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1. The Tower of London
The Tower of London bleeds history, indeed as the site of many executions over the centuries it has often been at the very centre of England’s most grisly past events. Commissioned by William the Conqueror and standing for almost a thousand years, the Tower is one of the most popular places in London to visit. You can poke around the prisons, languish in the cells or just stare in wonder at the vast value of the crown jewels…
25 Things to do in London
25 things to do in London without which your visit just wouldn’t be complete! From the free “museum district” to the Houses of Parliament, Harry Potter sites, castles, palaces, parks, markets – welcome to one of the greatest cities in the world! With so much to do, here are our top tips on where to start…
1. see the queen!
London’s Buckingham Palace Neighbourhood is where you’ll find all those essential British landmarks to tick off your sightseeing list including Buckingham Palace, where the Queen lives for much of the year. The Changing of the Guard Ceremony (pictured above) takes place at 11am most days of the week. Make sure to get there early to find a good spot.
Just a short walk from Buckingham Palace is where you’ll find The Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, the Prime Minister’s residence at 10 Downing Street & Nelson’s Column at Trafalgar Square. These are first places you’ll want to see on a visit to London.
2. walk along the river thames
Is there anything as iconic as the River Thames? Take a walk along the Southbank of the river where you’ll see the London Eye, Shakespeare’s Globe, and boats sailing along the river. You can easily walk from Westminster Bridge to Tower Bridge in 40 minutes, or you can also take a boat cruise along the river.
3. experience the city
There are loads of amazing London experiences to explore. From speedboat rides along the River Thames and chocolate tasting tours to food walks and afternoon teas, London has everything you can imagine. There are even movie-themed tours that take place throughout the week, based on James Bond, Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Who themes!
Things to do in London England: Shopping!
Shopping has to be on the top of anyone’s list of the best things to do in London. The major shopping district, Oxford Street and Regent Street, is where you’ll find lots of iconic department stores like Selfridges and Liberty as well as Hamleys, the worlds greatest toy store and a perfect place to go shopping with kids.
Harrods department store is located in Knightsbridge, close to Hyde Park. And the two major shopping malls are called Westfield and Brent Cross.
5. grab a pint
After a long day of sightseeing, sit down for a pint of beer in a local pub. Drinking beer is a national pastime in Britain, and there are literally thousands of pubs and bars scattered all over the capital. There are lots of boutique beer breweries popping up all over the capital in places like Shoreditch, an ideal way to get a true taste of blighty!
6. admire the skyline
One of the best things to do in London is to see the skyline from high up above. You could choose to go on the London Eye for 360 panoramic views or go to the top floor of a skyscraper like The Shard, which is the tallest building in Europe. For a really cool way of seeing London from above, take the cable car that crosses the River Thames by Greenwich. And for budget-conscious travelers, there’s even a free view of London from the rooftop of the Sky Gardens.
7. visit a (FREE!) Museum
The perfect way to spend a rainy day, London’s Kensington neighbourhood is home to three world-renowned museums and best of all, they offer free admission: The Victoria & Albert Museum, The Science Museum & Natural History Museum. Not too far away, you can also see the Egyptian mummies at the British Museum or head to one of London’s (free) art galleries like the Tate Modern or the National Portrait Gallery in Trafalgar Square.
8. take afternoon tea
Stay warm and have an Afternoon Tea
Is there anything more British than an afternoon cup of tea with jam and scones? You’ll soon discover that 4pm is tea time in England, and it’s probably the tastiest meal of the day. There are loads of places to have afternoon tea in London, including afternoon tea on the River Thames. For the best restaurants, you’ll have to book in advance. Delicious cakes and sandwiches await!
9. catch a play
London’s theatreland is the place to go to catch a play or musical. The hottest show in town right now is Harry Potter and The Cursed Child (and tickets are almost impossible to find!). But every night you’ll find sell-out performances of The Lion King, Les Miserables, The Mousetrap, Wicked and The Phantom of the Opera. Brits are big fans of Shakespeare (he is an English legend) and his Globe Theatre is the place to go if you want to see one of his plays performed live in his very own theatre.
10. go for a stroll
London is a really green city, with huge Royal parks running throughout the metropolis. That means that one of the best things to do in London on a sunny Sunday afternoon is to have a stroll through a park, like Hyde Park, Regents Park or St James’s Park.
One of the most popular outdoor spaces for kids is Hyde Park, where you’ll find The Serpentine, a 16-hectare lake where you can go boating during the summer. You’ll find lots of local Londoners chilling out and having a good time.
11. imagine life as a king or queen
Things to do in Royal London England
London and England are known for the great British legacy of castles, kings, queens, tales and legends. We suggest visiting the Queen’s home at Buckingham Palace, Britain’s former prison at the Tower of London and Kensington Palace, to get you started. Just outside of London in the English countryside lies Windsor Castle, which is the second home of the Queen, and further afield lies Blenheim Palace, where Sir Winston Churchill once lived!
Top tip: Dig deeper into Britain’s rich history with a guided tour of London’s Castles & Palaces
12. feel like a hipster
London is also known for its hipster side. You’ve probably heard of Camden, which is a trendy neighborhood with bustling nightlife, amazing food and clothes markets during the daytime. In general, London’s East End is where you should go to find the cities edgier side, and places like Shoreditch and Holborn are known for their impressive street art. The East End is also a good place to stay if you are looking for budget accommodation.
13. taste the street food
No visit to London would be complete without tasting some of the local food. Make sure to try at least one classic fish & chips and be sure to visit a local market. An English food tour through Borough Market will show you the amazing variety of street food on offer. You can find literally anything from classic British to Asian, South American, Indian and African food.
14. watch a football match
England is a football crazy nation, and in London alone there are five premier league football teams – Arsenal, Chelsea, Tottenham, West Ham and Crystal Palace. But if you don’t fancy going to see an actual football match, you can always go on a stadium tour which runs daily.
Top tip: Tickets for Arsenal, Chelsea and Tottenham are really expensive! If you’re looking to save money, try going on a football stadium tour.
15. go antiquing
London is full of antique markets, selling everything from furniture and homeware to jewelry and vinyl records. Everyone knows the famous Portobello Road Market in Notting Hill, but there’s also Old Spitalfields Market in the East End and Bermondsey Street Market. And on the weekend you’ll find lots of local markets popping up all over the capital.
16. live Like a Local
Greenwich Park, overlooking City of London
If you want to get a feel for ‘real’ London, away from the major tourist attractions, then you’ll want to visit some of the more authentic areas like spending a day in the upmarket Hampstead Neighborhood, having a stroll around Marylebone, tasting the local food in Borough Market or seeing hipster life in the East End.
17. head to Venice…
… not to Venice Italy, but to Little Venice, London’s canal district! You’ll find plenty of riverside cafes and restaurants to have a bite to eat, and beautiful streets for a leisurely stroll. There’s even a really cool river cruise that runs from Little Venice to the London zoo or Camden Lock Market.
18. have fun with the Kids
There are loads of things to do in London for kids! Amongst the classic attractions to keep children happy include Madame Tussauds, The London Eye, London Dungeons, Sea Life Aquarium, London Zoo & Shrek’s Adventure…but there are also lots of simple inexpensive things you can do like riding on one of London’s iconic big red buses, taking the tube or watching the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace.
Top Tip: The main London attractions come with expensive entrance fees. You can save money by buying a combination entrance ticket which gives a reduced price on a number of attractions.
19. look out for special events
Wimbledon Tennis Tournament, held in July every year
No matter what time of year you plan to visit, there are always unique events taking place in London. It could be a rock concert at one of the capitals major music venues like the O2 Arena or Hammersmith Apollo, jazz at The Ronnie Scott’s Club or a summer music festival. The worlds most famous classical music festival, the BBC Proms, takes place in July and August at the Royal Albert Hall.
Christmas is always a very busy time for special events, and there are lots of things to do in London in the December period. Seeing the Christmas lights are especially popular in places like Oxford Street and Trafalgar Square, there’s a Winterwonderland that opens in Hyde Park, and even ice skating at the Natural History Museum or Somerset House.
The England National Football Team play regular friendly matches throughout the year at Wembley Stadium. And there are weekly club premier league games and Champions League matches from September to June.
The Notting Hill Carnival takes place at the end of August, Gay Pride Parade at the beginning of July, and you should also look out for major sporting events that take place at specific times of the year:
- June and July are especially important in the world of tennis, with both Queens and Wimbledon tennis tournaments taking place during this month and the beginning of July. The ATP World tour finals comes to the Royal Albert Hall in November, which is followed by the Champions Tennis Cup.
- In October, the NFL comes to London for a series of league matches, and the Rugby Internationals take place across England.
- There are lots of events that draw celebrities from around the world, such as major fashion shows and you can always find out what’s on in London by looking at our monthly guides.
20. relax in the botanical gardens
Kew Gardens is one of the leading botanical gardens which has the largest collection of plants in the world. It’s easy to get lost exploring its 130 hectares of landscaped garden, where there’s a tropical rainforest pavilion, a treetop woodland walkway, and even an alpine house to explore!
21. return to London’s roots
The City of London is the oldest part of the city that dates back to Roman times. It’s a really interesting place to walk around, and is where you’ll find a lot of landmarks like St Paul’s Cathedral, the Tower of London, the Sky Gardens, Leadenhall Market and more!
22. spend time in an art gallery
There are at least 10 world class art galleries in London, and permanent collections include everything from Michaelangelo to Picasso and Roth. If you’re looking for classical artwork, head to the National Gallery, Wallace Collection or National Portrait Gallery. And for contemporary works, go to the Tate Modern or Saatchi Gallery. A lot of these museums offer free entrance admission but will charge quite hefty prices for temporary exhibitions.
23. be a muggle
London is the heart of the Harry Potter wizarding world, and the capital was used in many of the most famous scenes in the films. You can see the real life places for The Ministry of Magic, Platform 9 ¾, the Knight Bus, the Leaky Cauldron and more! If you’re a real Harry Potter aficionado, then a 2-hour walking tour of all the major Harry Potter London sites might just be the thing for you!
The Harry Potter Film Studios are located about 90 minutes from Central London. This is one of the most popular tourist attraction in England, where you can go behind the scenes and explore how the Harry Potter films were made. Just make sure to book your tickets ahead of time, as this tour get sold out weeks in advance!
24. venture beyond
Things to do Outside of London
Sometimes it’s nice to get out of the hustle and bustle of the city and see some of the beautiful areas surrounding London. One of the most popular places to visit in England is Stonehenge, whose mystical stone circles are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. About 90 minutes from London are the university towns of Cambridge and Oxford, as well as the traditional English villages in the Cotswolds region.
25. sit on a bus
Our hop on hop off buses offer the ideal sightseeing experience. Sit back and relax on the top floor of the bus as it drives past some of London’s greatest sights. Highlights include Big Ben, Houses of Parliament, St Paul’s Cathedral and the Tower of London.
1. Hyde Park
Source: I Wei Huang / shutterstock Hyde Park
Hyde Park is possibly the most famous park in London, and it is one of the largest. The park has historical significance, having hosted a number of demonstrations and protests including protests by the Suffragettes.
The park’s famous Speaker’s Corner is still occupied by debates, protests, and performance artists every week. The park is home to several memorial features, as well as two bodies of water, the most famous being the Serpentine. Here you can go paddle-boating, see a number of swans, and take in a breath of fresh air in the center of the city. A must-visit.
2. Scary attractions in London
Travel through more than 1,000 years of London’s horrible history at The London Dungeon, one of the most surreal of London's scary attractions. Jump out of your skin at live actors, spine-tingling rides and alarmingly realistic models, which bring London's dark past to life. Terrifying surprises lurk in every corner.
For more bone-chilling immersive experiences, avoid walls dripping with blood, creepy clowns and menacing spiders, and even become a zombie for the day at The London Tombs, part of The London Bridge Experience.
3. Temple Church
A few facts can be confirmed about the Knights of Templar. We know that a group of pilgrims traveled to Jerusalem in 1119, and some of them were armed and followed a strict, religiously inspired code. Over time the Knights grew in number and prestige. In 1185 the Temple Church in central London was consecrated, characterized by its distinct round nave. But by the late 1200s, the Crusades weren’t going so well and King Philip IV of France had turned against the order, causing their clout to wane. The group was forcibly disbanded by the Pope in 1312, their land seized by the Crown. King Edward II used the land and buildings for law colleges that developed into the present-day Inns of Court.
London Bucket List: 50 Epic Things to Do in London
If you are planning a trip to London, how do you decide where to go? London is massive. And London ruled the world for a good chunk of history, and during that time, stocked its museums with artifacts from around the world. It takes days, weeks really, to see the best of London. Trying to figure out what to do can be overwhelming.
Here is a list of the best things to see and do in London, 50 to be exact. Don’t expect to see them all on your first trip to London, we didn’t either. But you’ll be back. London is the type of city you can visit multiple times and never get bored.
At the end of this post, we give recommendations of our favorite spots, to help you narrow down this mega list of sights. Or, skip ahead to our list now.
The London Bucket List
When you see Big Ben, it really feels like you are in London. For a first-timer here, it’s thrilling to get that first glimpse of Big Ben. And it never gets old. Day or night, we loved looking up at this famous British landmark.
Take a Beefeater Tour at the Tower of London
The Tower of London dates back to 1066. It was used as both a prison and a royal residence and now houses the crown jewels. For an educational, slightly gory look at British history, don’t miss the Beefeater tours held daily.
#10 Downing Street
#10 Downing Street is the headquarters of the government of the United Kingdom and the residence of the Prime Minister. You can only get a glimpse of the famous doorway from a distance, since the residence is protected behind sturdy fencing and armed guards.
Take a Walking Tour of London
There are numerous options for walking tours in London. SANDEMANs offers free walking tours that get rave reviews. Photographers can take the Hairy Goat Photography Tour and those over 18 can take a Liquid History Tour of London. There are also Jack the Ripper tours, street art tours, and foodie tours.
If you are a Harry Potter fan, you might like one of these tours.
Take a Ride on the London Eye
This one is a bit pricey, but for 30 minutes you get unparalleled views of London, overlooking Parliament and Big Ben. On a clear day, you will be able to identify most of London’s most famous landmarks.
Houses of Parliament
Sure, it’s great to see Parliament and its iconic architecture from the outside. But did you know that you can tour the Houses of Parliament and even attend the debates at the House of Commons or House of Lords? For more information, click here.
Eat, Drink, and Shop at Covent Garden
Covent Garden is a district in the West End that is now a popular shopping and tourist site. Pop into the cafes, watch street performers, or simply roam the shops.
Take a Walk Across Millenium Bridge
Built in 2000, the Millenium Bridge is a pedestrian bridge that crosses the Thames River. It has been featured in several movies, such as Harry Potter and Guardians of the Galaxy.
The British Museum
Dare I say that this is one of the world’s best museums? This museum contains a massive collection of historical artifacts amassed while Great Britain was a major world super power. Some of these artifacts date back thousands of years. See a portion of the Parthenon, the Rosetta Stone, Egyptian mummies, and hieroglyphics. It is amazing how much stuff the British gobbled up during their world rule.
The Underground is London’s metro. It is clean, efficient, and easy to use. It’s the easiest and most convenient way to get around the city. Ride the Underground enough times and “Mind the Gap” may become your favorite British phrase.
The National Gallery
Located in Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery is the most popular art gallery in London. It is here that you can see British art from the 13 th century to 1900.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
St. Pauls’ Cathedral is another very famous landmark. Designed by Sir Christopher Wren, the present day cathedral was consecrated in 1697 after the Great Fire of London in 1666 destroyed the old St. Paul’s Cathedral. The funerals of Margaret Thatcher and Winston Churchill were held here, as was the wedding of Prince Charles and Princess Diana.
For another great viewpoint over London, climb to the top of the dome.
Take a Break in Kew Gardens
This is a giant botanical garden in southwest London. A half day here is a great way to take a break from city life. Tour the greenhouses and walk along the manicured property. This is a tranquil, pretty spot in London.
Tower Bridge, another London icon. It’s medieval style makes many people think that is very old (it was constructed in 1894) but it was designed to complement its neighbor, the Tower of London. If you are interested, you can climb one of the towers for another bird’s eye view of London.
For a quintessential British experience, dine on scones and finger sandwiches at one of many hotels offering afternoon tea. For 10 of London’s best afternoon teas, click here.
Buckingham Palace is the residence of Queen Elizabeth and a highly recognizable spot in London.
The Changing of the Guard
During the Changing of the Guard, which takes place at Buckingham Palace, one regiment takes over from another. It’s a lot of pomp and circumstance, but another one of those classic British experiences. The schedule depends on the time of year, with daily performances during the summer months. Check the official schedule here.
Stroll across the Westminster Bridge
The Westminster Bridge spans the Thames River. On one side is Westminster, with Parliament, Big Ben, and Whitehall. On the other side is the London Eye. This is iconic London.
Churchill War Rooms
This is absolutely a must-do while in London. During World War II, Winston Churchill and his staff hunkered down under the streets of London and “ran” the war. In these bunkers, they were relatively safe from Nazi air raids. In this museum, tour the bunkers, see where they lived and slept, and learn about the amazing Winston Churchill. You do not need to be a history buff to appreciate this museum.
Enjoy London’s Parks
London has several parks, all great places to take a break from city life. When walking between Buckingham Palace and Westminster, consider strolling through St. James Park. Hyde Park is much larger and it is popular for joggers. If you are traveling as a family, bring the kids and feed the birds at the Serpentine, the lake in Hyde Park.
This is a must for Beatles fans. Stroll on famous Abbey Road and cross the street Beatles style.
Eat Fish & Chips
Fish & chips is classic British food. You can find it at any pub, but one of the best restaurants in London for fish & chips is The Golden Chippy.
Take a Hop-On Hop-Off Bus Tour
Ok. So we don’t normally recommend bus tours, that is, unless you are in London. For first-timers to the city, this is a great way to see the main sites in just a matter of hours. You can choose to stay on the bus and get an overview of the city, or use it as transportation to get between sites.
This was one of our favorite London experiences…seeing Big Ben, Tower Bridge, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Whitehall, Piccadilly Circus, and so much more, all in just two hours.
This is foodie paradise. Borough Market is a giant market with food from around the world, a reflection of modern day London.
The National Portrait Gallery
If you are an art aficionado, here’s another art museum for your list. This world famous museum houses portraits of famous British people. Like the National Gallery, it is located off of Trafalgar Square, although it is a separate museum.
Stand in the East and West Hemispheres
In Greenwich, visit the Royal Observatory and see the Prime Meridian. Here is your chance to stand over 0° longitude, placing one foot in the eastern hemisphere and one foot in the western hemisphere.
Up at the O2
The O2 is an entertainment district with an arena, music club, cinema, and restaurants. Up at the O2 is a 90 minute experience where you get to climb onto the O2 roof. The views over London from the top are spectacular.
Westminster Abbey another of London’s most popular landmarks. This is where kings and queens are crowned, where famous people are buried, and where marriages take place. Hundreds of people are buried under the floor, including Charles Darwin, Chaucer, Mary Queen of Scots, and the past kings and queens of England. Prince William and Kate were married here in 2011. What other historical events will occur here during our lifetimes?
The View from the Shard
The Shard, the latest addition to London’s skyline, was constructed in 2012. Ascend to the top for another spectacular view of the city.
Some would say that this is Modern Art at its finest. To us, some of the art here just seemed bizarre. But it did keep Tyler and Kara entertained and repetitively asking the question, “that’s art?” Go see for yourself.
Victoria and Albert Museum
This is another of London’s great museums. This is the world’s largest museum of decoration arts and design. Paintings, sculptures, medieval objects, jewelry, photographs, and costumes from around the world can be seen here.
Portobello Road Market
This is a world famous market and a great place to visit if you like to go shopping for antiques. Portobello Road Market is open on Saturdays.
The Cutty Sark
The Cutty Sark was the fastest ship of her time, the world’s sole surviving tea clipper ship. Tours are available daily.
Old Royal Naval College
This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Greenwich. It once served as a naval hospital and later as a naval college. Now, this site is being used as a filming location for many famous movies such as The King’s Speech, Patriot Games, Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, Four Weddings and a Funeral, The Avengers, and The Dark Knight Rises.
Neal’s Yard is a colorful alley in Covent Garden. It’s a lovely, hidden place and worth it just to take a photo. Go just around the corner to Neal’s Yard Dairy for some amazing artisan cheeses.
Monument to the Great Fire of London
This is a permanent reminder of the Great Fire of 1666 that destroyed the city of London. Christopher Wren constructed this spiral monument. Did you know that you can climb its 311 steps for another awesome view of the city?
If you are in London during late June or early July, consider watching the oldest tennis tournament in the world, Wimbledon.
Emirates Air Line
The Emirates Air Line cable car provides another form of transportation across the Thames River. This cable car connects the Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Victoria Dock. People love it for the views and the convenience.
The Horse Guards Parade at Whitehall
The Horse Guards is a large parade ground off of Whitehall. This space is used as part of the Changing of the Guards ceremony.
Enjoy the View from the Sky Garden
Belly up to the bar at Sky Garden for dinner, drinks, and anther unbeatable view of London.
This is a public square in the Charing Cross neighborhood of London. This is another famous landmark, and home to Nelson’s Column and the National Gallery. Trafalgar Square is the center of New Year’s Eve celebrations in the city.
Get your photo of the red telephone phone box
With smartphones in everyone’s pocket, who needs a public telephone anymore? These iconic phone booths could become a thing of the past. Pretty soon, you may be more likely to find one of these inside the British museum than on a London street. But creative people are turning these phone booths into micro businesses, selling coffee, ice cream, and more.
Natural History Museum
With wildlife and geological exhibits, this is a museum that is fun for the whole family. This museum is huge, so allow enough time to see all of it. If you can, try to avoid days when school is in session, when the museum becomes crowded with school groups.
Madame Tussauds’s Wax Museum
This is another attraction that is great for the whole family. Snap your selfies with wax figures that look so real that it’s a bit freaky. The biggest complaint of people visiting Madame Tussauds: lines can be very long. Book your tickets in advance to skip the entrance queue and come during non-peak hours, first thing in the morning and later in the afternoon.
Shakespeare’s Globe Theater
The Globe Theater opened in 1599. For fourteen years, the theater thrived, presenting many of Shakespeare’s plays. In 1614, it burnt down. It was rebuilt again and used until 1642, when the Puritans of London shut it down. In 1644, the Globe Theater was demolished.
The building that stands today is a replica of the original Globe Theater. It sits just a few hundred feet from the original location. Now, you can tour the theater or watch a show.
Visit Ben Franklin’s House
For sixteen years, from 1757 and 1775, Ben Franklin lived in London. This house is the only surviving house that he called home. It is now a museum and can be visited while you are in London.
Go shopping at Harrod’s
Harrod’s is London’s premiere shopping store. Seven floors and 330 departments are filled with luxury items to purchase, from all around the world.
Platform 9 ¾
Harry Potter fans may want to visit Platform 9 ¾, located inside of Kings Cross Station.
Take a Stroll on The Mall
The Mall is the wide, tree-lined street leading up to Buckingham Palace. When a big event occurs in London, whether it’s a funeral or a marriage, people line the streets to watch the royal procession. This is the place to be, an iconic street in London, with Union Jack flags lining the road.
On most days, it’s just a quiet, pretty street. It is worth a leisurely stroll, especially if you will be visiting Buckingham Palace.
Piccadilly Circus is similar to Times Square in New York City. This meeting point, where several main roads come together, is a very busy spot in London. Enormous neon signs bath the area in colorful light and double decker red buses and cars continually stream by. Have a seat on the steps of the Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain and watch London in action.
So there you have it, 50 awesome things to do in London. Now, if you only have a few days, what are the most important things to see?
Our Top Ten in London
Here are our ten favorite things to do in London.
- Tower of London
- British Museum
- Churchill War Rooms
- Hop-On Hop-Off Bus Tour
- Tower Bridge
- St. Paul’s Cathedral
- Covent Garden
- Buckingham Palace
- Westminster Abbey
- London Eye
Connect all of these with the Underground and you have a nice introduction to London. And don’t forget to Mind the Gap!
More Information about London
- LONDON ITINERARY: 5 Days in London: The Ultimate London Itinerary
- WHERE TO STAY: Where to Stay in London: Best Hotels & Neighborhoods for Your Budget
- TRAVEL ITINERARY: The Perfect 10 Day London & Paris Itinerary
- TRAVEL ITINERARY: 10 Day London Amsterdam Paris Itinerary
If you have any questions about the best things to do in London, or if you want to share your favorite experiences, let us know in the comment section below.
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- ICELAND: Iceland Bucket List: 40 Epic Things to do in Iceland
- FRANCE: Paris Bucket List: 45 Must-Have Experiences in Paris
- DENMARK: One Perfect Day in Copenhagen, Denmark
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Some recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area. In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the Thames's south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge.  This bridge either crossed the Thames or went to a now lost island in the river. Dendrology dated the timbers to between 1750 BCE and 1285 BCE.  In 2001, a further dig found that the timbers were driven vertically into the ground on the south bank of the Thames west of Vauxhall Bridge.  In 2010, the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BCE and 4500 BCE.  were found, again on the foreshore south of Vauxhall Bridge.  The function of the mesolithic structure is not known. All these structures are on the south bank at a natural crossing point where the River Effra flows into the Thames. 
Archaeologist Leslie Wallace notes, "Because no LPRIA [Late pre-Roman Iron Age] settlements or significant domestic refuse have been found in London, despite extensive archaeological excavation, arguments for a purely Roman foundation of London are now common and uncontroversial." 
Roman London (AD 47–410) Edit
Londinium was established as a civilian town by the Romans about four years  after the invasion of AD 43. London, like Rome, was founded on the point of the river where it was narrow enough to bridge and the strategic location of the city provided easy access to much of Europe. Early Roman London occupied a relatively small area, roughly equivalent to the size of Hyde Park. In around AD 60, it was destroyed by the Iceni led by their queen Boudica. The city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roman town and recovered after perhaps 10 years the city grew rapidly over the following decades.
During the 2nd century Londinium was at its height and replaced Colchester as the capital of Roman Britain (Britannia). Its population was around 60,000 inhabitants. It boasted major public buildings, including the largest basilica north of the Alps, temples, bath houses, an amphitheatre and a large fort for the city garrison. Political instability and recession from the 3rd century onwards led to a slow decline.
At some time between AD 180 and AD 225, the Romans built the defensive London Wall around the landward side of the city. The wall was about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long, 6 metres (20 ft) high, and 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) thick. The wall would survive for another 1,600 years and define the City of London's perimeters for centuries to come. The perimeters of the present City are roughly defined by the line of the ancient wall.
Londinium was an ethnically diverse city with inhabitants from across the Roman Empire, including natives of Britannia, continental Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. 
In the late 3rd century, Londinium was raided on several occasions by Saxon pirates.  This led, from around 255 onwards, to the construction of an additional riverside wall. Six of the traditional seven city gates of London are of Roman origin, namely: Ludgate, Newgate, Aldersgate, Cripplegate, Bishopsgate and Aldgate (Moorgate is the exception, being of medieval origin).
By the 5th century, the Roman Empire was in rapid decline and in AD 410, the Roman occupation of Britannia came to an end. Following this, the Roman city also went into rapid decline and by the end of the 5th century was practically abandoned.
Anglo-Saxon London (5th century – 1066) Edit
Until recently it was believed that Anglo-Saxon settlement initially avoided the area immediately around Londinium. However, the discovery in 2008 of an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Covent Garden indicates that the incomers had begun to settle there at least as early as the 6th century and possibly in the 5th. The main focus of this settlement was outside the Roman walls, clustering a short distance to the west along what is now the Strand, between the Aldwych and Trafalgar Square. It was known as Lundenwic, the -wic suffix here denoting a trading settlement. Recent excavations have also highlighted the population density and relatively sophisticated urban organisation of this earlier Anglo-Saxon London, which was laid out on a grid pattern and grew to house a likely population of 10–12,000.
Early Anglo-Saxon London belonged to a people known as the Middle Saxons, from whom the name of the county of Middlesex is derived, but who probably also occupied the approximate area of modern Hertfordshire and Surrey. However, by the early 7th century the London area had been incorporated into the kingdom of the East Saxons. In 604 King Saeberht of Essex converted to Christianity and London received Mellitus, its first post-Roman bishop.
At this time Essex was under the overlordship of King Æthelberht of Kent, and it was under Æthelberht's patronage that Mellitus founded the first St. Paul's Cathedral, traditionally said to be on the site of an old Roman Temple of Diana (although Christopher Wren found no evidence of this). It would have only been a modest church at first and may well have been destroyed after he was expelled from the city by Saeberht's pagan successors.
The permanent establishment of Christianity in the East Saxon kingdom took place in the reign of King Sigeberht II in the 650s. During the 8th century, the kingdom of Mercia extended its dominance over south-eastern England, initially through overlordship which at times developed into outright annexation. London seems to have come under direct Mercian control in the 730s.
Viking attacks dominated most of the 9th century, becoming increasingly common from around 830 onwards. London was sacked in 842 and again in 851. The Danish "Great Heathen Army", which had rampaged across England since 865, wintered in London in 871. The city remained in Danish hands until 886, when it was captured by the forces of King Alfred the Great of Wessex and reincorporated into Mercia, then governed under Alfred's sovereignty by his son-in-law Ealdorman Æthelred.
Around this time the focus of settlement moved within the old Roman walls for the sake of defence, and the city became known as Lundenburh. The Roman walls were repaired and the defensive ditch re-cut, while the bridge was probably rebuilt at this time. A second fortified Borough was established on the south bank at Southwark, the Suthringa Geworc (defensive work of the men of Surrey). The old settlement of Lundenwic became known as the ealdwic or "old settlement", a name which survives today as Aldwich.
From this point, the City of London began to develop its own unique local government. Following Ethelred's death in 911 it was transferred to Wessex, preceding the absorption of the rest of Mercia in 918. Although it faced competition for political pre-eminence in the united Kingdom of England from the traditional West Saxon centre of Winchester, London's size and commercial wealth brought it a steadily increasing importance as a focus of governmental activity. King Athelstan held many meetings of the witan in London and issued laws from there, while King Æthelred the Unready issued the Laws of London there in 978.
Following the resumption of Viking attacks in the reign of Ethelred, London was unsuccessfully attacked in 994 by an army under King Sweyn Forkbeard of Denmark. As English resistance to the sustained and escalating Danish onslaught finally collapsed in 1013, London repulsed an attack by the Danes and was the last place to hold out while the rest of the country submitted to Sweyn, but by the end of the year it too capitulated and Æthelred fled abroad. Sweyn died just five weeks after having been proclaimed king and Æthelred was restored to the throne, but Sweyn's son Cnut returned to the attack in 1015.
After Æthelred's death at London in 1016 his son Edmund Ironside was proclaimed king there by the witangemot and left to gather forces in Wessex. London was then subjected to a systematic siege by Cnut but was relieved by King Edmund's army when Edmund again left to recruit reinforcements in Wessex the Danes resumed the siege but were again unsuccessful. However, following his defeat at the Battle of Assandun Edmund ceded to Cnut all of England north of the Thames, including London, and his death a few weeks later left Cnut in control of the whole country.
A Norse saga tells of a battle when King Æthelred returned to attack Danish-occupied London. According to the saga, the Danes lined London Bridge and showered the attackers with spears. Undaunted, the attackers pulled the roofs off nearby houses and held them over their heads in the boats. Thus protected, they were able to get close enough to the bridge to attach ropes to the piers and pull the bridge down, thus ending the Viking occupation of London. This story presumably relates to Æthelred's return to power after Sweyn's death in 1014, but there is no strong evidence of any such struggle for control of London on that occasion.
Following the extinction of Cnut's dynasty in 1042 English rule was restored under Edward the Confessor. He was responsible for the foundation of Westminster Abbey and spent much of his time at Westminster, which from this time steadily supplanted the City itself as the centre of government. Edward's death at Westminster in 1066 without a clear heir led to a succession dispute and the Norman conquest of England. Earl Harold Godwinson was elected king by the witangemot and crowned in Westminster Abbey but was defeated and killed by William the Bastard, Duke of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings. The surviving members of the witan met in London and elected King Edward's young nephew Edgar the Ætheling as king.
The Normans advanced to the south bank of the Thames opposite London, where they defeated an English attack and burned Southwark but were unable to storm the bridge. They moved upstream and crossed the river at Wallingford before advancing on London from the north-west. The resolve of the English leadership to resist collapsed and the chief citizens of London went out together with the leading members of the Church and aristocracy to submit to William at Berkhamstead, although according to some accounts there was a subsequent violent clash when the Normans reached the city. Having occupied London, William was crowned king in Westminster Abbey.
Norman and Medieval London (1066 – late 15th century) Edit
The new Norman regime established new fortresses within the city to dominate the native population. By far the most important of these was the Tower of London at the eastern end of the city, where the initial timber fortification was rapidly replaced by the construction of the first stone castle in England. The smaller forts of Baynard's Castle and Montfichet's Castle were also established along the waterfront. King William also granted a charter in 1067 confirming the city's existing rights, privileges and laws. London was a centre of England's nascent Jewish population, the first of whom arrived in about 1070.  Its growing self-government was consolidated by the election rights granted by King John in 1199 and 1215.
In 1097, William Rufus, the son of William the Conqueror began the construction of 'Westminster Hall', which became the focus of the Palace of Westminster.
In 1176, construction began of the most famous incarnation of London Bridge (completed in 1209) which was built on the site of several earlier timber bridges. This bridge would last for 600 years, and remained the only bridge across the River Thames until 1739.
Violence against Jews took place in 1190, after it was rumoured that the new King had ordered their massacre after they had presented themselves at his coronation. 
In 1216, during the First Barons' War London was occupied by Prince Louis of France, who had been called in by the baronial rebels against King John and was acclaimed as King of England in St Paul's Cathedral. However, following John's death in 1217 Louis's supporters reverted to their Plantagenet allegiance, rallying round John's son Henry III, and Louis was forced to withdraw from England.
In 1224, after an accusation of ritual murder, the Jewish community was subjected to a steep punitive levy. Then in 1232, Henry III confiscated the principal synagogue of the London Jewish community because he claimed their chanting was audible in a neighboring church.  In 1264, during the Second Barons' War, Simon de Montfort's rebels occupied London and killed 500 Jews while attempting to seize records of debts. 
London's Jewish community was forced to leave England by the expulsion by Edward I in 1290. They left for France, Holland and further afield their property was seized, and many suffered robbery and murder as they departed. 
Over the following centuries, London would shake off the heavy French cultural and linguistic influence which had been there since the times of the Norman conquest. The city would figure heavily in the development of Early Modern English.
During the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, London was invaded by rebels led by Wat Tyler. A group of peasants stormed the Tower of London and executed the Lord Chancellor, Archbishop Simon Sudbury, and the Lord Treasurer. The peasants looted the city and set fire to numerous buildings. Tyler was stabbed to death by the Lord Mayor William Walworth in a confrontation at Smithfield and the revolt collapsed.
Trade increased steadily during the Middle Ages, and London grew rapidly as a result. In 1100, London's population was somewhat more than 15,000. By 1300, it had grown to roughly 80,000. London lost at least half of its population during the Black Death in the mid-14th century, but its economic and political importance stimulated a rapid recovery despite further epidemics. Trade in London was organised into various guilds, which effectively controlled the city, and elected the Lord Mayor of the City of London.
Medieval London was made up of narrow and twisting streets, and most of the buildings were made from combustible materials such as timber and straw, which made fire a constant threat, while sanitation in cities was of low-quality.
Tudor London (1485–1603) Edit
In 1475, the Hanseatic League set up its main English trading base (kontor) in London, called Stalhof or Steelyard. It existed until 1853, when the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg sold the property to South Eastern Railway.  Woollen cloth was shipped undyed and undressed from 14th/15th century London to the nearby shores of the Low Countries, where it was considered indispensable. 
During the Reformation, London was the principal early centre of Protestantism in England. Its close commercial connections with the Protestant heartlands in northern continental Europe, large foreign mercantile communities, disproportionately large number of literate inhabitants and role as the centre of the English print trade all contributed to the spread of the new ideas of religious reform. Before the Reformation, more than half of the area of London was the property of monasteries, nunneries and other religious houses. 
Henry VIII's "Dissolution of the Monasteries" had a profound effect on the city as nearly all of this property changed hands. The process started in the mid 1530s, and by 1538 most of the larger monastic houses had been abolished. Holy Trinity Aldgate went to Lord Audley, and the Marquess of Winchester built himself a house in part of its precincts. The Charterhouse went to Lord North, Blackfriars to Lord Cobham, the leper hospital of St Giles to Lord Dudley, while the king took for himself the leper hospital of St James, which was rebuilt as St James's Palace. 
The period saw London rapidly rising in importance among Europe's commercial centres. Trade expanded beyond Western Europe to Russia, the Levant, and the Americas. This was the period of mercantilism and monopoly trading companies such as the Muscovy Company (1555) and the British East India Company (1600) were established in London by Royal Charter. The latter, which ultimately came to rule India, was one of the key institutions in London, and in Britain as a whole, for two and a half centuries. Immigrants arrived in London not just from all over England and Wales, but from abroad as well, for example Huguenots from France the population rose from an estimated 50,000 in 1530 to about 225,000 in 1605.  The growth of the population and wealth of London was fuelled by a vast expansion in the use of coastal shipping.
The late 16th and early 17th century saw the great flourishing of drama in London whose preeminent figure was William Shakespeare. During the mostly calm later years of Elizabeth's reign, some of her courtiers and some of the wealthier citizens of London built themselves country residences in Middlesex, Essex and Surrey. This was an early stirring of the villa movement, the taste for residences which were neither of the city nor on an agricultural estate, but at the time of Elizabeth's death in 1603, London was still very compact.
Xenophobia was rampant in London, and increased after the 1580s. Many immigrants became disillusioned by routine threats of violence and molestation, attempts at expulsion of foreigners, and the great difficulty in acquiring English citizenship. Dutch cities proved more hospitable, and many left London permanently.  Foreigners are estimated to have made up 4,000 of the 100,000 residents of London by 1600, many being Dutch and German workers and traders. 
Stuart London (1603–1714) Edit
London's expansion beyond the boundaries of the City was decisively established in the 17th century. In the opening years of that century the immediate environs of the City, with the principal exception of the aristocratic residences in the direction of Westminster, were still considered not conducive to health. Immediately to the north was Moorfields, which had recently been drained and laid out in walks, but it was frequented by beggars and travellers, who crossed it in order to get into London. Adjoining Moorfields were Finsbury Fields, a favourite practising ground for the archers, Mile End, then a common on the Great Eastern Road and famous as a rendezvous for the troops.
The preparations for King James I becoming king were interrupted by a severe plague epidemic, which may have killed over thirty thousand people. The Lord Mayor's Show, which had been discontinued for some years, was revived by order of the king in 1609. The dissolved monastery of the Charterhouse, which had been bought and sold by the courtiers several times, was purchased by Thomas Sutton for £13,000. The new hospital, chapel, and schoolhouse were begun in 1611. Charterhouse School was to be one of the principal public schools in London until it moved to Surrey in Victorian times, and the site is still used as a medical school. 
The general meeting-place of Londoners in the day-time was the nave of Old St. Paul's Cathedral. Merchants conducted business in the aisles, and used the font as a counter upon which to make their payments lawyers received clients at their particular pillars and the unemployed looked for work. St Paul's Churchyard was the centre of the book trade and Fleet Street was a centre of public entertainment. Under James I the theatre, which established itself so firmly in the latter years of Elizabeth, grew further in popularity. The performances at the public theatres were complemented by elaborate masques at the royal court and at the inns of court. 
Charles I acceded to the throne in 1625. During his reign, aristocrats began to inhabit the West End in large numbers. In addition to those who had specific business at court, increasing numbers of country landowners and their families lived in London for part of the year simply for the social life. This was the beginning of the "London season". Lincoln's Inn Fields was built about 1629.  The piazza of Covent Garden, designed by England's first classically trained architect Inigo Jones followed in about 1632. The neighbouring streets were built shortly afterwards, and the names of Henrietta, Charles, James, King and York Streets were given after members of the royal family. 
In January 1642 five members of parliament whom the King wished to arrest were granted refuge in the City. In August of the same year the King raised his banner at Nottingham, and during the English Civil War London took the side of the parliament. Initially the king had the upper hand in military terms and in November he won the Battle of Brentford a few miles to the west of London. The City organised a new makeshift army and Charles hesitated and retreated. Subsequently, an extensive system of fortifications was built to protect London from a renewed attack by the Royalists. This comprised a strong earthen rampart, enhanced with bastions and redoubts. It was well beyond the City walls and encompassed the whole urban area, including Westminster and Southwark. London was not seriously threatened by the royalists again, and the financial resources of the City made an important contribution to the parliamentarians' victory in the war.
The unsanitary and overcrowded City of London has suffered from the numerous outbreaks of the plague many times over the centuries, but in Britain it is the last major outbreak which is remembered as the "Great Plague" It occurred in 1665 and 1666 and killed around 60,000 people, which was one fifth of the population. Samuel Pepys chronicled the epidemic in his diary. On 4 September 1665 he wrote "I have stayed in the city till above 7400 died in one week, and of them about 6000 of the plague, and little noise heard day or night but tolling of bells."  
Great Fire of London (1666) Edit
The Great Plague was immediately followed by another catastrophe, albeit one which helped to put an end to the plague. On the Sunday, 2 September 1666 the Great Fire of London broke out at one o'clock in the morning at a bakery in Pudding Lane in the southern part of the City. Fanned by an eastern wind the fire spread, and efforts to arrest it by pulling down houses to make firebreaks were disorganised to begin with. On Tuesday night the wind fell somewhat, and on Wednesday the fire slackened. On Thursday it was extinguished, but on the evening of that day the flames again burst forth at the Temple. Some houses were at once blown up by gunpowder, and thus the fire was finally mastered. The Monument was built to commemorate the fire: for over a century and a half it bore an inscription attributing the conflagration to a "popish frenzy". 
The fire destroyed about 60% of the City, including Old St Paul's Cathedral, 87 parish churches, 44 livery company halls and the Royal Exchange. However, the number of lives lost was surprisingly small it is believed to have been 16 at most. Within a few days of the fire, three plans were presented to the king for the rebuilding of the city, by Christopher Wren, John Evelyn and Robert Hooke. 
Wren proposed to build main thoroughfares north and south, and east and west, to insulate all the churches in conspicuous positions, to form the most public places into large piazzas, to unite the halls of the 12 chief livery companies into one regular square annexed to the Guildhall, and to make a fine quay on the bank of the river from Blackfriars to the Tower of London. Wren wished to build the new streets straight and in three standard widths of thirty, sixty and ninety feet. Evelyn's plan differed from Wren's chiefly in proposing a street from the church of St Dunstan's in the East to the St Paul's, and in having no quay or terrace along the river. These plans were not implemented, and the rebuilt city generally followed the streetplan of the old one, and most of it has survived into the 21st century.
Nonetheless, the new City was different from the old one. Many aristocratic residents never returned, preferring to take new houses in the West End, where fashionable new districts such as St. James's were built close to the main royal residence, which was Whitehall Palace until it was destroyed by fire in the 1690s, and thereafter St. James's Palace. The rural lane of Piccadilly sprouted courtiers mansions such as Burlington House. Thus the separation between the middle class mercantile City of London, and the aristocratic world of the court in Westminster became complete. 
In the City itself there was a move from wooden buildings to stone and brick construction to reduce the risk of fire. Parliament's Rebuilding of London Act 1666 stated "building with brick [is] not only more comely and durable, but also more safe against future perils of fire". From then on only doorcases, window-frames and shop fronts were allowed to be made of wood. 
Christopher Wren's plan for a new model London came to nothing, but he was appointed to rebuild the ruined parish churches and to replace St Paul's Cathedral. His domed baroque cathedral was the primary symbol of London for at least a century and a half. As city surveyor, Robert Hooke oversaw the reconstruction of the City's houses. The East End, that is the area immediately to the east of the city walls, also became heavily populated in the decades after the Great Fire. London's docks began to extend downstream, attracting many working people who worked on the docks themselves and in the processing and distributive trades. These people lived in Whitechapel, Wapping, Stepney and Limehouse, generally in slum conditions. 
In the winter of 1683–1684, a frost fair was held on the Thames. The frost, which began about seven weeks before Christmas and continued for six weeks after, was the greatest on record. The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 led to a large migration on Huguenots to London. They established a silk industry at Spitalfields. 
At this time the Bank of England was founded, and the British East India Company was expanding its influence. Lloyd's of London also began to operate in the late 17th century. In 1700, London handled 80% of England's imports, 69% of its exports and 86% of its re-exports. Many of the goods were luxuries from the Americas and Asia such as silk, sugar, tea and tobacco. The last figure emphasises London's role as an entrepot: while it had many craftsmen in the 17th century, and would later acquire some large factories, its economic prominence was never based primarily on industry. Instead it was a great trading and redistribution centre. Goods were brought to London by England's increasingly dominant merchant navy, not only to satisfy domestic demand, but also for re-export throughout Europe and beyond. 
William III, a Dutchman, cared little for London, the smoke of which gave him asthma, and after the first fire at Whitehall Palace (1691) he purchased Nottingham House and transformed it into Kensington Palace. Kensington was then an insignificant village, but the arrival of the court soon caused it to grow in importance. The palace was rarely favoured by future monarchs, but its construction was another step in the expansion of the bounds of London. During the same reign Greenwich Hospital, then well outside the boundary of London, but now comfortably inside it, was begun it was the naval complement to the Chelsea Hospital for former soldiers, which had been founded in 1681. During the reign of Queen Anne an act was passed authorising the building of 50 new churches to serve the greatly increased population living outside the boundaries of the City of London. 
6. Globe Theatre
The Globe Theatre is a famous Elizabethan open-air theater in London that is associated with William Shakespeare and his works. Built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men, the theater was designed as a three-story, open-air amphitheater that could house up to 3,000 spectators.
The original theater was destroyed in a fire in 1613 and rebuilt a year later a modern reconstruction, named "Shakespeare's Globe," was completed in 1997. Today, the oak-and-thatch replica of the original Elizabethan theater puts on open-air Shakespeare plays, offers guided tours of the building, and features an engaging and informative exhibition that explores the life of Shakespeare and the theater for which he wrote.
21 New Globe Walk, London SE1 9DT, UK, Phone: +44-20-7902-1400
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16th Century London Architecture
Some of my favorite architecture in London comes from the Tudor period (who doesn’t love a half-timbered facade?). St Bartholomew’s Gatehouse in Smithfield dates back to 1595 and stands out from its more modern neighbors.
Not only does this piece of London architecture history check the Elizabethan box, but also the lures-me-into-secret-spaces one. Through the arched entrance below it lie the 12th-century Priory Church of St Bartholomew the Great and its churchyard.
City of London &ndash Best Area to Stay in London for Top Attractions
The City of London area is great neighbourhood to stay in if you want to be close to the top attractions. Centrally located and relatively moderate when it comes to prices, this area of London has a lot of history and is central to most attractions.
It is the financial district of London and is filled with hip cafes, great shopping, and a mix of both traditional and modern architecture. Most of the accommodation here is a mix of mid-range and luxury but Air Bnb has some great properties as well.
Make sure to jump on a boat along the Thames and visit one of the many markets in this area.
Hotels in London Central Area
- Air BnB in City of London These one-bedroom apartments with comfort cooling are perfect for a stay in The City. The living and dining area features a luxurious sofa, designer soft furnishings and a large flat-screen Smart TV packed with plenty of TV channels as well as an Apple TV box, so you can easily stream your own content.
- Best Luxury Hotel in The City:Four Seasons Hotel London at Ten Trinity Square: Situated near the Tower of London and the Thames this is pure luxury. Everything you expect from a Four Seasons property. Amazing location, elegant rooms, and Afternoon Tea.
- Check out Availability & Prices Trip Advisor or Booking.com
- Best Mid-Range Hotel in The City:Apex Temple Court Hotel: Contemporary design, beautiful rooms, and friendly staff make this a perfect choice for The City. Free Wifi, cozy restaurant and bar with a gym as well.
- Check out Availability & Prices Trip Advisor or Booking.com
- Best Budget Hotel in The City:Wombat&rsquos The City Hostel London: Perfect for those wanting to save some money. Centrally located with rooms with private or shared bath. Free Wifi and a bar on the property.
- Check out Availability & Prices Trip Advisor or Booking.com
- Museum of London
- St. Paul&rsquos Cathedral
- Tower of London
- London Bridge
- Leadenhall Market
So there you have it. My choices for the hotels and places to stay. The ever-popular London is world-famous and filled with such a variety of things to do that whatever your interests are, you&rsquoll find things to fulfill them here with many world-class attractions, museums, galleries, theatres, restaurants and so many pubs.
It offers variety, and freedom to be yourself in it, and have a royally good time. So book your flights and pack your bags, as London&rsquos calling.
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