12 th 1877 in Alsenz, Bavaria.