This Day In History takes us back to June 14th, 1777. In a time of renewal, we get to check out how our nation's flag came to be here in the United States. Figure out who was responsible for this act in this interesting video clip. From Francis Hopkinson to Betsy Ross, no one for sure knows who was responsible for the red white and blue flag.
Overview of the Flag Resolution of 1777
A year after the Deceleration of Independence was signed, the Continental Congress approved the country’s first official flag. On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress passes legislature known as the Flag Resolution, stating “the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.”
The 13 stripes on the American flag symbolize the original 13 colonies, while the 13 stars symbolize the colonies that replaced those governed by Great Britain. Today, the American flag now has 50 stars, each of which represents one of the country’s 50 states.
On August 3 of that same year, the first official American flag was displayed during the battle of Fort Stanwix. What’s interesting about this story, however, is the way in which this flag was created. According to Wikipedia, American soldiers at the Fort received news of the Continental Congress’s adoption of the new flag.
In response, these soldiers tore up their uniform to create white strips and used red flannel coats to make red stripes. They sewed the fabrics together, allowing them to create a homemade American flag — perhaps the first official American flag ever created at the time.
June 14, 1777 was a significant day in our nation’s history because it marked the beginning of the American flag. Although the flag has since gone through numerous changes since its inception more than two centuries ago, it still contains the same symbolic stripes and stars for which the flag has become known.
As a result, June 14 is celebrated each year in the United States as Flag Day. Although it’s not an official federal holiday, millions of Americans and U.S. businesses celebrate Flag Day by flying an American flag on their property.
In conclusion, the Flag Resolution of 1777 is legislature passed by the Continental Congress that adopted the country’s first official flag. It called for a flag featuring 13 stripes and 13 stars.
And while the American flag now looks slightly different, the Flag Resolution was instrumental in laying the groundwork for the modern-day American flag.
This Day in History: 06/14/1777 - Stars and Stripes Adopted - HISTORY
1775 The United States Army is first established
1777 The Stars and Stripes is adopted as the Flag of the United States.
1942 Anne Frank begins to keep a diary.
2005 Asafa Powell from Jamaica sets a new 100m world record of 9.77 seconds.
1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe (Author)
1928 Che Guevara (Cuban revolutionary)
1946 Donald Trump (45th President of the United States)
1969 Steffi Graf (Tennis Player)
Today in History Archive:
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First Public Performance of “Stars and Stripes Forever”
On May 14, 1897, John Philip Sousa’s band officially debuted his march “Stars and Stripes Forever” in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It quickly became a hit, with calls for it to replace the “Star Spangled Banner” as the national anthem. Instead, it was made the national march in 1987.
Born in 1854, Sousa was a musician from an early age and was part of the Marine Band before becoming its leader in 1880. Under his leadership, the Marine Band became the country’s most respected military band. Sousa also composed several popular marches that got him dubbed “The March King.” He then started his own civilian band in 1892 that toured the country and the world and brought him even more fame.
US #880 – from the 1940 Famous Americans issue
Sousa was touring Europe in late 1896 when he received word that his music promoter had died. He and his wife boarded the first available ship to return home. Along the voyage, Sousa spent hours pacing the deck, looking up at the American flag. For about a month prior, he’d had a tune in his head – “On board the steamer as I walked miles up and down the deck, back and forth, a mental band was playing ‘Stars and Stripes Forever.’ Day after day as I walked it persisted in crashing into my very soul.”
US #1338A – Sousa was partly inspired by his memories of the flag flying over the White House.
Sousa later explained that while he had been in Europe, he missed his days conducting the Marine Band and watching the flag fly overhead at the White House. Sousa thought of all the countries he visited and how they differed from America. “…and that flag of ours became glorified… and to my imagination it seemed to be the biggest, grandest flag in the world, and I could not get back under it quick enough.” He said he couldn’t rest until he wrote it down, which he finally did on Christmas Day 1896. Then, “the feeling of impatience passed away, and I was content to rest peacefully until the ship had docked and I was once more under the folds of the grand old flag of our country.”
US #2276 – The song is often played at Fourth of July celebrations with fireworks.
Sousa set out on a national tour in 1897 and his band played “Stars and Stripes Forever” in a few small towns. It had its official debut, though, on May 14, 1897, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the Philadelphia Academy of Music. The audience clamored over the song and asked for an encore – and they got two. A local newspaper claimed the song was “stirring enough to rouse the American eagle from his crag and set him to shriek exultantly while he hurls his arrows at the aurora borealis.”
“Stars and Stripes Forever” quickly became a staple of his band’s repertoire. One Sousa historian said that they would have been “tarred and feathered and run out of town” if they didn’t play it. While he had other popular songs, “Stars and Stripes Forever” became his signature song. When asked what song he’d want to hear just before dying Sousa immediately responded, “Stars and Stripes Forever.” On March 5, 1932, it was the last song his band played at a rehearsal, and he died the following morning. Four days later it was proposed that the song become the national march – which finally happened in 1987.
Item #571207 – Commemorative cover honoring the 105th anniversary of the first performance of “Stars and Stripes Forever”
Flag Day: 244 years ago when Congress adopted the stars and stripes flag
(WWLP) – For Americans everywhere this is Flag Day, when we pause to reflect on the meaning of the stars and stripes.
Springfield’s Veteran Services Director Tom Belton, who served in the marines during the Vietnam War told 22News that pledging allegiance to the flag was among his most meaningful childhood memories.
I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag:
“Today is significant because this is honoring the flag of our nation. Which is a living symbol, it’s not a status symbol, it’s a living symbol.” Tom Belton
Flag Day is always observed on June 14, the date the Second Continental Congress adopted the flag with 13 stars on June 14, 1777.
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‘It’s heartbreaking’: CDC ban could separate US troops from the dogs they rescue during deployments
A new U.S. health rule means troops could lose what a soldier described as “that one good thing” that happens during deployments — the dogs they meet and forge deep bonds with in places like Jordan, Iraq and Afghanistan.
“It’s heartbreaking that the CDC would opt to take that one good thing away from soldiers,“ a service member deployed to Jordan said after the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention this week declared 113 countries to be high-risk areas for rabies and temporarily banned dogs from those countries from being brought into the U.S.
Afghanistan, Djibouti, Georgia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya and Saudi Arabia are on the list.
“Deployments are very tough and having the opportunity to adopt a true friend I’ve made here has meant the world to me,” said the soldier in Jordan, whose dog, Abu, won’t have all the vaccinations it needs to be able to go to the U.S. before the ban takes effect on July 14. The soldier asked not to be named to avoid repercussions troops are not authorized to have pets while deployed.
The CDC could grant a waiver to people wanting to bring a dog into the U.S. from a high-risk country, but will only do so in “extremely limited” cases if permission is requested at least 6 weeks before the dog enters the United States, the disease prevention agency says on its website.
“Dogs that arrive from high-risk countries without advance written approval from CDC will be denied entry and returned to the country of departure at the importer’s expense,” the CDC warns.
Several soldiers said the ban, which will run for one year, will most likely force them to say goodbye to the dogs they formed bonds with on deployment — dogs like Pepper, who was skin and bones when she was found three months ago by a U.S. soldier on patrol in Jordan.
“I want nothing more than to bring her home and show her a better life,” said the soldier, who also asked to remain anonymous. “This ban will make me have to leave her here.”
The temporary ban was driven in part by a sharp rise in the number of dogs whose humans tried to bring them into the U.S. with “improper” rabies certificates, CDC spokesman Dave Daigle said in an email. Some of the dogs’ rabies certificates were outright fakes, media reports have said.
At the same time, the coronavirus was sweeping the world, stretching global health care resources thin.
The temporary dog import ban seeks to minimize the risk of rabies being reintroduced in dogs in the U.S., at a time when the world's focus is on tackling the coronavirus, the CDC said.
“A rabid dog importation would detract resources from the COVID-19 response efforts,” Daigle said.
Rabies in dogs was eliminated in the U.S. in 2007 following an extensive pet vaccination effort.
But Puppy Rescue Mission, which arranges medical care for dogs and cats adopted by deployed soldiers and helps transport the pets to the U.S., said the ban is too broad and would have severe consequences on the abandoned animals and troops.
“We will be forced to tell our service members to leave behind their best friend to suffer a short, pain-filled life of torture and abuse,” PRM’s founder, Anna Cannan Chiasson, said in a statement. “This will be devastating to morale, both on the battlefield and when they return home.”
Good News in History, June 14
55 years ago today, the Vatican abolished their list of prohibited books going back to 1557. The list still included authors like Descartes, Pascal, Voltaire, Rousseau, Balzac, Milton, Locke, Swift, Kant, Spinoza, de Balzac, Franics Bacon, Zola, Sartre, and Victor Hugo’s Les Misérables. (1966)
MORE Good News on this Day:
- It is Flag Day in America, honoring the day 243 years ago when “The Stars and Stripes” design was adopted by the U.S. Congress as the national flag (1777)
- Whiskey was distilled from corn maize for the first time by the clergyman Rev. Elijah Craig, who called the liquor Bourbon because the reverend lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky (1789)
- Trade unions were legalized in Canada (1872)
- The Supreme Court ruled schoolchildren could not be compelled to salute the flag of the United States if doing so would conflict with their religious beliefs (1943)
- Phil Jackson, coach of the Los Angeles Lakers, broke Red Auerbach’s record by winning his 10th NBA title (2009)
- President Obama became the first sitting US president to visit Puerto Rico in 35 years (2011)
Also on this day, 9 years agi, Ringo Starr’s boyhood home in Liverpool was saved from demolition when Beatles fans and city residents successfully lobbied to save the house.
Photo by Portal Focka – CC license
The run-down three-bedroom Victorian was marked for demolition in the low-income Dingle neighborhood, but the Liverpool City Council agreed to give locals the opportunity to fix up the properties. (2012)
And on this day in 1938, Superman first appeared in Action Comics #1, the first edition of the superhero comic book by DC Comics. The comic book hero created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster leapt tall buildings in a single bound, and ignited an unbroken print run of 904 numbered issues—the first one selling for 10 cents. Considered the most valuable comic book in the world, a copy recently sold for more than $3 million dollars.
On this day 112 years ago, Burl Ives, the genteel American folk singer, banjoist, and actor was born in Illinois. Beloved as the narrator Sam the Snowman in the Rankin/Bass animated Christmas special Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, his recordings of Holly Jolly Christmas and Silver and Gold became Christmas standards since the annual special first aired in 1964.
The balladeer with the velvet voice co-starred with Paul Newman in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof and won a 1958 Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Big Country. Besides his autobiography, The Wayfaring Stranger, Ives is the author of Burl Ives’ Songbook, Sea Songs of Sailing, Whaling, and Fishing, Tales of America, and The Wayfaring Stranger’s Notebook. WATCH this powerful scene that won him the Academy Award… (1909–1995)
(Check out his appearance on The Johnny Cash TV show, and his affable chat with the host.)
On This Day in History -June 14, 1777
On this day in history, June 14, 1777, the first American flag is officially adopted by Congress. The Flag Act of 1777 specified that the new American flag would have "thirteen stripes, alternate red and white that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation."
There is much controversy about who actually designed the flag. The two main candidates are Francis Hopkinson, a New Jersey signer of the Declaration of Independence, who was on the Naval Board at the time, and Betsy Ross. Both stories are unconfirmed though and have points that speak for their truth and against them.
Hopkinson submitted a bill to Congress for "creating the new US flag." The bill, however, was denied by Congress. Later Hopkinson changed the bill and asked for payment for creating the new US Navy flag. Were there two separate flags, one for the Navy and one for the Army? Some evidence suggests this. Hopkinson was also an artist and an expert in heraldry (flag design). In spite of this, there is no evidence of any drawings Hopkinson submitted to Congress.
The Betsy Ross flag story is more well-known. Again, though, there is no contemporary evidence for the story. The story comes entirely from Betsy's grandson William Canby, and a few other relatives, all of whom stated many years after her death that they heard Betsy tell the story from her own mouth.
This legend goes that George Washington, George Ross (Betsy's late husband's uncle) and Robert Morris approached her secretly in May or June of 1776 and asked her to make the flag. Circumstantial evidence supports the story. Betsy and George Washington sat in pews next to each other at church and Washington was known to visit Betsy socially and professionally, using her tailoring services. George Ross was a family member who had been in Congress. Due to lack of concrete evidence, however, we will never know for sure who designed the first American flag.
The Flag Act of 1777 did not specify the pattern for the stars, the number of points on the stars, the width of the stripes or the canton (the blue field) or whether a white or red stripe should be first. This caused a proliferation of flag designs with the stars especially being in many different patterns.
The Flag Act of 1794 added two stars and stripes for the new states of Vermont and Kentucky. This was the only official United States flag to ever have 15 stripes. The Star Spangled Banner Flag of Francis Scott Key fame was made in this design, but again, the 1794 act did not specify the pattern of the stars.
The Flag Act of 1818 finally determined that the stripes would remain at 13 for the original colonies. It also added five stars, bringing them to 20, for recently inducted states. This act also set the rule that a new star would be added for each new state to be added. The new star would be added on the July 4th after the state was added to the Union. The last time the US Flag was changed was with the addition of Alaska, the 50th state, in 1960. June 14 is celebrated across America as Flag Day in honor of the adoption of the first official US Flag.
Rep. Greene apologizes for comparing safety masks, Holocaust
WASHINGTON — Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene apologized Monday for affronting people with recent comments comparing the required wearing of safety masks in the House to the horrors of the Holocaust.
"I'm truly sorry for offending people with remarks about the Holocaust," the Georgia Republican told reporters outside the Capitol, saying she had visited Washington's U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum earlier in the day. "There's no comparison and there never ever will be."
Greene's comments were a rare expression of regret by the conservative agitator, a freshman whose career has included the embrace of violent and offensive conspiracy theories and angry confrontations with progressive colleagues.
Her apology came more than three weeks after appearing on a conservative podcast and comparing COVID-19 safety requirements adopted by Democrats controlling the House to "a time and history where people were told to wear a gold star." She said they were "put in trains and taken to gas chambers in Nazi Germany. This is exactly the type of abuse that Nancy Pelosi is talking about." Pelosi, D-Calif., is House speaker.
Greene's comments were condemned by Republican leaders, including House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., who called the comparison "appalling."
GOP leaders have often been reluctant to castigate Greene, a close ally of former President Donald Trump. After social media posts were unearthed in which Greene suggested support for executing some Democratic leaders, McCarthy and most Republicans stood by her when the House took the unusual step of stripping her of her committee assignments in February.
But as House members returned to the Capitol on Monday after a three-week break, Greene was contrite.
"Anti-Semitism is true hate," she said. "And I saw that today at the Holocaust Museum."
In 2018, two years before her election to Congress, she speculated on Facebook that California wildfires may have been caused by "lasers or blue beams of light" controlled by a left-wing cabal tied to a powerful Jewish family.
On Monday, she told reporters that when she was 19, she visited the site of the Auschwitz concentration camp in what during World War II was Nazi-occupied Poland. "It isn't like I learned about it today," she said of the Holocaust, in which 6 million Jews and huge numbers of other people were killed. "I went today because I thought it was important," she said, and wanted to talk about it as she apologized.
On Tuesday, Greene held a press briefing on Capitol Hill calling for the firing of Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the chief medical advisor to the president.
House leaders have recently said vaccinated people no longer must wear masks in the chamber.
Rep. Brad Schneider, D-Ill., said he would introduce a resolution in the House this week to censure Greene.
Generally Speaking: Stars and stripes celebrated with concert and ceremonyFirefighters with 6-year-old Melina Covino, who led the Pledge of Allegiance. Ebrooklyn media photos by Ted General
The June 14 celebration of Flag Day marked the 144th birthday of the American flag. It was on that date in 1777 that the stars and stripes were adopted as our national flag by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress.
Since there was no Flag Day parade in New York City this year, we joined the commemoration and concert held at the Crespino-Russo American Legion Post #1544 in Staten Island.
The event included participation by the NYFD and the Patriot Brass Ensemble in concert. It started with the elite FDNY Ceremonial Color Guard presenting the colors, 6-year-old Melina Covino leading everyone in the Pledge of Allegiance and the ensemble performing the national anthem. Rev. Michael Martine, pastor of Holy Rosary Church and chaplain for the Sons of the American Legion, gave the invocation.Gary Gatens of the Benevolent Protective Order of the Elks Lodge #841 gave remarks discussing the history and significance of Flag Day. The ensemble played “Taps” and then went into concert mode, playing John Phillip Sousa marches, a medley of Armed Forces songs, Tchaikovsky’s “1812 Overture,” “God Bless the USA” and an uplifting rendition of George M. Cohan’s “You’re a Grand Old Flag.”