History Podcasts

Cliff Berryman

Cliff Berryman

Cliff Berryman was born in Kentucky in 1869. Berryman started as as draughtsman in the United States Postal Service but joined the Washington Evening Post as a political cartoonist in 1896. He became the chief political cartoonist of the newspaper in 1907.

Berryman was joined by his son, James Berryman, in 1935 and for the next fourteen years the two men contributed alternative daily cartoons.

Cliff Berryman, who was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1943, carried on working for the Washington Evening Post until his death in 1949.


Political Cartoonist Clifford Berryman: Fusing Fashion and Politics

As part of the “six weeks of style” celebration to recognize the Foundation for the National Archives’ partnership with DC Fashion Week, we are showcasing fashion-related records from our holdings. This week’s fashion theme is Roaring 20s: Fur, Feathers, and Flappers.

To say that Clifford K. Berryman was an accomplished 20th-century political cartoonist would be somewhat of an understatement. Known as one of DC’s renowned graphic political commentators, he was once told by President Harry Truman, “You are a Washington Institution comparable to the Monument.”

In honor of the upcoming DC Fashion Week, we take a closer look at three of Berryman’s cartoons from the U.S. Senate Collection that used fads and fashion of the time to make creative political statements.

Berryman first moved to Washington, DC, at the age of 17 to work at the U.S. Patent Office, using his self-taught talents to draw patent illustrations.

In 1891, he became a cartoonist’s understudy for the Washington Post, and within five years, he rose to the top as chief cartoonist. He held this position until 1907, when he became the front-page cartoonist for the Washington Evening Star, where he drew political cartoons until he died in 1949 at the age of 80.

Berryman produced more than 15,000 cartoons throughout his lifetime. For nearly half a century, he chronicled every Presidential administration from Grover Cleveland to Harry Truman, satirizing both Republicans and Democrats alike. Because he never used outlandish caricatures to depict political figures, he earned respect for staying true to the portrayal of his subjects. In 1944 he won the Pulitzer Prize for editorial cartooning, and his collection is featured here at the National Archives in a special online exhibit.

His cartoons, however, were not strictly limited to politics. They covered other topics such as Presidential and congressional elections, both World Wars, DC weather—and, of course, fashion.

Political cartoons are ultimately a commentary on current events, personalities, and societal norms. By referencing various fashion trends at the time, Berryman made his drawings more relatable to the reader.

For example, in his 1909 cartoon about a bill introduced in the Illinois Legislature limiting women’s hats to eighteen inches in diameter, Berryman satirizes the ridiculous nature of women’s headwear during the Edwardian era.

In others, he drew attention to political trends using references to 1920s fashion. In this cartoon, he dresses recurring cartoon character Miss Democracy, the personified voice of the American people, in classic flapper’s garb to reflect the shifting national mood of the time.

Similarly, Berryman addressed the topic of the Federal Income Tax, ratified in 1913, by comparing the prospect of tax return cuts to the popular haircut that characterized women’s fashion in the 1920s—the latest women’s fashion was short hair, called a “bob.” Cartoonist Clifford Berryman’s familiar caricature, Mr. John Q. Public, looks at a fashion poster and comments: “Now if Uncle Sam would just bob the income tax return, Oh, Boy!”

Who knew that fashion could be so political?

Examine more “signature styles” and history-making signatures in our current exhibition, “Making Their Mark: Stories Through Signatures,” in the Lawrence F. O’Brien Gallery at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC.


Lisa's History Room

Everyone knows that the teddy bear is named after the twenty-sixth president of the United States, Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt, but they may not know why.

It happened in November of 1902. Teddy Roosevelt was on a bear-hunting trip through Louisiana and Mississippi. It was an “exasperating” hunt, said Roosevelt, and after five days, he never got a shot. Out of pity, his companions corraled and roped a bear for his prey. But Roosevelt refused to kill a defenseless animal. The press printed the story and the public applauded their president’s restraint. But the story really caught fire when a political cartoon appeared on the front page of the Washington Post two days later, with cartoonist Clifford Berryman portraying Roosevelt as “turning away with disgust, with sloped rifle,” from a “very black bear being roped around the neck by a very white catcher.” (1)

Anyway, whether or not the readers of the Post picked up on Berryman’s allegory is not what we remember today. What is recalled is that the cartoon sparked a full-scale teddy bear craze. (2) The public fell in love with the cartoon bear. People wrote and begged Berryman to draw more “bear cartoons,” which he did. In subsequent cartoons, he made the bear rounder, smaller, and cuter, and thus all the more endearing with its prickly pear ears, imploring eyes, and scraggly fur.

That night, Rose cut and stuffed a piece of plush velvet into the shape of a bear, sewed on shoe button eyes and handed it to Morris to display in the shop window. He labeled it, “Teddy’s bear.” (3)

To Michtom’s surprise, not just one but a dozen customers wanted to buy the bears. Michtom received Roosevelt’s permission to use his name on his product and began the mass production of the cuddly toy bears which sold for $1.50.

Oregon family c.1900 with prized family teddy bear

Today the teddy bear craze is still going strong and we think of teddy bears as being toys for children. But, back at the beginning, women bought the teddy bears for themselves, made them clothes they read about in Ladies’ Home Journal, and carried them with them everywhere.


Company History

1919
The patent was transferred on the 23rd day of December, 1919. With his family, Pappy traveled across the country in a converted wood panel Graham Truck. They traveled from coast to coast bartering their Sealex Tire Sealer for meals, fuel and accommodations. Legend has it that when Pappy hit a hot sales area he would set up production in a rented room, mix his formula in the bathtub, then fill orders from his truck the next day. Located in a backwoods area of ​​Lima, Ohio, an old shack was converted to serve as the first manufacturing site for Berryman Products.Packaged in glass, early major products like Solvall Tune Up Oil, OilZall Valve Oil, and Lubrex Super-Lubricant gained localized acceptance and popularity, laying the groundwork for the quality reputation that Berryman still enjoys today. During the first 35 years of business, EZ Doz-It , Zingo, Bloxit, and others were also added to the line. As distribution expanded, Pappy and his only son, Colonel Waldo "Bud" Berryman, Jr., moved the site to Dallas, Texas.

1954
In 1954, Chem-Dip® Carburetor and Parts Cleaner was introduced and has become an industry-leading parts cleaner today.

1958
Then, in 1958, B-12 Chemtool® was developed as a multi-purpose surface cleaning solvent and soon became Berryman's flagship product. B-12 Chemtool® is now available in over a dozen products and has grown to become synonymous with the Berryman name.

1960
Pappy retired in the 1960's. RH Blankenship, a long time acquaintance of Bud's, learned of the company and its solid reputation.

1970
R.H., having a strong background in the automotive industry, purchased the company in 1970 and became the owner of Berryman Products, Inc.
Early in the 1970's, Berryman Products moved to larger facilities in Arlington, Texas, where it is still located today. As the company flourished through the 70's and 80's, other Blankenship family members joined the company - starting at the grassroots by blending, packaging, assembling and shipping the product. Through the years, each of the family members chose different areas of responsibility to pursue according to their interests and strengths.

1986
Over time, RH Blankenship found other interests to capitalize on, eventually selling the company to his immediate family in 1986.

1990s
Throughout the 1980's and early 1990's, Berryman continued to flourish. New and innovative products were introduced to the automotive aftermarket - products such as Brake Cleaner , Engine Degreaser , Octane Booster , as well as a family of Aerosol Lubricants .
In addition, during this time Berryman Products created the HEST &ldquo H igh- E nergy S olvent T echnology&rdquo tagline which describes the unique properties of the products that truly set them apart from the competition.
In the late 1990's, Berryman formed a relationship with Ed &ldquoBig Daddy&rdquo Roth , and the Chemtooler® was created as the mascot for Berryman Products, bringing a fun and edgy way to interact with the end user .
In the new millennium, Berryman has continued to introduce new products such as B-12 Chemtool®Total Fuel System Cleanup , B-12 Chemtool®Professional 3-Step Fuel System Maintenance Kit , and eco-friendly products such as B-33 Engine Degreaser and B-104 Lemon Fresh Towelettes .

Present 2020
As we approach our 100th year in business, we are especially grateful to our customers who make us what we are today. We commit to continue to provide you with immediate personal service and to produce products that meet the highest quality standards of performance, reliability and environmental responsibility.


Cliff Berryman - History

Seth M. Vining Sr. published the first edition of the Tryon Daily Bulletin, famed the “World’s Smallest Daily Newspaper,” on Jan. 31, 1928.

Vining Sr. had a printing shop located beneath the A&P Tea Company grocery store (now Owen’s Pharmacy), which is where the first papers were printed. Vining Sr. was said to have a little time on his hands, so he printed off a page announcing the new Chamber of Commerce officers and a local fire and he walked up and down the street giving the paper out.

His first paid advertisement came from Carter Brown.

Vining Sr.’s statement of the purpose of the newspaper was, “This, the initial issue of the Tryon Daily Bulletin, goes to you as a result of our firm belief that such a publication will be of service to the general public as an effective medium for immediate advertising and for the transmission of important community news while it is still news. We will endeavor to publish the Bulletin six days a week and continue it as long as we feel the service it gives justifies the existence. The Bulletin is not attempting to take the place of a newspaper, for its miniature size makes it impossible, and all the news m atter will necessarily be very brief but sufficient to be informative. We chose the modest name of Bulletin to give it a proper label, but in function we hope it will service as effectively for its purpose as a daily newspaper. The advertising columns are open to all for legitimate purposes. If we fail to solicit your advertising, do not feel slighted. Serving as editor, printer and devil it will be impossible for the advertising manager to call on every business house each day. The Bulletin is published for our mutual benefit. Use it as often as your need justifies. We gladly publish notices of your club meetings, and will appreciate any news suitable for this type of paper.”

The original Bulletin was the size of a Reader’s Digest.

The paper was changed to its current size, 8 ½ by 11, in 1955 after the Tryon Daily Bulletin bought the Polk County News, Vining Sr.’s one time employer.

In 1953, Vining Sr. alerted readers of the change in the paper’s size saying in its 25th anniversary edition that it would probably be the last anniversary edition of this “world’s smallest daily newspaper,” although the logo still exists today because of the paper’s still small size.

“The present size does not meet the demands of a growing community,” Vining Sr. said in the 25th anniversary edition in 1953. “Many progressive advertisers want larger space. There is not room for many pictures and longer articles. The increased circulation has presented some production problems, which we can’t master with present equipment. We solicit your cooperation in making the adjustment when the time comes, and assure you of our constant effort to give you the best newspaper service possible with the means available.”

Cliff Berryman, noted cartoonist for the Washington Star, creator of the famous Teddy Bear and a Pulitzer Prize winner, gave Vining Sr.’s personal column an identity by drawing the Curb Reporter logo, which is still used today. The logo features a Keystone Cop telling Pop Vining with a reporter’s pad and pencil in hand to, “Move on buddy!” The cartoon was created in the 1930s to depict Pop Vining going up and down the street every day to get advertisements and to ask what news was going on that day.

The Bulletin’s distinctive arched window makes it recognizable in these photos of Tryon’s Trade Street through the years. (Photo from the collection
of David Widdicombe)

The Bulletin moved to the old Bank of Tryon building in 1935, which is where it is still located today and is listed on the National Registry of Historic Places. For many years the Bulletin operated in the building and shared space with other businesses, including a realtor’s office and a hair salon at one time. Vining Sr. bought the building in 1959.

Famous people made friends with the Vinings, including Lefty and Nora Flynn who threw the Vinings a party in celebration of their 10th anniversary in January 1938. “Pop” Vining wrote year later that “the Flynns did many nice things for Tryon people and always shared their friends with others, whether it was Lady Astor and the other Gibson Girls Tim McCoy or Richard Adinsell, author of the ‘Warsaw Concerto.’”

In the 1940s, Robert Ripley met with Vining Sr. to talk about including the Bulletin in his “Believe It Or Not!” series. Ripley reportedly said that it is nothing to publish the world’s smallest daily newspaper, but to support a family with it for more than 10 years was indeed a significant accomplishment.

In 1950, Seth Vining Jr. returned to Tryon and joined his dad in running the newspaper.

In 1976, Vining Jr. took over the Bulletin and from 1971 until his retirement in 1989, he and his wife Bos Vining, who also worked at the paper, took no vacations.

Vining Jr. once said that he thought the town is much better for the Bulletin being here and taking part in the community.

“And that to me is the satisfaction of doing it,” Vining Jr. said.

Vining Jr. also spoke of hard times, especially during the Depression, when people would trade produce for subscriptions.

“No one had money,” Seth Jr. said, “even the rich people didn’t have money. Anything that you had that we could use, we took in.”

The Bulletin has always been a community newspaper. The Vinings were known for putting community news on the front page, including who died and who moved to town. One of its signature coverage for many years was who moved to town and who went on vacation to where.

“People would move to town and we would interview them,” Vining Jr. said in the 1980s while being interviewed by a television news station. “We’d tell where they were from, what they did and what brought them here. It sort of gave them an introduction to the community.”

Vining Jr. also said his dad had a philosophy he thought was very good.

“Dad had a philosophy that I thought was very good and we tried to continue,” Vining Jr. once said, “and it was to try to get the good news. You really don’t need a paper for bad news, everybody hears about it before you can even get it off the press.”

Vining Jr. also said the Bulletin has always been the community’s newspaper. If someone sent something in, whether it was a club event or a birth announcement, the Vinings ran it.

“It really wasn’t our paper as much as it was the community’s paper,” Vining Jr. said. “I think most people felt like it was their paper. It was never the Vining’s paper, it was the community paper.”

Seth Vining Sr. died in January 1987 at the age of 86.

On Nov. 17, 1989, the Vinings sold the Bulletin to the Jeff and Helen Byrd family and a group of family friends, who ran the paper for the next 20 years.

Once asked in an interview about the small size of the newspaper, Jeff Byrd said the small size is “our claim to fame. And the people love it. So why mess with a good thing?”

Vining Jr. died on Oct. 20, 2008 in Tryon at the age of 84.

Bos Vining died in Tryon on July 6, 2013 at the age of 87.

The Byrds sold the Bulletin to Tryon Newsmedia LLC in 2010. Tryon Newsmedia is owned by Todd Carpenter, president and chief operating officer of Boone Newspapers Inc. with other ownership by President Betty Ramsey, who served as Bulletin publisher until December 2016, Boone Newspapers Inc. and its key personnel. The newspaper is managed by Boone Newspapers.


Clifford Kennedy Berryman is Born

Today in Masonic History Clifford Kennedy Berryman is born in 1869.

Clifford Kennedy Berryman was an American cartoonist.

Berryman was born in Clifton, Kentucky. Berryman inherited his skill as a cartoonist from his father who drew the cartoon "hillbillies" in their home town for friends and neighbors.

At the age of 17, Berryman was appointed a draftsman at the United States Patent office. He worked there for 5 years.

In 1891, Berryman submitted sketches to the Washington Post. He became the understudy of political cartoonist Goerge Y. Coffin. When Coffin passed away in 1896, Berryman took over the postion as political cartoonist for the Washington Post.

One of his most famous cartoons was in 1902, it was a cartoon of then President Theodore Roosevelt showing compassion for a small bear cub. The cartoon was title, "Drawing a line in Mississippi". The cartoon inspired Morris Mitchum, a New York store owner, to create a new toy called the Teddy Bear.

In his career Berryman drew thousands of cartoons. He satirzied Presidents to politicians, Democrats and Republicans, as well as important issues of the day, including World War II and the first atomic bomb.

In 1944, Berryman won the Pulitzer Prize for his cartoon "Where is the boat going". It was a political cartoon with Franklin D. Roosevelt as well as other government and congressional officals all trying to steer the USS Manpower Mobilization in different directions.

Berryman was a prominent figure in Washington. President Harry S. Truman once told Berryman "You are ageless and timeless. Presidents, senators and even Supreme Court justices come and go, but the Monument and Berryman stand."


Setting the Terms of Peace

The armistice of November 11, 1918, ended the fighting in World War I with Germany. In 1919 delegates drafted the Treaty of Versailles that set the terms of peace at the Paris Peace Conference. President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points,” his plan for a “just peace,” laid the framework for the conference. European leaders, however, preferred retribution against Germany. The resulting treaty required Germany to pay reparations, but it largely retained Wilson’s plan. It included provisions for a League of Nations and the creation of new nations in Eastern Europe.


D.) John NEWTON, Mariner, and his fourth wife, Rose ALLERTON(?).

John NEWTON was born about 1639 at Kingston-Upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England. His father's name was Thomas NEWTON. It seems probable that this family moved to Hull from the county of Northumberland, a part of the NEWTONS of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and nearby Eltringham where the family was located from very early times.

Prior to emigrating to the colonies, John NEWTON lived at Anlaby, a village about three miles west of Hull. There he married three times, the third time at the age of thirty in 1669. Each of the three wives he married in England had one son. To the first marriage was born John NEWTON, Jr., who, after coming to Virginia, married Mary ALLERTON, daughter of Col. Isaac ALLERTON and his wife the former Elizabeth WILLOUGHBY. [COMMENT-10] To the second marriage of John NEWTON was born Joseph NEWTON who married Mrs. Sarah BUTLER by January, 1685/6. The third English marriage of John NEWTON was to the widow Elizabeth LAYCOCKE in 1669, and Benjamin NEWTON, the third son, was born about that same year, since he stated he was "aged 40 or thereabouts" on July 8, 1709. After Elizabeth died, John NEWTON came to the colonies, where his name appears in public records by 1672. He took up residence in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in late 1676 or early 1677. His last marriage occurred before March 16, 1676/7 in Virginia. There he married Rose, whose maiden name may have been ALLERTON. John NEWTON went back to England at some point before 1676/7 and brought all of his sons to the colonies.

Rose had been married before, first to John TUCKER, with whom she had a daughter Rose who married a John BERRYMAN and a daughter Sarah who married William FITZHUGH. Rose ALLERTON(?) married second Thomas GERRARD. With her second husband, she was the mother of a daughter.

John NEWTON and Rose were the parents of three children. Gerrard NEWTON was born about 1677, and was probably a minor when he married Rebecca before October, 1696. At that time his father gave them a gift of 500 acres. Elizabeth NEWTON married Benjamin BERRYMAN and is described in the preceding section. The last child born to John NEWTON and wife Rose was Thomas NEWTON, born probably in the first half of 1678. Thomas NEWTON married Elizabeth STARK or STORKE, a descendant of Capt. Robert BEHETHLAND.

John NEWTON was a Justice of the Peace for Westmoreland County, had a great deal of property in Virginia and in England, and owned two gist mills.

The will of John NEWTON "of Lower Machodack", in perfect health, dated August 19, 1695, was modified by a first codicil on December 21, 1696 and by a second undated codicil. They were proved in probate July 28, 1697. [COMMENT-11] Rose lived past her eightieth year when, on July 8, 1709, she gave a deposition about her husband for the benefit of one of her stepsons proving ownership to land in England. She died between making her will on December 1, 1712 and it's being proven on January 28, 1712/3.


Political Cartoon by Clifford Berryman depicting Sam Rayburn and FDR

Political cartoon drawing by C.K. Berryman, featuring Uncle Sam, Sam Rayburn and President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The cartoon depicts Uncle Sam as the central character. He is holding columns marked "HOUSING" and "BILL" in his left and right arms respectively. He appears to be shaking them and the columns are both broken and surrounded by other broken columns. A hat near his feet reads, "HOUSE." Sam Rayburn stands before President Roosevelt in the lower left corner. Sam Rayburn says, "I'M SORRY, MR. PRESIDENT. BUT THE FELLOW REALLY DOESN'T KNOW HIS OWN STRENGTH." The cartoon is a commentary on the House … continued below

Physical Description

1 art print : b&w 14 3/8 x 13 5/8 inches

Creation Information

Context

This artwork is part of the collection entitled: Rescuing Texas History, 2011 and was provided by the Sam Rayburn House State Historical Site to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 12366 times, with 81 in the last month. More information about this work can be viewed below.

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this artwork or its content.

Artist

  • Berryman, Clifford Kennedy, 1869-1949 Clifford K. Berryman (1869-1949) was a Pulitizer Prize winning cartoonist who worked for the Washington Evening Star newspaper.

Publisher

Audiences

Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this artwork as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this work useful in their work.

Provided By

Sam Rayburn House State Historical Site

The Sam Rayburn House State Historic Site provides photographs and artwork from the Rayburn family's personal collection. Its mission centers on increasing local, regional and national awareness of Sam Rayburn's life and career as a United States Congressman through the preservation and interpretation of the historic site.

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The Senate Considers the Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles’s fate was uncertain in the Senate. Some senators, known as “Irreconcilables,” opposed the treaty in any form. “Reservationists,” led by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts, wanted reservations (amendments) added to the treaty before approving it. Lodge added 14 reservations to reinforce U.S. policy and protect congressional war powers. The Senate voted on the treaty with and without reservations, but both votes fell short of the required two-thirds majority. After more debate, the Senate rejected the treaty 49 to 35 during a final vote on March 19, 1920.

I hope and pray that peace . . . may reign everywhere on earth. But . . . the American people are first in my heart now and always. I can never assent to any scheme, . . . which is not for the welfare and for the highest and best interest of my own beloved people of whom I am one—the American people—the people of the United States.


Watch the video: Edwin Porter - Thomas Edison 1907 The Teddy Bears Film (December 2021).