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Cor Caroli AK-91 - History

Cor Caroli AK-91 - History

Cor Caroli

The brightest star in the constellation Caroli.

(AK-91: dp. 4,023, 1. 441'6" b. 56'11", dr. 28'4"; s.
12.5 k.; cpl. 198; a. 1 5;', 1 3"; cl. Crater)

Cor Caroli (AK-91) was launched 19 March 1943 as Betsy Ross by Permanente Metals Corp., Yard No. 2, Richmond, Calif., under a Maritime Commission contract, sponsored by Mrs. F. Modglin; acquired by the Navy 31 March 1943, commissioned 16 April 1943, Lieutenant Commander J. A. Lewis, USCGR, in command; and reported to the Pacific Fleet.

After coastwise cargo operations, Cor Caroli cleared San Diego 14 June 1943 for Auckland, New Zealand, arriving 18 July. Until 23 January 1944, she operated between Auckland and Noumea, Espiritu Santo, Guadalcanal, Suva, Efate, and Tulagi, supporting the South Pacific operations. She sailed from Auckland 8 January 1944 for Noumea, where she loaded additional cargo and Lunga Point, arriving 28 January. She proceeded to BouFainville, where she joined in the invasion from 8 to 17 February, splashing a Japanese plane when air resistance developed. She returned to Bougainville with additional cargo from 6 to 11 March, and next operated off Emirau from 9 to 16 April in landings there. Cor Caroli continued to operate in the Solomons until 12 June, when she sailed for Eniwetok. After standing by in reserve during the invasion of Eniwetok, she sailed on with her cargo to Guam, where she participated in the assault from 27 July to 15 August.

Cor Caroli returned to the Southwest Pacific early in September 1944, and carried cargo among the bases there until 13 January 1945, when she arrived at Auckland to load new cargo, which she carried to Eniwetok and Guam. Returning to New Zealand for brief repairs, she sailed on to Pearl Harbor, arriving 8 June to load cargo for the Philippines. She ferried among Philippine ports between 13 July and 4 August, when she sailed for Guadalcanal, Espiritu Santo, Pearl Harbor, and San Pedro, Calif. After overhaul, she continued to Norfolk, VA., arriving 17 November. Here she was decommissioned 30 November 1945 and returned to the War Shipping Administration 2 December 194G.

Cor Caroli received one battle star for World War II service.


  • The Great Diamond is formed out of four prominent stars – Cor Caroli designated as Alpha Canum Venaticorum, located in Canes Venatici, Denebola / Beta Leonis, located in Leo, Spica / Alpha Virginis, located in Virgo, and Arcturus / Alpha Bootis, the brightest star in the constellation of Bootes.
  • The Great Diamond asterism is larger than the more famous Big Dipper asterism.
  • The three southernmost stars in the Great Diamond are often regarded as being their own asterism, the Spring Triangle.
  • Arcturus, Spica, and Denebola form the Spring Triangle asterism even though Regulus, the brightest star in Leo, is usually taken as the third vertex of the asterism.
  • Within the Great Diamond, many of the stars belong to the Corona Berenices constellation. Many nearby galaxies, including galaxies in the Virgo Cluster, are within this asterism, and some of these galaxies can be easily observed with an amateur telescope.
  • The Great Diamond is seen in the northern hemisphere in the evening during the months of spring.
  • The Great Diamond asterism is called the Great Diamond of Virgo since Spica, Virgo’s brightest star, forms the base of the diamond-shaped pattern.
  • The brightest star in the Great Diamond asterism is Arcturus, which has an apparent magnitude of -0.05. It is the fourth brightest star in the night sky.
  • The second brightest star in the Great Diamond is Spica, which usually has an apparent magnitude of 0.95. Spica is the 15 th brightest star in the night sky.
  • Denebola marks the eastern vertex of the Great Diamond, and it has an apparent magnitude of 2.1.
  • Cor Caroli marks the northern vertex of the Great Diamond, and it has an apparent magnitude of 2.81.

The Great Diamond asterism contains the brightest stars of Bootes, Virgo, and Canes Venatici constellations, and the second brightest star of the Leo constellation, Denebola.

This asterism has a diamond-shaped pattern, and though it contains portions of the Bootes, Virgo, Canes Venatici, and Leo constellations, the asterism also almost completely encloses the constellation Coma Berenices.

Thus, the region of the sky framed by the Great Diamond asterism contains several interesting deep-sky objects and even Messier objects. The asterism can be used as a reference point to find them.


Cor Caroli
Geophysical
System position 2 Ώ]
Jump point
distance
52 days Ώ]
Moons None (asteroid ring) Ώ]
Surface gravity 1.11 Ώ]
Atmospheric pressure Standard (Breathable) Ώ]
Equatorial temperature 50°C Ώ]
Surface water 71% Ώ]
Highest native life Reptiles Ώ]
Reference Year 3130 Ώ]
Infrastructure
Ruler Kaitlyn MacDougal, Governor (3130) Γ] Ώ]
Machas Hollebowitz, Legate (3130) Γ] Ώ]
Capital Corriolas Ώ]
Population 3,025,000,000 (3130) Γ] Ώ]

Cor Caroli II - more commonly known simply as Cor Caroli - is the second planet in the system and, like the other planets in this binary system, orbits the F0V-class star. Ώ]


I had a long AIT (advanced individual training), and we took an APFT (Army physical fitness test) every month or so. and I consistently ran the 2-mile in a little over 14-minutes. At my age, a low-14 was a good score, but there was room for improvement. Before an APFT my DS (drill sergeant) would pull everyone's PT-card and could see your last few test results. mine were all just over 14-minutes.

He didn't like that. He called me out, and said that if I didn't run a 13-something that he was going to smoke the shit out of me.

NP, I figured Iɽ step it up a bit and knock out a high-13, how hard could that be?

It was a BIG group of soldiers, and my DS wasn't my scorer. when I came across the finish line at 14:06 my heart sank. I thought "shit, maybe I can slip away and avoid him for a while, and he won't remember the threat".

While I was slinking away I hear:

DS: "Whatɽ you run. " looking at me expectantly

DS: "OUT FUCKINGSTANDING! THAT'S WHAT I'M FUCKING TALKING ABOUT. THAT'S FUCKING MOTIVATION GODDAMNIT. GOOD FUCKINGJOB. "

And I slipped away, cringing, expecting him to realize that what Iɽ just said was BS at any moment. But it didn't happen. right then.

A day later I was walking by the DS office and my DS called me in. He was going through the PT cards.

DS: "LS-CRX, I thought you said you ran a 13?"

Me: "I said I ran a 13:66 DS"

DS: turning red while glaring at PT card on his desk "get out of here."


Polish EOD

Iraq, 2003. We were escorting our EOD and some Polish EOD for a routine ordinance disposal. The EOD team had piled up about 1000 pounds of c-4 and unspent mortar and artillery rounds into a nice pile, the ground around it was covered in gunpowder burn sticks and random explosives they were to lazy to add to the main pile. Everyone was standing around taking pictures, fucking photo op. I was relaxing (I mean pulling security) from the comfort of my vehicle parked about 20 feet away when all of a sudden everyone started running from the pile. I look to the pile and see fire, lots of fire. I throw my humvee into reverse and plow up a hill backwards trying desperately to get away while my team leader runs by with a look of shear terror and excitement. My gunner is falling over the roof on the hood. I look back down at the bomb and there is the Polish EOD guy throwing sand on the fire. Somehow manages to put it out and save us all.

I'm not sure who is stupider in this instance, the Polish guy for doing something so idiotically heroic, or the fucking cherry who dropped his cigarette onto the ground covered in gunpowder next to the giant fucking bomb.


Cor Caroli AK-91 - History

The Coast Guard During World War II

The next move westward was the Marianas Islands in an operation called Forager. The Marianas Islands lie 1,300 miles east of the Philippines and about 1,300 miles due south of Tokyo. The group comprises about 15 islands that stretch 450 miles north to south and lie 1,200 miles west of the most forward American base at Eniwetok. The invasion would be a a supreme test of Allied amphibious capability.

The planners assembled two attack forces and one reserve force for the operation. The Northern Attack Force that sailed for Saipan and Tinian consisted of 37 transports including the Cambria, Arthur Middleton, Callaway, Leonard Wood and LSTs 19, 23, 166 and 169 . Seven other transports had partial Coast Guard crews.


Coast Guard-manned LST-71, one of 76 LSTs manned by Coast Guard crews.

The Southern Attack Force steamed for Guam and included the Coast Guard-manned transports Aquarius, , Centaurus, cargo ships Cor Caroli and Sterope, the LSTs 24, 70, 71, and 207, as well as seven other vessels with partial Coast Guard crews. The reserve force included the Coast Guard-manned ship Cavalier .


Renforcement and supplies are brought in by Coast Guard landing craft.

The invasion forces included a total of 535 ships that carried an aggregate of more than 127,000 troops in four and one-half reinforced divisions. The operation called for the capture of the most important islands on the southern end of the Marianas chain: Guam, Saipan, and Tinian. The islands north of these had little strategic value and few or no Japanese on them. The Navy began the campaign by subjecting Saipan and Tinian to heavy bombardments beginning two days before the landings.

At dawn June 15, the transports assembled off Saipan while the fire-support vessels and aircraft began an intense prelanding bombardment at 0800. Forty minutes later, 8,000 Marines streamed toward the beach along a four-mile front in 600 LVTs, supported by 150 LVT(A)s (Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Armored) that operated as light tanks. The larger landing craft such as LCIs (Landing Craft, Infantry) and even the LCVPs could not be used to land the initial waves of the Marines because their deep draft prevented them from crossing over the reefs that surrounded the island.


(Left to right): Coast Guardsmen Ralph Crumpton, Leo Hoff, Janus Myers, Russell Speck, and Frank Macomber pose for the camera after taking part in and surviving the assault on Saipan.

The larger landing craft brought Marines to the seaward edge of the reefs where the men transferred into the LVTs that crossed over top of the reefs. The LVTs shuttled between the reefs and the beachhead for load after load. The Japanese made the trips to the beach difficult. As the battle raged it became imperative that larger craft be brought to the beachhead.

The Coast Guard mission became critical that morning when the main assault at the port town of Charan-Kanoa bogged down. Marines on the beachhead clung there with limited ammunition, medical supplies and support.

Searching over a wide area of the lagoon, a Coast Guard landing craft, under intense enemy fire, probed until it found a four-foot-deep, 150-foot-wide channel. This act proved to be crucial in the battle for the beachhead. After marking a passage, a steady stream of larger craft brought supplies to the beach. The Marines eventually secured the beachhead and pushed the Japanese defenders inland.


Naval Museum

The yacht “Cor Caroli” (translated from Latin “Carl’s heart”) enters in the Naval museum in 1979 as a proof about the first lonesome sailing round the world, accomplished by a Bulgarian navigator. This is Captain Georgi Georgiev, who, in 1976-1977, makes a full tour of the Earth under the sails of “Cor Caroli”. The sailing starts from Havana, through Panama channel, The Marquis islands in the Pacific Ocean, the Fidji islands, Suva, the Australian port Darvin. From there he directs to Cape town, crosses the South Atlantic and finishes his sailing again in Havana. It is accompanied by many dangerous moments, tests for the physics, the nautical training and the mentality of the unique member of the crew.

Captain G. Georgiev is awarded with series of state orders and is given the well-deserved respect among the Bulgarian sailors from different ages for his exceptional bravery. He is universally acknowledged also in the “Book about Guinness records ” where in the issue about 1981-1982, is written : “The fastest solo tour of the world with a single-hull vessel by time : “Cor Caroli”- 29 foots, 9 inches. GEORGI GEORGIEV (Bulgaria) Havana, Cuba- December 20 1976, Havana, Cuba – December 20 1977, 201,9 days (201 days, 21 hours and 36 minutes).

The yacht with a name of a star is Crasser, built for yacht competitions. It is serial type, known as “Kartar- 30”. It was built in Poland in 1975. The corpus is from fiber glass and its general specifications are : largest length – 9.07 m largest width – 3.08 m. wade – 1.52 m. displacement 3.320 t. subsidiary engine 10 k.s. regular sail area –55 m. sq.

In honor of the great achievement of Captain Georgi Georgiev and in his memory, after his early death, in 1980, is founded the transition award Golden Globe “Cor Caroli”. It is bestowed every year on December 20 to whom realized (or those realized) the best Bulgarian yacht achievement during the year. This idea is at first supported from the yacht club “Captain G. Georgiev” until 1992 when is created a special foundation under the name “Cor Caroli”. Its basic aims are the determination of the winners and the organization of the bestowing of the award as well as stimulating and propagation of the yachting in Bulgaria.


North Carolina Military Bases

The Carolinas are a favorite of the military. There are eight military bases in North Carolina. The Navy is the only branch without any bases in NC.

Air Force Bases

Pope Air Force Base in Manchester, NC

Manchester, North Carolina Military Bases

Pope AFB is an Air Force operated military base located in the Cumberland County, less than 20 km away from Fayetteville. It is in the central part of North Carolina. History The facility was established as Camp Bragg, named after Braxton Bragg, one of the Civil War generals. The construction was finished in 1918. In [&hellip]

Seymour Johnson Air Force Base in Goldsboro, NC

Goldsboro, North Carolina Military Bases

Located close to Goldsboro, Seymour Johnson AFB is named in the honor of a Goldsboro native pilot – Seymour Johnson. The base is operated by the Air Force and is one of the widest military bases in North Carolina. History The base is spread over 3300 acres. It was built while the United States were [&hellip]

Army Bases

Fort Bragg Army Base in Fayetteville, NC

Fayetteville, North Carolina Military Bases

Fort Bragg is a large Army base located in the North Caroline counties of Hoke and Cumberland, just west of Fayetteville. As a result of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC) Fort Bragg was slated to absorb Army units and assets from several other locations. In 2011, the already massive base absorbed the [&hellip]

Camp Mackall Army Base in Southern Pines, NC

Southern Pines, North Carolina Military Bases

Camp Mackall is an active US Army training facility located in northern Scotland County and Richmond County, North Carolina. It’s just south of Southern Pines and is close to Fort Bragg, which is home to the XVIII Airborne Corps, US Army Special Operations Command Headquarters and 82nd Airborne Division. Troops training to become a member [&hellip]

Simmons Army Airfield in Cumberland, NC

, North Carolina Military Bases

Simmons Army Airfield is an airport occupied by the army in Cumberland County, North Carolina. The airport is located on the southeast portion of Fort Bragg and fortifies the aviation desiderata of the XVIII Airborne Corps, the 82nd Airborne Division, Special Operations, U.S. Army Reserve and U.S. National Sentinel aviation units. The air field was [&hellip]

Coast Guard Bases

Air Station Elizabeth City Coast Guard Base in Elizabeth City, NC

Elizabeth City, North Carolina Military Bases

Air Station Elizabeth City is a military facility located in the city with the same name, in the northeastern corner of South Carolina. The facility is located in the local airport. It is operated by the United States Coast Guard and is known to be one of the most important and useful installations in this [&hellip]

National Strike Force Coast Guard in Elizabeth City, NC

Elizabeth City, North Carolina Military Bases

National Strike Force (NSF) is owned and operated by the United States Coast Guard and responsible for dealing with a safe environment. Just like the officials like to describe it, the units are always open for any situation, at any given time and for any particular hazard implying oil spills. In a world where everyone [&hellip]

Marine Bases

Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base in Onslow County, Jacksonville NC

Onslow, North Carolina Military Bases

Complete Telephone Directory In the spring of 1941, plans for the construction of a Marine Corps base on 11,000 acres of land in Onslow County, Jacksonville North Carolina, was approved. This base was named Camp Lejeune, in honor of Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune, 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Camp Lejeune now boasts 156,000 [&hellip]

MCAS Cherry Point Marine Corps Base in Havelock, NC

Havelock, North Carolina Military Bases

The Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point is one of the most important airfields operated by the United States government. It is located in the eastern side of the state, relatively far from the most important human communities. History The base was first authorized and accepted around the World War II, in 1941. The construction [&hellip]

MCAS New River Marine Corps Base in Jacksonville, NC

Jacksonville, North Carolina Military Bases

MCAS New River is the complementary base of Camp Geiger and is located in the eastern side of North Carolina. It is a base designed to deal with helicopters and operated by the Marine Corps. It is very close to Camp Geiger, therefore both bases share some of the facilities. The base has a very [&hellip]

Navy Bases

Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point Brunswick County, NC

Brunswick County, North Carolina Military Bases

Base Contact Information Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point : (910) 457-7475 Geography and Area Information The Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point is located at 34.007135°N 77.975979°W in Brunswick County North Carolina. The 16,000 acre (25sq mile) facility is bordered on both the east and south by the Cape Fear River and on the west by [&hellip]


'Cor Caroly' yacht

The yacht 'Cor Caroly', translated from Latin means 'Car's heart'. The yacht enters in the Naval Museum in 1979 as a proof about the first lonesome sailing round the world, accomplished by a Bulgarian navigator. This is Captain Georgi Georgiev, who, in 1976-1977, makes a full tour of the earth under the sails of 'Cor Caroli'.

The sailing starts from Havana, thorugh Panama channel, the Marquis islands in the Pacific Ocean, the Fidji islands, Suva, the Australian Port Darvin. From there, he directs to Cape town, crosses the south Atlantic and finishes his sailing again in Havana. It is accompanied by many dangerous moments, tests for th physics, the natural training and the mentality of the unique member of the crew. << Follow this link for more further details on that >>


Graveyard of the Canadian Navy

Here lies one of many ships rusting at Oyster Bay on Vancouver Island. Displayed are the scattered remains of the HMCS Matane, or as we knew it, the K444. There were about 10 of these hulls there at the time when I grew up, some sunk by my father to form a breakwater in the late 1940's. I remember the Betsy Ross, and the K444, but I was young, and don't remember the other names.

Commissioned at Montreal on October 22, 1943, Matane arrived at Halifax November 13 and began working up in St. Margaret's Bay, completing the process in Bermuda. In April, 1944, she joined EG 9, Londonderry, as Senior Officer's ship thereafter serving mainly on escort and patrol duty in U.K. waters. After the war, she arrived at Esquimalt in July and on February 11, 1946, was paid off into reserve there. She was sold in 1947 and her hull sunk in 1948 as part of a breakwater at Oyster Bay, B.C.

Cor Caroli (AK-91) was launched 19 March 1943 as SS Betsy Ross by Permanente Metals Corp., Yard No. 2, Richmond, California, under a Maritime Commission contract sponsored by Mrs. F. Modglin acquired by the Navy 31 March 1943 commissioned 16 April 1943, Lieutenant Commander J. A. Lewis, USCGR, in command and reported to the Pacific Fleet.


Watch the video: XLVI International Congress of Military History session IV (December 2021).