As the hosts of the 2014 World Cup, Brazil was one of the favorites to win the whole tournament. Discover how that dream turned into a nightmare for the South American nation, when it was handed its biggest defeat in World Cup history at the hands of Germany.
History Of The Clipper Route
Between the years of 1840 and 1870, the clipper ships came into prominence to facilitate the tea and opium trade that was booming at the time but had no faster means of transporting the commodities between Europe and Asia. The clipper ships were of English origin, and most were assembled there before they were put to use by other countries like America. The trip was long and Hazardous as it passed through areas that had terrible weather conditions and many ships were wrecked in storms especially around an area of Cape Horn. Tea would be transported from the port of Fuzhou in China to London, a trip that took very long even with the use of the very fast clipper ships. Of all the routes used by the clipper ships, the Brouwer Route was the most preferred by sailors because it was the shortest compared to the other routes like the Arab and Portuguese routes. The Brouwer route was discovered by the explorer Hendrick Brouwer in 1611, and was used by sailors from the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa to the Dutch East Indies. The British tried to create their route modeled like the Brouwer route, but it ended in disaster for lack of accuracy in determining the longitudes and latitudes.
The Rout - HISTORY
Painted Desert Point Trading Post
US Highway 66, popularly known as “Route 66,” is significant as the nation’s first all-weather highway linking Chicago to Los Angeles.
When contrasted with transcontinental corridors such as the Lincoln Highway and US Highway 40, Route 66 does not stand out as America’s oldest or longest road. Nevertheless, what sets this segment of national highway apart from its contemporaries is that it was the shortest, year-round route between the Midwest and the Pacific Coast. Route 66 reduced the distance between Chicago and Los Angeles by more than 200 miles, which made Route 66 popular among thousands of motorists who drove west in subsequent decades.
Like other highways of its day, Route 66 reflects the origin and evolution of road transportation in the United States. The often romanticized highway represents an outstanding example of the transition from dirt track to superhighway. Not only does Route 66 underscore the importance of the automobile as a technological achievement, but, perhaps equally important to the American psyche, it symbolized unprecedented freedom and mobility for every citizen who could afford to own and operate a car. Escalating numbers of motor vehicles and the rise of the trucking industry increased the need for improved highways. In response the federal government pledged to link small town USA with all of the metropolitan capitals.
The period of historical significance for Route 66 is 1926 to 1985. The national system of public highways brought geographic cohesion and economic prosperity to the disparate regions of the country. As a component of the federal network, Route 66 linked the isolated and predominantly rural West to the densely populated urban Midwest and Northeast. Chicago had long served as a transshipment point for goods that were transported to the West. The creation of Route 66 ensured the continuation of this vital socioeconomic link. The appearance of Highway 66 came at a time of unparalleled social, economic, and political disruption and global conflict. It also enabled one of the most comprehensive movement of people in the history of the United States. One result was the irreversible transformation of the American far west from a rural frontier to a pace-setting, metropolitan region.
Perhaps more than any other American highway, Route 66 symbolized the new optimism that pervaded the nation’s postwar economic recovery. For thousands of returning American servicemen and their families, Route 66 represented more than just another highway. “It became,” according to one contemporary admirer, “an icon of free-spirited independence linking the United States across the Rocky Mountain divide to the Pacific Ocean.” In recent years Route 66—imaginatively documented in prose, song, film, and television—has come to represent the essence of the American highway culture to countless motorists who traversed its course during the more than fifty years of its lifetime.
After the road was decommissioned in 1985, federal and state agencies, private organizations, and numerous members of public realized that remnants of the road were quickly disappearing, and that the remaining significant structures, features, and artifacts associated with the road should be preserved. In 1990, the US Congress passed Public Law 101-400, the Route 66 Study Act of 1990. The act recognized that Route 66 “has become a symbol of the American people’s heritage of travel and their legacy of seeking a better life.” The legislation resulted in the National Park Service conducting the Route 66 Special Resource Study to evaluate the significance of Route 66 in American history, and to identify options for its preservation, interpretation, and use. The document provides an in-depth account of significance and history of Route 66. This study led to enactment of Public Law 106-45, and the creation of the Route 66 Corridor Preservation Program.
Dorothy G. Page “Mother of the Iditarod”
Dorothy G. Page, the “Mother of the Iditarod” is quoted in the October 1979 issue of the Iditarod Runner on her intent for the Iditarod: “To keep the spirit of the Iditarod the same. I don’t ever want to see high pressure people getting in and changing the spirit of the race. We brought the sled dog back and increased the number of mushers. It is really an Alaskan event. I think the fact that it starts in Anchorage and then ends in Nome has opened up a whole new area for people in Alaska. I think they appreciate that. It puts them in touch with the pioneer spirit.” At this time, Dorothy was fairly ‘new’ to Alaska, and the conversations that she and Joe had blended with Joe’s knowledge and goals to create a common recognition of the importance of the Iditarod Trail.
Important Trade Routes in History
A trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways used for the commercial transport of cargo. In modern times, commercial activity shifted from the major old trade routes to newer routes. This activity was sometimes carried out without the traditional protection of trade and international free-trade agreements.
After people developed their commercial understanding in the societies they lived in, they wanted to trade with different cultures. There are trade routes established for different purposes in many parts of the world. I have listed below the important trade and culture routes in history.
Important Trade Routes in History
1. Silk Road
The Silk Road is the world’s most famous trade route, starting from China, passing through Anatolia and Asia and reaching Europe. The Silk Road, which enables hundreds of products to reach Europe from Asia, has been a bridge not only for commercial goods but also for the mixture of knowledge, cultures and civilizations.
2. Spice Route
The Spice Route refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe. It is the way the spices from the Far East meet with the Western world. It is considered one of the world’s most important trade routes. It has been helpful in transporting spices such as coconut, cinnamon, cardamom, ginger and turmeric.
3. Royal Road
It was built by the Persian Emperor Darius I in order for the merchants coming from the city of Ephesus to the city of Persepolis to arrive faster. It is also called the “Persian King Road” by historians. It is the route made by the Romans to bring amber from the northern and Baltic seas to be used for decorative and medicinal purposes, to the Mediterranean.
4. Incense Route
Myrrh and frankincense were long used as incense and perfume, and burned frequently in many places around the world. Frankincense and myrrh are both derived from tree sap that’s dried in sunlight and then burned as incense or used as perfume. The Incense Route was a network of trade routes extending over 1,200 miles to facilitate the transport of frankincense and myrrh from Yemen and Oman in the Arabian Peninsula to the Mediterranean port at Gaza. This incense, known as the smell of sultans and rulers, was created to be brought from Yemen and Oman.
5. The Tea Horse Road
The Ancient Tea Horse Road was a trade route to exchange tea for horses with people in Tibet – and thus the pathway was called the Tea Horse Road. The trade route starting from China is known as a dangerous trade route passing through Tibet and India through various lands in its territory. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road or Southwest Silk Road, and it is part of a complex routes system connecting China and South Asia.
6. The Salt Route
It is a trade route established to bring salt from the Adriatic coast to Rome, which is used to preserve food and add flavor to food. Another important salt route across Europe was the Old Salt Road. The Old Salt Road was a trade route in Northern Germany, one of an ancient network of salt roads which were used primarily for the transport of salt and other staples in Germany.
Route 66: its history
The "Mother Road" was born from the need of a nation to move about, for trade, work and leisure. It was initially a hodgepodge of different roads, most of them dirt tracks, linked together by an incipient Federal highway system.
From such humble origins it became an icon of America and an international symbol of Americana.
Here we tell its story and give you its historic context.
The 1926 alignment: Brick Paved Route 66 in Illinois
Brick Paved Route 66 from 1926 , Auburn, Illinois . Canewsom
U.S. 61, Minnesota: Route History .
U.S. Highway 61 is Minnesota's most storied and scenic highway. Its historic route winds beneath the dramatic bluffs of southeastern Minnesota, cuts through the former pine logging region of east-central Minnesota, and journeys along the spectacular north shore of Lake Superior.
One of the original U.S. routes , U.S. 61 once stretched all the way from the southeastern corner of the state near La Crescent to the Canadian border at Pigeon River. Construction of Interstate 35 eventually led to U.S. 61's retirement north of the Twin Cities metro area.
U.S. 61's historic route through Minnesota can be divided into three sections, each with its own distinct identity and purpose (see map, right).
- The North Shore Drive
The most famous former section of U.S. 61 in Minnesota was along Lake Superior's spectacular north shore between the Canadian Border and the port city of Duluth. This stretch of the highway was best known as a tourist route, providing access to various state parks and other attractions. This section is now marked as State Highway 61.
- Duluth to Wyoming
This former section of the route historically served as the primary highway between the port city of Duluth and the Twin Cities metro area (specifically St. Paul). It traveled through a string of small towns along the Northern Pacific Railway. It was replaced by Interstate 35 in the 1960's and 70's.
- Modern U.S. 61: Wyoming to La Crosse
Modern U.S. 61 runs south from its junction with I-35 in Wyoming through St. Paul to the Wisconsin border at the Mississippi River between La Crescent and La Crosse.
The section north of St. Paul is a remnant of the old route to Duluth. It now serves as an alternate route to I-35 through the northeast suburbs of White Bear Lake, Hugo, Forest Lake, and Wyoming.
The southeast section, also known as the Great River Road, parallels the Mississippi River south from St. Paul to La Crescent, stringing together the historic river towns of Hastings, Red Wing, Lake City, Wabasha, and Winona.
Words related to rout
Big tech companies from Apple to Amazon led the rout , their shares having gotten so expensive relative to expected earnings that further price gains became hard to justify.
Stocks and futures are rebounding modestly after Wednesday’s rout , the worst sell-off in the past four months.
Even with this week’s rout , the company’s shares have more than tripled since the April pay cuts.
Today’s rout was a rush to the exit for many of the momentum buyers.
The Nasdaq fell 5% on Thursday, its worst one-day rout since March.
He fought with the Soviets, then led the cavalry and B-52 bombers to rout the Taliban.
It was a cosmic rout , signifying the end of an order, even the death of Spanish football as it is currently played.
The Netherlands won 5-1, in what was perhaps the most startling rout of any top-ranked national team in World Cup history.
And winning Paris for the Socialists despite a national rout counts for a lot.
He raced the other way to make the score 22-0 the rout was on.
Their left was surrounded and annihilated while the centre and right were driven from the field in complete rout .
If the cavalry of the Guard had only charged home the enemy would have been driven off the field in complete rout .
And in that sudden rout of courage and self-respect one conscious thought alone remained.
If you were an only son, it might be your duty to stay being one of many, 'tis nonsense to make a rout about parting with you.
Success meant the certain loss of one man among four—failure would carry with it a rout and massacre unexampled in modern war.
“Our rest stops were lots of fun”
We made plans to drive from Rochester, New York, to Hermosa Beach, California.…Mary Jane drove her car, I drove mine. Somewhere in Missouri we … crossed some railroad tracks, and my two front tires blew. We had to spend an extra day for repairs.…On the road again, we became aware of a car with four young men doing the same as we. Our rest stops were lots of fun with some boys to talk with. Getting close to Albuquerque, we noticed the reddest soil all around. As we went through Flagstaff the next day, we were treated to a magnificent morning sky.…Thanksgiving Day 1947: the boys headed off to their intended destination, and we girls were welcomed with open arms at my parents’ house in Hermosa Beach.” —Caroline Millbank Short
Caroline Millbank with Route 66 sign, Kansas
Caroline Millbank, Janet McDonnel, Ethel May Krockenberger, and Mary Jane Pecora on Texas sign.
Janet McDonnel with road sign on Route 66 at New Mexico state line.
Ethel May Krockenberger in Arizona.
History & Culture
Between 1821 and 1880, the Santa Fe Trail was primarily a commercial highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. The route was pioneered by Missouri trader William Becknell, who left Franklin, Missouri in September 1821. Others before him had been arrested by Spanish soldiers once they neared Santa Fe, and most had been hauled south toward Mexico City to serve lengthy prison sentences. Becknell, however, was pleasantly surprised to find that Mexico had overthrown the Spanish yoke, and the new Mexican government – unlike their predecessors – welcomed outside trade. Not surprisingly, others got into the trade soon after Becknell returned, and by 1825 goods from Missouri were not only being traded in Santa Fe, but to other points farther south as well. Some traders used the so-called Mountain Route, which offered more dependable water but required an arduous trip over Raton Pass. Most, however, used the Cimarron Route, which was shorter and faster but required knowledge of where the route’s scarce water supplies were located.
From 1821 until 1846, the Santa Fe Trail was a two-way international commercial highway used by both Mexican and American traders. Then, in 1846, the Mexican-American War began, and a few months later, America’s Army of the West followed the Santa Fe Trail westward to successfully invade Mexico. After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war in 1848, the Santa Fe Trail became a national road connecting the more settled parts of the United States to the new southwest territories. Commercial freighting along the trail boomed to unheard-of levels, including considerable military freight hauling to supply the southwestern forts. The trail was also used by stagecoach lines, thousands of gold seekers heading to the California and Colorado gold fields, adventurers, missionaries, wealthy New Mexican families and emigrants.
In 1866, just a year after the Civil War ended, an unprecedented period of railroad expansion began in the new state of Kansas. Within two years, rails had been laid all the way across central Kansas, and by 1873, two different rail lines reached from eastern Kansas all the way into Colorado. Because the Santa Fe Trail hauled primarily commercial goods, this railroad expansion meant that the trading caravans needed to traverse increasingly short distances. During the early 1870s, three different railroads vied to build rails over Raton Pass in order to serve the New Mexico market. The winner of that competition, the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad, reached the top of Raton Pass in late 1878. Additional track mileage further shortened the effective distance of the Santa Fe. Then, in February 1880, the railroad reached Santa Fe, and the trail faded into history.