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Delos Panorama

Delos Panorama


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Esta organización foi una alianza militar (simaquia) marítima, creada y controlada nun principiu pol estadista ateniense Arístides (que redactó los estatutos y poner en marcha), nel 477 a. C., al rematar les Guerres Médiques, col fin de poder defendese de posibles y nuevos ataques per parte de los perses. Foi tamién una consecuencia de la perda de la hexemonía per parte d'Esparta, a la qu'asocedió Atenes nel mandu de les espediciones.

Los miembros de la lliga teníen la obligación d'apurrir homes, navíos y dineru pa les campañes de guerra. Pela so parte, la ciudá d'Atenes comprometer a entamar y dirixir diches campañes y a procurar que les demás ciudaes nun fueren asaltaes nin invadíes polos perses. Les decisiones importantes tomar nes xuntes d'un conseyu nel qu'había un representante de caúna de les ciudaes confederaes esti representante tenía derechu a voz.

Les fuercies militares de la Lliga conquistaron el mar Exéu y les sos mariñes al mandu del ateniense Cimón. Enfrentáronse y vencieron a la exércitu aqueménida#La flota marina persa y conquistaron bastantes tierres que dempués colonizaron, amás d'abrir rutes segures per mar escontra'l Ponto Euxino o mar Negru.

Dempués de llograr estos ésitos contra los perses, Cimón pensó nuna espansión por Exiptu, onde taben sufriendo tamién una invasión persa. Pero los confederaos nun vieron con bonos güeyos esta incursión militar que namái podía traer ventayes a Atenes y que-yos diba a costar a ellos bona parte de l'ayalga. Tanto la espedición como les campañes contra los perses n'Exiptu fueron un fracasu, y finalmente Atenes tuvo qu'axustar la paz. El negociador foi l'estadista ateniense Calias, y lo alcordao consistía en que los perses dexaren llibre'l mar Exéu y les mariñes d'Asia Menor, ente qu'Atenes tenía d'arrenunciar a la so intervención na política d'Exiptu y Xipre (ver Paz de Calias). D'esta manera llegó al so fin la guerra ente los griegos y los perses.

Dempués de toos estos acontecimientos, Atenes escoyó a Pericles como nuevu xefe. Pericles empezó'l so gobiernu poniendo fin a una política de conquistes. Fixo d'Atenes la primera y más importante ciudá griega y consiguió una total hexemonía sobre les demás ciudaes de la Lliga de Delos, que se fueron tresformando de ciudaes aliaes en ciudaes apoderaes. Yera l'empiezu d'un Imperiu sometíu a Atenes, que yera quien dirixía l'armada, la marina y la diplomacia y que quixo amás establecer nes ciudaes el so propiu réxime políticu. Nel 454 a. C., amedranaos pol fracasu de la espedición unviada a Exiptu, ordenóse treslladar l'ayalga de la Lliga a la ciudá d'Atenes, onde taría más seguru. Toos estos fechos, xuníos al aumentu d'impuestos riquíu pal caltenimientu de la guerra, fixeron que les ciudaes de la Lliga remontárense y empezaren a sentise enemigues d'Atenes, qu'amás-yos impunxo la so moneda, la so sistema de pesos ya inclusive la forma de gobiernu.

Los recursos económicos del Estáu ateniense nun yeren bien folgosos. Toa'l grandor d'Atenes nel sieglu de Pericles, les sos construcciones, obres públiques, edificios relixosos, escultures, etc. nun podríen llevase a cabu ensin el gran recursu de l'ayalga de la Lliga de Delos.

Siguieron, sicasí, siendo apoderaes per Atenes hasta la derrota d'ésta por Esparta nel añu 404 a. C., de resultes de la Guerra del Peloponeso. A partir d'esti momentu, l'alianza eslleir hasta l'añu 377 a. C., en que tuvo una renacencia pa protexese nesti casu del poder de Esparta. Sicasí, Atenes yá yera incapaz d'imponer la so autoridá. Esta denominada Segunda Lliga ateniense dexó d'esistir definitivamente nel 338 a. C. cuando Filipo II de Macedonia ganó a los atenienses na batalla de Queronea.


We begin from the recognition that politics can be constructive and uplifting, but that political polarization threatens its efficiency and undermines its results.

We seek to explore policy issues that affect Latinos, and feature commentators, scholars, and elected representatives who work to address these issues.

And lastly, we realize that American conservatism is in the middle of a pivotal moment that will define what it means to be a conservative for a generation that is only just entering the political arena. We aim to engage the debates happening within conservatism with rigor, honesty, and conviction.

We make Panorama for politicos, Latinos, and conservatives alike, and hope it offers a broader view of today’s politics.


Contents

The area comprising present-day Los Angeles County was first settled by small groups of Native Americans for centuries before the first European contact in 1769 when Gaspar de Portola and a group of missionaries camped on what is now the banks of the Los Angeles River. The name Los Angeles comes from the Spanish language,and it means "The Angels". The name is an abbreviation from the original name of the place. The original name is "El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río Porciúncula" (in English, "town of our lady the Queen of Angels of the River Porciúncula"), giving it both one of the longest and shortest (referring to its shortening of "LA") place names in the world. [17] Los Angeles was founded in 1781 while the area was within the borders of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area had earlier been explored by two Franciscan priests named Junipero Serra and Juan Crespi and following the Mexican War of Independence the region passed into the hands of Mexico which subsequently ceded control of California to the U.S. in 1848. On April 4, 1850 California became a State of the USA. Los Angeles began half a century of rapid growth after railroads arrived in the city in the 1870s. Los Angeles was home to the Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984. It will host the Olympic Games in 2028. Three times the city broke out in riots, in 1943, in 1965, and in 1992, all due to racism. [18] [19] In 1994, an earthquake killed 72 people and damaged many buildings.

Los Angeles is a very large city, and the edges of the city are very far from the center, going from the beaches to the mountains. The Santa Monica Mountains run through the city, separating it into the San Fernando Valley to the north and the Los Angeles Basin to the south. The Los Angeles River also runs through the city some 51 miles (82 km). Los Angeles moves about one-quarter of an inch (6.3 millimeters) to the east every year. [20] It is caused by the city's tectonic plates and rough ground geography and since Los Angeles is at a close distance with the San Andreas Fault. This brings Los Angeles and San Francisco 2.5 inches closer together each year.

Climate Edit

The climate in Los Angeles is a Mediterranean climate. The weather is usually warm and dry during the summer, and it is mild and more rainy in the winter. The weather is different depending on how far away from the ocean you are, so places near the beach usually do not get as hot in the summer. It is very rare for temperatures to go below freezing. The city receives about 15 inches (386 mm) of rain each year, although the amount can change a lot from year to year.

L.A. has many famous sights. There are many very long beaches, such as Venice Beach. Many visitors go to Hollywood, home to the Hollywood Walk of Fame the Mann's (Grauman's) Chinese Theater, a large cinema and L.A. Live, an entertainment complex. Los Angeles also has many fine museums such as the L.A. County Museum of Art, California Science Center and the Getty Museum. Another sight is the Los Angeles City Zoo. Los Angeles is the only major city in the world with an active population of wild mountain lions. [20]

Los Angeles is known for its large movie and television industry. Much of this is located in Hollywood. Some military aircraft are also made there, as well as spacecraft. The music industry is also concentrated in the area. The city is also a banking center. The San Pedro area has a busy port.

Los Angeles has dozens of neighborhoods and named areas, including:

    , home of many well-known movie studios.
  • Downtown Los Angeles, the financial centre of the city. Home to Los Angeles' and California's two tallest buildings, the Wilshire Grand Center and the U.S. Bank Tower
  • Elysian Park, home of Dodger Stadium and previously Chavez Ravine. . , beachfront district. , home of SoFi Stadium and The Forum.
  • Brentwood, a very wealthy area in West Los Angeles.
  • South L.A. the center of LA's African-Americanjazz scene
  • Leimert Park, home to LA’s historic African-American museums.
  • Crenshaw, a well-known district in South Los Angeles.
  • University Park, home to the University of Southern California.
  • Westwood, home to the University of California.
  • Boyle Heights, where many Mexican Americans reside.
  • Exposition Park, home to the University of Southern California, the Coliseum, Banc of California Stadium and the California Science Center are located , a large suburban area.
  • San Pedro, where the Port of Los Angeles is located in the city.

As of December 2019, the mayor of Los Angeles is Eric Garcetti.

Los Angeles has a rich history and culture of popular music. Many of the most notable recording artists in the history of the United States either started or flourished in Los Angeles or Greater Los Angeles. The surf music scene is largely associated with Los Angeles and suburbs like Malibu. Motown Records moved from Detroit, Michigan to Los Angeles in the 1970s. The West Coast Hip-hop scene and genres such as G-funk are largely centered in Greater Los Angeles.

Most people who live in Los Angeles are of Mexican American ancestry. Many Armenians, Chinese, Filipinos, Iranians, Salvadorans and Jews live in Los Angeles.


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A Brief History of Cuba

Cuba received an influx of over a million African natives in the 300 years preceding Cuba’s abolition of slavery in 1873. forced to Cuba by the Spanish settlers in order to work the gold mines, sugar and tobacco plantations, the majority of the slaves were originally from what is today Nigeria, the Congo, and Angola.

From this unique blend of origins, the slaves brought with them the rhythms, music, and dance that were an intrinsic part of their religious life back home, creating a musical undertone to the culture that would develop over the course of Cuban history.

It is this melding of African rhythms together with guitars, melodies and lyricism from Spain that gave birth to Cuba’s wealth of music and dance, and the reason the genre is usually referred to as Afro-Cuban.


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Winks Panorama (Winks Lodge)

Winks Panorama is significant under Criterion A at the national level in the areas of Ethnic Heritage: Black and Social History as a historic African-American resort of the segregation era in the Rocky Mountain West for the period 1925 to 1965. The property retains the atmosphere of the peaceful mountain oasis that it once offered to African-American vacationers with few options for travel and leisure due to the restrictions of segregation. The Lodge is highly significant for what it can tell us about African-American life in the early twentieth century. Resistance to segregation and de facto status as second-class citizens took many forms, including the creation of African-American community enclaves such as Lincoln Hills, the setting of Winks Lodge.

Winks Lodge at Lincoln Hills is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Winks Lodge is further significant at the national level in the area of Entertainment / Recreation for the period 1925-1965 as an exemplification of the efforts of early-twentieth-century African Americans to create their own opportunities for vacationing, recreation and leisure in response to their exclusion in Colorado from white-dominated venues under segregation. It is also noteworthy that the landmark federal Civil Rights legislation of 1964-65 greatly contributed to the obsolescence of Winks Lodge and other African-American resorts. Winks Panorama is further locally significant under Criterion C in the area of Architecture for 1925, the year of its construction, as a vernacular expression of Craftsman design principles, through 1928, when the building was substantially complete. Finally, Winks Panorama is locally significant under Criterion D in the area of Non-Aboriginal Historic Archaeology from 1925, the year of its construction, through 1965, for its potential to yield information important to history due to buried deposits.


Early life

The son of a Venezuelan aristocrat of Spanish descent, Bolívar was born to wealth and position. His father died when the boy was three years old, and his mother died six years later, after which his uncle administered his inheritance and provided him with tutors. One of those tutors, Simón Rodríguez, was to have a deep and lasting effect on him. Rodríguez, a disciple of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, introduced Bolívar to the world of 18th-century liberal thought.

At the age of 16, Bolívar was sent to Europe to complete his education. For three years he lived in Spain, and in 1801 he married the daughter of a Spanish nobleman, with whom he returned to Caracas. The young bride died of yellow fever less than a year after their marriage. Bolívar believed that her tragic death was the reason that he took up a political career while still a young man.

In 1804, when Napoleon I was approaching the pinnacle of his career, Bolívar returned to Europe. In Paris, under the renewed guidance of his friend and tutor Rodríguez, he steeped himself in the writings of European rationalist thinkers such as John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Georges-Louis Leclerc, count de Buffon, Jean le Rond d’Alembert, and Claude-Adrien Helvétius, as well as Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau. The latter two had the deepest influence on his political life, but Voltaire coloured his philosophy of life. In Paris he met the German scientist Alexander von Humboldt, who had just returned from his voyage through Hispanic America and told Bolívar that he believed the Spanish colonies were ripe for independence. That idea took root in Bolívar’s imagination, and, on a trip to Rome with Rodríguez, as they stood on the heights of Monte Sacro, he made a vow to liberate his country.

One other experience enriched his intellect at that time: he watched the extraordinary performance that culminated in Napoleon’s coronation in 1804 as emperor of the French. Bolívar’s reaction to the coronation wavered between admiration of the accomplishments of a single man and revulsion at Napoleon’s betrayal of the ideals of the French Revolution. The desire for glory was one of the permanent traits in Bolívar’s character, and there can be little doubt that it was stimulated by Napoleon. The example of Napoleon was, nevertheless, a warning that Bolívar heeded. In his later days he always insisted that the title of “liberator” was higher than any other and that he would not exchange it for that of king or emperor. In 1807 he returned to Venezuela by way of the United States, visiting the eastern cities.


¿Cómo pueden usarse los datos del transcriptoma para explorar la función génica?

Todavía se desconoce la función de la mayoría de los genes. Una búsqueda en una base de datos del transcriptoma puede dar a los investigadores una lista de todos los tejidos en los que se expresa un gen, ofreciendo pistas sobre su posible función.

Por ejemplo, si la base de datos del transcriptoma muestra que los niveles de expresión de un gen desconocido son radicalmente más altos en células cancerosas que en células sanas, el gen desconocido pudiera desempeñar una función en la proliferación celular. O, si un gen desconocido es expresado en tejido adiposo pero no en tejido óseo o muscular, el gen desconocido pudiera estar implicado en el almacenamiento de grasas o en el metabolismo. En ambos casos, los datos del transcriptoma dan a los investigadores un buen punto de partida para comenzar a buscar la función de un gen recién identificado.

El Instituto Nacional de Investigación del Genoma Humano (National Human Genome Research Institute, NHGRI), que es parte de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (National Institutes of Health, NIH), ha participado en dos proyectos que crearon recursos de transcriptomas para investigadores alrededor del mundo, la iniciativa de la Colección de Genes Mamíferos (Mammalian Gene Collection) y el Proyecto del Transcriptoma Murino (Mouse Transcriptome Project).

La iniciativa de la Colección de Genes Mamíferos creó una biblioteca pública gratuita de secuencias de ARNm de seres humanos, ratones y ratas. El proyecto fue dirigido por el NHGRI y el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (National Cancer Institute, NCI), que también forma parte del NIH. El ratón y la rata son modelos importantes con los que se estudia la biología humana.

El Proyecto del Transcriptoma Murino fue una iniciativa financiada por el NIH que generó una base de datos pública gratuita de transcritos génicos para muchos tejidos murinos (de ratón). Estos datos de expresión génica de tejidos específicos, que han sido mapeados en el genoma del ratón, están disponibles en un formato que permite hacer búsquedas en la Base de datos del transcriptoma de referencia del ratón (Mouse Reference Transcriptome Database).

Existen otros recursos de transcriptomas, que incluyen los encontrados en programas del NIH, tales como el Proyecto de expresión del genotipo en tejidos (Genotype-Tissue Expression Project, GTEx) y la Enciclopedia de los Elementos del ADN (Encyclopedia of DNA Elements, ENCODE). GTEx está creando un catálogo de expresión génica humana en una variedad de tejidos diferentes. El objetivo de los investigadores de ENCODE es caracterizar y entender las partes funcionales del genoma, incluido el transcriptoma. Tanto Novartis como el Laboratorio Europeo de Biología Molecular (European Molecular Biology Laboratory) cuentan con bases de datos de expresión génica bien consolidadas.

Todavía se desconoce la función de la mayoría de los genes. Una búsqueda en una base de datos del transcriptoma puede dar a los investigadores una lista de todos los tejidos en los que se expresa un gen, ofreciendo pistas sobre su posible función.

Por ejemplo, si la base de datos del transcriptoma muestra que los niveles de expresión de un gen desconocido son radicalmente más altos en células cancerosas que en células sanas, el gen desconocido pudiera desempeñar una función en la proliferación celular. O, si un gen desconocido es expresado en tejido adiposo pero no en tejido óseo o muscular, el gen desconocido pudiera estar implicado en el almacenamiento de grasas o en el metabolismo. En ambos casos, los datos del transcriptoma dan a los investigadores un buen punto de partida para comenzar a buscar la función de un gen recién identificado.

El Instituto Nacional de Investigación del Genoma Humano (National Human Genome Research Institute, NHGRI), que es parte de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (National Institutes of Health, NIH), ha participado en dos proyectos que crearon recursos de transcriptomas para investigadores alrededor del mundo, la iniciativa de la Colección de Genes Mamíferos (Mammalian Gene Collection) y el Proyecto del Transcriptoma Murino (Mouse Transcriptome Project).

La iniciativa de la Colección de Genes Mamíferos creó una biblioteca pública gratuita de secuencias de ARNm de seres humanos, ratones y ratas. El proyecto fue dirigido por el NHGRI y el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (National Cancer Institute, NCI), que también forma parte del NIH. El ratón y la rata son modelos importantes con los que se estudia la biología humana.

El Proyecto del Transcriptoma Murino fue una iniciativa financiada por el NIH que generó una base de datos pública gratuita de transcritos génicos para muchos tejidos murinos (de ratón). Estos datos de expresión génica de tejidos específicos, que han sido mapeados en el genoma del ratón, están disponibles en un formato que permite hacer búsquedas en la Base de datos del transcriptoma de referencia del ratón (Mouse Reference Transcriptome Database).

Existen otros recursos de transcriptomas, que incluyen los encontrados en programas del NIH, tales como el Proyecto de expresión del genotipo en tejidos (Genotype-Tissue Expression Project, GTEx) y la Enciclopedia de los Elementos del ADN (Encyclopedia of DNA Elements, ENCODE). GTEx está creando un catálogo de expresión génica humana en una variedad de tejidos diferentes. El objetivo de los investigadores de ENCODE es caracterizar y entender las partes funcionales del genoma, incluido el transcriptoma. Tanto Novartis como el Laboratorio Europeo de Biología Molecular (European Molecular Biology Laboratory) cuentan con bases de datos de expresión génica bien consolidadas.


Watch the video: Delos Panorama (July 2022).


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