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Fred Terry

Fred Terry

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Fred Terry, the brother of Ellen Terry, was born in London in 1863. He played in the companies of Henry Irving and Henry Beerbohm Tree and established a reputation as a romantic actor in parts such as The Scarlet Pimpernel (1905). His wife, Julia Neilson, also appeared on the stage. Fred Terry died in 1933.

Physical Appearance

Fred has dark blond hair and brown eyes along with a thin frame.

In the classic web series and after the JKLProductions reuploads, he consistently wears a shirt with his name and a cartoon picture of his face on the front. In season one, it was light blue and hand-lettered, then was red and printed in season two. He wore a light blue version of the shirt again in seasons three and four. He wears khakis on special occasions.

In the films and the TV show, he appears as a teenager. He wears a yellow-striped shirt and yellow suspenders with jeans and white sneakers. His appearance in the New Fred arc is similar, but without the suspenders.

In the animated series, he is portrayed as a child. He wears a red shirt with a Black 'F' on the front and cargo shorts.

In Lucas' videos, Fred wears the light blue Fred shirt again. His hair is thicker and more auburn in color. On his Fred TikTok account, he is more blond again.


University of Michigan , Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Professor, September 1, 2007-present.

University of Michigan, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Associate Professor, September 1, 1991-August, 2007.

Cornell University of Michigan, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Visiting Associate Professor, September, 2001-May, 2002 (sabbatical leave)

University of Michigan, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Assistant Professor, September 1, 1985-August, 1991.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge , Massachusetts , and MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington , Massachusetts

Research Assistant. Engaged in research on the electronic properties of ammonia-annealed ( nitrided ) silicon dioxide for insulated gate field effect transistors, including bulk electron traps, and the response to ionizing radiation. Radiation-hardened gate dielectric technology transfered to Sandia National Laboratiories . Held Secret security (DISCO) clearance from Summer, 1978 to August, 1985.

September, 1980 to January, 1981

Teaching Assistant for laboratory course teaching basic techniques in silicon device fabrication.

Co-op student. Research included initial investigation of nitrided oxide, laser recrystallization of polycrystalline silicon on silicon dioxide, and laser annealing of ion implantation damage on single crystal silicon.

Player Value--Batting

View Complete Notes on Fielding Data

  • Pre-1916 SB & CS data for catchers is estimated from catcher assists, games started and opposition stolen bases.
  • From 1916 on SB, CS, Pickoff, & WP data for catchers and pitchers is taken from play-by-play accounts in the retrosheet files. There are several hundred games without pbp from 1916 to 1972 and for those we may not have any data.
  • CG & GS come from the retrosheet data and should be complete and pretty accurate from 1901 on.
  • Innings played (like SB and CS) come from the retrosheet play-by-play data and should be considered mostly complete from 1916 to 1972 and complete from then on.
  • Stats (PO,A,G, etc) for LF-CF-RF positions (since 1901) is taken from play-by-play or box score data as available.
  • Stats (PO,A,G,etc) for C,P,1B,2B,3B,SS,OF positions is taken from the official reported totals and may have been corrected at various times since their publication.
  • For detailed information on which games retrosheet is missing play-by-play from 1916 to 1972, please see their most wanted games list
  • For detailed information on the availability of data on this site by year, see our data coverage page

Fred Terry - History

Ole Peter Hansen Balling, Grant and his Generals, oil on canvas, 1865 - Smithsonian Institution, National Portrait Gallery

Early Years

Alfred H. Terry – Connecticut Historical Society

Alfred Howe Terry was born on November 10, 1827, to Alfred Terry Sr. and Clarissa Howe Terry. Terry had three brothers and five sisters and remained close to his family throughout his life, especially to his brother Adrian and his sisters. As described in a letter written by a cousin, Rose Terry Cook, “We were children together and in the somewhat turbulent crowd of cousins—for the Terrys are a hot-tempered race—Alfred was always calm, kindly and generous. If we had a quarrel or some wrong was done among us, our grandfather always said after hearing the eager and contradictory statements of the others, ‘send for Alfred he will tell me the exact truth, whether for or against him.’”

In 1829, the Terry family moved to New Haven where Alfred Terry Sr. entered the book and stationary business. Terry attended local schools and entered Yale Law School in 1848. He left Yale without graduating and began the practice of law in 1849 after a brief apprenticeship in a law office. In 1849, Terry was admitted to the Connecticut bar. In 1850, he became city clerk. He held this job for four years until he was appointed clerk of the Superior Court of New Haven. During this time, Terry followed his interest in military science. He joined the local militia in 1849 as a private and by 1860 advanced to the rank of colonel. He spent the summer of 1860 in Europe traveling and studying military fortification, ships of war, and any other military materials available for perusal.

The Civil War Years

Glass negative of General Alfred Howe Terry, ca. 1860–75 – Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Brady-Handy Photograph Collection

Terry returned to Connecticut in 1861 in time to respond to President Lincoln’s urgent call for volunteers. Terry enlisted for a three-month period and became Colonel of the 21st Regiment of the Second Connecticut Volunteers. On May 7, 1861, he moved with his men to the Washington area to defend the nation’s capital. In July of 1861, he participated in the First Battle of Bull Run. Terry returned to Connecticut at the end of his 90-day enlistment.

Terry then re-enlisted for three years and became commander of the 7th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry with Joseph R. Hawley as Lieutenant Colonel. The 7th consisted of 1,018 men and was mustered into service on September 7, 1861. The regiment was ordered south and became part of the expedition against southern coastal points commanded by Major General T. W. Sherman and Admiral DuPont. In 1862, Terry took part in the battle of Port Royale, South Carolina, in which the 7th was the first to land and raise the Union flag on the soil of South Carolina. On January 13, 1862, Terry took part in the siege and final surrender of Fort Pulaski. The 7th was given the honor of being the first to garrison the surrendered fort.

Terry was promoted to Brigadier General of Volunteers in May of 1862. He was assigned command of the 1st Brigade of General Brenham’s division where he fought on James and Morris Island and took part in the battles of Fort Wagner and Fort Gregg. It was at this time that Terry and Colonel Hawley were sent on special business to New York City and Washington to secure Spencer rifles for his regiment and to meet with President Lincoln and General Terry for war instructions. In the summer of 1863, Terry took a leave of absence after contracting malaria. Upon his return to active duty, Terry took command of the 10th Army Corp of the Army of the James under General Benjamin Butler.

Hero of Fort Fisher

In December of 1864, General Butler attempted to capture Fort Fisher, one of the last strategic forts of the Confederacy. There was no joint planning with Rear Admiral David Porter, however, and the lack of coordination spelled defeat for the Union forces. General Ulysses Grant requested the removal of Butler and put Terry in charge. Terry focused on capturing Fort Fisher. He landed his men without difficulties and set up a defensive line and advanced his troops. The navy laid down a barrage of fire in front of the soldiers’ line as they moved forward. As the soldiers gained ground, the fire from the navy moved with them, keeping well ahead of Terry’s men. Cooperation between the army and the navy proved very effective. Fort Fisher fell on January 16, 1865.

Terry received national recognition for his service in capturing Fort Fisher. Secretary of War Edwin W. Stanton wrote the following to Terry: “The Secretary of War, in the name of the President, congratulates you and the gallant officers and soldiers, and tenders you thanks for the valor and skill displayed in your part of the great achievements in the operations against Fort Fisher and in its assault and capture. The combined operations of the squadron under command of Rear-Admiral Porter and your forces deserve and will receive the thanks of the nation and will be held in admiration throughout the world as a proof of the naval and military prowess of the Unites States.” Terry was promoted to the rank of brigadier general of the regular army and major general of volunteers. On January 26, 1865, General Terry was given the formal thanks of the nation in a resolution passed by Congress.

Kurz & Allison, Capture of Fort Fisher, 1890, chromolithograph – Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

Post-Civil War

United States Army officer’s dress chapeau bras owned by General Alfred Howe Terry, 1872 – Connecticut Historical Society

After the Civil War, Terry returned to New Haven and thought about resuming his law practice, but made the decision to remain in the army when General Stanton offered him the command of the Department of Virginia. From June 1865 to August 1866 Terry remained on duty in the South. His next command was in the northern plains (from 1866 to 1869) as commander of the Dakotas. He returned back east in 1869 as Commander of the South, where he remained for the next three years and four months. His main concern was to maintain law and order in an area rampant with election fraud, riots, yellow fever epidemics, violence committed on federal internal revenue collectors, and a variety of other crimes, including murder. The primary disruption of law and order came from members of the Ku Klux Klan and other similar organizations that promoted white supremacy. Terry soon saw that it was necessary to use military power to keep the peace and wrote a legal document reinstating the process of military control so that “life and property may be protected, freedom of speech and political action secured and the rights and liberties of freeman maintained.” The army gradually withdrew from the region as the southern states rejoined the Union and military control was phased out. The end of Terry’s Reconstruction duties opened the door for his return to the Dakotas and his work with the Sioux.

Major General Alfred H. Terry statue, State Capitol, Hartford – Courtesy of Stacey Renee

Terry took command of the Dakotas and looked forward to this duty as he anticipated accomplishing significant and lasting work among the whites and Native Americans of the northern plains. The four main challenges facing Terry in his new assignment were to organize the new department, protect the settlers of the region, provide safe routes to Montana, and obtain peace with the Sioux. During his first tour of duty in the Dakotas, Terry participated in the Peace Commission of 1868 which led to the signing of the Treaty of 1868 with the Sioux. This treaty ceased to recognize Native American tribes as independent nations and, as a step towards possible U.S. citizenship, held each Native American accountable to the laws of the country. In addition, the military was to return hostile Native Americans to their reservations and not allow them to roam and hunt. The government also transferred the handling of Native American affairs from the Department of the Interior to the War Department. Various Sioux tribes signed this treaty but few were convinced that peace on the plains would last.

Terry’s last assignment was as commander of the Division of the Missouri from 1886–1888. He was promoted to major general of the regular army on March 3, 1886, thus becoming the only non-West Point graduate among the Civil War officers to attain that rank. His health began to decline, however, and he retired in 1888 due to illness. He died in New Haven, Connecticut, on December 16, 1890, and is buried in Grove Street cemetery. Terry’s memorial tablet on his gravestone reflects some of the words so often spoken about him during his lifetime:


Sandra Whitney is a graduate student in public history at Central Connecticut State University and is employed full time at the Otis Elevator Company.

This article was published as part of a semester-long graduate student project at Central Connecticut State University that examined Civil War monuments and their histories in and around the State Capitol in Hartford, Connecticut.

The History of John's Island

The more things change, the more they stay the same. So it is at John's Island, where the original mission of creating a private, family-oriented community for those with discerning tastes, continues to evolve. Today, John's Island is a 1,650-acre (3,200 acres including wetlands), barrier island masterpiece situated within the quaint town of Indian River Shores in Vero Beach. Homes have been strategically placed to preserve old oak trees. A rare and cherished three miles of private beach access and over nine miles of Intracoastal Waterway exposure make John's Island a playground in paradise. Careful preservation of the pristine natural surroundings ensures this paradise will be as breathtaking in the future as it is today.

1715 – Survivors of the Spanish Plate Fleet set up a salvage camp on what is now the northern boundary of John’s Island.

1844 – John’s Island was first surveyed to have a record available to describe the land that might be acquired under the Armed Occupation Act of 1842.

1872 – The first pioneer to settle on John’s Island was Allen Estes.

1880 – A farmer named John La Roche arrived on John’s Island. He selected the island because of farming, and it represented the shortest row to the mainland, and eventually the railroad. He settled on a 300-acre island on the Indian River, known today as “The Island of John’s Island”. This island was the original John’s Island named after John La Roche.

1889 – On June 21, John La Roche filed homestead papers for 138.5 acres on John’s Island. Apparently he was not only a farmer, but an imaginative real estate man. He sold lots at $25 an acre.

1890 – A detailed survey was made of John La Roche’s property in March by R.B. Burchfield. The name John’s Island was first used.

1891 – Brothers, William and Calvin Reams, arrived to John’s Island as one of the earliest settlers. They were among 12 to 15 families that settled in John’s Island. Calvin gave land for the two churches and singing school. Calvin’s son remained in John’s Island for 27 years.

1892 – On September 25, a post office was established on John’s Island. It was called Reams.

1900s – The small community founded by John La Roche prospered with some 200 residents, a Missionary Baptist and Primitive Baptist church, and a school known for its singing, taught by Felix Poppell.

1925 – Residents deserted the 300-acre island and moved to the mainland due to the advent of the railroad and opportunity for employment other than farming beans. The general economic depression of 1929 terminated any planning of luxury development during the Florida boom, and the area reverted to its natural jungle state. The old cemetery still exists where the original settlers are buried.

1953 – The town of Indian River Shores was created on June 15, House Bill No. 1691. John’s Island’s principal architect, James E. Gibson, designed the municipality’s Town Hall. 

Fred R. Tuerk, onetime Chicago broker and president of the Chicago Stock Exchange, acquired the island and, parcel by parcel, assembled the 3000 surrounding acres of land. Tuerk specified that it be sold only to a man “with respect for the land and the ecology”.

1958 – A1A was built from Beachland Boulevard to just one-half mile north of Wabasso Road.

1960s – (Per Floridays newscast with Janie Gould interviewing Alma Lee Loy) “. In the early 60s, local developer Fred Tuerk owned a great deal of land on the barrier island and offered some of it to the state for a new university. Officials from the Board of Regents came to look at the land and had mixed feelings because its remoteness and dense jungle. But they later informed us that we were in the running and had to submit a final proposal. With only days to spare, Bob Spillman, a young banker who was also a pilot, offered to hand carry our proposal to Tallahassee, which he did. On his return flight, Bob Spillman’s small plane crashed and he was killed. He was admired by many in town, including Fred Tuerk. We didn’t get the college and several years later, Tuerk sold his land to the developers of John’s Island.”

1967 – Fred R. Tuerk died in February without seeing his dream fulfilled.

1969 – Tuerk’s heirs, cognizant of his love for the property, sought to find a purchaser for the 3000-acre estate. The buyer they were seeking would respect the environment and its natural beauty. The man they found was Edwin Llwyd Ecclestone, Sr. He had demonstrated a profound commitment over ten years prior, when he founded and developed Lost Tree Village in North Palm Beach, FL. In the mid-1960s, however, Ecclestone was so deep in debt at Lost Tree – he had mortgages with five banks at one point – he almost gave up on the development. His decision to remain was the smartest move he made.

1969 – March 28 – Mr. Ecclestone, at age 67, undertook a long-term plan for the development of a unique and private, residential family Club community that would fully preserve the beauty of the land and the legacy of the past – John’s Island. He knew the need for a championship golf course. So he hired Pete Dye and consulted with Jack Nicklaus to build the South Course. at least that's what the signs said. According to Alice Dye, Pete's wife who accompanied him on the many trips to John's Island, "Jack never helped Pete on that course. Jack could never get a contract signed by Ecclestone, so he never got paid and never did any work." 

Under Ecclestone's guidance, John's Island became quite a success. One key move was hiring Errie Ball, a head professional from Chicago who had the distinction of playing in the first Masters. According to Alice Dye, once JI got Errie Ball, everything changed. He brought a lot of wealthy people down from the Midwest that really helped change the atmosphere at JI.

Ground was broken in March of 1969, and the first round of golf was played on the South Course, in December of that year. The South Course was designed by Pete Dye in consultation with Jack Nicklaus. At that time it was called “The Bayou”. Construction began shortly thereafter with the Administration Building and Golf Clubhouse. Town Island Builders was the only builder at that time. Mr. Ecclestone’s son-in-law, Mr. Roy Chapin III, was the General Manager of the property. A very young and active sales force was formed and was the core of the John’s Island development.

1969 – May 16 – the official “Ground Breaking” ceremony takes place at 10 a.m. One of the first golf cottage owners was Mr. and Mrs. Paul Boden at 163 Silver Moss Drive. One of the first homeowners was Mr. and Mrs. William Kolb at 280 John’s Island Drive.

1970 – The original Golf Clubhouse was built. It was designed by the noted James E. Gibson, AIA one of the country’s leading classical, Georgian architects. His works include the Henry Ford Centennial Library, The Detroit Institute of Arts, and a number of estates in Gross Pointe and Palm Beach.

1971 – The second 18-hole golf course designed by Pete Dye, called the North Course, begins development. John’s Island is the first Club to offer two 18-hole golf courses in Florida.

1972 – The new Indian River Shores Town Hall was dedicated in December.

1981 – Sadly, E. Llwyd Ecclestone, Sr. died of cancer. Although he did not live to see the culmination of his dream, his spirit is ever present as he rests in the old cemetery at John’s Island. His daughters, Helen Ecclestone Stone and Jane E. Chapin, took over and fulfilled the dreams of John La Roche, Fred Tuerk and their father, in a way no one could have envisioned. Later, Helen Ecclestone Stone took the reins and developed Gem Island, a 79-acre island within John’s Island in 1989.

1982 – In December, 17 months after E. Llwyd Ecclestone’s passing, permits were granted and John’s Island was released for purchase.

1986January 1 –John’s Island Club was organized and purchased by the membership from Lost Tree Village. Later in December, Mrs. Jane Chapin sold her interest in John’s Island to her sister, Mrs. Helen Ecclestone Stone, who became the sole owner and developer through Lost Tree Village and John’s Island Real Estate Company.

1987 – A prudent decision was made to hire top architect Tom Fazio to design a third course, six miles west of John's Island, fittingly called The West. Building another course was the kind of perk needed to convince the members to buy the Club from the owners. 

Fazio built a gem on the West Course, where he could rely on a natural sand ridge he spotted 20 years ago when he was designing Jupiter Hills to give the layout elevation change seldom seen in Florida. "The property was magnificent," Fazio said. "And the Club gave me almost everything I asked for."

The West Clubhouse was built on John's Island's West Course. John's Island's third 18-hole championship golf course, designed by Tom Fazio, is over 300-acres. The land was selected because of its natural, spectacular north/south sand ridge with elevations up to 50 feet. Designed “green,” there are no homes built around it.

Historical West Course accounts courtesy of Beau Delafield: 

  1. The land for the West Course was purchased by John's Island and most specifically by the Ecclestones to build a third course to sweeten the Equity Conversion deal that was on the table with the members. John's Island Club knew down the road that in sheer size alone they would need a third golf course.
  2. The land was spectacular and built on the same dune line as Seminole Golf Club. It had a lot of elevation change and Tom Fazio could deliver a gem. This dune line was the oceanfront more than a million years earlier!
  3. Because of the great elevation (by Florida standards) they moved just 400,000 yards of fill, whereas a typical Florida course moves between 1.2 to 1.5 million yards of fill to achieve elevation change.
  4. The Clubhouse was built on the original elevation of approximately 51 feet. pretty special because you can see so much of the course from this height.
  5. The original design for the 18th hole had "dental bunkers" in the face in front of the green. It would have been awesome but the members felt it would be too penal.
  6. The rest is the result of the genius of Tom Fazio. short 11th hole so that any member could make a par, the par three over the water so that everyone in the Clubhouse could watch. the 17th hole being split so two options were provided the golfer – go up the slot and maybe get on in two or the safe way with the conventional three shots. Fazio always told me that he wanted to design a course like this in Florida because it did not look anything like a typical Florida course.
  7. Just by luck Hawks Nest was built at exactly the same time. There may have been a great rivalry between Tom Fazio and George Fazio (his cousin) to see who could give the members the best course. I think Tom won but I'm a little biased. they both are very special.

1988January 16 was the first day of play on the new West Course! Bud Morrison had the honor of being the first to tee off. Mr. Morrison was the Greens Committee chairman and played a vital role in the successful completion of the new course. The first golfers to play the course were: Greg Kelly (Pro), Bud Morrison, Ray Biggs (Chairman of LTV), Tom Wieler (President of JI Club), Mike Kelly (past chairman of the finance committee) and golf course manager, Tim Heirs. Archive John's Islander Article

1989 – The opening of Gem Island, the last developed area in John’s Island and considered the "crowning jewel". The 79-acre island offers prime riverfront estates and homesites.

1994 – Demolition of the first Golf Clubhouse begins.

1995 – The newly designed Golf Clubhouse is complete. Architect: Childs Bertman Tseckares Inc (Boston, MA) Builder: Weitz Construction Interior Design: Bierly & Drake.

1999October 29, Lost Tree Village sold John’s Island Real Estate Company to current owner, Bob Gibb.

2004 – The West Course received certification in the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary Program for golf courses. It is also ranked amongst the most challenging in the nation. There are no homes or man-made berming.

2006 – The Club’s world-class North American Doubles, air-conditioned squash court was built.

2007 – Demolition begins on the original Beach Club. Two croquet courts were built at the West Course, off campus. They meet the standards of the U.S. Croquet Association.

2008 – Completion of the new, world-class Beach Club - just in time for the opening weekend festivities. Designed by architects Peacock + Lewis (Palm Beach) interior design by J Banks Design Group, Inc (Hilton Head, SC), and built by Weitz Company, LLC.

2009 – 88.9 FM WQCS/Indian River State College aired a short segment about the early settlers along the river near Winter Beach and John's Island. Listen here. Cassie Virginia Walker was a young girl when she moved to John's Island with her parents around in 1914. When she had her own family, they moved to Winter Beach with their eight children. One of their sons and Lucie Warren, one of their daughters, and are featured in this fascinating interview.  

2011  November – Just in time for the season's opening weekend, members enjoy the new singles squash court (enhancing the existing double's squash court) and a completely renovated West Clubhouse. The makeover project provided stunning views of the West Course through enormous picture windows and a desirable outdoor terrace for al fresco dining. Providing a 'peaceful oasis for golf enthusiasts', this successful renovation was made possible by the following key players: Tommy Farnsworth, president of the John’s Island Club when the decision to renovate the facility was made Connie McGlynn, chairman of the Facilities Committee, and committee members Laura McDermott and Terry Young architects David Moulton and Scott Layne of Moulton Layne P.L. Janet Perry, lead designer with J Banks Design Group project manager Charles Croom of Croom Construction landscape designer Warren E. McCormick Brian Kroh, John’s Island Club general manager Rex Wilson, John’s Island Club facilities manager, and Greg Pheneger, John’s Island golf course manager.

2012 – At the February 23rd Town Council meeting, long-time municipally active & JI resident (& JIRE agent) Jack Mitchell was honored with a beautifully mounted Proclamation as well as having 'Colonel Jack Mitchell Way' named after him. The newly named "Way" is that portion of Fred R. Tuerk Drive which turns North and leads to the John's Island (South) Gate.

2013 – The first ever professional squash tournament in Florida was held at the John's Island Club during the weekend of April 18-21. T op seeds Suzie Pierrepont and Narelle Krizek rallied to a 17-18 15-11 15-5 18-15 victory over second seeds and recently-crowned U. S. National Doubles champions Dana Betts and Steph Hewitt Sunday afternoon in the final round of the inaugural $25,000 John’s Island Open.

2015 – October 1-8: The John's Island Club proudly hosts the first USGA "Major" played on the Treasure Coast. A first for the Club and for Florida, the 35th USGA Mid-Am Championship showcases 264 players competing at John's Island Club's West Course. The Mid-Amateur is open to amateurs age 25 or older with a USGA handicap index of 3.4 or better. The winner receives the Robert T. Jones Memorial Trophy plus an invitation to the 2016 Masters Tournament at the Augusta National Golf Club. Read Press Journal article. 

Thanks in part to a timely ace on a par-4, Sammy Schmitz defeated Marc Dull, 3 and 2, to earn his first USGA title. It was the first hole-in-one on a par 4 in a USGA amateur competition since Derek Ernst's ace on the 299-yard eighth hole at Bandon Trails in the Round of 64 at the 2011 U.S. Amateur Public Links. 

2015 – October 17: John's Island member, Michael Pierce, is inducted to the US Squash Hall of Fame in Chicago. His primary on-court achievements come on a doubles court. One of the best left-wall players in history, Pierce won dozens of professional and amateur titles and is still the only player to ever win the U.S. national open, 40+, 50+ and 60+ tournaments. Pierce has been a significant leader off the court, as president of the Philadelphia district, builder of courts in Florida, tournament director, benefactor of urban squash and supporter of US Squash.

2015 – November: John's Island Real Estate Company unveils their newly renovated office with a fresh, new look, reflecting the best of what John's Island has to offer. 

2016 – March 6: By popular demand, the John's Island Club's grand opening of four new, lighted pickleball courts at the main Tennis complex was a hit, with over 200 people attending.  The beautifully landscaped setting includes a rest area with a cozy firepit, sure to please all ages!

2016 – May: Exciting, new renovations begin at the Golf Clubhouse to offer several al fresco dining options, a wine bar, fire pits to enjoy starlit evenings, and the added convenience of a Market Place, stocked with epicurean delights and a variety of beverages. The classic architecture will remain, but will be enhanced with touches of today's modern design elements throughout. The attractive casual dining options will encourage members to stay after a round of golf and grab a bite while enjoying picturesque sunset views overlooking the 18th fairway and lake of the South Course. John's Island Club continues to attract new members by investing in their word-class amenities. To be completed by mid-November for opening weekend.

2016 – November 19: The John’s Island Club celebrates with a grand Re-Opening of the Golf Clubhouse. After six months of renovation work, members and their guests come together for an open house style party. The vision incorporates timeless architecture and interiors reflecting the surrounding landscapes. Al fresco dining, fire pits, a wine bar and a market place set the stage for new traditions. Designed by architects Peacock + Lewis (Palm Beach, FL) interior design by J Banks Design Group, Inc (Hilton Head, SC), built by Weitz Company, LLC. (Palm Beach, FL), and landscape by Warren McCormick (West Palm Beach, FL).

2018 - September: Two additional pickleball courts are added, for a total of six, brand new, lighted courts and a firepit nearby for added comfort. A newly renovated Health & Wellness Center is a welcomed amenity.

2018 - October: An extensive renovation to the entire South Course is complete.

2019: John's Island Club and John's Island Real Estate Company celebrated their 50th anniversary!


On January 12, 1979, Bellingham Police detectives arrest Kenneth A. Bianchi as the prime suspect in the strangulation murders of two Western Washington University students, Karen L. Mandic and Diane A. Wilder. He confesses to the crimes and then begins providing information about the serial killing of at least 10 women in Los Angeles, California, by the infamous “Hillside Strangler.” To save himself from the death penalty, Bianchi will agree to plead guilty to the two murders in Bellingham and to five murders in Los Angeles, and testify against Angelo Buono, his accomplice in the California slayings. He will receive eight life sentences and be incarcerated at the Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla.

A Troubled Youth

Kenneth Alessio Bianchi was born May 22, 1951, in Rochester, New York, to a 17-year-old alcoholic prostitute. He was adopted by Nicholas and Frances Bianchi in August 1951 and was their only child. There were early indications that Kenneth had mental problems that would color his later life. He was a compulsive liar, had a quick temper, and was prone to throw violent tantrums. Although of above-average intelligence, he was a poor student and an academic underachiever. Kenneth was also a rabble-rouser and took pleasure in manipulating his fellow students.

In 1965, Nicholas Bianchi died of a heart attack and Frances had to go to work to support Kenneth. In 1966, he was enrolled at Gates-Chili High School, near Rochester, graduating in 1970. Bianchi married Brenda Beck, his high school girlfriend, in 1971, but his philandering caused the marriage to end after just eight months. He enjoyed having power and control over people and wanted to be a police officer. Bianchi enrolled at Monroe Community College and began taking courses in police science and psychology, but did poorly and soon dropped out. After an unsuccessful attempt at securing a position with the Monroe County (New York) Sheriff’s Department, Bianchi found work as a private-security guard. But he stole from his employers, causing him to change jobs frequently.

In January 1976, Bianchi left Rochester and moved to Los Angeles to live with his adoptive cousin, Angelo Anthony Buono Jr., age 42, who had a history of sexual violence. Bianchi was introduced to the uninhibited California culture where sex and drugs were freely available. In July 1976, Bianchi started working at California Land Title Company and used his first paycheck to get his own apartment at 809 E Garfield Avenue in Glendale. He still wanted to be a police officer, but the Los Angeles and Glendale Police Departments turned him down.

Becoming the Hillside Strangler

While at the title company, he started dating coworker Kelli Boyd and soon they were cohabiting. When she became pregnant in June 1977, Bianchi proposed marriage. Boyd was skeptical and declined the offer, but continued to live with him. Bianchi became morose, began staying out all night with Angelo Buono and lied to her about their nocturnal activities. Between October 17, 1977 and February 17, 1978, Bianchi and Buono embarked on a rampage, killing at least 10 young women, ranging in age from 12 to 28, and terrorizing Los Angeles County for months. Sometimes the duo impersonated police officers and preyed on prostitutes. But Bianchi also befriended and killed women who lived in his neighborhood. The victims were tortured, raped, and finally strangled. Their naked, mutilated bodies were dumped on freeway embankments to taunt the authorities. The media dubbed it the work of the “Hillside Strangler.”

On February 23, 1978, Kelli Boyd gave birth to a son, Ryan, at the Glendale Adventist Hospital. In early March 1978, having tired of both Bianchi’s duplicity and Los Angeles, Boyd decided to return to her parent’s home in Bellingham to raise Ryan. Bianchi begged for reconciliation and she finally relented, but demanded that he move to Bellingham, which he did in late May 1978.

Life and Death in Bellingham

Reunited with his family, Bianchi rented a small house at 401 E North Street and found employment with Whatcom Security Agency, Inc., 2009 Iron Street, as a security guard. In August 1978, he took a job in the security office at the Fred Meyer Super Shopping Center, 800 Lakeway Drive, where he met coworker Karen Mandic. In November 1978, Bianchi was rehired by Whatcom Security Agency as “patrol captain.” He applied to become a reserve deputy for Whatcom County Sheriff’s Department and began taking police courses.

Early Friday morning, January 12, 1979, the Bellingham Police Department received information from the security office at Western Washington University (WWU) that two students were missing: Diane A. Wilder, age 27, from Bremerton and Karen L. Mandic, age 22, from Bellevue, Washington. Wilder was a transfer student, majoring in dance, at WWU’s Fairhaven College and Mandic was a junior, majoring in business administration. They shared a rental house at 1246 Ellis Street. Mandic clerked part-time at Fred Meyer Super Shopping Center to supplement money she received from her parents for her education.

Although it was supposed to be a secret, Mandic had told coworkers and friends that she and Wilder had been offered $100 each by Ken Bianchi, from Whatcom Security, to guard a residence in the secluded Edgemoor neighborhood for two hours while the security-alarm system was being repaired. Located at 334 Bayside Road, it was a beautiful, sprawling, ranch-style house, overlooking Chuckanut Bay. It was owned by William V. Catlow, a recently retired Georgia-Pacific Corporation executive, who was vacationing in Europe with his wife, Cleora.

On Thursday, January 11, 1979, Mandic left the Fred Meyer store for an extended dinner break at approximately 7:00 p.m. and was supposed to return around 9:00 p.m. The store manager, who considered Mandic very reliable, became alarmed when she failed to return to work as promised. At about 11:30 p.m., he called Steve Hardwick, a friend of Mandic’s who worked at the WWU security office, to see if he knew her whereabouts. She had told Bill Bryant, another friend who worked at the WWU security office, about the job. He offered to go along, but Mandic turned him down. Hardwick and Bryant scouted both Mandic’s house, the Bayside address, and other likely locations, for the two women or Mandic’s green 1978 Mercury Bobcat two-door hatchback, but couldn’t find them. Concerned about their mysterious disappearance, Hardwick immediately notified the Bellingham Police Department.

After hearing the story, the Bellingham Police contacted Whatcom Security to see if they had any information about the two missing women. The owner, Randall W. Moa, called Bianchi who claimed he had been at the Whatcom County Sheriff’s Office reserve unit meeting and denied knowing Karen Mandic. Police then contacted Gordon Scott, commander of the reserve unit, who said Bianchi asked to be excused from the meeting, claiming he had to teach a class for his employer. At 2:30 a.m., police spoke with Bianchi who admitted he hadn’t attended the meeting, but instead had gone driving alone in the county.

By morning, there was still no sign of the young women. Bellingham Police Chief Terry Mangan and Captain Duane Schneck visited Mandic and Wilder’s house and talked to their neighbors and friends, to no avail. Convinced they had intended to return the previous evening, Mangan ordered a full-scale investigation. Detectives Fred Nolte and Terry Wight were assigned to work the case full time. The public was asked for any information that might lead to locating the missing coeds and Mandic’s vehicle. Law enforcement agencies throughout the West were notified, through the Western States Information Network, about the disappearance.

Meanwhile, detectives obtained permission from Catlow’s family to search the house on Bayside Road. Nothing appeared out of the ordinary, but they discovered wet footprints on the kitchen floor. The WWU security office reported that neither Mandic nor Wilder had attended their morning classes. A frantic search for answers continued throughout the day.

The Crime and Its Scene

At 4:30 p.m., Shirlee Schlemmer, who lived on Willow Road, spotted a green Mercury Bobcat parked at the end of Willow Court N, a heavily wooded, undeveloped cul-de-sac off Willow Road, and notified the police. Detectives rushed to the spot and observed two bodies stuffed into the car’s back seat. The Bellingham Fire Department arrived with a basket crane and floodlights to illuminate the area. Robert Knudsen, Bellingham Police evidence technician, skillfully managed the crime scene. The bodies were carefully removed from the car, wrapped in clean white sheets, to prevent the loss of any shred of evidence, and taken to Saint Luke General Hospital, 809 E Chestnut Street. Medical Examiner Dr. Robert P. Gibb conducted the autopsies and determined death was due to strangulation by ligature. The Mercury Bobcat was transported to the Bellingham Police garage for forensic analysis and the cul-de-sac cordoned off to search for evidence.

Meanwhile the Whatcom Security dispatcher contacted Bianchi and told him to report to the security-guard’s shack at the Port of Bellingham’s South Terminal. Shortly after his arrival, detectives took Bianchi into custody for questioning. Acting on a tip, they searched the area around the guard shack and discovered Wilder’s coat stuffed behind some pipes, only 20 feet from where Bianchi had parked his company pickup truck. During questioning, his alibis were so contradictory that detectives believed they had found the murderer. But without an eyewitness or a full confession, the case would rely almost entirely on circumstantial evidence.

On Saturday, January 13, the investigation intensified. Detective Nolte, noting Bianchi’s California driver's license, contacted the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department to check on his background. By happenstance, the call was referred to Detective Sergeant Frank Salerno, a member of the Hillside Strangler Task Force that had been investigating the murders of 13 women since October 1977. Once he heard the address on Bianchi’s license, Salerno immediately made the connection and made plans to fly to Bellingham.

Amassing Evidence

The Bellingham detectives methodically established links between the murdered women and Bianchi. At their house, they found a note to Mandic in Wilder’s handwriting that Ken Bianchi had telephoned on January 9. Also, Mandic had told friends about the secret house-sitting job and mentioned Bianchi’s name. A search of Mandic’s car turned up a piece of paper with the notation “334 Bayside 7 p.m. Ken.” Detectives also noticed a small fresh dent in the bottom of the Mercury’s gas tank which they later matched with scraped rock under some bushes in the turnaround area of the Catlow home. A witness had seen a man, matching Bianchi’s description, in the area that night, driving a Whatcom Security pickup truck.

On Sunday, January 14, Detective Salerno and his partner, Dudley Varney, arrived in Bellingham to determine if there were any similarities to the murders in Los Angeles. Bellingham police served a search warrant at Bianchi’s house and seized his clothing as well as property stolen from places he had been assigned to guard. They also found a cache of stolen jewelry. At least two of the pieces, a large turquoise ring and a gold ram's-horn necklace, matched the description of jewelry worn by “Hillside Strangler” victims.

On Monday, January 15, Bianchi appeared in Whatcom County Superior Court before Judge Jack Kurtz and charged with possession of stolen property. Prosecutor David McEachran informed the court that Bianchi was also the prime suspect in the recent double homicide, a capital crime carrying the death penalty, and asked for a high bail. Judge Kurtz agreed Bianchi was a potential threat to the community and a flight risk, and set bail at $150,000. He appointed Bellingham lawyer Dean Brett to represent the defendant during future court proceedings.

Physical evidence collected from the crime scenes, the bodies, and the car was sent to the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) laboratory in Washington D.C., for analysis. Carpet fibers found on the clothing worn by Mandic and Wilder, as well as those found on clothing Bianchi wore that night, matched samples taken from the carpets at the Catlow residence. A meticulous search of the basement bedrooms revealed head hairs that matched Wilder’s. A single pubic hair, found in the basement stairwell, along with other pubic hairs found on Wilder’s body, matched Bianchi’s and traces of her menstrual blood was present on his underwear.

Legal Proceedings

On Friday, January 26, 1979, Bianchi was formally charged with two counts of first degree murder. Although the FBI had yet to analyze some of the physical evidence, there was enough to proceed with the murder case, and the possession-of-stolen-property charge was dismissed. In order to insure Bianchi a fair trial, Judge Kurtz issued a gag-order prohibiting anyone involved with the investigation, including witnesses, from releasing information about the defendant or his connection to the murders. In addition, the judge sealed McEachran’s affidavit-of-probable-cause, which detailed evidence supporting the murder charges.

Bianchi was arraigned on Monday, January 29, 1979, and pleaded not guilty to two charges of first-degree murder. Judge Kurtz ordered he be held without bail and also be handcuffed during all future court appearances. Under state law, the prosecution was given 30 days to decide the issue of seeking the death penalty. The judge also denied a motion by The Bellingham Herald to lift the order sealing the affidavit-of-probable-cause, stating that the defendant's Sixth Amendment right to a fair trial superseded the First Amendment right to free press. (The issue was ultimately decided by the Washington State Supreme Court on April 30, 1979, which that ruled the newspaper should have pursued another legal avenue to push for First Amendment rights.)

On Friday, March 30, 1979, Bianchi changed his plea from “not guilty” to “not guilty by reason of insanity.” Defense attorney Dean Brett said Bianchi claimed to have amnesia about the murders of Mandic and Wilder. He said three psychiatrists examined the defendant and concluded he suffered from severe multiple-personality disorder. Judge Kurtz granted a motion to appoint a blue-ribbon panel of six psychiatrists to examine Bianchi -- including a brain scan -- to determine whether he was mentally competent to stand trial. Two members of the panel would be selected by the defense, two by the prosecution and two by the judge. McEachran filed a notice with the court that the state would seek the death penalty if the defendant was convicted of two counts of first-degree murder. (Washington state law provides for capital punishment when there is more than one victim and when the deaths are part of a common scheme or plan.)

While psychiatrists were examining Bianchi, Bellingham detectives continued putting the finishing touches on their homicide investigation. On April 23, 1979, Los Angeles Police Chief Daryl F. Gates increased the pressure on Bianchi by announcing the task force had enough hard evidence to charge him with 10 “Hillside Strangler” slayings. On May 9, Los Angeles County District Attorney John Van de Kamp filed a complaint in Superior Court, initially charging him with five murders, those with the best evidence. But they would be more than enough to send Bianchi to the gas chamber, if convicted.

As the time approached for a competency hearing, the only thing clear about Bianchi’s multiple-personality disorder was that the psychiatrists were, as usual, divided. Two believed that Bianchi did indeed have multiple personalities and was not competent to stand trial, two were certain that he was faking and stated unequivocally that he should stand trial, and two claimed they could not be sure. Under “hypnosis,” Bianchi had created an alter ego, “Steve Walker,” who confessed to killing Mandic and Wilder and gave a detailed account of the crime. “Steve” also talked freely about the murders in Los Angeles that occurred between October 1977 and February 1978, thoroughly implicating his cousin, Angelo Buono.

But the mystery of Bianchi's supposed multiple personalities became irrelevant when the Los Angeles and Whatcom County prosecutors offered him a deal. If he pleaded guilty to the two Bellingham murders and to five murders in Los Angeles, he would receive life sentences, avoid the death penalty, and be allowed to serve his time in California. He also had to agree to testify “truthfully and completely” against Buono, his accomplice in the “Hillside Strangler” slayings.

On Friday morning, October 19, 1979, Judge Kurtz conducted a hearing to determine if Bianchi was competent to stand trial. With the concurrence of the six psychiatrists, he found the defendant competent and bound him over for trial. Whether Bianchi was insane when he murdered Karen Mandic and Diane Wilder would be left for a jury to decide. With the deal already in place, Bianchi withdrew his insanity plea and pleaded guilty to both murder charges. McEachran then withdrew his request for the death penalty. After listening to arguments about how Bianchi should be treated, Judge Kurtz sentenced him to two life terms, to run consecutively, without the possibility of parole.

Arresting Buono

Within 30 minutes of his guilty plea, the Hillside Strangler Task Force arrested Bianchi’s cousin, Angelo Buono, at his residence/automobile upholstery shop, 703 E Colorado Street, Glendale, California. Buono was taken into custody without a struggle and charged in Los Angeles County Superior Court with 24 felonies, which included 10 murders, extortion, conspiracy, sodomy, and pimping and pandering. Although the Los Angeles District Attorney’s Office had evidence linking Buono to the crimes, they believed his fate rested on Bianchi’s credibility as a witness. The acceptance of his guilty plea by Judge Kurtz in Bellingham had rendered him a competent witness in the eyes of the law.

On Saturday morning, October 20, 1979, Bianchi was flown from Bellingham to Los Angeles in a leased Continental Airlines jet. He appeared before Superior Court Judge William B. Keen on Monday morning, October 22, 1979, and pleaded guilty to five of the 10 “Hillside Strangler” killings, one count of conspiracy-to-commit murder and one count of sodomy. The judge immediately sentenced Bianchi to five life terms for the murders, one life term for the conspiracy and an additional five-year sentence for sodomy, to run concurrently. After imposing sentence, Judge Keen said: “I wish I had the power to have the sentences run consecutively, but in this state (California) they must be merged as a matter of law” (The Bellingham Herald). Although Bianchi would be eligible for parole in California in just seven years, officials estimated he would serve 20 to 35 years before being returned to Washington to serve his two consecutive life sentences.

Bianchi began violating the terms of his plea agreement almost as soon as he arrived in Los Angeles. In what became the longest preliminary hearing in the history of Los Angeles County, 10 months, he attempted to influence judicial proceedings by making contradictory statements to destroy his credibility and have the case against Buono dismissed. But, on March 16, 1981, Municipal Court Judge H. Randolph Moore ruled there was sufficient probable cause to believe Buono had committed murder and ordered him to stand trial. The case was assigned to Superior Court Judge Ronald M. George (now Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court) and scheduled to begin on November 2, 1981.

Another Strangler

It was during the prolonged preliminary hearing that Bianchi met Veronica Lyn Compton, age 24, a self-proclaimed actress, poet and playwright. In June 1980, she sent Bianchi a letter at the Los Angeles County Jail, asking if he would read her screenplay about a female serial killer, called “The Mutilated Cutter,” and help her with characterization. The plot gave him an idea to gain his freedom -- the “Hillside Strangler” was still on the loose and killing women.

Compton visited Bianchi in jail on numerous occasions between June and September 1980, while he was waiting to testify against Buono, and they concocted an elaborate scheme to prove his innocence. Compton would fly to Bellingham, strangle a girl with a length of white clothesline, and plant evidence to simulate the Mandic/Wilder murders. Additionally, she was to send letters and cassette tapes to various locations in Los Angeles and Bellingham with messages that the wrong man was in jail and the “strangler” would strike again. On Thursday, September 16, their last meeting, Bianchi provided Compton with the final touch a semen specimen in the fingertip of a latex glove, to smear on the victim’s body. He had concealed it in the spine of a book she had previously loaned to him.

Compton flew to Bellingham and on Friday, September 19, 1980, she befriended Kim Breed, age 26, a Bellingham Parks and Recreation employee, while drinking at the Coconut Grove tavern at 710 Marine Drive. After spending several hours together, Compton lured Breed to her room at the Shangri-La Downtown Motel, 611 E. Holly Street, with the promise of some cocaine. Once there, Compton managed to tie Breed’s hands and twice strangled her almost to the point of unconsciousness. Although intoxicated, Breed was bigger and unusually strong, and managed to struggle free and escape.

Compton quickly disappeared from Bellingham, but she was easy to trace. On Thursday, October 2, 1980, she was arrested at her home in the Shangri-La Trailer Park, Carson, California, on a Whatcom County warrant charging first-degree attempted murder, and held on $500,000 bail. The media, delighted at this turn of events, dubbing Compton the “Copycat Strangler.”

Compton’s trial began on Monday, March 9, 1981, before Whatcom County Superior Court Judge Byron L. Swedberg. To guarantee a fair trial, a jury of four men and eight women was selected from Pierce County, bused to Bellingham, and sequestered in a hotel for the duration. The case was basically a question of credibility. Breed testified that Compton set her up and tried to kill her and Compton claimed the incident had been a charade to gain publicity for her screenplay, “The Mutilated Cutter,” and that Breed was in on it.

The trial was concluded on Friday, March 20, 1981. After deliberating for just three hours, the jury found Compton guilty of first-degree attempted murder with a special finding of being armed with a deadly weapon (a ligature), which carried a mandatory minimum sentence of five years. On May 22, 1981, Judge Swedberg sentenced her to life with possibility of parole, due to the calculated viciousness of the attack on Breed. (Indeterminate life sentences in Washington usually run about 13 and a half years, although the state parole board may review the prisoner’s sentence after seven and a half years.)

Buono's Trial

Meanwhile, in Los Angeles, Bianchi again tried to influence judicial proceedings by recanting his pretrial testimony against Buono and then disavowing his recantations, undermining his value as a creditable witness. Los Angeles County District Attorney Van de Kamp, who was eyeing the job of California Attorney General, was afraid of losing the case based, in his view, almost entirely on Bianchi’s testimony. In July 1981, he allowed the trial prosecutor, Roger Kelly, to move to dismiss all 10 murder charges against Buono and release him. But, after deliberation, Judge George ruled that there was enough evidence to warrant a trial and ordered the case to proceed. Van de Kamp then declared a conflict of interest as his office had already come to the conclusion that they could not convict Buono. Judge George accepted the conflict and reassigned the case to the California Attorney General's office under George Deukmejian. It was then assigned to deputy attorneys general Michael Nash and Roger Boren to prosecute. They believed that the evidence linking Buono to the murders was overwhelming, even without Bianchi’s testimony, and began vigorously preparing for trial.

Pre-trial hearings began on Monday, November 2, 1981, with numerous motions, testimony, and lengthy oral arguments. On a motion by defense to exclude all hypnosis-induced testimony, Judge George ruled that Bianchi had feigned hypnosis and his multiple personalities, and his testimony was admissible.

Buono's trial began on Monday, November 16, with jury selection, a drawn-out process that took three months to complete. The number of victims and mountains of forensic evidence to introduce slowed the proceedings, causing the case to drag on. Bianchi, the 200th witness to testify, spent 80 days on the stand. He continued to slow the trial’s progress, proving a reluctant witness and making deliberately contradictory statements. At one point he claimed he had completely lost his memory. Another time he denied committing any murders, including those in Bellingham.

Jury deliberations finally began on Friday, October 21, 1983. On November 18, 1983, after being sequestered for 28 days, the jury of seven women and five men found Buono guilty of nine of the 10 murders and voted to impose life sentences without possibility of parole, rather than the death penalty. With a duration of two years and two days, it remains the longest criminal trial in American history and cost Los Angeles County taxpayers $2 million.

On Monday, January 9, 1984, Judge George formally sentenced Buono to nine concurrent terms of life without the possibility of parole, a penalty set by the jury. “In view of the jury’s mercy, I am, of course, without authority to impose greater punishment,” he said. “I would not have the slightest reluctance to impose the death penalty. If ever there was a case where the death penalty was appropriate, it is this case” (Los Angeles Times).

Judge George placed much of the blame for the length of the trial on Bianchi, charging that he did everything possible to sabotage the case. He ruled that Bianchi did not testify “truthfully and completely” and ordered him remanded to the State of Washington to serve his sentence. “It is my firm belief that Mr. Buono and Mr. Bianchi should never see the outside of prison walls,” Judge George said. “They should never be paroled” (Los Angeles Times).

On February 1, 1984, the California Department of Corrections filed a detainer with the Department of Corrections in Washington to ensure that if Bianchi is ever released from their custody, he will be turned over to California to serve his life sentences there. Both states would have to grant parole or clemency in order for Bianchi to ever be released from custody.

Compton's Life In and Out of Prison

After sentencing in May 1981, Veronica Compton was sent to the Washington Corrections Institute for Women at Gig Harbor. She escaped on July 26, 1988, but was recaptured in a suburb of Tucson, Arizona, nine days later. The Washington State Board of Prison Terms and Paroles added two years to her parole eligibility for escape and possession of a firearm.

On August 27, 1989, while in prison, Compton, age 33, married James P. Wallace, age 60, a retired Eastern Washington University (EWU) professor. Their paths crossed in 1987 when she attended a lecture on crime and punishment delivered by Wallace, a legal affairs expert who sometimes taught at state prisons. Shortly thereafter, Compton sent him a letter asking about some information in his lecture. The pair began a two-year correspondence that eventually turned into romance and marriage. Compton and Wallace were granted conjugal visits and in 1993, she gave birth to a daughter at St. Joseph Medical Center in Tacoma. She returned to prison while Wallace and Compton’s mother cared for the baby.

Compton was released on parole on March 14, 1996 and went to live at Wallace’s home in Cheney. But two weeks later, she was sent back to prison for parole violations. While in prison, she wrote Eating The Ashes (New York: Algora Publishing, 2003) a book about rehabilitation in the U.S. penal system. She was again released on parole in 2003, after being incarcerated for 22 years.

Buono and Bianchi

Angelo Buono was sent to Folsom Prison where, in 1986, he married for the fourth time. His bride was Christine Kizuka, mother of three and supervisor at the California State Department of Employment Development in Los Angeles. Because Buono was not eligible for parole, he was denied conjugal visits. On Saturday, September 21, 2002, Angelo Buono, age 67, died from a massive heart attack in his cell at the Calipatria State Penitentiary. In a telephone interview with CNN, retired Bellingham Police Detective Fred Nolte said: “The world will probably a better place without him -- he will not be missed.”

Kenneth Bianchi is incarcerated at the Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla. On Thursday, September 21, 1989, he married Shirlee Joyce Book, age 36, of Monterey, Louisiana, in a 15-minute ceremony in the prison chapel. The day before the wedding was the first time they had ever met. But they had corresponded since 1986, exchanged taped messages, and enjoyed numerous phone calls. Previously, Book had tried to correspond with serial-killer Theodore Robert “Ted” Bundy (1946-1989), but all her letters had been rejected, either by officials at the Florida State Prison or by Bundy himself. When prison officials denied Bianchi conjugal visits, he sued, but Walla Walla County Superior Court Judge Donald W. Schacht declared that they had acted within their authority. The visits had been denied for security reasons and because of his record of extreme violence toward women.

The Washington State Board of Prison Terms and Paroles, consisting of five members, ultimately determines the minimum terms of imprisonment for an inmate. In July 1990, the state board set Bianchi’s prison term at 116 ½ years for the murder convictions in Bellingham. He will not be eligible for parole until 2059 -- if he's still alive. Should he be paroled, Bianchi will be remanded to the State of California to serve life sentences for five counts of murder and conspiracy to commit murder.

The Known Victims

Yolanda Washington, 19, murdered October 17, 1977

Judith Ann Miller, 15, murdered October 31, 1977

Elissa Teresa Kastin, 21, murdered November 5, 1977

Jane Evelyn King, 28, murdered November 9, 1977

Dolores Capeda, 12, murdered November 13, 1977

Sonja Johnson, 14, murdered November 13, 1977

Kristina Weckler, 20, murdered November 19, 1977

Lauren Rae Wagner, 18, murdered November 28, 1977

Kimberly Diane Martin, 17, murdered December 13, 1977

Cindy Lee Hudspeth, 20, murdered February 17, 1978

Karen L. Mandic, 22, murdered January 11, 1979

Diane A. Wilder, 27, murdered January 11, 1979

Kenneth A. Bianchi, Bellingham Police Department mug shot, January 12, 1979

Courtesy Bellingham Herald

The Bellingham Herald, front page, January 16, 1979

Diane A. Wilder, Western Washington University identification photo, ca. 1979

Courtesy The Bellingham Herald

Karen L. Mandic, Western Washington University identification photo, ca. 1979

Courtesy The Bellingham Herald

Advertising brochure for 1978 Mercury Bobcat

Courtesy Ford Motor Company

The Bellingham Herald, front page, October 19, 1979

St. Louis: A Gangster History

Like most big cities, St. Louis has a long criminal history filled with pickpockets, robbers, bootleggers, mobsters, and gangsters. Puparo has put together a comprehensive text of all the information available on St. Louis’ gangland, describing wars, hits, murders, and alliances that occurred in the city from the 1900s up until now.

Any feedback, comments, or extra information are much appreciated by Puparo. Enjoy!

St Louis based brothers Tipton
The brothers Herman Tipton, Roy Tipton and Ray Tipton

St Louis gang leader Edward “jelly Roll” Hogan
St Louis police officer Edward J Hogan sr. had six sons: Edward “Jelly Roll” Hogan Jr., James Hogan (the leaders of the gang and their brothers . )

St Louis based brothers Birger
Louis Birger (died 10 December 1921) and his sons Charlie Birger (hanged 1928) and James Birger.

St Louis based brothers Shelton
Ben Shelton and his wife Agnes had as sons Carl Ray Shelton (killed 23 October 1947), Bernie Shelton (killed 26 July 1948) Roy Shelton (killed 7 June 1950) and Earl Shelton

St Louis
Democrat mayor Edward A Noonan served from 16 April 1889 till 18 April 1893.

St Louis gang leader Thomas “snake” Kinney
Thomas snake Kinney was elected to the st louis Democratic city Committee in 1890. The Egan’s rats were formed around 1890 by Thomas Egan and his best friend Thomas snake Kinney who was senator. Kinney married Tom Egan’s sister Catherine and they got as a daughter Florence Kinney.

St Louis
Republican mayor Cyrus Walbridge served from 18 April 1893 till 20 April 1897.

St Louis gang leader Thomas “snake”Kinney
By 1894 snake Kinney was running a saloon at second and Carr Street which served as headquarters for the « Ashley street gang »soon to be known as the Egan’s rats. Snake Kinney’s biggest rival was George Baldy Higins who he killed in a street fight in the early morning hours of 20 September 1896.

St Louis
Republican mayor Henry Ziegenheim served from 20 April 1897 till 16 April 1901.

St Louis
23 May 1900 was policeman Duncan K McRea shot and killed

St Louis gang leader Thomas “snake” Kinney
Frank Hussey had been shot and nearly killed in a street fight with Egan rats members (then named the Kinney gang) in November 1900.

St Louis
Democratic mayor Rolla Wells served from 16 April 1901 till 20 April 1909.

St Louis gang leader Thomas “snake” Kinney
By 1901 snake Kinney had formed an alliance with St Louis Police board Head Harry Hawes. 19 February 1904 was snake Kinney charged with shooting black lounge singer Walter Sloan.

st louis Police board commissioner (McDonough)
st louis police chief Joseph Gerk
st louis prohibition chief (James Dillon)

Missouri State senator Thomas “snake” Kinney
In November 1904 was Tom Kinney elected to the Missouri state senate.

15 January 1907 was Willie Gagel shot and killed by Tom Egan

2 March 1907 was Rex McDonald shot and killed

St Louis
Republican mayor Frederick Kreismann served from 20 april 1909 till 15 april 1913.

Fred Yellow kid Mohrle
Samuel Young was a member of the Rats, and he was also a Constable in the St. Louis Circuit Court. 1909 was an election year, and Young made sure that people voted Democrat. His former friend, Fred "The Yellow Kid" Mohrle, threw his weight to the Republican Party, headed up by the Hogan family. On April 7, 1909 Sam Young and another accomplice confronted the Yellow Kid in a wagon corral, only to be shot to death. Mohrle claimed he shot in self defense, despite the fact that the pistol on Young's body was obviously planted there. The Egan's Rats loudly proclaimed, even in the newspapers, that they would kill the Yellow Kid.

Fred Yellow kid Mohrle killed
7 June 1909 Egan rats kill rival gun man Fred Yellow kid Mohrle in the Four Courts building while he was on trial for killing Egan gangster Sam Young. On June 7, 1909, Fred Mohrle left his pre-trial examination at the Four Courts building in downtown St. Louis. Just as he stepped out the door of the courtroom into the hallway, a young man in a derby hat rushed up, firing a revolver. Mohrle's brains were blown all over his lawyer. The assassin ran out of the building and across the street to police headquarters and surrendered to police, exclaiming, "I've just burned the Yellow Kid!" His name was Billy Kane, and he was a deputy constable under Sam Young, whose gun he had used to kill Fred Mohrle. Kane claimed that he had acted in self-defense. He was convicted of second-degree murder, but died of natural causes while his case was on appeal. Although it was widely known that Democratic politician Thomas Egan had chosen Kane to kill the Yellow Kid, the Egan's Rats escaped punishment

St Louis gang leader Thomas “snake” Kinney
Rats member John « Bad Jack » Barry the leader of the Cross Keys Club was fatally shot in a North side court room 24 February 1910 by Henry Diederichsen.

Biddle Street based Little Italy

St Louis mafia boss Damiano Capuano
The first boss was fruit wholesaler Damiano Capuano

St Louis Mafioso Pasquale Santino (born 12 September 1886 in Siculiana)
Pasquale Santino married Maria “Mary” Capuano a daughter of the fruit wholesaler Damiano Capuano

St Louis Mafioso Pasquale Santino (born 12 September 1886 in Siculiana)
Santino worked with Giuseppe Lopiparo and the brothers Antonio Fasulo, Vito Fasulo and Michele Fasulo (who all were from Villafranca Siculo, Agrigento)

Viviano family
The brothers Giovanni Viviano, Giuseppe Viviano, Pietro Viviano, Salvatore Viviano and Vito Viviano assisted by their cousins Gaetano Viviano, Pietro Viviano, Salvatore Viviano and Vito Viviano founded their own pasta manufacturing cooperation at Biddle Street

Viviano family
2 August 1909 were Tommaso Viviano (5) and his cousin Grace Viviano (2) kidnapped by family friend Salvatore « Sam » Turrisi

St Louis mafia boss Damiano Capuano killed
The first boss was Damiano Capuano and he was shot to death Christmas eve December 1910 and was replaced by Gaetano Viviano.

St Louis mafia boss Gaetano Viviano
12 September 1910 was St Louis Fruit Supply Company stockholder and Mafioso Giuseppe “Joseph” Cammarata stabbed to death by Antonio Sansone.

St Louis mafia boss Gaetano Viviano
19 January 1912 was the headless body found of Salvatore Leoni (23) the star defense witness in the murder trial of Antonio Sansone. Dominic Giambrone was a prime suspect in the beheading of Salvatore Leoni

St Louis mafia boss Gaetano Viviano
Dr. Guglielmo Cataldi got extorted and 24 december 1912 Vito Fasulo picked up the extortion money and brought it to Santino’s saloon at Wash Street and police arrest Santino and the brothers Vito Fasulo and Mike fasulo

Frank Hussey died 3 August 1911 from a series of Hemorrages.

In 1911 Egans rats killed the Nixie fighters leaders Edward Devine and Charles von der Ahe.

Missouri state Senator Thomas E Kinney dies
Michael Kinney succeeded his brother Thomas E Kinney who died 15 May 1912 as Missouri state Senator.
Missouri state Senator Michael Kinney

Wesley red Simmons
Wesley « red »Simons shot and killed gangster Emmett Carroll 31 March 1913 in a fight over a woman.

Wesley red Simmons killed
2 March 1914 was Wesley red Simmons shot and killed by witness Henry Zang .

St Louis mayor Henry Kiel
15 April 1913 was Henry Kiel chosen mayor of St Louis he was 2 times rechosen and served till 21 April 1925.

7 November 1913 deputy constable Harry Levin shot and killed auto mechanic Fred Hesse who was suspected to have snitched on the Egans Rats over a 15000 dollar railroad swindle.

St Louis gang “Egan's rats” members Max and Morris Greenberg
Egan’s rats member Max Greenberg, his brother Morris Greenberg and two others were suspected in the murder of Sam Mintz on 5 December 1914. Mintz had informed on them on an arson insurance scam they were running. Greenberg escaped the rap.


St Louis boss Viviano deported
Gaetano Viviano was deported in 1914.

St Louis
In 1915 settle Vito and Giovanni Vitale with their friend Alphonse Palizzola in St Louis and start there the so called Green Ones gang which was led by Vito Gianolla. They war the Cuckoos.

St Louis boss Dominick Giambrone (born 28 February 1876)
Dominick Giambrone becomes the boss in 1917 and started a saloon at 826 Biddle Street. Dominick Giambrone was a prime suspect in the beheading of Salvatore Leoni. Dominick Giambrone worked with his brothers Paul and Nick Giambrone, Gaetano Buffa and Momo Anello

St Louis boss Dominick Giambrone (born 28 February 1876)
14 February 1917 was Vicent Butera found hacked to death in his saloon at 901 Biddle Street. He had been warned by Giambrone to close his business

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
While in Chicago the brothers Harry “cherries” Dunn and John “Puggy” Dunn shot and killed 5 November 1914 gangster Robert Koch. John “puggy” Dunn went to prison and his brother Harry was free and frustrated went to St Louis police headquarters in December 1915 and offered to snitch in order to free his brother.

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
21 December 1915 Harry “cherries” Dunn fatally shot John Groenwald in a saloon.

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
Nine days later (so 30 December 1915) Dunn and two friends botched a holdup and killed North St Louis saloonkeeper Charles Reutilinger.

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
Harry Dunn went 8 January 1916 into Tom Egan’s saloon where he shot and killed Skippy Rohan.

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
21 August 1916 Harry Dunn and his friend Eddie Schoenborn shot and killed semi pro boxer Harry Romani who worked for Egan.

St Louis state representative Edward “jelly Roll” Hogan
In 1916 Edward J Hogan of the Hogan gang becomes a state representative.

St Louis gang leader Egan murders Harry Dunn
19 September 1916 was Harry “cherries” Dunn killed by Willie Egan and 4 others under whom the shooters Walter Costello and Frank “Gutter” Newman.

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
Harry “cherries” Dunn his friend Eddie Schoenborn was shot dead 3 weeks later at the old saloon at 1233 Chestnut street.

St Louis Egans rats members the brothers Harry and John Dunn
his brother John “puggy” Dunn took an oath to kill everybody connected to his brother’s murder. John “puggy” Dunn killed 8 June 1917 triggerman Frank “Gutte’” Newman. Harry’s other killer Walter Costello was shot and killed a month later by police.

Cuckoo gangster Crato Gentry
28 October 1918 Cuckoo gangster Crato Gentry shot and killed Charles Farrell who worked for his enemy saloon owner Frank Morrissey. He was spoken free

Cuckoo gangster Crato Gentry
7 january 1919 were Cuckoo gangster Crato Gentry and John “Honus”Rawie for burglary. The informer was Thomas Kimpel (59) who was killed 8 June 1919

Cuckoo gangster Crato Gentry
18 August 1919 was saloon owner Frank Morrissey shot and killed.

James Birger
In March 1919 George Ruloff and James Birger were arrested for robbery of a bookmaking operation in Hot spring Arkansas, they were both sentenced to 15 years but were free in a few years.

St Louis gang “Egan's rats” leader Thomas Egan dies
20 April 1919 Thomas Egan died and was replaced as Fifth Ward boss by his brother William T Egan.
St Louis gang “Egan's rats” leader William T Egan

St Louis Egans rats member Max Greenberg
Max Greenberg was also believed to have played a key role in the Rats first known bank robbery that of the Baden bank on 10 April 1919 the take was 59000 dollars.

Soon after the Baden Bank heist were Max Greenberg, Ben Milner and Edward “Big Red” Powers sentenced to Leavenworth prison stemming from the Egan sponsored robbery of some railroad cars in Danville , Illinois. Egan boss William Egan and Missouri senator Michael Kinney managed pardons for the 3 men from none other then president Woodrow Wilson himself. Soon after their release Max Greenberg and Ben Milner decided to go into bootlegging and Greenberg got 2000 dollars from William Egan to buy whiskey and they keep the whiskey and rip him.

St Louis Egans Rats member Ray Renard (later witness)
Ray Renard joined the gang in 1920 by being acquainted with Gus Dietmeyer.

Egans Rats
Tommy Hayes, Pete Licavoli, and Frank Wortman, began to associate with the Cuckoos, Italians, and East siders respectively and drifted away from Colbeck.

St Louis Egans Rats member Ray Renard (later witness)
Ray Renard, the gang’s wheelman, fled the city to avoid prosecution for robbery. Hunted by the authorities, Renard was captured in Los Angles. On the train ride back to St. Louis, Renard was accompanied by Harry Brundidge who managed to elicit a confession from Renard. Renard would be sentenced to five years for robbery. He obtained leniency for testifying against his former comrades in the robbery trials.

Cuckoo boss Jack Lyons killed
13 June 1920 was Cuckoo boss Jack Lyons shot and killed. New boss became Red Allen

Max Greenberg fight at Willie Egan’s saloon
16 October 1920 when Greenberg and his palls engaged the rest of Egan’s rats in a huge brawl at Willie Egan’s Franklin Avenue saloon, one of the men severely wounded was

St Louis Cuckoo gang member Tommy Hayes
In January 1921 there is a mail robbery in Wood River for which was convicted Cuckoo gang member Tommy Hayes.

St Louis Egan's rats rebel Max Greenberg
William T Egan’s man Max "Big Maxey" Greenberg switched sides to the Hogan gang. Greenberg soon fled St Louis for Detroit where he got involved in smuggling liquor from Canada. Needing better financing he sought out Irving Wexler "Waxey Gordon" in New York who in turn brought him to Arnold Rothstein. Wexler and Greenberg established a successful rum running operation before Greenberg returned to St Louis in early 1921. Upon Greenburg's return, Egan retaliated. 11 march 1921 one of his gunmen fired at Greenberg while he was standing with a group of men and Greenberg was wounded and political lobbyist and attorney John P Sweeney was severely wounded and died later.

St Louis Egans Rats gang leader Willie Egan killed
Based on the confessions of Ray Renard, the murder of Willie Egan was engineered by his chief lieutenant, Max Greenberg. According to Renard, Egan blamed Greenberg for swindling him out of $50,000 worth of booze. When it became clear to Egan that Greenberg would not pay him back the money, Egan tried to have Greenberg murdered. The assassination went awry and Greenberg escaped.

Greenberg went to Jacob Mackler (Hogan man). In return for an alleged $15,000 three Hogan gunmen, James Hogan, Luke Kennedy, and John Doyle, murdered Egan 31 October 1921. 31 October 1921 William Egan shot and killed from a car in front of his saloon at 1400 Franklin avenue. On the way to hospital he whispered a message to John Doregherty (Dougherty??) who went to hospital with him. A final mystery added to the murder is that there were substantial rumors that John Doyle was in Ohio prison at the time of the Egan murder. The Rats blamed the murder of their leader on the Hogan Gang led by Edward J "Jellyroll" Hogan.

Egan died in hospital and Greenberg went to police with an alibi. The Rats turned their attention again to Greenberg and Colbeck and William "Red" Smith were arrested while waiting outside police headquarters where Greenberg got questioned. Police smuggle Greenberg out a back door and he fled to New York where he works again with Waxey Gordon.

St Louis Egans rats member John Dunn killed
John “puggy” Dunn was a suspect in the murder of Egan. John “puggy” Dunn himself was shot and killed 14 July 1937.

St Louis Egans Rats
George Ruloff (Kurloff) was shot down in front of Allices restaurant on Franklin Avenue 7 December 1921. Ruloff was Egan’s shadow and bodyguard.

St Louis Black hand

Russo brothers
Fruit market owner Mariano Russo and wife Augustina Palmisano had as sons William Russo (born 14 June 1892 and brother in law Charles Rizzo), Thomas Russo (born 4 July 1897), Vincent James Russo (22 october 1899), Anthony Russo (born 12 June 1901), John Russo (born 15 May 1905 and died 11 october 1918 at age 13) and Charles Russo (born 24 December 1910)

Russo brothers
They killed 7 August 1920 Tom Spicuzza (no family of Vincent Spicuzza)

St Louis
31 July 1920 was Carmelo Bonvissuto shot and killed by Santino man Angelo Naccarato. His brother Angelo Bonvissuto was 1 September 1920 shot and killed. The brothers Bonvissuto had killed 17 December 1916 Agostino Curella in Cleveland. The brothers worked for the boss Dominick Giambrone

St Louis Black hand leader Frank Sicola
Sicola was a suspect in the 12 October 1921 Wash Street drive by shooting that killed Michael Adragna (23) and Joseph Giammanco (9)

St Louis Black hand leader Frank Sicola killed
Frank Sicola was shot and killed 23 July 1922. Daito lived above the grocery store where Frank Sicola was killed.

St Louis : Italians
27 December 1921 was Hogan gang member Joseph “James” Cipolla (22) murdered by Egans rats.

St Louis mafia faction leader Carmelo Fresina
In 1922 Carmelo Fresina arrives in St Louis and joined the faction headed by Pasquale Santino.

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina
He was suspected in the murder of his neighbor Joe Bucceri in 1922. In 1922 Fresina was also charged with the murder of Joe Bucceri who dying accused Fresina of his murder.

Egans Rats at war with Hogan

St Louis: Willie Egan killer John Doyle killed
Egan's replacement William P "Dinty" Colbeck was not satisfied and 22 January 1922 Rats kill Hogan gunman John Doyle, (was killed 6 January 1922 by a St Louis detective who wanted to question him about the murder of Egan, Doyle fired a pistol and the detective shot back and killed him).

next they fire on a car containing Mackler, Kennedy and James Hogan no one was injured.

The rats retaliated by dispatching the bodies of Joseph Cammarata and Everett Summers in ditches along county roads. They were shot to death in University city and their bodies dumped.

In March 1922 Hogan gunmen ambushed Colbeck in his plumbing shop. They riddled the storefront with bullets and shotgun slugs, but no one was injured. Greatly perturbed, the Egan chief struck back violently. A cavalcade of at least four touring cars full of gunmen slowly drove past the Hogan residence and poured a fusillade into the house. Again, no one was injured. After the plumbing shop incident, Colbeck moved his gang to the Maxwelton Club and Racetrack on St. Charles Rock Road in the wilderness of St. Louis County.

St Louis: Willie Egan killer Luke Kennedy killed
Hogan man Luke Kennedy was shot and killed 17 April 1922.

St Louis: Hogan Gang at war with Egan's rats
21 February 1923 Jacob Mackler gets killed in his car by men led by Dinty Colbeck.

St Louis: Hogan Gang at war with Egan's rats
In March 1923 the rats tried to ambush Edward Hogan and Humbert Costello as they were driving, the shooters Elmer Runge and Isadore Londe were arrested but Hogan refuses to identify them.

St. Louis (south) Cuckoo Gang leader Roy Tipton
Sometime in early 1923 an associate of the Cuckoos, Max Simmonson, approached Tipton with a proposition. As a dealer in stolen bonds, he had learned through his connections that on a given date an armored car carrying over $2 million in negotiable bonds and cash would be traveling between various businesses in downtown St. Louis. Tipton did not believe that the Cuckoos could pull off such a crime by themselves and so Tipton took the information to Colbeck.

St Louis gang “Egans Rats” leader Dinty Colbeck
On April 2, 1923 the gangsters held up the armored car at the intersection of Fourth and Locust in downtown St. Louis. The gangsters split about $260,000 in cash and awaited Simmonson and other fences to sell the stolen bonds. However, many of the stolen bonds were seized in several police raids. In January 1925 Egan and Cuckoo gangsters were brought to trial for the armored car robbery. Most of the gangsters received a sentence of twenty-five years to run concurrently with their previous convictions.

St Louis gang “Egans Rats”
After the robbery the members wanted to dump a car used in the robbery but were seen by policeman Edward neu who they killed

St Louis gang “Egans Rats”
12 April 1923 they covered up their tracks in the robbery by killing member William Crowe

St Louis gang “Egans Rats”
24 hours later they killed cuckoo associate William Tabor (20) who also was connected to the robbery

St Louis gang “Egans Rats”
15 April 1923 they shot and wounded cuckoo gangster Thomas “Mush” Sullivan

St Louis gang “Egans Rats”
19 April 1923 police arrested Egan gangster Whitey Doering and found with him a large part of the stolen bonds

St Louis gang “Egans Rats” leader Dinty Colbeck
Another batch of Egan gangsters was convicted of a mail robbery in Pocahontas, Illinois in which they made their escape by airplane.

St Louis: Hogan Gang at war with Egan's rats
In April 1923 with Philip Brockman, president of the Board of police Commissioners and Father Timothy Dempsey acting as mediators, Colbeck and Hogan agreed to peace terms. The truce lasted a few months before rat gunmen opened up on a crowd trying to kill Hogan. Hogan escaped unharmed, but William McGee, a member of the state legislature was critically wounded.

St Louis Egan's rats gang leader Dinty Colbeck convicted
In May 1923 the Egan's Rats got 55000 dollars in cash from the Staunton postmaster. In November 1924 Dinty Colbeck, David ‘Chippy” Robinson, Gus Dietmeyer, Charles “red” Lanham, Frank Hackenthal, Frank “Cotton” Eppelshelmer, Louis “Red” Smith, Stephen Ryan, Oliver Dougherty and Cuckoo members Roy Tipton, Leo Cronin and Rudolph “Featheredge” Schmidt were convicted of a mail robbery in Staunton, Illinois. Colbeck received fifteen years.

St Louis: Cuckoo gang
August "Gus" Webbe got 10 years for murdering St Louis officer Edward Griffin and merchant John Surgant during a robbery 10 June 1923. A few months later gang members Oliver Hamilton and Clarence "Dizzy" Daniels got life in prison for the murders.

St Louis: Cuckoo gang
This was followed by Joseph "Mule head" Simon, Jimmy Michaels and Ben "Melon head" Bommarito's arrest for armed robberies.

St Louis: Cuckoo gang
Next came the arrest of Milford Jones, Carl, Bernie and Earl Shelton for robbery. Bennie Bethel was a suspect in a Pine Lawn bank robbery.

Ezra Fowler killed
In July 1923 was Ezra Fowler killed and suspect was Charles ”Chink” Shaffer

Walter Dahm kiled
2 August 1923 was the body found of the killed Walter Dahm. Cuckoo gangsters are suspected


St Louis boss Vito Giannola (Capone henchman)
In St Louis the members of the Black Hand get as leader Vito Giannola who had just arrived from Sicily with his brother John and their friend Alphons Palazzolo. Soon everybody in the Italian borough pays pizzo, when Garavelli’s Café (at 5701 De Giverville Avenue) cook Angelo Pastori refuses to buy his meat from Vito Giannola' whole sale company he gets 16 September 1923 stabbed to death by Palazzolo and then they mutilate his body even more with baseball bats.

St Louis capo mafia Dominick Giambrone flees
21 October 1923 was Paul Giambrone (32) so severely wounded in an attack that he died 2 days later. His brother the boss Dominick Giambone then fled St Louis and the new boss became Vito Giannola

St Louis boss Vito Giannola (Capone henchman)
The same year Giannola becomes the most important boss in St Louis after the conviction of the Irish gangster Dinty Colbeck with a lot of his Egan’s Rats gang for a postal robbery and also Cuckoo members Roy Tipton and Leo Cronin got arrested and all got 25 years in Leavenworth.

Joe Buselaki killed
3 march 1924 was Joe Buselaki killed after he had run afoul with Giannola

David "Chippy" Robinson, Eddie Linham, and James "Sticky" Hennessey were bad Egan Rats leaders and the liquor interests of the Egan Gang were usurped by the Italian crime boss, Vito Giannola.

Charlie Birger
15 November 1923 was bar tender Cecil Knighton shot and killed by Birger

Charlie Birger
18 November 1923 was William F. “Whitey” Doering shot and wounded by Birger and died

Egans Rats member Eddie Linham killed
David "Chippy" Robinson and Eddie Linham were vying for the position of the gang’s premier gunman. According to Ray Renard, Robinson killed Linham so that he could become Colbeck’s chief lieutenant and enforcer. 13 February 1924 was disgruntled gang member Eddie Linehan executed by Dinty Colbeck and his men in the Max Welton Club .

Dinty Colbeck
25 April 1924 robbery of the Granite City National Bank netting 63000 dollars was led by Dinty Colbeck

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
In 1924 St Louis boss Dominic Giambrioni flees for Vito Giannola. Soon his gang goes into bootlegging and 12 September 1924 the body of bootlegger Sam Palizzola (family member of Alphonse) get found in St Louis, his skull was beaten in after which they dragged his body after a car at the orders of Giannola.

Kansas City mobster Gizzo
In 1924 Anthony Robert Gizzo starts to serve 2 years.

Kansas City mayor
In 1924 Albert Isaac Beach is elected mayor the first republican since 21 years.

Missouri state senator Michael Kinney
In 1924 was Democratic senator Michael Kinney shot while waiting for a train at St Louis County station. Mike Kinney managed to hold the senate seat for 6 terms until 1932.

In 1923 Benjamin Stapleton was elected mayor with the support of the Ku Klux Klan. To repay political debts, Stapleton allowed Klansmen to be hired as police officers, including the Chief of Police, William Candlish.

Denver (Colorado)
In November 1923 Carl Carlino was killed.

Denver (Colorado)
The Klan problem in Colorado was state wide. Most of Colorado's 200 prohibition agents were members of the Klan. Led by R. N. Mason, the Exalted Cyclops of the Trinidad Klan, raiding parties went on random searches for bootleg stills and liquor. The majority of these raids were directed at operations run by Italians, Jews, Blacks, and other anti-Klan groups. By April 1925, Stapleton had had enough of Candlish's performance and secretly deputized 125 members of the local American Legion to carry out a series of raids. The raiders rounded up 200 bootleggers, gamblers, and prostitutes and uncovered a network of corruption controlled by Candlish's handpicked Klan vice squad. Candlish was fired along with twelve other Klan affiliated policemen.


KKK Imperial Wizard William Joseph Simmons
Colonel William Joseph Simmons reestablished the KKK in 1915 in Georgia as a money making franchise and he became the Klans Imperial Wizard

Herrin (Williamson County??) Chief of police and Klan leader John Ford

Herrin mayor Anderson
Herrin police chief Matthew « Matt » Walker (his son Harry Walker)

Herrin police chief John Stallions

Herrin justice of the peace Abe Hicks

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young
Young shot and killed 7 November 1920 Luke Vukovic (brother in law Michael Sever) at a still he raided and stood on trial 6 June 1921 and was spoken free

Williams County Chief of police George Galligan
In 1922 was George Galligan chosen chief of police all the other posts went to KKK members

Williams County based KKK grand Cyclops Sam Stearns
Williams County Board of Supervisors chaiman and KKK Grand Cyclops Sam Stearns and son Leonard Stearns

Herrin coal mine owner W. J. Lester
Coal mine owner W. J. Lester hired 50 strikebreakers from employment agencies in Chicago. 16 June 1922 Lester slipped out sixteen railroad cars filled with coal. During the strike on 21 and 22 June 1922 in Herrin were 21 people killed of them were 19 strikebreakers. The other 2 killed were union miners Jordie Henderson and Joe Pitkewicius. Mine superintendent C. K. McDowell was shot and killed by the union men. Otis Clark, Bert Grace, James Brown, Lova Mann, Philip Fontanetta, Peter Hiller, Oscar Howard and Jess Childers. These were the men found by the Grand Jury to be the leaders in the riots. Otis Clark was the first man to be tried.

in 1925 at the European Hotel Cigar Store, Otis Clark and Ed Forbes, were ambushed and shot and killed by the KKK and Coal Company supported Sheriff (Glenn Young?)
Galligan died in a mine.

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young
Young led raids against saloons, bars, still and breweries on 5 January 1924.

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young
Young led raids against saloons, bars, still and breweries on 7 January 1924

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young
Young led raids against saloons, bars, still and breweries on 20 January 1924

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young
Young led raids against saloons, bars, still and breweries on 1 February 1924.

Williams County Chief of police George Galligan
8 February 1924 was deputy sheriff John Layman shot and wounded

Ku Klux Klan man Caesar Cagle killed
8 February 1924 was as revenge policeman Caesar Cagle (prominent Ku Klux Klan member) shot and killed

Herrin (Williamson County??) acting Chief of police and Klan leader Glenn Young returned his job to John Ford 12 February 1924 when he was ousted

Herrin (Williamson County??) Chief of police and Klan leader John Ford
John Whitesides and Arlie Boswell,
Carl Neilson, Exalted Cyclops of the Herrin Klavern
Illinois Grand Dragon Charles Palmer
Imperial Wizard Hiram Evans

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young
23 May 1924 were Ku Klux Klan leader Glenn Young and his wife shot and wounded in their car from an other car by bootleggers Jack Skelcher, Charles Briggs, the brothers Carl Shelton and Earl Shelton

In the evening of 23 May 1924 was Jack Skelcher shot and killed and Charles Briggs wounded by Klans police men

30 August 1924 were Klansmen Green Dunning, Dewey Newbold and Charles Wollard (Wolland) shot and killed just like special deputy “Bud” Allison, Chester Reid and Otto Rowland by Carl Shelton and his men. wounded was Herman Phemister (he died 29 September 1924)

Allison was replaced as deputy sheriff by Ora Thomas

St Louis Klan leader Glenn Young dies
24 January 1925 deputy sheriff Ora Thomas walked into a cigar store where he saw Ku Klux Klan leader Glenn Young with his friends Omer Warren and Edward B. Forbes in the shootout all 4 died.

10 March 1925 exploded a bomb at the shop and house of H. T. Fowler the father of former Young bodyguard Young

Birger gang
12 April 1926 on election Day Birger’s gang opened fire and 6 people killed among whom Harland Ford (40 and brother of onetime Klan leader John Ford), brothers Mack Sizemore (54 and an alderman) and Ben Sizemore (52 and his son is Albert “Gebo” Sizemore), they were all clansmen. Other victims were gangster Orb Treadway (28), Charles Briggs and gangster Noble Weaver (Claude Weaver) (32)

Harry Walker (son of police chief Matt Walker)
12 July 1926 was Harry Walker (son of police chief Matt Walker) talking to Ed Rocassi in Rocassi’s roadhouse, just before Boyd Hartin “Oklahoma Curly” was shot and killed and the following day gave Rocassi himself up

Harry Walker and Everett Smith killed
22 August 1926 were Harry Walker and Everett Smith killed. Suspect was Art Newman

Gangsters Inc. recommends: Gangs of St. Louis: Men of Respect by Daniel Waugh.


Birger gang
Birger and the Pocahontas bank robbery on 30 November 1926.

Birger gang
In December 1926 Birger’s men Harry and Elmo Thomasson shot and killed Joe Adams (34) the mayor of West City, Illinois, he had become mayor in April 1923.

Birger gang
In January 1927 Birger’s Shady Rest was destroyed by a fire and in the fire died 4 people one of them being the killer Elmo Thomasson and the others were Mrs. Lena George.

Lyle « shag » Worsham
Lyle « shag » Worsham was machinegunned to death by Steve George and Ward « Casey » Jones according to Eural Gowan. Steve George and Harvey Dungey then carried the body to a house and Birger lit the place

Joe Chesnas hanged
17 June 1927 was Joe Chesnas hanged for the murder of William Unsell

Charlie Birger hanged
In June 1927 Charlie Birger was arrested for ordering the murder of Joe Adams (34) the mayor of West City and was hanged 19 April 1928

Birger gang
Birger gang member Art Newman was charged with the murder of policeman Lory Price and his wife who had disappeared and were later found back killed 5 February. In July 1927 Birger men Ray Hyland and Arthur Newman get life for murder.

St Louis: Charles A Lindbergh
In 1927 a group of St Louis business people financed Charles A Lindbergh to fly nonstop from NY to Paris in his plane the "Spirit of St Louis". Lindbergh’s friend Harlan Gurney was a wing walker, plane trapeze artist. Circus pilot Lincoln Beachley died when his wings broke off. Barnstormer Walter Ballard and parachute jumper Harold Tibbets. Max Stirner

Little Italy

St Louis mayor
Mayor Henry Kiel served till 21 April 1925. New mayor became Victor J Miller who served till 18 April 1933.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
10 July 1925 Vito Giannola scares Peter Cusamano who runs from the city and divorced his wife Augustina Dattilo after which Vito Giannola starts to live with her and beats her up all the time.

St Louis
In 1925 Cuckoo gang member Tommy Hayes gets free and is Hogan member Humbert Costello in prison.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
29 January 1926 the sheriffs Ohmer Hockett and John Balke find 2 men near an illegal still owned by Giannola, they want a bribe of the men their friends. When those arrive the 2 sheriffs have to dug their own shallow graves in which they get found.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
21 May 1926 Vito Giannola let his men murder Mariano De Luca (59) because he refuses to pay pizzo.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
27 June 1926 the Giannola brothers murder bootlegger Harvey J Dunn after which the Irish gang "the Chuckoos" declare them war.
St Louis boss Vito Giannola
19 August 1926 the Cuckoos shoot at Frank Agrusa and Alphonse Palazzola in front of the club Santa Fara at Eight and Biddle streets and wound Adamo Girolamo and Frank Agrusa.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
21 August 1926 the mafiosi try to kill their former supporter Pasquale Santino what goes wrong but they kill Joseph Schamora and wound a woman. Santino had changed sides to the Cuckoos because he wants to replace Giannola and he gets support from the Aiello brothers in Chicago.

St Louis based Russo brothers gang
Pasquale Santino becomes allies with a split faction from Giannola led by the Russo brothers. Anthony F Russo was the leader of the brothers William Russo, James Russo, Thomas Russo and Lawrence Russo.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
6 September 1926 Cuckoo member Peter “Pete” Webbe get shot to death in his car by the Giannola faction.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
22 September 1926 the Giannola faction also murder Joseph Consiglio in his car and he worked for Santino. The cuckoos shoot up 23 September the Submarine Bar and kill the owner Anthony dattalo (who died 26 September 1926??) who they wanted but also the innocents Frank Christian and the reporter Joseph Rubino. 16 October the cuckoos murder Kustandy Ajilouny a supporter of the green ones as killer was identified Alphonse Palazzola. In a shoot out police kill 2 Cuckoo members and soon after, 26 October the police want to arrest Joseph "Scarface Joe" Bommarito (his sister Grace is the wife of Pete licavoli) but he resists and get killed and James Licavoli wounded, both belong to the Green ones mafiosi. James T Licavoli aka Jack White aka Blackie was born in 1904 he was the cousin of Pete and Thomas Licavoli and Leo "lips" Moceri.

St Louis mobster Frank Coppola
Frank Coppola came illegally to St Louis in 1926 via Cuba and used the name Frank Lamonde.

Leavenworth prison Egans Rats inmates
Colbeck and most of his lieutenants were incarcerated in Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary. In 1926 there were close to twenty Egan gangsters incarcerated in Leavenworth. Colbeck was later transferred to Atlanta Federal Penitentiary.

Sam Palazzolo and Don Bommarito whisky still found (police protected)
a huge whisky still operated on a farm owned by Sheriff Louis Donze (of Ste. Genevieve County, Mo) his father's estate at Weingarten, Mo., twelve miles from Ste. Genevieve, without the Sheriff's knowledge and connivance. He was charged 28 April 1927 with five others, in warrants issued here by United States Commissioner Atkins, with setting up and operating the still. The Penalty on conviction is a minimum of six months in jail and a $500 fine and a maximum of two years in the penitentiary and a $5,000 fine. The warrants were issued after a raid on the Donze farm Friday afternoon by Federal prohibition officers under Chief James Dillon. They found four St. Louis Italians and Bedford Perkins, 22 years old, son of Dr. B. G. Perkins of Weingarten, operating the still. Informants told the raiders that Sheriff Donze (who is administrator of his father's estate), had made frequent trips to the farm recently, driving in an automobile and sometimes in a truck. The barn in which the whiskey plant had been set up, is in plain view to anyone visiting the farm. Sheriff Donze told a Post-Dispatch reporter yesterday on telephone that he had rented the farm three months ago to a man who gave his name as O. Haley. He asserted that Haley paid $300 for three months rent in advance and after living on the place a few weeks moved away. Sheriff Donze said he did not know what went on there after that because he had not been near the place since renting it to Haley. The raiders found a 400-gallon daily capacity still with a double cooker and triple condenser. There was 500 gallons of whisky mash in vats and 90 gallons of whisky in cans. A large stock of new empty cans and other items necessary to whisky manufacture had been stored in the barn. The Italians gave their names and addresses as follows: Don Bommarito, 22, of 1619 North Sixteenth Street Andrew Garsano, 20, of 1401 Blair Avenue Angela Patrillo, 45, of 1219 Pendleton Avenue, and Sam Palazzolo, 42 of 1229 Walton Avenue. Young Perkins admitted to prohibition agents yesterday that he had been hired as "lookout" for the whisky plant. He named Bommarito as the man who engaged him. When the five prisoners were brought to St. Louis the Italians told very innocent stories of how they happened to be on the farm. One said he had gone to wait for the squirrel shooting season which opens in June, another said he was taking a vacation there and two said they were there to buy eggs. These latter, Palazzolo and Patrillo, had automobiles parked near the farm from which the rear seat cushions had been removed. The prohibition agents pointed out that these cars were equipped to carry whisky as well as egg cases.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
James T Licavoli aka Jack White aka Blackie was born in 1904 he was the cousin of Pete and Thomas Licavoli and Leo "lips" Moceri. In July 1927 James T Licavoli was arrested with John Mirabella and Ralph Caleco for weapons possession but charges were dropped. Bommarito, Levecchi and Mirabella were former members of the Russo Gang in St Louis.

Chicago: Aiello man killed
17 July 1927 saloonkeeper Dominick Cinderella who was killed by McGurn and his friend Orchell De Grazio.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
Anthony F Russo and Vincent Spicuzza get into an ambush and are shot to death in their car at 9 august 1927, both have a dime in their hand. Russo and Spicuzza were not killed by McGurn, their killer Alphonse Palazzolo left the dimes to put the blame on McGurn (the other killer would have been Frank Agrusa and they were accompanied by Impastato and Jack Licavoli), but he started to brag about the murders and William Russo heard it and started the Italian gang war. Santino was against the hit on Tony Russo and V Spicuzza and this caused Giannola to turn on him. Santino knew he had to hit first and aided the Russos in killing Palazzolo. Santino was close to people in Detroit and NYC, he probably didn't support the Aiellos in Chicago perhaps he knew Mike Merlo the head of the Unione Siciliano in Chicago.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
24 August 1927 Benny Giamanco (Benjamin Giamonco??) a friend of Russo and Spicuzza got killed with the innocent Aloys F Beelman.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
Santino then has Vito Giannola know that he wants peace, Giannola sends his killer Alphonse Palazzolo (30 of 1136 North Seventh street) who greets 9 September 1927 Santino with a handshake, after which 6 men blow Palizzola away with pistols and a lupara, also the playing child Emanuel Caprano (10) got killed. Just minutes after the shooting police raided a butcher shop at 1433 North 14th street where they found rifles and 6 revolvers. The room had been occupied by Frank Agrusa who is a suspect in the shooting.

McGurn and his dime murders on Aiello hired killers??
24 September 1927 in Chicago the from Cleveland arrived Samuel Valente was found with a dime in his hand in a field near Stickney (Illinois) with his head crushed with blows from a hatchet, these killings were done by McGurn.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
10 November 1927 the mafiosi kill in St Louis Charles Palmisano because he didn't want to pay protection money after Palizzola was killed.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
10 November 1927 were Robert Aiello and Frank Aiello shot and killed in Springfield, Illinois, wounded were Lee Meachum and Vito Lapicola. Robert and Frank Aiello were killed for killing a rival, they were associates of Willie Russo. Willie Russo brother in law Tony Aiello

Jasper Aiello (20) killed
In 1927 was Jasper Aiello (20) killed with 15 shots over a bad liquor deal.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
12 November 1927 also Charles Casamento was killed he was one of the killers of the Aiellos in St Louis.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
15 November 1927 was Benedetto Amato (44) killed he was a leader of the Green ones. Benedetto Amato and his partner Tony Fasulo had a bakery

St Louis faction boss Pasquale Santino (born 12 September 1886 in Siculiana) killed
17 November 1927 the green ones kill Pasquale Santino. His loyal follower Carmelo Fresina and others then start their own faction of which Fresina became the boss. He fought the Green Ones and later the Russos.
St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
Nick Palazzola paid protection money to the green ones but still worked with their enemy William Russo (the brother of the killed Anthony F Russo) so they kill him also 27 November 1927. Nick Palazzola associated with the Santino faction.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
6 December 1927 the Santino faction wounds Joseph Lopiparo and in an other ambush that day they also wound Peter Bommarito, who works for Benedetto Amato.

St Louis greenies (green ones) boss Vito Giannola killed
28 December 1927 at Vito Giannola's home rings the doorbell, when his wife opens there are several men who say they are policemen. Vito hears them and runs and hides in a shelter place. The men kick in the secret door to his shelter place and riddle him with machineguns, a happy widow Augustina Dattilo leaving behind, because her husband was abusing her. Several days later Vito’s brother John left St Louis, the war had cost 30 dead and 18 wounded. New boss of the Green ones became Frank Agrusa.
St Louis greenies (green ones) boss Frank Agrusa

St Louis gang leaders the Russo brothers defeated
Tommy Hayes murders 25 July 1928 Vincent James Russo and Giannola’s top killer Michael “Mike the chink” Longo.

Salvatore Faraci
Salvatore Faraci was one of four men arrested in a house adjacent to that where the funeral of Jimmy Russo was held
(same Salvatore Faraci killed (26) in St Louis in August 1928 ??)

St Louis gang leaders the Russo brothers defeated
29 July 1928 ends the war as police escort the surviving brothers William Russo, Thomas Russo and Lawrence Russo to the station to get out of town alive. Their gang was taken over by Charles Spicuzza.
St Louis gang leader Charles Spicuzza

Joe Giardano
Joe Giardano (brother of Tony Giardano and Sam Giardano) was charged with the strangulation murder of the Italian gangster Salvatore Faraci (26) in St Louis in August 1928.

Joe Giardano
Joe Giardano (brother of Tony and Sam) was charged with the murder of the Italian gangster Vincent Barber

Michaels goes to prison in 1929 for 10 years to life.

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina
He was suspected in the murder of his former saloon partner Clarence Schnelle in 1927

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina
He was suspected in the murder of his former saloon partner Angelo Corella in 1928

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina
In January 1929 Fresina and 2 members of his gang attended a meeting at the home of a Russo faction member and he gets wounded and his companions killed.

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina
17 January 1930 was Ray Weaver shot and killed by his boss Carmelo Fresina (who pleaded self defense) at Fresina’s home. Ray Weaves was his former partner in a garage business.

bootlegger Angelo Clementi killed
13 March 1930 was bootlegger Angelo Clementi shot and killed by two men posing as prohibition agents

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina
In June 1930 Fresina, Dominic Cateldo and Anthony Di Trapani visited Charles Spicuzza (a fruit wholesaler) and they were attacked and Cateldo and Di Trapani were killed and Fresina was shot in the hip.

St Louis greenies (green ones) boss Frank Agrusa
12 July 1930 was in St Louis Sam Scorfina a grocer at Carr street kidnapped , he escaped later. for the kidnapping of St Louis grocer Sam Scorfina arrested Frank Agrusa, Vito Impastato, Soria Mantia, Baptista Bommarito, Mike Lombardo and Carl Fiorita.

St Louis arrests
Matt Manzello (30) was 12 September 1930 arrested as a witness of the murder of Charles Palmisano the wealthy president of the M. Longo Fruit Co. who was shot and killed 10 november 1927 as he stood in his doorway. That same night were Samuel and Robert Aiello murdered in Springfield, they were brothers of Tony Aiello of St Louis a brother in law of Willie Russo. Police said Matt Manzello knew about these murders and the earlier murder of Joseph Consiglio who was shot and killed in an automobile. His arrest was followed by the arrest of Frank Agrusa, Joseph Vitale, Michael and Frank Russo (cousins of Willie Russo), Leo Palmisano (from Kansas City), James Palmisano (from Kansas City) and Frank Palmisano (from Kansas City), Richard Victorino (from Kansas City), Carl Orlamdo (from Kansas City) and Samuel Calatrino (from Kansas City),

Cuckoo gangster Peter McTigue and William Boody killed
2 October 1930 were Cuckoo gangster Peter McTigue and William Boody (former business agent of the East St Louis plumbers union which was associated with the Cuckoo gangsters) shot and killed while wounded were Sam Therina and Joe Moceri. Cuckoo gangster James Dormondy escaped. Suspects of the attack are the Shelton brothers

East St Louis gambler and resort owner Charles Phayer
Phayer was in December 1928 arrested for complicity in the 250000 dollar robbery of the Broadmoor Country Club near Indianapolis.

East St Louis gambler and resort owner Charles Phayer killed
19 October 1930 was the body of East St Louis gambler and resort owner Charles Phayer found shot and killed. Phayer had been a suspect in the failed ambush at gambling char Clyde Garrison two days before in which Garrison’s wife had been killed and Garrison wounded. Phayer was a former partner of the late Ray Stevenson in a Brooklyn gambling house. Stevenson’s widow Carrie was married to Bernie Shelton for a while

Cuckoo gangster James “Wingy” Cox
7 November 1930 was Cuckoo gangster James “Wingy” Cox wounded by machinegun fire. A machinegun found later in the house of Lester Barth was used in the attack

Lester Barth and Dewey Goebel killed
22 November 1930 were gunmen Lester Barth and Dewey Goebel machine gunned to death

Joseph Wojewodka killed
16 December 1930 was Joseph Wojewodka shot and killed in his saloon at 1310 Chambers Street. He had been questioned about the murder of two watchmen on the McKinley Bridge

Louis Mulconry killed
19 December 1930 was Louis Mulconry shot and killed, he was an enemy of the killed gunmen Lester Barth and Dewey Goebel. One of his killers was believed to be “Wingy” Cox. Mulconry had switched from the Cuckoo gang to the Shelton brothers and his murder was believed to be an aftermath of the Valmeyer shooting

St Louis: Leo "Buster" Brothers arrested
On December 21, 1930, Leo "Buster" Brothers, 31, was arrested in St. Louis and charged with Lingle's murder.

Cuckoo gangster Leo Orlando and Isadore Katz killed
7 January 1931 were the shot and killed Cuckoo gangster Leo Orlando and Isadore Katz found. Would also have to do with the Valmeyer shooting

St Louis east side
When the Birger Gang was eliminated in 1930 Carl Shelton of the East Side Gang ordered the Cuckoos out of the East Side. When herman Tipton refused to leave, Shelton convinced Hayes to split from the gang and fight Tipton.

In February 1931 Hayes led an attack on a house in which 3 Shelton men were killed.

Bernie Shelton
2 February 1931 were found the killed East St Louis pawnshop owner David Hoffman, Joseph Carroll (former policeman and an incorporator with Bernie Shelton of the Red Top Taxicab Co of St Louis) and Theodore Kamanski. They had been killed in Ralph Smith’s speakeasy at 330a East Broadway (East St Louis). In the resulting investigation police raided the resort of Dale Stamper (now an ally of Frank “Buster” Wortman). Carl Shelton and Tommie Hayes were questioned and it was believed the shooter was Bernie Shelton

Dewey Goebel
10 February 1931 were shot and killed William Goebel (brother killed Dewey Goebel) and the shoplifters Mrs. Bessie Lyman and Mrs. Dorothy Evans. Still survived the third brother Harry Goebel

St Louis faction boss Carmelo Fresina killed
8 May 1931 Fresina gets killed near Edwardsville, Illinois and his gang was taken over by Thomas Buffa from KC. Fresina’s wife is Louise Cinardi and they lived at 2716 Semple Avenue.
St Louis based KC faction boss Thomas Buffa

Mario “Mike” Oldani
24 June 1931 was Mario “Mike” Oldani shot and wounded in his car

Killer Peter Stevens
1 July 1931 was Eddie Menken shot by Peter Stevens and died 3 hours later. Stevens had two months before killed Milton Rost

Gus Buselaki killed
16 July 1931 was Gus Buselaki shot and killed by the Cuckoo gang

Cuckoo John Flynn
21 July 1931 was Cuckoo John Flynn shot and wounded

bootlegger William Fleming killed
30 August 1931 was bootlegger William Fleming shot and killed and his partner William Shannon Jr. wounded.

Springfield invasion by St Louis capo Frank Agrusa
St Louis capo Frank Agrusa invaded Springfield in the early 30ties and there were at least 5 murders and a car bombing

28 December 1931 was gambler Charles Dawson (originally from St Louis) shot and killed in Springfield which had been invaded by Vito Impastato and Frank Agruso

Springfield boss Zito
Zito went to prison in March 1933 and was released in September 1934 with him were 15 of his men convicted under whom Vincent Salvo. In the 1930ties Zito's top capo was Vincent Salvo.

Springfield boss Zito
In later years worked for Zito also Ernest "Buster" Dinora (born 20 January 1907 in Scranton and died 19 September 1994), Michael Fortune, Matt Manzella and Thomas Jinuzzo. Manzella probably first worked for Agrusa but then joined Zito.

St Louis murder case Hayes
15 April 1932 Carl Shelton had Tommy Hayes (34) and his body guards William “Willie Gee” Wilbert and Harry “Pretty boy” Lechler shot and killed in their car.

Bernie Shelton
11 May 1932 were Bernie Shelton and Jack Britt shot and wounded

Floyd Miller killed
17 July 1932 was Floyd Miller shot and killed he was allied with a “new” Cuckoo faction

Oliver Alden Moore killed
10 August 1932 was Oliver Alden Moore (president of the East St Louis Central Trades and Labor Union) shot and killed . Among suspects arrested were William Smith, Monroe Armes and Armes cousin Ray Dougherty

St Louis gang leader Charles Spicuzza
In 1932 was Charles Spicuzza the boss of the Russo gang shot at and escaped unharmed.

Hayes lieutenant Homer DeHaven killed
2 November 1932 was the body found of Hayes lieutenant Homer DeHaven and was probably already killed at the end of June or the beginning of July 1932

John Buhlinger killed
25 January 1933 was John Buhlinger shot and killed

St Louis mayor Dickman
Democratic mayor Bernard F. Dickman served from 18 April 1933 till 15 April 1941.

Collinsville Park bootlegging

Eagle Park Resort??
Charles Young, owner of the Eagle Park Resort, purchased the farm from the estate of the late D.J. Sullivan in 1923. Young purchased the farm for Vito Giannola and protected his name when questioned by authorities three years later. When questioned, Young stated he “represented other parties” who hired him to make the purchase anonymously on their behalf. He refused to identify the buyer(s). Young’s relationship to Vito Giannola remains unclear.

Eagle Park Resort??
Charles Young then sold the Eagle Park Resort to John and Catherine Gray in 1924-25.

Eagle Park Resort??
Within a week's time before their murder, John and Catherine sold half of the Eagle Park Resort concession rights to Frank Selvaggi and changed their residence from the resort to a boarding house in East St. Louis, Illinois

The Gray’s were discovered shot to death in their car, which had also been torched by the killer(s) on September 14, 1925.

St Louis boss Vito Giannola
In the night of 14 September 1925 John Gray and his wife Catherine get killed. The Grays had a bar and when Giannola wanted them to sell his liquor they turned to the Cuckoos.

St Louis Egans Rats Joseph Costello, Marvin Paul Michaels and Alfred Salvaggi were questioned in the murders of John and Catherine Gray.

The case was eventually dismissed for lack of prosecution. Indicted were bothers Alfred and Frank Selvaggi, George Herwig (bartender with Gray), Frank Collins, Marvel Paul Michaels, Joseph Costello, and Louis Colone (uncle of the Selvaggi brothers, and owner of another speakeasy).

there is also circumstantial evidence equal to the above theory that they were murdered by the Selvaggis and their uncle Louis Colone. Frank Selvaggi obtained a half interest in the Resort just days before John and Catherine's murder. The day before the murders, Alfred Selvaggi, along with Marvel Paul Michaels, and Joseph Costello, three young men in the middle of a depression with no jobs and no money, purchased a new car and were joyriding in it. When arrested in connection with the murders, the new car, which they had owned only two days, had 700 miles on it, the bumbers and runners were filled with weeds and mud, and found tucked in the seat cushion were strips of paper that had been cut from John Gray's old bank account and were used as scratch paper - matching strips were found in the Grays' apartment. Louis Colono, who owned several rival speakeasies, may have been involved in silencing the Grays to prevent them fron testifying against his nephews, or to eliminate his rival

Dominick “Dan” Maddalino (proprietor of the Collinsville Park Ballroom) brother Martin Maddalino was murdered 22 January 1928 in a saloon (their own saloon??). Joe Massa of Collinsville was held as a suspect

In October 1928 were Peter Maddalino and Henry (both of Collinsville) wounded when they had a car accident

24 March 1932 were former Madison County deputy sheriff Joseph “Joe” Colone (43 and brother of Madison County politician Louis Colone) and bootlegger Charles Bowers (40 and worked for Shelton) shot and killed by Tommy Hayes

Louis Colone tended bar at Tony Bonelle’s tavern

27 June 1933 was Dominick “Dan” Maddalino (proprietor of a tavern at Collinsville Park) shot and killed by Louis Colone (former Collinsville policeman) in Maddalino’s bar. The shooting came half an hour after the machine gunning of Colone’s bar in which his brother James Colone was wounded.

Liquor Commissioner Nelson Hagnauer said he is for revocation of the county liquor license of Donald Maddalino of Collin licensee of the Paddock Tavern on Collinsville where sheriffs deputies arrested Maddalino and three women in a vice Arrested with who was released from the county jail on bail on a charge of keeping a place of were Diane and Juanita who gave a Granite City address and were charged with and Lota of East charged with soliciting for Deputies from the narcotics and vice section raided the place at following a sur of the Maddalino obtained a county liquor license for the Paddock Tavern at 9401 Collinsville near State late in December for the 1974 license The place previously had been operated by Anna records


Cuckoo gangster James “Wingy” Cox
10 September 1933 was Cuckoo gangster James “Wingy” Cox shot

cuckoo associate Leo Burke
20 September 1933 was cuckoo associate Leo Burke shot and wounded, he formerly owned the bar in which Cox was killed

Joseph Tatman
21 January 1934 was a sub machine gun used in the Valmeyer (Illinois) killing found in a car in which ex convict Joseph Tatman was riding.

Afro American farmer and witness John Johnson killed
12 May 1934 was Afro American farmer John Johnson shot and killed. He was state witness in the kidnapping of Dr Isaac Kelley and had named Angelo Rosegrant, Bart Davis and Felix McDonald as the other kidnappers. They were sentenced later,

former St Louis boss Dominic Giambrioni killed
In 1934 boss Dominic Giambrioni returns and was killed.

St Louis mobsters Anthony G Giordano and Frank Coppola
In 1934 was Anthony G Giordano arrested with Frank Coppola for the murder of a cop.

George Appleton killed
26 October 1936 was ex convict George Appleton found shot and killed

St Louis, Hogan Gang
In 1937 Hogan member Humbert Costello is deported after 12 years prison.

John Dunn killed
14 July 1937 was twice convicted murderer and union racketeer John Dunn shot and killed

Leo Quick killed
5 March 1938 was Leo Quick shot and killed, he had followed up the in 1932 killed Oliver Alden Moore as business agent of the boilermakers

Thomas Cox killed
28 June 1938 was Thomas Cox (brother of killed “Wingy”Cox) shot and killed

Arthur Schading killed
19 September 1938 was Arthur Schading shot and killed. Among the suspects is Herman Tipton the operator of Lemay Distributing Co who was reported to be financed by Bev brown and Gully Owen

St Louis
In 1938 Anthony Giordano (24) was arrested.

St Louis’s Pendergast family
In 1939 Thomas J Pendergast was convicted for tax evasion. Also politician Henry F McElroy.

St Louis, IATSE union
St. Louis lawyer Paul Dillon knew Murray Humpreys, the Chicago outfit's bag man, very well and had defended two IATSE union officers at Humpreys' request, after they were caught beating up a movie theater owner in St. Louis in 1939.

John Vitale arrested
In 1940 was John Vitale arrested after heroin was found in his saloon

John Vitale
John Vitale owned a piece in Sonny Liston??

Charles Bailey killed
25 June 1941 was Charles Bailey found shot and killed. He had been seen at the tracks with Egan gangster David “Chippy” Robinson

St Louis Egan's Rats leader Colbeck
In 1941 Colbeck gets free from prison after 16 years.

Colbeck was not only a gangster, but he was also a politician. Previously he had been a committeeman in the fifth ward. At the height of his power, he was the Sergeant-in-arms of the St. Louis Democratic Committee.

"Dinty" Colbeck was released late in 1940. He immediately resumed his former role as a plumber and opened a shop. He was soon involved in election fraud and petty racketeering. When Colbeck learned that some of his old henchmen were running some of the gambling clubs, he began to demand a cut of the profits. This did not sit well with any of the established underworld groups operating on the Eastside.

"Dinty" Colbeck killed
On February 17, 1943 "Dinty" Colbeck was driving on a lonely road outside of East St. Louis when another car pulled along side of him and a man with a machine gun strafed Colbeck’s car. The notorious crime chief was dead. The most likely perpetrators were members of the Shelton Gang.

Frank Wortman
This time, the Egan gangsters did not rally around a concept of revenge. Instead they did nothing. Chippy Robinson, Stephen Ryan, Gus Dietmeyer, and other former Egan gangsters offered their loyalty to the new crime syndicate being organized by Frank Wortman and Elmer Dowling, both formerly associates of the Egan Gang during its heyday under Colbeck and Willie Egan.

St Louis
7 December 1943 were Harley Grizzell and Norman Farr shot and killed

St Louis boss Vitale war with Springfield boss Zito
John Vitale's St Louis family got into war in the early 40ties with Frank Zito's Springfield family for territory in Southern Illinois. Zito died in 1974.

St Louis green ones leader "Greenie" Frank Agrusa killed
In 1943?? Frank "one ear" Fratto from Chicago's Des Moines murders St Louis green ones leader "Greenie" Frank Agrusa in Hot Springs, Arkansas. After which Frank "one ear" Fratto was made, Fratto was even picked up at the time. "Greenie" Frank Agrusa his green ones would merge with Frank Coppola's group after the war, they became allies and divided the area.

Timothy Cronin
3 March 1944 was Timothy Cronin shot and wounded.

Ray Walker
Sometime in 1944 was Ray Walker shot and wounded

Timothy Cronin
Following the first attempt 3 March 1944 on Cronin’s life, police arrested Ryan and Robinson at the Brazil Club in company of gangsters Thomas Fagan and Louis Casper “Red” Smith,

probably Patrick Hogan killed
29 September 1944 was probably Patrick Hogan killed at Club Royal. He was suspected in the murders of Farr, Grizzell and Bailey. Club Royal owned by Tom Barry and ex St Clair County sheriff Henry Siekmann had become the headquarters of Wortman, Steve Ryan, “Chippy” Robinson and “Blackie” Armes.

Wortman had been out of Alcatraz since 1941 where he had been sent up for assaulting a prohibition agent.

Wortman man Monroe “Blackie” Armes killed
13 December 1944 was Wortman man Monroe “Blackie” Armes shot and killed by Thomas Propes (a cousin of Ray Walker) who then on the spot was killed by Armes friends and relatives. It was written that Armes, Wortman, Ryan , Robinson and Frank “Cotton” Eppelsheimer were muscling into southern Illinois gambling activity. This was Shelton territory

Timothy “Ted” Cronin
30 December 1944 were Timothy “Ted” Cronin and his bodyguard William “Bozo” Remphry wounded

St Louis political boss Pendergast dies
26 January 1945 dies Thomas J Pendergast (72).

Wyncil Urban killed
16 March 1945 was the body of Wyncil Urban found. He worked for the Wortman gang and was suspected of the 20 January 1945 robbery of 2500000 dollar in bonds and cash from the vaults of the E. H. Rumbold Real Estate Co.

Miss. Kathryn Morrison killed
16 July 1945 was Miss. Kathryn Morrison shot and killed in a tavern, she was a former waitress for Bess Newman. It was the same tavern where Wortman man Joseph Callahan had been wounded the week before. Miss Morrison was in Club Royal the night Hogan was believed to have been killed there

George Tyson and Madison waitress Ethel Sparks killed
28 October 1945 were the bodies of George Tyson and Madison waitress Ethel Sparks found.

Howard Akers and Fabian DeClue killed
22 November 1945 were Howard Akers and Fabian DeClue found killed. They were associated with Harvey Miller, Richard Hannon and Lon Florence in disporing of stolen jukeboxes and slot machines

robber gang leader Lawrence Drewer killed
4 January 1946 was robber gang leader Lawrence Drewer shot and killed. He was a former associate of the late Cuckoo leader Herman Tipton. The late Frank “Cotton” Eppelsheimer and Drewer’s pal Joseph Burnett were named as his killers

Robert Carroll killed
7 January 1946 was Robert Carroll shot and killed. He was a brother in law of Arthur Berne.

tavern owner Frank Kraemer killed
20 February 1946 was tavern owner Frank Kraemer shot and killed, he was alined with the Shelton gang at Peoria (Illinois)

St Louis, Pendergast family
In 1946 president Truman wants to lose congressman Roger C Slaughter because he always voted against Truman's proposals and he uses Tom Pendergasts nephew Jim Pendergast who looked after that Enos Axtell became the new congressman after fraudulent elections.

Shelton man Joel Nyberg shot and killed in Peoria (Illinois)
20 September 1946 was Shelton man Joel Nyberg shot and killed in Peoria (Illinois)

Shelton slot machine associate Philip Stumpf shot and killed in Peoria (Illinois)
25 October 1946 was Shelton slot machine associate Philip Stumpf shot and killed in Peoria (Illinois)

St Louis mobster John J Vitale
In 1947 John J Vitale was released from prison after serving a narcotics sentence.

St Louis Local 688
In 1948 Harold Gibbons became president of St Louis Local 688.

St Louis mobster Thomas "Tom" Buffa killed
27 March 1947 was Thomas "Tom" Buffa shot to death in his car as he drove through Lodi (California), because he had testified that Joseph DeLuca's girlfriend had perjured herself. His gang merged with the Green ones and John Vitale to form one St Louis family under Frank Coppola.
St Louis boss Frank Coppola, underboss Anthony Lopiparo, consiglieri John Ferrara.

St Louis mobster Paul Buffa killed
Within a few years also Thomas "Tom" Buffa family member Paul Buffa was killed by the Kansas City mobsters. The St Louis family is not so happy about that.

Ray Dougherty (cousin of the Armes brothers) killed
24 April 1947 was the body of Ray Dougherty (cousin of the Armes brothers) found. He had been shot


Giuseppe Corso and Margherita Tortorici had as son Giuseppe Corso (born 10 April 1899, FBN book page 783). Their son married Maria Antoinetta Nania and they had as son Giuseppe Corso Jr (born 10 June 1927, FBN book page 782 and he married with Pietra Coppola the only daughter of Frank Coppola).

Partinico family Coppola
Francesco Coppola sr and Pietra Loicano had as son Francesco “Frank” Paolo Coppola (born 10 June 1899 in Partinico, FBN book page 781) who married Leonarda Chimenti and their daughter Pietra Coppola married Giuseppe Corso jr (born 6 october 1927 in Partinico, FBN book page 782) the son of Giuseppe Corso sr (born 4 October 1899 in Partinico, FBN book page 783).

St Louis boss Francesco Paolo “Frank” Coppola
In December 1947 Frank Coppola gets arrested in Detroit.

St Louis boss Frank Coppola deported
11 January 1948 Frank Coppola was deported and made John J Vitale boss. Frank Coppola returned in 1948 but was that Christmas again deported.
St Louis boss John J Vitale

9 August 1948 was in Springfield Leonard Giordano shot and killed

2 October 1948 was James Moncado shot and killed, he had been questioned in the murder of Leonard Giordano. His brother Salvatore moncado had been murdered some time before by a taxicab driver


Carl Ray Shelton killed
Carl Ray Shelton (son of Ben Shelton and Agnes) was killed 23 October 1947 on his farm near Fairfield. Both were killed on orders of Frank “Buster” Wortman. Ray Walker and “Little Earl” Shelton named “Black Charlie” Harris and Roy “Tony”Armes as two of the shooters. Harris had been a cell mate of Wortman in Alcatraz.

Bernie Shelton killed
Bernie Shelton (son of Ben Shelton and Agnes and brother of Carl Shelton) was killed 26 July 1948 outside his tavern near Peoria. Both were killed on orders of Frank “Buster” Wortman.

“Big Earl” Shelton
24 May 1949 was “Big Earl” Shelton shot and wounded

“Little Earl” Shelton
9 September 1949 was “Little Earl” Shelton shot and wounded.

“Big Earl” Shelton
22 May 1950 was “Big Earl” Shelton shot and wounded

“Little Earl” Shelton
5 June 1950 was “Little Earl” Shelton shot and wounded

Roy Shelton killed
7 June 1950 was Roy Shelton shot to death on his farm in Wayne County.

Earl Shelton survives
The last surviving brother Earl Shelton survived a murder attempt and fled the state

Leo V. Brothers
18 September 1950 was Leo V. Brothers shot and wounded.

Roy “Tony” Armes killed
24 September 1950 was Roy “Tony” Armes shot and killed


St Louis murder case Joe Bommarito
Former acting boss Vito Cusumano shot and killed Joseph “Joe” Bommarito 26 August 1951. Bommarito was a former employee who tried to set up a rival produce hauling firm to rural Illinois groceries. As usual, Cusumano walked.

St Louis
In February 1956 Anthony Giardano and later Isadore Londe were arrested as suspects in the murder of Robert L Brown, a competitor in the vending business. Robert L Brown was of the W R Cigarette Co

St Louis boss Anthony Lopiparo
In 1956 John J Vitale was replaced by Anthony Lopiparo and became underboss. In 1956 Giordano gets 4 years in prison. St Louis boss becomes John Vitale who dies in 1961 and was followed up by Anthony Giordano.

Western Union major stockholder St Louis gambler William Molasky
In june 1950 police raid C J Rich Company who uses Western Union for gambling, a major stockholder in Western Union is St Louis gambler William Molasky.

Anthony Lopiparo Sr (46) dies
In June 1960 died Anthony Lopiparo Sr (46)

5 March 1962 were Frank “Buster” Wortman’s man Elmer “Dutch” Dowling and Melvin John Beckman found killed.

St Louis, Syrian Cuckoos
In 1962 Frank Wortman goes to prison

in December 1963 Frank Wortman his man Michaels, Giordano and KC mobster Max Jaben were arrested.

St Louis, Hogan gang
11 August 1963 dies Hogan (77).

In 1964 was Wortman associate Lewis “Buddy” Ennis (39) shot and killed in his car

In 1964 was Richard Leisure (brother of David and cousin of Paul and Anthony) killed in a tavern. The Leisure family suspects Jimmy Michaels

Wortman dies
3 August 1968 died St Louis gangster Frank “Buster” Wortman


St Louis boss Anthony Giordano
In 1963 Lopiparo was replaced by Anthony Gordano.

St Louis gangster Sam Shanks
Mid 60ties St Louis gangster Sam Shanks grabbed influence in Colorado and murdered 7 August 1963 gambler and Smaldone associate Robin “Walkie Talkie” Roberts who had turned informant.

St Louis mayor Cervantes
In December 1964, two days before Cervantes announced his candidacy for mayor, he met with Tony Sansone and Syrian mob leader Jimmy Michaels at a business incorporated by Morris Shenker. Three months later, after Cervantes had won the primary, Sansone, Michaels and Giordano met at the same place. Cervantes appointed attorney Morris Shenker chairman of the city's new Commission on Crime and Law Enforcement.

Congress member Annunzio and Gianacan son in law Tisci
In 1965 Tisci resigns as righthand of congres member Annunzio and was 7 weeks later in St Louis with John D'Arco arrested during an underworld meeting.

St Louis
3 may 1965 dies Ryan of the Egan's rats.

Anthony Giordano
29 September 1965 Anthony Giordano beat up Rose Lopiparo the widow of Anthony Lopiparo

St Louis
Frank Pisciotta and son Joseph Pisciotta

St Louis Laborers Local 42
Around 1965 Louis D Shoulders jr, George "Stormy" Harvill and William Sanders took over control in Laborers Local 42.

St Louis Laborers Local 42 and murder of Harvill
In 1966 George "Stormy" Harvill was gunned down.

St Louis
30 March 1967 was gambler William A Kuna Jr shot and killed in front of Kincannon’s Lounge at 4123 Chippewa Street. Wounded was Raymond Reask

St Louis
In February 1968 Giordano was arrested.

St Louis murder case Thomas Rodgers
In October 1968 Thomas Rodgers owner of a mortuary supply company gets killed by John J Vitale. Rodgers partners were Vitale and Vincent Filipello

St Louis
Drug dealer Clemon Wilks and Mrs Barbara Clay were shot to death 28 June 1971. In their apartment was a big drug stash found worth 1,5 million on the streets.

Las Vegas based Flamingo junkets promoter St Louisian Primo Frank "Larry" Caudera killed
the Flamingo junket promoter St Louisian Primo Frank "Larry" Caudera (49) (he organized junkets from St Louis to Las Vegas). Caudera was blindfolded, shot 6 times, and his body was found in the trunk of his Cadillac on a south St Louis street on 2 October 1971 he had disappeared since 30 September 1971 when he left his home. He had left his home to meet his extortionists who had demanded half of his profits because according to them his Flamingo junkets were cutting in on the Casino Dunes junkets operations. Following further interviews and investigation into the death of Caudera, officers of the St Louis Police Homicide section, on 13 October 1971 arrested Anthony Giardano, John Vitale and James Giammanco (nephew of Anthony Giardano), charging them with the murder of Caudera. From the hearings on Organized crime in sports (racing) 1973

St Louis Laborers Local 42 president Louis D Shoulders killed
25 August 1972 Louis D Shoulders was killed in a car bombing he was president of Laborers Local 42 at the time the Local was handling a Pentagon contract and also working for the Local is Joseph Scalise. Mike Trupiano (a nephew of the boss Tony Giardano) got paid 8000 dollars in 4 months during the contract for doing nothing. Trupiano later became business agent of Laborers Local 110.

St Louis Laborers Local 42
In 1973 union business agent Tommy Callanan loses his legs due to a car bomb.

St Louis
Lawrence N Goldstein (34) was found shot and killed in the trunk of his car 24 August 1976 in Miami (Florida). He would have been part of a prostitution ring from St Louis.

St Louis Laborers Local 42
In 1979 died Thomas Harvill.

St Louis Laborers Local 42
22 October 1979 Jesse Stoneking murders a man who had raped a girlfriend of his mentor Arthur Berne the east side rackets boss who had replaced Buster Wortman.

St Louis double murdercase
In December 1979 Stoneking murders 2 men who had tried to set him up for a hit.

St Louis mafia boss Giordano (67) dies
Giordano (67) dies 29 August 1980 and was followed up by acting boss John Vitale.
St Louis mafia boss John Vitale Jr.

St Louis gangster boss Jimmy Michaels killed
Less than three weeks later in September 1980, Michaels was blown to pieces because he was not anymore protected by Giordano and Leisure saw his chance.

St Louis boss John Vitale Jr. becomes FBI informer
In October 1980 John J Vitale was stopped and searched by the FBI and they find 36000 dollars and he becomes an informant.

Vitale capo and Giordano's nephew Jimmy Giammanco dies
Around this time died the important capo Jimmy Giammanco, Giordano's nephew.

St Louis
11 August 1981 Michaels friends retaliate when they disfigure Paul Leisure when they blow up his car. 11 September his men retaliate by wounding Jimmy's grandson Charles John Michaels.

St Louis
16 September 1981 police arrest Stoneking and he became witness and Berne and Matthew Trupiano went to prison.

St Louis murder case George Faheen
16 October 1981 Jimmy's nephew George Faheen gets killed by a car bomb.

St Louis Mayor elections
In the 1981 general election for St Louis mayor, democrat Vincent C Schoemehl jr carried the black wards and republican Jerry Wamser carried the white wards.

St Louis
24 March 1982 James A Michaels the third, grandson of Jimmy Michaels, and former police chief Milton Russell Schepp are charged with the Paul Leisure bombing.

St Louis mafia boss John Vitale dies
John Vitale reigns till 5 June 1982 when he died. Vitale Jr. was followed up by Matthew Trupiano.
St Louis mafia boss Matthew Trupiano

St Louis murder case Michael Kornhardt
31 July 1982 Michael E Kornhardt charged with the murder of George Faheen was killed while free on bond by Paul Leisure, Anthony Leisure and David Leisure, Robert Carbaugh and Steven Wougamon.

St Louis
2 April 1985 Paul Leisure, Anthony Leisure and David Leisure, Robert Carbaugh and Steven Wougamon get convicted.

St Louis, Teamster Local 862
In 1986 Trupiano and Frank Parrino get arrested (he is the brother of Teamster local 862 official Anthony M Parrino). In May 1986 Matthew Trupiano got 4 years, he served 16 months. In March 1987 Raymond Flynn gets convicted and gets 55 years prison which is a year later reduced to 30 years.

St Louis, Local 110
In June 1992 the members of Local 110 throw Trupiano out of his office and he got 2 years for other things.

St Louis mafia boss
The boss became Anthony M Parrino, underboss is Joseph Cammarata who ran the north side.

St Louis mafia boss Matthew Trupiano dies
Trupiano dies 22 October 1997.

St Louis mafia boss
Members are Joe Panneri, Fernando Bartolotta, Dominic Biondo, Joe Crimi and Willie Orlando.

Salvatore "The Tailor" Bartolotta his sons Leo Bartolotta and Fernando Bartolotta
Fernando Bartolotta associates Thomas Consiglio, Timothy Hinton, Robert Trask

Brothers Frank Palozzolo, Philip "Philly" Palozzolo and Michael "Mike" Palozzolo


St Louis local mc’s
Back Doorsmen mc, the Bootleggers mc, the Bush Pilots mc, the Salty Dogs mc, the New Attitudes mc, the Red Knights mc and Blue Knights mc (the last two biker clubs for firefighters and cops)

St Louis local mc’s
In June 2003 the two most notorious biker clubs in the nation have established their first footholds in the St. Louis area. The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club, which has ruled the so-called outlaw biker world for decades, is transforming an old tavern on the west side of Belleville into a headquarters. Its longtime rival, the Outlaws Motorcycle Club, is renovating a vacant commercial building in an industrial area just south of downtown Alton.

Wheels of Soul national president James “Animal” Smith arrested
12 July 2011 police arrested Wheels of Soul national president James “Animal” Smith, St Louis chapter president Dominic Henley “Bishop”, vice president Allen “Dog” Hunter, former St Louis vice president Lawrence Pinkston, Norman Vick, Timonthy Balle, Sean Jackson, Anthony “Black”, Thomas “Q ball” Bailey, Carlyle “Thundercat” Fleming, Bryant “Dot” Palmer, Toney “Big T” Sims and Maurice Thomas. Fugitive is Marshall “Big Bo” Fry.

St Louis based Afro American crime scene
the august 2012 murders of the girls Sharrice Perkins, Kristen Lartey and Genevieve Marie Phillip (all 22)

For more on the St. Louis crime scene check out the book Gangs of St. Louis: Men of Respect by Daniel Waugh.

Fired Arlington officer who shot O’Shae Terry had troubled history with the department

The former Arlington police officer who shot and killed a man who drove away in the middle of a traffic stop last year was cited several times for violating department policies, the Fort Worth Star-Telegram reported.

Bau Tran, 36, was indicted May 1 on a charge of criminally negligent homicide for shooting O’Shae Terry after another officer stopped him on Sept. 1, 2018.

Terry, 24, drove away from police with Tran hanging onto the side of his SUV while the officer fired shots into the vehicle.

Terry died later at a hospital. A passenger with Terry wasn’t hurt.

Tran, an eight-year veteran of the Arlington police force, was fired two weeks after the indictment.

According to court documents obtained by the Star-Telegram, Tran was cited in 2012 for threatening someone with a knife while he was off-duty and shouting, “What the [expletive] are you looking at?”

Tran was also found to have violated the department’s unbecoming conduct policy in 2017 after confronting someone in a road-rage incident by putting on his police shirt before getting out of his vehicle, the newspaper reported.

Family of man killed during traffic stop sues Arlington, cop who was indicted for wrongful death

Other incidents recorded in the documents include the officer being accused of lying to a sergeant about a suspect arrested for driving while intoxicated threatening to jail a man for being a bad father and not telling someone they were being arrested and failing to handcuff them, according to the Star-Telegram.

Terry’s family has filed a wrongful-death lawsuit against Tran and the city of Arlington.

The suit alleges that Tran used excessive force and assaulted Terry and passenger Terrence Harmon, adding that the city is liable because of its “wanton and exhibited indifference” to signs that Arlington officers showed a pattern of discrimination against black residents.

Randall Moore, Tran's attorney, has maintained that his client acted within the law and department policy.

“He did what he thought he had to do to protect the public,” Moore said last year.

Terry was initially pulled over for expired license plates, but the officer who stopped him smelled marijuana coming from the SUV, so she called for backup and asked to search the vehicle.

Terry was enthusiastic about sports and worked hard in every game.

In elementary school, he played baseball. Sometimes he’d arrive an hour early at the corner where he was to pick up his ride, just to make sure he’d get to the park on time. When they were in grade eight, Bob McGill, the physical-education teacher at Mary Hill Junior High School, noticed two young players: Terry and his friend Doug Alward. Terry was “the little guy who worked his rear off. If there was a race, he’d be in the middle of the pack. In class, he’d be sitting three-quarters of the way back, so small that in the big junior-high desks his feet wouldn’t touch the floor. His head would be lowered, and if a teacher was looking for answers to questions, Terry would be saying to himself, ‘Oh, God, please don’t let him ask me, please. If he does, I’ll just die.’ And if a girl happened to look his way, he’d just shy away.” Doug was much the same. He and Terry had at least three things in common in grade eight: both were introverts, both stood five feet tall, and both were crazy for basketball. Doug, who was also a talented cross-country runner, was a first-string basketball player Terry, however, was terrible at the game, even by the standards of the Mary Hill Cobras. McGill suggested Terry try out for cross-country running. He might as well have asked Terry to skydive. The boy had no interest in running, but Terry started training anyway, because he had so much respect for the coach and wanted to please him. He found the workouts exhausting, and was often afraid to start the runs because they were so demanding. The biggest reward came at the end, when the coach would welcome the runners in, and say, “Well done, men.” That’s what Terry remembered: his teacher congratulating the skinny boys by calling them men.

Terry still wanted to play basketball. After three basketball practices, McGill suggested that he might be better suited for wrestling. There were other small boys who showed more ability than Terry as guards. But Terry was determined to stick with the game, even if he was the nineteenth player on a team of nineteen. He worked hard in practice and was rewarded with one minute of floor play all season. He thought his teammates laughed at him for that, but he didn’t let it get him down.

That summer he called Doug and said, “Do you want to play a little one-on-one?” Doug, at the other end of the line, paused, remembering that Terry was a pretty fair runner, but a lousy basketball player, and said no. But Terry persisted. The second time he called, Doug agreed. “I could probably beat him twenty-one to nothing, but I don’t remember if I ever did. He might get ten points off me,” Doug said, “but the point was he couldn’t beat me.” The two boys played hard all summer. Doug’s older brother Jack, who was a gifted high-school basketball player, often joined them. By grade nine, there were four boys pounding the floor of the Mary Hill gym every morning before school. Doug wasn’t one of them, but Terry was.

“Mom and Dad didn’t like me getting up early to go to school to play basketball,” Terry recalled. “Because they didn’t want me to go early, I’d wait until the very last minute to get out of bed. I’d eat my breakfast as fast as I could, and I’d run all the way — and Mary Hill was far from our house. I’d run in the dark with all my books and clothes flying.”

He remembered days when he felt sick with flu or a cold, when he should have stayed in bed, but he forced himself to his feet and ran to school anyway. He didn’t want to fall behind in his classwork, but most of all he didn’t want to miss a moment of basketball. Bob McGill had that effect on all the boys on the team. When he said, “If you want something, you work for it, because I’m not interested in mediocrity,” Terry and the others listened. McGill told them they could be the best, but only if they got up early, practiced before school, and stayed late afterwards. He didn’t call him Mr. McGill as the other boys did. He called him Coach, and said it with respect. McGill’s policy was not to cut anyone from the team, but he let the boys know that only the twelve best players would be allowed floor time. In grade nine, Terry was one of the twelve best. He wanted to be as good as the coach believed he could be. “He was such an inspirational person, I wanted to show him that I was a lot better than being laughed at by the other players,” Terry recalled. McGill chuckled with pride, remembering the way he pushed and encouraged the team, and the way Terry, in particular, responded: “If I had told Terry to hit his head against the wall, he would have,” McGill said, “because that’s how much he believed in what I was trying to do.”

B y grade ten, Terry had earned a place on the team as a starting guard. His pal Doug was a co-winner of the Athlete of the Year Award at Mary Hill. They’d both earned respect. McGill remembered Doug and Terry as starting guards in a game against the team with the tallest players in the league. When the Johnston Heights boys lined up against the Mary Hill boys, they just started laughing. Doug and Terry were now both five-foot-six, but the boys they had to check seemed like giants. There’s no question which team won, but at the end of the game, the two Johnston Heights guards came over to shake hands with Doug and Terry. They knew they’d been in a game.

In grade eleven, when Terry joined the Port Coquitlam High School Ravens basketball team, he was a starting guard. Doug, who had taken a term at Centennial High School because it offered a better athletic program, remembered Terry once scored twenty points in the first half of a game. “All of a sudden, he’d become somebody by working hard,” Doug said. Even when the team was being clobbered, the basketball coach, Terri Fleming, recalled that Terry never gave up.

By 1976, the one-on-one games between Terry and Doug were repeated, but with a twist: Terry could now beat Doug twenty-one to nothing. Except once. Doug recalled: “Terry was taller than me in grade twelve, and I remember playing with him in practice. I faked him out and, to my horror, I scored on him. I couldn’t believe I had scored. He was mad, and the reason he was mad was that he had let down. He had thought, ‘Ah, Alward, I can stuff him,’ but I had faked him out. He picked up the basketball and slammed it down hard on the floor. The other guys in the line-up just looked on in stunned silence.”

Terry shared the Athlete of the Year Award with Doug in grade twelve. Doug had become an accomplished runner and came second in the British Columbia cross-country finals. He always liked to deflect attention from himself, saying that Terry deserved the award more than he did because Terry was a better basketball player, a first-class soccer player, and a gutsy rugby player. Doug recalled one rugby game in particular: “This big guy got by everybody, and Terry was the last guy to stop him. Terry got him with this fantastic tackle. Man, he was tough! I could feel it from the sidelines. Holy cow, he should have had pads on. He may have been scared, but he’d stand there and face it.” Later, when Doug won a $2,000 Nancy Greene Scholarship to university, he wrote a cheque for that amount and sent it to Terry with a note saying Terry was a better athlete and more deserving of the award. Terry returned the cheque, but no one forgot Doug’s kindness.

Although Terry remembers being an average student at Mary Hill, the truth is he and Doug made it to the honour roll a few times. Both had a fondness for biology. That science was made for them because it required lots of memorization. The two hard-driving athletes, who were by this time used to putting in long hours in training, applied the same discipline to memorizing a hundred pages of biology notes.

The competitive spirit they shared in sports was also apparent in their academic work. Doug, who seems to have been the sly one, turned to subterfuge to set Terry up again. This time his ploy was to tell Terry that he was not going to open a book to study for their next exam, but secretly, at home on the other side of town, Doug drove himself to desperation with study. When the exam results were posted, Terry was amazed to see that Doug had earned one of the top scores. Later, analyzing the outcomes, Doug thought he beat Terry — who, he believed, was more naturally gifted — because Terry let down his guard. In his mind the challenge was diminished. Why did Doug go through this exercise? “I wanted to beat him.” Terry worked and played in a competitive world.

Betty was annoyed when Terry belittled his academic abilities. She wasn’t a pushy mother, but she let him know she had high expectations of him. Terry remembered presenting his mother with his School report card and watching her carefully, wondering what she thought of his grades. Were they good enough? Was she proud of him? Was he doing well? “Sometimes, because I knew she cared, I’d do things for her,” he said. “Even in school I wanted to get good grades to show her I could do it.”

T erry’s interests and friendships broadened in high school, and he and Doug drifted apart. Terry spent more time with his basketball teammates. He went to parties with them, would have a few drinks, and remembered getting roaring drunk a couple of times. He even dated occasionally. “There were lots of girls I knew who liked me and wanted to go out with me, but I was still too shy,” he said. He didn’t have a steady girlfriend. He felt more at ease with his locker-room friends, and more than anything, he said, he enjoyed playing basketball. Terry wasn’t interested in the drug culture that left some in his generation dozing on the beaches. He never sampled marijuana, not even out of curiosity.

Judith saw her older brother as a complex person. He was obedient — that wanting-to-please part of his personality — but Terry gave all of himself in everything he tried, and he expected the same from others. They would fight, she said, when she wouldn’t do what her mother asked her to do. He was funny, too. He loved to joke around, wrestle, play hide-and seek. “There was this silliness, all the time. He was an incredible person. He knew how to be serious and get the job done, but also had a lot of fun.”

He graduated from Port Coquitlam High School with A’s and one B. Memorization and all the self-discipline in the world couldn’t get him through essay writing, the subtleties of Waiting for Godot, and other high school literature assignments.

While Terry wasn’t sure he wanted to go to university, Betty was sure that he should. He enrolled at Simon Fraser University in part to please her and in part for himself. He knew he wanted to play more basketball, though he realized that the competition at university, especially at SFU, which had the best varsity team in British Columbia, would be fierce. Naturally, that would attract rather than deter Terry. He was also thinking he might want to be a high-school physical education teacher. He liked the idea of being “the coach” to a bunch of skinny boys with more drive than talent. Since he enjoyed sports he chose kinesiology, the study of human movement, as a major, although Betty would have preferred he enrol in one of the professions. It didn’t surprise any of his former coaches or friends that Terry tried out for the SFU junior varsity team. The two-week training camp run by basketball coach Alex Devlin was tough, more of an endurance test than anything else. Devlin and the players, including Mike McNeill, who later became the head basketball coach at SFU, saw others who were more gifted than Terry, but none showed more desire. McNeill, a first-string guard on the varsity team, said: “In the summer after high school, we knew Terry was coming out for the team. I played against him offensively, and he wasn’t that good, but defensively, he was one of the toughest I’d ever played against. He had a lot of pride and he worked hard.” During the training camp, Devlin told Terry, “We’ve been noticing you.” His determination and hard work paid off. He made the team. “There were more talented players who didn’t make it,” McNeill recalled, “but Terry just out-gutted them. People tend to look in awe at players who have a lot of natural ability, but respect from other athletes goes to the guy who works really hard.” That was Terry.

Terry believed the key to his success was his mental toughness. He had learned that training in junior high school as a cross-country runner, in the long hours playing one-on-one, and on the rugby field where his opponents would happily trample him into the mud. He had also learned it at home, where the friendly fisticuffs on the couch were replaced by lively, sometimes stormy, always stubborn debates over cards, over who was the best player in the National Hockey League, over anything.

Terry liked to argue until his brother or father would give up, either from exhaustion or intimidation. In the Fox household, it seemed everybody shared that argumentative streak, the belief that you stick up for yourself, even if you are wrong. The habit of arguing reinforced his stubborn will.

Watch the video: Call Fred Terry (July 2022).


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