History Podcasts

28 April 1940

28 April 1940

28 April 1940

April 1940



The War Office announces that a German attack at Gudbrandsdal has been repulsed

German aircraft attack Aalesund and Molde

Pick a Day

1958 David Seville's "Witch Doctor" hits #1. The song is his first using sped-up vocals to create the squeaky sound that later becomes The Chipmunks.

1956 Rock singer-songwriter Jimmy Barnes, who performs with Cold Chisel and INXS, is born James Dixon Swan in Glasgow, Scotland.

1955 Eddie Jobson (violinist and synth player for Roxy Music) is born in Billingham, England.

1952 Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth is born in Rochester, New York. She is raised in Los Angeles, California.

1945 John Wolters (drummer for Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show) is born in New Jersey.

1943 Soul singer The Fantastic Johnny C, known for the 1967 hit "Boogaloo Down Broadway," is born Johnny Corley in Greenwood, South Carolina.

1941 Ann-Margret is born in Sweden. She has a few hits as a singer but is best known for her movie roles, which include Bye Bye Birdie and Viva Las Vegas, which she stars in with Elvis Presley.

1940 Glenn Miller records "Pennsylvania 6-5000," the title taken from the phone number of the Pennsylvania Hotel in New York City.

1934 Delta blues musician Charley Patton dies of a mitral valve disorder.

1924 Jazz singer Blossom Dearie is born in East Durham, New York.

World War II, 28th April 1940, Rudolf Hess, Hitler+s deputy is speaking at the meeeting of the Hitler Youth in Berlin on Hitler+s 51st birthday

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This Day in Weather History: April 28th

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Weather History - April 28th

Local and Regional Events:

April 28, 1994:

Snow accumulated 5 to 12 inches over most of the eastern half of South Dakota, with the 12-inch report from Winner. Ten to eleven inches of snow was reported at numerous places including Sioux Falls and Platte in the southeast, and Summit in the northeast. Numerous accidents were caused by snow and ice, including one which killed a man and injured two women on Highway 12 near Bath, South Dakota. There was some undetermined crop damage, and livestock loss was feared as the late season cold and snow lowered resistance to disease.

U.S.A and Global Events for April 28th:

1893: A half-mile wide estimated F4 tornado killed 23 people and injured 150 as it tore a path of devastation through Cisco, Texas. Every building in the town was either destroyed or severely damaged.

1973: The record crest of the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri was registered at 43.23 feet on this day. This level exceeded the previous 1785 mark by 1.23 feet. This record was broken during the 1993 Flood when the Mississippi River crested at 49.58 feet on August 1 st . At Memphis, Tennessee, the Mississippi was over flood stage for 63 days, more than that of the historic 1927 flood, and the river was above flood stage for an even longer 107 days at upstream Cairo, Illinois. Out of the seven largest floods on the Mississippi between 1927 and 1997, the 1973 event ranked third in both volume discharged and duration but only sixth in flood height. Over $250 million of damages were incurred mainly in the Mississippi Valley states of Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

1991: Memphis, Tennessee recorded their wettest April ever with 15.03 inches, breaking their previous record of 13.90 inches in 1872.

2002: During the evening hours, a violent F4 tornado carved a 64-mile path across southeast Maryland. The La Plata, Maryland tornado was part of a larger severe weather outbreak that began in the mid-Mississippi Valley early on that day and spread across portions of the Ohio Valley and the Mid-Atlantic States. In Maryland, three deaths and 122 injuries were a direct result of the storm. Property damage exceeded $100 million. Tornadoes along the Atlantic coast are not frequent, and tornadoes of this magnitude are extremely rare. Only six F4 tornadoes have occurred farther north and east of the La Plata storm: Worchester, Massachusetts - 1953 New York/Massachusetts - 1973 Windsor Locks, Connecticut - 1979 five counties in New York - 1989 New Haven, Connecticut - 1989 North Egremont, Massachusetts - 1995. None was as close to the coast. The tornado traveled across the Chesapeake Bay almost to the Atlantic. Click HERE for more information from the NWS Service Assessment.

Click HERE for more This Day in Weather History from the Southeast Regional Climate Center.

Italy invades Greece

On October 28, 1940, Mussolini’s army, already occupying Albania, invades Greece in what will prove to be a disastrous military campaign for the Duce’s forces.

Mussolini surprised everyone with this move against Greece even his ally, Adolf Hitler, was caught off-guard, especially since the Duce had led Hitler to believe he had no such intention. Hitler denounced the move as a major strategic blunder. According to Hitler, Mussolini should have concentrated on North Africa, continuing the advance into Egypt. Even Mussolini’s own chief of army staff found out about the invasion only after the fact.

Despite being warned off an invasion of Greece by his own generals, despite the lack of preparedness on the part of his military, despite that it would mean getting bogged down in a mountainous country during the rainy season against an army willing to fight tooth and nail to defend its autonomy, Mussolini moved ahead out of sheer hubris, convinced he could defeat the Greeks in a matter of days. He also knew a secret, that millions of lire had been put aside to bribe Greek politicians and generals not to resist the Italian invasion. Whether the money ever made it past the Italian fascist agents delegated with the responsibility is unclear if it did, it clearly made no difference whatsoever-the Greeks succeeded in pushing the Italian invaders back into Albania after just one week, and the Axis power spent the next three months fighting for its life in a defensive battle. 

To make matters worse, virtually half the Italian fleet at Taranto had been crippled by a British carrier-based attack. Mussolini had been humiliated.

Today’s Food History

1789 The most famous mutiny in history took place on the English ship, ‘Bounty’, against Captain William Bligh. The ship was sailing to Tahiti to bring back breadfruit trees.

1796 ‘American Cookery’ by Amelia Simmons is published in Hartford. It is the first cookbook written by an American. This is one of the classic cookbooks that can be found on the Food Reference Website.

1899 The comedy short ‘Stealing a Dinner’ was filmed by cameraman G.W. ‘Billy’ Bitzer for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company. (Mutoscope were ‘peephole’ motion pictures on cards mounted on a rotating drum turned by hand.)

1940 Italian operatic soprano, Louisia Tetrazzini, died. Chicken Tetrazzini, created by an American chef (San Francisco?), was named in her honor.

1944 Alice Waters was born. Executive Chef and Owner of Chez Panisse Restaurant, opened in 1971 in Berkeley, California

1953 Howard C. Rossin was issued a patent for an overcoat built for two (or Siamese Twins).

2005 Loaded Burrito Scare: Clovis, New Mexicao police were called to a middle school when someone saw what appeared to be a weapon being carried in by a student. Police did not find any weapon, but finally an 8th grader realized that what someone had seen was his extra credit commercial advertising project – a 30 inch long steak burrito wrapped in tin foil and a T-Shirt.

History of 28 April

The annual World Day for Safety and Health at Work on 28 April promotes the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally. It is an awareness-raising campaign intended to focus international attention on the magnitude of the problem and on how promoting and creating a safety and health culture can help reduce the number of work-related deaths and injuries.

The ILO celebrates the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on the 28 April to promote the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally. It is an awareness-raising campaign intended to focus international attention on emerging trends in the field of occupational safety and health and on the magnitude of work-related injuries, diseases and fatalities worldwide.

With the celebration of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work, the ILO promotes the creation of a global preventative safety and health culture involving ILO constituents and all key stakeholders in this field. In many parts of the world, national authorities, trade unions, employers' organizations and safety and health practitioners organize activities to celebrate this date. We invite you to join us in celebrating this significant day and share with us the activities you organize.

The 28 April is also the International Commemoration Day for Dead and Injured Workers organized worldwide by the trade union movement since 1996. Its purpose is to honour the memory of victims of occupational accidents and diseases by organizing worldwide mobilizations and awareness campaigns on this date.

In 2003, the ILO became involved in the April 28 campaign upon request from the trade union movement. While we honour injured and fallen workers, we appreciate and celebrate that these injuries and fatalities can be prevented and reduced, recognizing it as both a day for commemoration and celebration. Since 2003, the ILO observes the World Day on Safety and Health at Work on April 28 capitalizing on its traditional strengths of tripartism and social dialogue.

28 April is seen as a day to raise international awareness on occupational safety and health among trade unions, employers&rsquo organizations and government representatives alike. The ILO acknowledges the shared responsibility of key stakeholders and encourages them to promote a preventive safety and health culture to fulfill their obligations and responsibilities for preventing deaths, injuries and diseases in the workplace, allowing workers to return safely to their homes at the end of the working day.

April 28, 1940: BMW Sweeps Mille Miglia

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BMW has long hailed itself as building "the ultimate driving machine," and never was that more true than when the company thoroughly dominated the 1940 Mille Miglia.

Even now, BMW considers winning the inaugural Gran Premio Brescia delle Mille Miglia its greatest auto racing success. The sleek and sexy BMW 328 racers, with their small but powerful engines and superlative handling, were so wickedly good that BMW scored the overall win, the team win, and third, fifth and sixth place.

See Also: Photo Gallery
The Day BMW Became 'The Ultimate Driving Machine' Photo Essay
Baja Racing With a BMW, a Dream and Not Much Else"The victory in the 1940 Mille Miglia remains a milestone in the history of the BMW brand," Klaus Draeger, a company board member who oversees R&D, said in a statement heralding the anniversary of the win.

That success followed nearly five years of hard work.

The story starts in 1935 when BMW quietly distributed a brochure to selected customers vaguely describing a new model called the 328. Although the lightweight car featured a 2.0-liter straight-six engine that produced 80 horsepower, nothing was said of the car's performance, and nothing was said to the press. The company, which had started building cars just seven years before, only wanted to tantalize a few "friends of the company."

Nothing more was said until the BMW 328 was unveiled at the famed Nurburgring racetrack on June 13, 1936, ahead of the International Eifel Race. Ernst Henne, a record-setting motorcycle racer, drove the car to victory with an average speed of 63 mph, an impressive figure at the time.

It was the dawn of a new day for BMW.

The roadster scored its second victory in August, when H.J. Aldington, a British BMW importer, won the Schleissheimer Dreicksrennen race. Aldington convinced the brass in Munich to compete in races beyond Germany, so BMW sent the three 328 prototypes to Ireland for the Tourist Trophy.

The cars finished 1-2-3. Several more victories followed in the months to come.

Customers had to wait until April 1937 -- one year to the day after Henne first took the 328 to victory -- until they could get their own cars. By that time, the 328 had amassed a trophy case full of hardware, easily beating cars with far more powerful engines.

BMW's little roadster had arrived.

By the end of 1937, BMW was dominating the 2.0-liter class in Germany and had established a reputation in Europe. But it wanted a major win on foreign soil. The company set its sights on Italy's Mille Miglia, a 1,500-kilometer race from Brescia to Rome and back. It was, at the time, one of the most famous races in motor sports.

Four 328 roadsters entered. Thousands of people lined the course, and the BMWs set a blistering pace. The roadsters, with their little 80-horsepower engines, dominated their class but were outgunned by the supercharged Alfa Romeos, Delahayes and Talbots.

The fastest cars finished the course in 12 hours and change. But BMW surprised everyone when A.F.P. Fane not only took first in the 2.0-liter class but finished an impressive eighth overall in his 328. The others were close behind him, finishing 10th, 11th and 12th overall while giving BMW a clean sweep of its class. BMW finally had the international breakthrough it had sought.

But the best was yet to come.

The rules governing racing in Germany at the time required cars to have open tops. That limited the 328's capabilities abroad because, although gorgeous, it was not very aerodynamic. The engineers were trying to make the six-cylinder engine more powerful but knew the best way to increase speed was to improve aerodynamics. Wunibald Kamm, an automotive engineer and aerodynamicist, conducted BMW's first wind-tunnel tests. BMW soon decided to build a 328 coupe.

The first coupe suffered from poor workmanship and lousy handling. Although capable of stunning velocities, the car was so unstable at speed that it was, literally, all over the track. What's more, the Nationalist Socialist Motoring Corps, which could be called Germany's national racing team, was racing BMW 328 roadsters. BMW was contractually required to provide the team with the latest technology, and the team demanded a coupe of its own.

Trouble is, BMW didn't have the spare capacity to build one.

So the NSKK, or Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps, sought help from Italian coachbuilders Carrozzeria Touring. The company produced the 328 Touring Coupe in just four weeks.

The car weighed just 1,719 pounds, which was remarkably light for that time. It was capable of more than 125 mph -- and could hold a relatively straight line while doing so. The Touring Coupe made its debut at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on June 17, 1939.

It covered 1,981 miles at an average speed of 82.5 mph to take first in its class and fifth overall.

BMW went back to work on its own coupe. The result was the Kamm Coupe. And as good as the NSKK's Touring Coupe was, the Kamm Coupe was better -- lighter, faster and sleeker. It had superior straight-line stability and it was far more aerodynamic -- its coefficient of drag, measured with models, was 0.25, compared to the Touring Coupe's 0.35. The increased aerodynamic efficiency -- comparable to that of the 2010 Toyota Prius -- allowed the car to achieve a top speed of 142.9 mph.

The engineers were hard at work on the roadsters, too. The car got a lighter space frame and a sleeker aluminum skin. The edge of its sweeping front wings, or fenders, got a pronounced crease to improve aerodynamic efficiency. That detail gave the car it's nickname, the "Trouser Crease" roadster.

But with the start of World War II, no knew when, or if, the new cars would see action.

Benito Mussolini suspended the Mille Miglia after a crash killed a number of spectators in 1938. But the race was back in business in 1940, with a revised route. The new course was a triangular route linking Brescia, Cremona and Mantua. Drivers would make nine laps of the 103-mile circuit. With a new course, the race was given a new name -- the First Gran Premio Brescia delle Mille Miglia.

BMW made a big show, entering five cars -- three roadsters, the Touring Coupe and the Kamm Coupe. The grid was dominated by the rosso corsa cars from Fiat, Lancia and Alfa Romeo. All told there were 70 Italian teams, joined by two lone Delahayes from France.

On April 28, 1940, the BMWs were strong from the start.

The race started at 4 a.m. with cars leaving the line in one-minute intervals. The first BMW started off at 4:40 a.m. By the end of the first lap, Fritz Huschke von Hanstein, in one of the two coupes, was 90 seconds ahead of his closest pursuer. Count Giovanni Lurani Cernuschi was in third place in the Kamm Coupe with an Alfa Romeo close behind in fourth. The three 328 roadsters were in seventh, eighth and ninth.

By the end of the second lap, the two coupes led the way, with the Alfa Romeos chasing the roadsters.

And then there was a problem.

The pace proved to be too much for the Kamm Coupe, which developed a problem with the carburetor and then the oiling system, on the seventh lap. Cernuschi was out of the race.

Today in History for April 28th

Highlights of this day in history: Italy's dictator Benito Mussolini killed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein born Muhammad Ali refuses military induction during the Vietnam War The first space tourist 'Tonight Show' host Jay Leno born. (April 28)

I took Amtrak for the first time since it started filling trains to capacity and it's still my favorite way to travel the Northeast

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McManus : Why Republicans are suddenly reluctant to condemn political violence

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More than 41,000 people have signed petitions to stop Jeff Bezos from returning to Earth after his trip to space next month

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Is banning Trump from Facebook a First Amendment issue? Clarence Thomas, other conservatives say it is

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More than 350 Indonesian healthcare workers vaccinated with China's Sinovac vaccine got COVID-19 and dozens are hospitalized, raising questions about the vaccine's efficacy on variants

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Sen. Ron Johnson, who stalled the passing of Juneteenth as a federal holiday, was booed at an event commemorating the day

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Night of the stars: Dressel, Ledecky keep winning at trials

America's biggest swimming stars shined brightly on the next-to-last night of the Olympic trials. Caeleb Dressel added another event to his Tokyo program, powering to a dominating victory in the 100-meter butterfly. Katie Ledecky blew away the field in the 800 freestyle, winning by more than 5 seconds in a race where the battle for second provided the only drama.


On April 28, 1919, the office of Seattle mayor Ole Hanson (1874-1940) receives a bomb in a package sent from New York City and addressed to the mayor. Hanson is not in the office that day and the package is opened by a clerk. Fortunately, he is holding the package upside down and the bomb fails to explode. The bomb turns out to be part of a larger anarchist plot to attack politicians and well-known businessmen throughout the United States on and around May Day. At least 36 bombs are eventually discovered throughout the country.

Paranoid Backdrop

The end of World War I in November 1918 did not bring the peace that so many hoped for. As 1919 dawned, revolutions were ongoing in Europe and insurrections were igniting elsewhere, while in the United States tensions between management and labor were boiling. In numerous American cities that year strikes large and small broke out, some of which became violent and ended with fatalities. At the same time, communist-leaning anarchists, many of whom were believed to be associated with the radical labor union Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or Wobblies) wreaked havoc by planting and mailing dozens of bombs throughout the country. Fear of communism, often called Bolshevism in 1919, brought on a "Red Scare" that was every bit as intense in 1919 America as it was during the more well-known McCarthy era of the early 1950s.

It was against this increasingly paranoid backdrop that America's first general strike took place in February 1919 in Seattle. It fizzled out after five days, and a new hero arose: Mayor Ole Hanson, a former realtor who had been elected mayor the preceding March. During the strike he threatened to impose martial law (he actually didn't have the authority), issued a proclamation declaring that "the anarchists in this community shall not rule its affairs" ("Proclamation"), and called more than a thousand army troops from Camp Lewis (later named Fort Lewis) into the city. Though the strike likely would have failed without his intervention, many nonetheless saw his aggressive posturing as stopping a Bolshevik revolution in its tracks. Near-universal praise from across the country swept into Seattle, but the attention also apparently made Hanson the target of a determined group of radicals.

Upside Down

On April 28, 1919, Hanson was in Colorado on a Victory Liberty Loan speaking tour, part of the country's final effort to sell bonds to cover the costs of World War I. That morning, an innocuous-looking package bearing the return address of Gimbel Brothers, a department store in New York City, arrived in the mayor's office. Hanson's regular secretary, G. A. Conklin, was with the mayor, and M. H. Strouse, chief clerk in the city's building department, had been drafted as the mayor's acting secretary. Strouse opened the package's wrapper and found a small box opening that, he found a roughly six-inch-long, inch-and-a-half-diameter wooden tube with a cap on the end. He casually attempted to open the cap, but it stuck. Holding the tube cap-end down, he gave it a firmer tug and the cap broke. Liquid (some type of acid, though accounts of what type differ) streamed out and stung his hand. The startled Strouse saw several percussion caps and a small glass vial inside the tube and realized it might be a bomb, though at first he also thought it might be a joke.

Strouse was fortunate. He opened the wooden tube upside down, and the bomb failed to explode. It turned out that the wooden container was designed so the glass vial could not be removed without breaking it. Had Strouse been holding the tube right-side up when the vial broke, the acid would have flowed down the tube onto three percussion caps, exploding the caps and the powdered dynamite packed below.

The police were called. Word quickly spread and rumors flew even faster. The Seattle Times reported that the police had been notified of a sinister-sounding conversation overheard on a streetcar that the mayor would soon be "got" ("Chemists . "). But the streetcar gossip only got part of the story. The plot wasn't against just Seattle's mayor. It was nationwide.

The next day a bomb arrived at the Georgia home of former U.S. Senator Thomas Hardwick (1872-1944). The senator was out, but his wife and the family maid were home. Maude Hardwick opened the package but couldn't open the wooden tube inside it. She asked the maid to open the tube. The maid used a knife to force its top off, and when she did, the bomb exploded. The maid lost both of her hands and Mrs. Hardwick was also injured, though not as seriously.

Late that night an alert postal employee in New York City, Charles Caplan, read a newspaper account about the Hardwick bomb and the details of the package it was sent in. He realized he had 16 similar packages being held for insufficient postage in the parcel-postage storage room at the 30th Street and 8th Avenue post office. Warnings went out to every post office in the United States and Canada. More packages were found and some were intercepted. A few arrived at their destinations, but by this time the recipients knew better than to open them.

At least 36 bombs were eventually discovered, believed by authorities to have been the work of anarchists associated with the IWW as part of a strategy to wage "class war." The targets included U.S. Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (1841-1935), U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer (1872-1936), John D. Rockefeller Sr. (1839-1937), and J. P. Morgan Jr. (1867-1943).

Hanging Places

Hanson continued his speaking tour. The New York Times covered his May 1 appearance in Kansas before the Topeka Chamber of Commerce, remarking that he revealed "great emotion" when he said:

"I trust Washington will buck up and clean up and either hang or incarcerate for life all the anarchists in the country. If the Government doesn't clean them up I will. I'll give up my mayorship and start through the country. We will hold meetings and have hanging places" ("Hanson Warns America").

It was classic Hanson, except he wasn't joking about giving up his mayorship. He resigned as Seattle's mayor in August 1919, wrote the book Americanism Versus Bolshevism, and fished for the Republican presidential nomination in 1920. He didn't get it, but he quickly moved on. Hanson moved to California in 1921 and resumed his real-estate career, founding the city of San Clemente in 1925.

Ole Hanson (1874-1940), ca. 1918

The County-City Building and City Hall Park, October 26, 1917

Courtesy Seattle Municipal Archives (Image No. 38044)

Frye Hotel (left), Morrison Hotel and Smith Tower, original entry to the County-City Building (right), and City Hall Park (bottom), Seattle

Watch the video: April 9th 2015 SUBTITULADA (January 2022).