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Juniper ScStr - History

Juniper ScStr - History


A genus of evergreen shrubs and trees.


(ScStr: t. 116; 1. 79'6"; b. 18'4"; dr. 9'; s. 10 k.; cpl. 26; a. I 20-pdr. P.r., 1 12-pdr. heavy r.)

The first Juniper was purchased at New York from Solomon Thomas 7 June 1864; and commissioned at New York Navy Yard 11 July 1864.

Juniper sailed for Washington via Hampton Roads arriving at the Washington Navy Yard 17 July 1864. Two days later she was attached to the Potomac Flotilla where she served during the remainder of the war performing varied duties as a tug, dispatch vessel, and patrol ship. She sailed from the lower Potomac 5 May 1865 for the Washington Navy Yard, where she decommissioned 26 May. Juniper was sold to the Treasury Department for service under the Lighthouse Board 29 June 1865.

Our Story

Food, Family and Community are the key ingredients to Brother Juniper’s award-winning, nationally acclaimed restaurant. When walking through the doors of the humble house at 3519 Walker Avenue, it is soon apparent that Brother Juniper’s is not just an ordinary breakfast restaurant. A family atmosphere warms the inside with the aroma of freshly baked bread, biscuits and pastries, as well as freshly ground, dark coffees.

The original Brother Juniper was a humble cook for St. Francis of Assisi. Even though the Brothers were poor, Brother Juniper always made delicious and nutritious meals for the Brothers. In the tradition of creative hand-crafted food, prepared from fresh ingredients, Brother Juniper's offers the best breakfast in Memphis.

Brother Juniper’s was born out of a spiritual community in the 1960s. The first coffeehouse opened on Haight Street in San Francisco as an outreach to street people, serving a 5 cent cup of coffee and inexpensive sandwiches. In the years that followed, other restaurants opened across the country, maintaining a tradition of creative, hand-crafted food prepared from fresh ingredients. Moreover, Brother Juniper’s was always known for its homemade bread.

In 1999, Jonathan and Pauline Koplin came to Memphis to take over Brother Juniper’s College Inn. Together with their children Sarah and Patrick, they created a wholesome and welcoming family atmosphere where they embraced the community. In 2000, the Koplins were inspired to open a bakery and apprenticeship training program. It taught at-risk youth the skill of artisan bread baking and the value of work well done. Its mission was Baking Bread, Raising Hope. Today, Brother Juniper's remains an icon in Memphis where friends, family and community gather together to partake of a meal. The Memphis location is the only remaining Brother Juniper's.

The restaurant features a monthly Community Spotlight to raise money for local charitable organizations that help people in need. Their annual Christmas dinner is a place where restaurant customers, neighbors, and the homeless share the holiday spirit. Today, even though Br. Juniper's has earned national acclaim, won numerous awards for "Best Breakfast", including "Best Breakfast in the Nation", and was visited by Rachel Ray, the restaurant is still the best kept secret in Memphis.

Output Fields

Table 1 lists the output fields for the show smp rmon history command. Output fields are listed in the approximate order in which they appear.

Identifies this RMON history entry within the RMON history group.

The entity that configured this entry. Range is 0 to 32 alphanumeric characters.

The status of the RMON history entry.

The ifndex object that identifies the interface that is being monitored.

The interval (in seconds) configured for this RMON history entry.

The requested number of buckets ( intervals ) configured for this RMON history entry.

The number of buckets granted for this RMON history entry.

The sample statistics taken at the specified interval.

Drop Events —Number of packets dropped by the input queue of the I/O Manager ASIC. If the interface is saturated, this number increments once for every packet that is dropped by the ASIC's RED mechanism.

Octets —Total number of octets and packets. For Gigabit Ethernet IQ PICs, the received octets count varies by interface type.

Packets —Total number of packets.

Broadcast Packets —Number of broadcast packets.

Multicast Packets —Number of multicast packets.

CRC errors —Total number of packets received that had a length (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) of between 64 and 1518 octets, inclusive, and had either a bad FCS with an integral number of octets (FCS error) or a bad FCS with a nonintegral number of octets (alignment error).

Undersize Pkts —Number of packets received during this sampling interval that were less than 64 octets long (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.

Oversize Pkts —Number of packets received during the sampling interval that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) but were otherwise well formed.

Fragments —Total number of packets that were less than 64 octets in length (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either an FCS error or an alignment error. Fragment frames normally increment because both runts (which are normal occurrences caused by collisions) and noise hits are counted.

Jabbers —Number of frames that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either an FCS error or an alignment error. This definition of jabber is different from the definition in IEEE-802.3 section (10BASE5) and section (10BASE2). These documents define jabber as the condition in which any packet exceeds 20 ms. The allowed range to detect jabber is from 20 ms to 150 ms.

Collisions —Number of Ethernet collisions. The Gigabit Ethernet PIC supports only full-duplex operation, so for Gigabit Ethernet PICs, this number should always remain 0. If it is nonzero, there is a software bug.

Utilization(%) —The best estimate of the mean physical layer network utilization on this interface during this sampling interval, in hundredths of a percent.

Manage Configuration History

You are here: Device Administration > Configuration Management > History.

You can view configuration history and database information about users editing the configuration database.

To manage configuration history:

Table 1: History Maintenance Options

Indicates the version of the configuration file.

To view a configuration, click the version number.

Indicates the date and time the configuration was committed.

Indicates the name of the user who committed the configuration.

Indicates the method by which the configuration was committed.

The available options are:

cli—A user entered a Junos OS CLI command.

junoscript—A Junos XML management protocol client performed the operation. Commit operations performed by users through the J-Web interface are identified in this way.

snmp—An SNMP set request started the operation.

button—The CONFIG button on the router was pressed to commit the rescue configuration (if set) or to clear all configurations except the factory configuration.

autoinstall—Autoinstallation is performed.

other—Another method was used to commit the configuration.

Indicates the method used to edit the configuration.

Imported via paste—Configuration was edited and loaded with the Device Administration > Tools > CLI Editor option.

Imported upload [ filename ] —Configuration was uploaded with the Device Administration > Configuration Management > Upload option.

Modified via quick-configuration —Configuration was modified with the specified version of the J-Web user interface.

Rolled back via user-interface —Configuration was rolled back to a previous version through the user interface specified by user-interface , which can be Web Interface or CLI.

Indicates action to perform with the configuration file.

Select any one of the following available options:

Download—Downloads a configuration file to your local system.

Select the options on your Web browser to save the configuration file to a target directory on your local system.

The file is saved as an ASCII file.

Rollback—Rolls back the configuration to any of the previous versions stored on the device. The History page displays the results of the rollback operation.

Note: Click Rollback to load the device and download the selected configuration. This behavior is different from entering the rollback configuration mode command from the CLI, where the configuration is loaded, but not committed.

Select any two configuration files you want to compare.

Click Compare.

The History page displays the differences between the two configuration files at each hierarchy level as follows:

Lines that have changed are highlighted side by side in green.

Lines that exist only in the most recent configuration file are displayed in red on the left.

Lines that exist only in the least recent configuration file are displayed in blue on the right.


All juniper species grow berries, but some are considered too bitter to eat. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, [2] [3] Juniperus phoenicea, [4] Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. [5] But the berries of some species, such as Juniperus sabina, are toxic and consumption of them is inadvisable. [6]

Juniperus communis berries vary from four to twelve millimeters in diameter other species are mostly similar in size, though some are larger, notably J. drupacea (20–28 mm). Unlike the separated and woody scales of a typical pine cone, those in a juniper berry remain fleshy and merge into a unified covering surrounding the seeds. The berries are green when young, and mature to a purple-black colour over about 18 months in most species, including J. communis (shorter, 8–10 months in a few species, and about 24 months in J. drupacea). [2] The mature, dark berries are usually but not exclusively used in cuisine, while gin is flavoured with fully grown but immature green berries. [1]

The flavor profile of young, green berries is dominated by pinene as they mature this piney, resinous backdrop is joined by what Harold McGee describes as "green-fresh" and citrus notes. [7] The outer scales of the berries are relatively flavourless, so the berries are almost always at least lightly crushed before being used as a spice. They are used both fresh and dried, but their flavour and odour are at their strongest immediately after harvest and decline during drying and storage.

Flavour Edit

Juniper berries are used in northern European and particularly Scandinavian cuisine to "impart a sharp, clear flavor" [1] to meat dishes, especially wild birds (including thrush, blackbird, and woodcock) and game meats (including boar and venison). [8] They also season pork, cabbage, and sauerkraut dishes. Traditional recipes for choucroute garnie, an Alsatian dish of sauerkraut and meats, universally include juniper berries. [9] Besides Norwegian, Danish and Swedish dishes, juniper berries are also sometimes used in German, Austrian, Czech, Polish and Hungarian cuisine, often with roasts (such as German sauerbraten). Northern Italian cuisine, especially that of the South Tyrol, also incorporates juniper berries. They are also used in the Italian region of Apulia, especially to flavour brines.

Juniper, typically Juniperus communis, is used to flavor gin, a liquor developed in the 17th century in the Netherlands. The name gin itself is derived from either the French genièvre or the Dutch jenever, which both mean "juniper". [1] Other juniper-flavoured beverages include the Finnish rye-and-juniper beer known as sahti, which is flavored with both juniper berries and branches. [10]

Another drink made from the berries is a Julmust, a soft drink made in Sweden mainly sold during Christmas. The brand Dry Soda produces a juniper-berry soda as part of its lineup. Recently, some American distilleries have begun using 'New World' varieties of juniper such as Juniperus occidentalis. [11]

Food Edit

A few North American juniper species produce a seed cone with a sweeter, less resinous flavor than those typically used as a spice. For example, one field guide describes the flesh of the berries of Juniperus californica as "dry, mealy, and fibrous but sweet and without resin cells". [12] Such species have been used not just as a seasoning but as a nutritive food by some Native Americans. [13] In addition to medical and culinary purposes, Native Americans have also used the seeds inside juniper berries as beads for jewellery and decoration. [13]

An essential oil extracted from juniper berries is used in aromatherapy, both for body massage, diffusion, and perfumery. [4]

While classified as generally recognized as safe in the United States, [14] juniper berries may have various side effects that have not been tested extensively in clinical trials. [15] Mainly due to an increased risk of miscarriage, even in small doses, consuming juniper berries may affect pregnant or breastfeeding women [16] and people with diabetes, bleeding disorders or after surgery. [16] In traditional medicine, juniper berries were used for female birth control. [13]

Juniper berries, including Juniperus phoenicea and Juniperus oxycedrus have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs at multiple sites. J. oxycedrus is not known to grow in Egypt, and neither is Juniperus excelsa, which was found along with J. oxycedrus in the tomb of Tutankhamun. [17] The berries imported into Egypt may have come from Greece the Greeks record using juniper berries as a medicine long before mentioning their use in food. [18] The Greeks used the berries in many of their Olympics events because of their belief that the berries increased physical stamina in athletes. [19] The Romans used juniper berries as a cheap domestically produced substitute for the expensive black pepper and long pepper imported from India. [4] It was also used as an adulterant, as reported in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: "Pepper is adulterated with juniper berries, which have the property, to a marvellous degree, of assuming the pungency of pepper." [20] Pliny also incorrectly asserted that black pepper grew on trees that were "very similar in appearance to our junipers".

St. Junípero Serra

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St. Junípero Serra, (born November 24, 1713, Petra, Majorca, Spain—died August 28, 1784, Carmel, California, New Spain [now in U.S.] canonized September 23, 2015 feast day August 28 (July 1 in the U.S.)), Spanish Franciscan priest whose missionary work among the Indians of North America earned him the title of Apostle of California. In 2015 he became the first saint of the Roman Catholic Church to be canonized in the United States.

After entering the Franciscan Order in 1730 and being ordained in 1738, Serra taught philosophy at Lullian University (Palma, Majorca). In 1750 he arrived in Mexico City for missionary work among the Indians, serving first in the Sierra Gorda missions from 1750 to 1758 and then in south-central Mexico from 1758 to 1767.

When Spain began its occupation of Alta California (present-day California), Serra joined the expedition’s commander, Gaspar de Portolá. On July 16, 1769, he founded Mission San Diego, the first within the present state of California. From 1770 to 1782 he founded eight more Californian missions: Carmel, his headquarters, at Monterey, in 1770 San Antonio and San Gabriel (near Los Angeles), 1771 San Luis Obispo, 1772 San Francisco (Mission Dolores) and San Juan Capistrano, 1776 Santa Clara, 1777 and San Buenaventura, 1782. Serra’s missions helped strengthen Spain’s control of Alta California. Serra was beatified on September 25, 1988. On September 23, 2015, he was canonized as a saint by Pope Francis I in a special mass in Washington, D.C.

Serra was a renowned figure in his lifetime. However, his treatment of the American Indians is debated. His advocates claim that he was a strenuous defender of the Indians and introduced to their lands the cattle, sheep, grains, and fruits of Mexico. His detractors charge that he was complicit in the colonization of the American continent and the enslavement of indigenous peoples.

Enterprise WAN – A Brief History

The wide-area network (WAN) has been business-critical for decades, but in many ways, the architecture hasn’t changed dramatically – until recently. The shift to cloud application workloads is accelerating as enterprises look to move forward in a world transformed by the pandemic. To keep pace with this evolution, enterprises must deliver superior, secure digital experiences to customers, end users and employees wherever they’re located and from a mix of private and public cloud resources.

Today, the adage, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it,” continues to ring true. The need to deliver an optimized network user experience from end to end is creating change and innovation across the enterprise WAN. As this wave of innovation transforms the WAN, it’s critical to understand where it all began.

Before the 1990s

The first WANs were built to connect offices with terminals to mainframe and minicomputer systems. The design was simple: point-to-point connections from offices to data centers. The point-to-point architecture continued to serve the industry as users adopted personal computers and client-server applications. The X.25 protocol and T1/E1 circuits, operating at 1.5Mbps, became state-of-the-art for the WAN.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, frame relay emerged as a more flexible way to connect offices and branch locations to the data center. As a simplified version of X.25, frame relay is a packet switched technology that ran over T1/T3 circuits. At the time, it offered blazing fast speeds of up to 45Mbps.

Organizations rapidly adopted frame relay, which was followed by Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). ATM functions similarly to frame relay but ATM was designed to deliver a better experience for voice, video and data running over the same network. ATM offered loads of capacity —up to 622Mbps.

Early 2000s

In the 2000s, enterprises began using MPLS for their enterprise WANs. Today, MPLS continues to be the prevalent way to build large-scale enterprise WANs. MPLS was initially deployed by service providers that also adopted MPLS as they transitioned from traditional, circuit-based network architectures.

MPLS works a bit differently than conventional routing. Packets are assigned labels and forwarding decisions are made based on the label headers. With MPLS, enterprises could build a network that delivered end-to-end connectivity over any type of transport and using any type of network protocol.

With quality of service capabilities, a MPLS network could easily support many different types of applications or business unit traffic that needed to be separated. MPLS provided IT teams with far more flexibility and control over service quality than ever before.

Late 2000s

In the mid- to late 2000s, the internet exploded onto the scene as an option for enterprise WAN connectivity. Internet service providers offered a simple, affordable way to connect business locations as well as web sites. Internet bandwidth was cheap and plentiful, and available bandwidth was immediately consumed by users and applications in campus networks and remote offices.

But early ISPs didn’t deliver an enterprise-grade service. There was no way to guarantee the quality of service from the user in an office to a corporate data center or website when the traffic traveled across many different service provider networks. If always-on connectivity was critical, such as for bank branches or retail locations, many enterprises used cellular service as a backup connection for the ISP.

The 2010s

In the early 2010s, SD-WAN emerged with great promises. With SD-WAN, cloud traffic could be sent from the branch office directly to the nearest cloud instance, improving the user experience and reducing the load on the enterprise network.

Early adopters included businesses with many different locations or businesses that wanted to use inexpensive broadband internet while still assuring service quality. SD-WAN offered a convenience and cost advantage, since organizations could use the cheapest bandwidth available – usually from a local ISP – but gain better control over the user experience.

Learn More

Join us for a virtual roundtable on the Key IT Lessons Learned from 30 Years of the Evolving Enterprise WAN on March 16, 2021 at 9 am PT. Russ White, cohost of The History of Networking podcast, will lead a discussion with Jeff Tansura, head of networking strategy at Apstra, Brooks Westbrook, chief architect at Juniper Networks and Nick Buraglo, principal network and security architect at ForwardingPlane. Register Now.


Juniper berries may be contraindicated (not recommended) in some situations, including:

  • Kidney impairment
  • Liver conditions
  • Diabetes: Juniper berries may reduce blood glucose levels
  • Breastfeeding
  • Taking certain medications
  • Pregnancy

Juniper is not recommended for use in infants or children.

The juniper berry can interfere with proper implantation of the embryo in early pregnancy and may have other properties (such as inducing uterine contractions) that could contribute to or cause a loss of the pregnancy.

People who are pregnant or who are trying to get pregnant should not use juniper in any form (including the whole berries, as a spice, or as an essential oil).

A 2014 study found that juniper berries may cause toxicity or interfere with the ability to metabolize a wide variety of different drugs by decreasing a specific enzyme needed to break down medications.   Talk to your healthcare provider before taking juniper berries or using juniper essential oil.

JHLGC History

Buck Blankenship built the Juniper Hill (JH) Golf Course and it first opened on May 1, 1957. Mr. Blankenship was the golf pro for a few years thereafter. It is believed that sometime in the early 1960s several ladies began playing golf at Juniper Hill Golf Course however, there are very few records of those early years and many of the early ladies have since passed away. This brief history is our best guess of how the ladies golf program began at Juniper Hill Golf Course. The information was obtained from interviews with some of the early ladies who participated and from old scrapbooks from the City of Frankfort.

In the early 1960s, the JH Ladies Day Wednesday group began playing with around ten or so active members. It is believed that the original group included Jeannette Rosenstein, Dorothy Heilman, Christine Yount, Anne Coleman North, Mary Lou Sorg, Lee Sorg, Betty Hogg Berger, Verna Johnson, Barbara Morris, Jane Barbour, Joann Waits, Bee Spicer, Virginia Luscher, and Merrilyn Penegor. Several of the ladies also played a nine-hole game on Friday, followed by a potluck dinner in the clubhouse where they were accompanied by their husbands. Over the years, the group, now known as the Wednesday Ladies Day Golf League, has grown considerably and has around 70 active members.

Ernie Sampson became the Juniper Hill golf pro on April 30, 1965, and worked for 13 years resigning in March, 1978. The City of Frankfort then hired Gene Hilen as the new pro who worked at Juniper until his death on February 16, 2004.

During Gene’s tenure at Juniper, the Late Swingers “night” ladies league began in the early 1980s. The league originally had around twelve members that included Dollie Wilson, Billie Abbott, Anne Hilen, Shirley Wilhoite, June Stokley, Joyce Sisk, and Joyce Wilhoite, to name a few. Today, the Late Swingers have a membership of approximately 100 ladies.

Gene is remembered as being an excellent teacher who worked tirelessly with the youth and women in promoting golf at Juniper Hill. In 1981, Pat Cole was President of the Frankfort Welcome Wagon and as one of the activities for the Welcome Wagon she was part of the telephone wives of Frankfort. Through this association she identified the desire of local women wanting to learn the game and to play golf. Some of the ladies Pat connected with began hitting balls at the old driving range on Old Lawrenceburg Road down by the river. The group became known as the New Comer’s Club. Original members included Pat Cole, Trish Tyler, Norma Wigglesworth and Patty West, just to name a few. Pat soon realized that the ladies needed help with their game, so she approached Gene Hilen to work with the ladies and provide some instruction. Gene began ladies golf clinics, and Pat Cole collected money for him. Soon thereafter, Pat began working for Gene at Juniper Hill and stayed for 17 years before retiring and moving to western Kentucky with her husband Bobby.

In 1983, Gene Hilen moved the golf clinics to Juniper Hill Golf Course and continued to work with teaching the ladies the game of golf. Originally, Gene began with a six-week course to teach the ladies all phases of golf and charged $25 for the course. However, the ladies still weren’t ready to play either 9 or 18 holes of golf and there wasn’t a par 3 course or Executive Course in Frankfort at that time. Pat Cole recommended to Gene that he consider a 4-hole group and Gene agreed to try the concept. With the help of Bobby Cole, Pat’s husband, the course was shortened and Bobby made yellow tee markers for the “4-holers”.

The “4-holers” started on Hole 1 by the “big tree”. Sometimes there were nearly 40 ladies waiting their turn to “tee off”. While waiting, ladies were instructed on golf rules, fast play, and being honest in score keeping. One of the new local rules instituted for the “4-holers” was a 10-stroke rule – once you hit your ball 10 times, you would pick up and have a ‘circle 10’ on your scorecard and move on to the next hole. This rule was created to speed up play for the beginner golfers. Eventually one of the ladies invented little beads totaling 10 that hung on a shoestring that you could tie on your waist to count your shots. You would move the beads after each shot to help count your score.

Ladies remained in the “4-holers” until they were able to reach a specific proficiency to move up to the C group, then to the B group and on to the A group if applicable. The basic concept was for players to play against ladies of their own ability, which gave them a better playing field to win prizes and improve their game. The Late Swingers started with a group of 15 to 20 ladies in 1981 and by 1998 had grown to nearly 300 ladies playing in the A, B, C, and 4-Holer groups.

The Late Swingers offered working women and high school girls a time and place to play golf after work or school, which was ground breaking for a public golf course to allow women a night a week for a league. The creation of the ladies league didn’t go without its struggles, but eventually through the support of Gene Hilen and Pat Cole, the Frankfort City Commission began to recognize the enthusiasm the women brought to the game of golf and the increase in revenue through green and cart fees for the City of Frankfort. Additionally, the Juniper Hill Men’s Association also began forming an alliance with the ladies through their assistance with the Governor’s Open golf tournament held annually at Juniper Hill by providing food for a cocktail reception on Friday evening of the tournament. Today, the Juniper Hill ladies provide invaluable volunteer services for the three-day event and also famous “home-made desserts” for the 200+ golf pros and participants.

In the early years, there wasn’t a lot of money for prizes at the end of the year, but the league had big banquets – many were held at the former Saylor’s Restaurant on Louisville Road, who closed the restaurant for the Late Swingers banquet event. Eventually, the Late Swingers were able to secure a sponsor, L.T. West, Liberty Bell Telephone, who remained a sponsor for several years. Picture frames were used as prizes and the trophy shop engraved winner’s names on them for the ladies, and the ladies also received a small gift certificate from the pro shop.

The Late Swingers’ league championship was held on two Thursday nights, which made it an 18-hole tournament. The last night of league play the ladies had a “Sheamble” tournament where each lady drove the ball, hit a 2nd shot, a chip shot and a putt until they were in the hole. The premise of this format was to make the “Sheamble” fair for all teams by minimizing the long hitters from dominating the game. Most teams had six players and a special score card was created to indicate whose shot was used where.

During the tenure of ladies golf at Juniper, there were many awards presented to the ladies for their accomplishments. In the early years, there was a Jeanette B. Rosenstein Award for the low-net round of the Ladies Club Championship. After the tragic death of Anne Coleman North, this award was given to the lady who was 55 or older and had the low-net of the Ladies Club. Other awards in the early years included the Margaret Howard Putting Award that was sponsored by Sam Rosenstein, and the Patty West award for the Most Improved Golfer for the Late Swingers that was sponsored by L.T. West, Patty’s husband.

In 2012, we recognize awards for:

  • Anne Coleman North – Low Net award for lady 55 or older in Ladies Club
  • Most Improved Golfer – (formerly Patty West Award) for Late Swingers’ League
  • Betty Satterly Memorial Award – Low net award for Juniper Hill lady participating in “The Juniper” tournament
  • Ladies Club Champion – Low score award for the lady of the Juniper Hill Ladies Club Championship

It is believed that the first Juniper Hill Ladies Club Championship was held in 1983 when Pam Dickerson dominated the tournament with five titles before Ann French Thomas upset her run as Champion in 1988. Pam bounced back in 1989 and won one additional championship. Other ladies who have won championships to date, include: Angie Tyler, Lesa Kerns Hodge, Jessica Kell, Jennifer Sullivan, Elaine Butler, Mandy Goins, Tara Taylor Purvis, and Megan Kinney. (A complete list of winners can be found at this web page under “Ladies Club Championship” tab.)

The Juniper Hill Ladies Club Championship was originally sponsored by Chenault and Hoge Insurance Company and included ladies from both the Wednesday Day and Thursday night Late Swingers. Initially, the Club Championship was held at 1 PM on Saturday and Sunday after the men and eventually the ladies were given the opportunity to play their tournament at 7 AM on Saturday and Sunday as the men did. The ladies played the tournament in rain, fog and cold weather conditions. The 4-holers played nine holes each day from the “yellow markers”, which were shortened for them.

For those ladies who can remember, it wasn’t the Ladies Club without hearing Gene Hilen take the microphone from the Juniper Hill pro shop and sing “Amazing Grace” around 9 AM on Sunday morning . Gene was an instrumental part of promoting youth and women’s golf at Juniper Hill. After Gene’s death, Kirk Schooley became the golf pro and has continued to support and promote women’s golf at Juniper Hill.

Through the years, many Kentucky golf pros and clubs have tried to emulate the success of Juniper Hill Golf course by creating women’s leagues of their own. It is believed that Juniper Hill has the largest ladies league in the state of Kentucky and has now created the Juniper Hill Ladies Golf Club (JHLGC), which includes members of both the Wednesday Ladies Day Golf League and the Thursday Night Late Swingers.

Cicero, C., P. Pyle, and M. A. Patten (2017). Juniper Titmouse (Baeolophus ridgwayi), version 3.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. (2019). Longevity records of North American birds. Version 1019 Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2019.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2016). The State of North America's Birds 2016. Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA.

Watch the video: Prog mengjesit Dr Lata 05 02 2018 (January 2022).