On May 14, 1998, the legendary singer, actor and show-business icon Frank Sinatra dies of a heart attack in Los Angeles, at the age of 82.
Sinatra emerged from an Italian-American family in Hoboken, New Jersey, to become the first modern superstar of popular music, with an entertainment career that spanned more than five decades. In the first incarnation of his singing career, he was a master of the romantic ballads popular during World War II. After his appeal began to wane in the late 1940s, Sinatra reinvented himself as a suave swinger with a rougher, world-weary singing style, and began a spectacular comeback in the 1950s.
In addition to his great musical success, Sinatra appeared in 58 films; one of his earliest was Anchors Aweigh (1945). Playing a cocky Italian-American soldier who meets a violent death in From Here to Eternity (1953), co-starring Burt Lancaster and Montgomery Clift, Sinatra won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His film career flourished after that, as he starred as Nathan Detroit in the movie musical Guys and Dolls (1955) and played a heroin addict in The Man With the Golden Arm (1955), for which he was nominated for the Oscar for Best Actor. He also starred in the musicals High Society (1956) and Pal Joey (1957) and turned in a memorable performance as an Army investigator in the acclaimed film The Manchurian Candidate (1962).
By the late 1950s, Sinatra had become the epitome of show-business success and glamorous, rough-edged masculinity. He even headed up his own entourage, known as the Rat Pack, which included Sammy Davis Jr., Dean Martin, Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop. The group had originally formed around Humphrey Bogart, who died in 1957. The Rat Pack first appeared together on the big screen in 1960’s casino caper Ocean’s Eleven. They would go on to make Sergeant’s Three (1962), Four for Texas (1963) and Robin and the Seven Hoods (1964). Onscreen and in real life, the Pack’s famous stomping grounds included Las Vegas, Los Angeles and New York (notably the Copacabana Club).
Sinatra worked steadily in film throughout the 1960s, though many of his performances seemed almost perfunctory. His last major Hollywood role came in 1980’s The First Deadly Sin. A famous heartthrob, Sinatra married four times, divorcing his longtime sweetheart Nancy Barbato after a decade and three children (Nancy, Frank Jr. and Christina) to marry the actress Ava Gardner in 1951. Their marriage lasted less than two years, and in 1966 Sinatra married the 21-year-old actress Mia Farrow, 30 years his junior; they were divorced in 1968. In 1976, he married Barbara Blakely Marx (the former wife of Zeppo Marx), and they remained together until his death.
Personal life of Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra had many close relationships throughout his life. He was married four times and had at least six other notable relationships in between. He had three verified children, as well as more than one of questionable relationship.
Frank Sinatra was buried with his pockets filled with his bad habits
Frank Sinatra died of a heart attack on May 14, 1998. According to his daughter Tina, the singer had big hopes of making it into the new millennium, but his heart unfortunately couldn't keep up. "Dad was determined to be a part of [the 21st century]," she wrote in her 2015 memoir, My Father's Daughter. "'How many more months?' he asked me. 'Eighteen,' I told him, rounding down a bit. 'Oh, I can do that,' he said. 'Nothin' to it.'" Unfortunately, that conversation came just five days before his death.
When he was buried a week later, his other children stuffed his pockets full of his favorite things, according to The Associated Press. His other daughter, Nancy, slipped a bottle of Jack Daniel's into his pocket, and someone else tossed in a pack of Camel cigarettes and a Zippo lighter.
But what Tina put in his pocket actually didn't represent one of his vices. She put 10 dimes in his pocket because her father always carried some around in order to be sure he could make a phone call if needed. She told CNN's Larry King that the habit came from when her brother was kidnapped in 1963. "He never wanted to get caught not able to make a phone call. He always carried 10 dimes." So to honor their father right, they made sure he was stocked with his favorite things on his way to the afterlife.
1998: Frank Sinatra Dies
The famous American musician Frank Sinatra died on this day at the age of 82. The son of Sicilian immigrant to the United States, Sinatra was born in the vicinity of New York. He started his music career early, and perhaps also had connections with organized crime. In the film The Godfather, the character of the singer Johnny Fontane, who sings at the wedding of Corleone’s daughter and the Mafia backs his singing and film career, is said to be modeled after Sinatra. After watching the film, Sinatra reportedly also noticed the similarity.
Among numerous awards, Frank Sinatra won an Oscar (for the film From Here to Eternity), as well as 13 Grammy Awards. He was married to actresses Ava Gardner and Mia Farrow, he proposed to Lauren Bacall and is also known for his relationship with Marilyn Monroe. After he died on this day, his funeral was organized at the Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills. This church is the official parish church of the Catholic celebrities who live in Beverly Hills. Besides Frank Sinatra’s, the funerals of known Catholics like Gary Cooper, Rudolph Valentino, Alfred Hitchcock, Rita Hayworth etc. were held there.
Sinatra’s funeral brought together a vast number of celebrities. Gregory Peck, Tom Selleck, Liza Minnelli, Kirk Douglas, Bob Dylan, Sophia Loren, and Jack Nicholson were all there. On Sinatra’s tombstone stands the inscription from one of his songs: The Best Is Yet to Come.
A Mystery with Frank Sinatra’s Grave
I like to visit Frank. For years, I’ve made a point, on my way out of town, to swing by Desert Memorial Park and just say hi. Sometimes I don’t even get out of my car. I’ll park in the shade of a wind-swept tree and watch the devotees, men and women, young and old, who pat the sun-scorched grass, present a tribute of a few dimes or maybe a bottle of Jack Daniel’s, and lovingly run their fingers over the etched words on his weathered marker: The Best Is Yet To Come/Francis Albert Sinatra/Beloved Husband & Father.
At least that’s what it used to say. In January, I noticed his gravestone had been changed. It’s all shiny and new now. No more Beloved Husband & Father. And the best, evidently, is not coming. That’s gone too. Now it says Sleep Warm, Poppa.
Odd. Why would someone replace the marker his wife, Barbara, had so carefully selected, a marker that would be replicated almost exactly to mark her own burial right next to him when she died in 2017? Barbara, it seems, will forever be a Beloved Wife & Mother. But Frank is … what? Tucked in? Keeping warm?
Curious about the change, I called Kathleen Jurasky, the exceedingly polite and professional district manager of the cemetery where Frank Sinatra is buried. Did she have any idea why Frank’s marker was changed out, I asked. She did. Could she tell me about it? She could not. “I don’t want to get in the middle of what happened,” she told me. Wait. Something happened? “Listen, you should talk to the daughters, Nancy and Tina,” she said. “Or the police.”
Sinatra’s gravestone said “Beloved Husband & Father” until it was changed.
The police? Why should I talk to the police? Obviously, something happened to Frank’s grave marker. But what? So I filed a Freedom of Information Act claim with the Cathedral City Police Department asking for all official police reports having anything to do with Desert Memorial Park in 2020. A few days later, I received a detailed report noting 12 events at the cemetery last year, from trespassing to “Disturbance/Other.” Four of the cases had been redacted. I called Rick Sanchez, an equally exceedingly polite and professional sergeant with the Cathedral City Police Department, who told me there were reasons why some of the information I requested had been redacted and he wasn’t at liberty to share anything more with me. “Maybe there was an incident at the cemetery and nobody filed a police report,” he told me. “You should contact a cemetery administrator.” When I explained that I already had, he said there was nothing else he could do. “If something happened, it’s up to them to tell you.”
So, thinking that Jurasky had had enough of me, I asked Palm Springs Life’s editor to file a request for public records with the cemetery. I told him all I wanted to know was two things: Who had authorized the change to Frank Sinatra’s grave marker and when was it done?
Frank Sinatra died in Los Angeles at age 82 late in the evening on May 14, 1998. By all accounts, it was not a good death. The man known by the entertainment industry as the Chairman of the Board (a sobriquet that originated from the fact that Sinatra founded his own record label, Reprise Records, in 1960) spent the last few years of his life afflicted by heart and lung problems, depression, cancer, and dementia.
PHOTOGRAPH PALM SPRINGS LIFE ARCHIVE
Sinatra’s gravestone said “Beloved Husband & Father” until it was changed.
Frank Sinatra with his children Tina, Nancy (right) and Frank Jr. on the set of the film The Tender Trap, circa 1955.
The evening of his death, complaining of shortness of breath, his lips turning blue, he was rushed to Cedar-Sinai hospital, where a medical team worked furiously on him for almost an hour and a half. He passed, officially of a heart attack, at 10:50 p.m. A half hour later, one of his doctors thought to call Tina Sinatra to notify her of her father’s death. Tina went into shock. How could this be, she wondered? Why, if he’d been alive at Cedar-Sinai for almost two hours, hadn’t Barbara called her or her sister, Nancy, both of whom ived only minutes away from the hospital? The doctor didn’t know.
Recalling the event, Tina wrote in her memoir, My Father’s Daughter, “I believe the omission was deliberate. Barbara would be the devoted wife, and then the grieving widow, alone at her husband’s side.”
There’s no way to sugarcoat this: Frank Sinatra’s daughters, Tina and Nancy, did not like Barbara Sinatra. You know how the Cinderella story goes, how there’s an odious stepmother who is cold, cruel, and jealous of Cinderella’s charm and beauty? Well, that pretty much sums up how Tina and Nancy felt about Barbara. In her memoir, Tina expresses outrage over a long list of grievances, some petty, like her father buying his new wife a Rolls-Royce Corniche for her birthday, and others a bit more shocking — like Barbara’s scheme to convince her husband to adopt her adult son, Bobby (who had already been adopted once by Barbara’s second husband, Zeppo Marx). As Tina says, “This makes no sense — who adopts a 25-year-old man? Won’t he be embarrassed? Or did he get a new name each time Barbara snared a husband?”
In her memoir, Sinatra’s daughter Tina accused Barbara of erasing his history.
The girls put their feet down. The adoption was a stupid idea that needed to die. And, in the end, that’s what happened. But the line had been drawn. “The adoption was her shot across the bow,” Tina says of her stepmother. “It was the first sign that she’d go to great lengths to put herself and her son on an equal footing with Dad’s family. I found it gratuitously hurtful, and stupid, but most of all frightening. I didn’t think Barbara would be content to be Dad’s fourth wife she wanted to be perceived as the only wife he’d ever had. She would control my father’s future by erasing his history. Which meant erasing Mom, and my siblings, and me.”
In a letter sent to Palm Springs Life following our request for public records, Jurasky says, among other things, that “Although the District does possess and retain the kind of document you are requesting,” they’re not going to give them to me because “the public interest served by not disclosing the record clearly outweighs the disclosure of the requested record.” In short, you don’t need to know so we’re not going to tell you.
Have you ever wondered what Cinderella’s stepmother would have to say if the story was told from her point of view? Maybe Cinderella wasn’t as charming and beautiful as she had everybody believe. Maybe she was egotistical and short-tempered and refused to help out around the house. Maybe, in fact, Cinderella was the mean and nasty one all along. Who’s to say? We’ll never know because Cinderella’s stepmother didn’t think to write down her side of the story.
Barbara Sinatra, however, wrote her own memoir, Lady Blue Eyes, a few years before her death. And what did she have to say about Nancy and Tina? Absolutely nothing. It’s like they didn’t exist. In a witty interview with The New York Times Magazine in 2011, the writer notes that in the book she names every King Charles spaniel she and Frank owned “but you don’t mention his two daughters, with whom you’ve famously feuded.”
I didn’t have the feud, says Barbara. The writer persists: You feel as if they had the feud? “Well, it obviously wasn’t me, so it had to be them, right?”
Sometimes the best way to change a storyline is to deny there is any story to tell.
I reached out to lawyers and representatives for both Nancy and Tina Sinatra, telling them I’d like to talk to them about their father’s grave, but received no reply. I also contacted Nancy’s two adult children. Amanda Erlinger, Nancy’s youngest daughter, did not respond. Her sister, AJ Lambert, who recorded several covers of her grandfather’s songs in her debut album a couple of years ago, sent me an email: “Thank you for writing. AJ respectfully declines this request.”
It seemed nobody wanted to talk about “the incident,” whatever it was. Not the cemetery, not the police, not Frank’s daughters, not his granddaughters. No one. I was at the end of the line. And then out of the blue I got a somewhat cryptic note from someone who has been connected to the Sinatra family for over 45 years and knows, literally, where all the bodies are buried. Someone who, as they say, is a credible source, who knew the details about “the incident” but refused to go on record. These are sensitive matters, after all, I was told. And here is all this person, who was very saddened by “the incident,” will say: Sometime over the Thanksgiving holiday last year, someone took a blunt instrument — perhaps a hammer? — and intentionally damaged Frank Sinatra’s grave. To be specific, they tried to chip out the word Husband from the granite marker. Subsequently, the marker had to be replaced. And with the new marker, words were deleted — like The Best Is Yet To Come and Husband — and other words were added: Sleep Warm, Poppa. That is all this person will say. They will not name names or go into any more detail. It’s a shame but it’s over and done with and that’s that. End of story.
If you want to know just about everything there is to know about Frank Sinatra, you couldn’t do any better than closely reading Tina Sinatra’s memoir, which she updated in 2015 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of her father’s birth. She writes about his difficult childhood, his eccentricities — like the fact that he always carried 10 dimes in his pocket “so he’d never be caught short at a pay phone” — and what she considers to be his disastrous marriage to Barbara, the woman buried next to him. On the last page of her lengthy memoir, she describes how, in the days right after her father’s death, she often felt lonely and sad and would turn on her television, where she knew she would always find him, tap dancing with Gene Kelly or singing his signature closing number, “Put Your Dreams Away,” which, she says, “sounded like a lullaby to me.” Curled up in her father’s robe, smelling his scent, she’d smile at the sound of his voice and remember how before he was buried, she slipped a white envelope in his suit pocket that contained 10 dimes and a personal note from her: Sleep warm, Poppa — look for me.
“While I missed my father desperately in those months,” she writes, “I could hear him saying: Don’t despair, honey — don’t despair. I could also hear him saying: Don’t get mad, get even!”
After all, as she reminds us several times throughout her book, she is indeed her father’s daughter.
Frank Sinatra dies in 1998: His swooning voice was lost but not his songs
Frank Sinatra, the scrawny kid from Hoboken whose magical baritone made generations of lovers swoon and transformed him into an American idol and icon, died last night in Los Angeles. He was 82.
Sinatra, who had not been seen in public since January 1997 because of illness, was pronounced dead at 10:50 p.m. in the emergency room of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center after a heart attack, said family spokesman Susan Reynolds.
His wife, Barbara, was with him when he died and the rest of his family arrived a short time later, said a source who spoke on condition of anonymity. Reynolds said a private funeral was planned.
A pal of presidents and mobsters, Sinatra was an Oscar winning actor, a jet setter and one of the richest men in showbiz, with interests in real estate, gambling and racetracks.
But most of all, he was The Voice. A showstopper.
"Frank Sinatra was a true original," entertainer Mel Torme said today. "He held the patent, the original blueprint on singing the popular song, a man who would have thousands of imitators but who, himself, would never be influenced by a single, solitary person."
"Ol' Blue Eyes" was a master craftsman who ranked as one of the most influential singers of the 20th Century and in this country's history. With 240 albums and 2,000 songs, he led the cultural evolution from Big Band to vocal American music.
Betty Garrett, an actress who appeared with Sinatra in "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" and "On the Town," added: "He just had a natural grace,"
"Frank Sinatra was an incomparable personality whose impact will be felt for generations to come. Throughout his career he was quick to express sincere appreciation for the support his music received around the world," said Reynolds.
His legion of fans, particularly those in his hometown of Hoboken, N.J., were equally distraught.
In his birthplace of Hoboken, N.J., fans awoke this morning to sadness.
"It is just a very sad, sad day for us," said John Spano, owner of Pinky's Anything and Everything Shop, a Sinatra memorabilia shop next door to his birthplace. in Hoboken, N.J.
"I woke up this morning and got the news and I didnt even want to get dressed to go to work, you know. We lost one of the greatest musicians the world he has ever known."
In his hometown, residents woke to learn their favorite son was gone.
"It's just a tragic loss to the world, and a blow to Hoboken. We're basically a nowhere town but Frank put us on the map," said Ed Shirak, who wrote a Sinatra biography and used the money to put a blue star in the sidewalk in front of his childhood home at 415 Monroe St.
"He was last of the great legends that came out of our small but historic town," said Shirak. "We were just blessed that he was born here."
Sinatra's frail health became apparent when he was hospitalized on Nov. 1, 1996. Although Reynolds insisted he was only suffering from a pinched nerve there were reports that he was also being treated for pneumonia and heart problems.
Two months later he was again hospitalized and his doctor said he suffered an "uncomplicated" heart attack.
Other stays in the hospital followed with his family denying reports in supermarket tabloids that he Sinatra was on his deathbed. As recently as April 19, daughter Nancy said her father was "doing real well" and still in charge of the weekly card games at his home in Bel Air.
Sinatra could make an ordinary tune great and a great song transcendant, from "Summer Wind" to "Strangers in the Night" to "My Way," his signature number.
The vulnerable young crooner grew into a movie star and then a Vegas tough guy with a glass in his hand and a babe on each arm. But he remained the premier popular balladeer of the century. From the screaming bobbysoxer's teen idol to the leader of the Rat Pack, he outsang the stronger voices of his generation and outlasted all rivals over a seven-decade career.
His sexy, silky voice serenaded from a billion steroes, jukeboxes and car radios. All the great cities had Sinatra anthems Chicago's "My Kind of Town" and of course, "New York, New York."
A wag once said the passionate jazz and blues phrasing of his love ballads accounts for about 10% of the world's population.
—Sinatra's daughter Nancy on the importance of his mother Dolly in his life and character. 
Francis Albert Sinatra [a] was born on December 12, 1915, in an upstairs tenement at 415 Monroe Street in Hoboken, New Jersey,   [b] the only child of Italian immigrants Natalina "Dolly" Garaventa and Antonino Martino "Marty" Sinatra.   [c] Sinatra weighed 13.5 pounds (6.1 kg) at birth and had to be delivered with the aid of forceps, which caused severe scarring to his left cheek, neck, and ear, and perforated his eardrum—damage that remained for life.  Due to his injuries at birth, his baptism at St. Francis Church in Hoboken was delayed until April 2, 1916.  A childhood operation on his mastoid bone left major scarring on his neck, and during adolescence he suffered from cystic acne that further scarred his face and neck.  Sinatra was raised in the Roman Catholic church. 
Sinatra's mother was energetic and driven,  and biographers believe that she was the dominant factor in the development of her son's personality traits and self-confidence.  Sinatra's fourth wife Barbara would later claim that Dolly was abusive to him as a child, and "knocked him around a lot".  Dolly became influential in Hoboken and in local Democratic Party circles.  She worked as a midwife, earning $50 for each delivery,  and according to Sinatra biographer Kitty Kelley, also ran an illegal abortion service that catered to Italian Catholic girls, for which she was nicknamed "Hatpin Dolly".  [d] She also had a gift for languages and served as a local interpreter. 
Sinatra's illiterate father was a bantamweight boxer who fought under the name Marty O'Brien.  He later worked for 24 years at the Hoboken Fire Department, working his way up to captain.  Sinatra spent much time at his parents' tavern in Hoboken, [e] working on his homework and occasionally singing a song on top of the player piano for spare change.  During the Great Depression, Dolly provided money to her son for outings with friends and to buy expensive clothes, resulting in neighbors describing him as the "best-dressed kid in the neighborhood".  Excessively thin and small as a child and young man, Sinatra's skinny frame later became a staple of jokes during stage shows.  
Sinatra developed an interest in music, particularly big band jazz, at a young age.  He listened to Gene Austin, Rudy Vallée, Russ Colombo, and Bob Eberly, and idolized Bing Crosby.  Sinatra's maternal uncle, Domenico, gave him a ukulele for his 15th birthday, and he began performing at family gatherings.  Sinatra attended David E. Rue Jr. High School from 1928,  and A. J. Demarest High School (since renamed as Hoboken High School) in 1931, where he arranged bands for school dances.  He left without graduating, having attended only 47 days before being expelled for "general rowdiness".  To please his mother, he enrolled at Drake Business School, but departed after 11 months.  Dolly found Sinatra work as a delivery boy at the Jersey Observer newspaper, where his godfather Frank Garrick worked, [f] and after that, Sinatra was a riveter at the Tietjen and Lang shipyard.  He performed in local Hoboken social clubs such as The Cat's Meow and The Comedy Club, and sang for free on radio stations such as WAAT in Jersey City.  In New York, Sinatra found jobs singing for his supper or for cigarettes.  To improve his speech, he began taking elocution lessons for a dollar each from vocal coach John Quinlan, who was one of the first people to notice his impressive vocal range. 
Hoboken Four, Harry James, and Tommy Dorsey (1935–1939) Edit
Sinatra began singing professionally as a teenager, but he learned music by ear and never learned to read music.   He got his first break in 1935 when his mother persuaded a local singing group, the 3 Flashes, to let him join. Fred Tamburro, the group's baritone, stated that "Frank hung around us like we were gods or something", admitting that they only took him on board because he owned a car [g] and could chauffeur the group around. Sinatra soon learned they were auditioning for the Major Bowes Amateur Hour show, and "begged" the group to let him in on the act.  With Sinatra, the group became known as the Hoboken Four, and passed an audition from Edward Bowes to appear on the Major Bowes Amateur Hour show. They each earned $12.50 for the appearance,  and ended up attracting 40,000 votes and won first prize—a six-month contract to perform on stage and radio across the United States.  Sinatra quickly became the group's lead singer, and, much to the jealousy of his fellow group members, garnered most of the attention from girls.  [h] Due to the success of the group, Bowes kept asking for them to return, disguised under different names, varying from "The Secaucus Cockamamies" to "The Bayonne Bacalas". 
In 1938, Sinatra found employment as a singing waiter at a roadhouse called "The Rustic Cabin" in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, for which he was paid $15 a week.  The roadhouse was connected to the WNEW radio station in New York City, and he began performing with a group live during the Dance Parade show.  Despite the low salary, Sinatra felt that this was the break he was looking for, and boasted to friends that he was going to "become so big that no one could ever touch him".  In March 1939, saxophone player Frank Mane, who knew Sinatra from Jersey City radio station WAAT where both performed on live broadcasts, arranged for him to audition and record "Our Love", his first solo studio recording.  [i] In June, bandleader Harry James, who had heard Sinatra sing on "Dance Parade", signed a two-year contract of $75 a week one evening after a show at the Paramount Theatre in New York.  [j] It was with the James band that Sinatra released his first commercial record "From the Bottom of My Heart" in July. No more than 8,000 copies of the record were sold,  and further records released with James through 1939, such as "All or Nothing at All", also had weak sales on their initial release.  Thanks to his vocal training, Sinatra could now sing two tones higher, and developed a repertoire which included songs such as "My Buddy", "Willow Weep for Me", "It's Funny to Everyone but Me", "Here Comes the Night", "On a Little Street in Singapore", "Ciribiribin", and "Every Day of My Life". 
Sinatra became increasingly frustrated with the status of the Harry James band, feeling that he was not achieving the major success and acclaim he was looking for. His pianist and close friend Hank Sanicola persuaded him to stay with the group,  but in November 1939 he left James to replace Jack Leonard [k] as the lead singer of the Tommy Dorsey band. Sinatra earned $125 a week, appearing at the Palmer House in Chicago,  and James released Sinatra from his contract.  [l] On January 26, 1940, he made his first public appearance with the band at the Coronado Theatre in Rockford, Illinois,  opening the show with "Stardust".  Dorsey recalled: "You could almost feel the excitement coming up out of the crowds when the kid stood up to sing. Remember, he was no matinée idol. He was just a skinny kid with big ears. I used to stand there so amazed I'd almost forget to take my own solos".  Dorsey was a major influence on Sinatra and became a father figure. Sinatra copied Dorsey's mannerisms and traits, becoming a demanding perfectionist like him, even adopting his hobby of toy trains. He asked Dorsey to be godfather to his daughter Nancy in June 1940.  Sinatra later said that "The only two people I've ever been afraid of are my mother and Tommy Dorsey".  Though Kelley says that Sinatra and drummer Buddy Rich were bitter rivals, [m] other authors state that they were friends and even roommates when the band was on the road, but professional jealousy surfaced as both men wanted to be considered the star of Dorsey's band. Later, Sinatra helped Rich form his own band with a $25,000 loan and provided financial help to Rich during times of the drummer's serious illness. 
In his first year with Dorsey, Sinatra recorded over forty songs. Sinatra's first vocal hit was the song "Polka Dots and Moonbeams" in late April 1940.  Two more chart appearances followed with "Say It" and "Imagination", which was Sinatra's first top-10 hit.  His fourth chart appearance was "I'll Never Smile Again", topping the charts for twelve weeks beginning in mid-July.  Other records with Tommy Dorsey issued by RCA Victor include "Our Love Affair" and "Stardust" in 1940 "Oh! Look at Me Now", "Dolores", "Everything Happens to Me", and "This Love of Mine" in 1941 "Just as Though You Were There", "Take Me", and "There Are Such Things" in 1942 and "It Started All Over Again", "In the Blue of Evening", and "It's Always You" in 1943.  As his success and popularity grew, Sinatra pushed Dorsey to allow him to record some solo songs. Dorsey eventually relented, and on January 19, 1942, Sinatra recorded "Night and Day", "The Night We Called It a Day", "The Song is You", and "Lamplighter's Serenade" at a Bluebird recording session, with Axel Stordahl as arranger and conductor.  Sinatra first heard the recordings at the Hollywood Palladium and Hollywood Plaza and was astounded at how good he sounded. Stordahl recalled: "He just couldn't believe his ears. He was so excited, you almost believed he had never recorded before. I think this was a turning point in his career. I think he began to see what he might do on his own". 
After the 1942 recordings, Sinatra believed he needed to go solo,  with an insatiable desire to compete with Bing Crosby, [n] but he was hampered by his contract which gave Dorsey 43% of Sinatra's lifetime earnings in the entertainment industry.  A legal battle ensued, eventually settled in August 1942.  [o] On September 3, 1942, Dorsey bade farewell to Sinatra, reportedly saying as Sinatra left, "I hope you fall on your ass",  but he was more gracious on the air when replacing Sinatra with singer Dick Haymes.  Rumors began spreading in newspapers that Sinatra's mobster godfather, Willie Moretti, coerced Dorsey to let Sinatra out of his contract for a few thousand dollars, holding a gun to his head.  [p] Upon leaving Dorsey, Sinatra persuaded Stordahl to come with him and become his personal arranger, offering him $650 a month, five times his salary from Dorsey.  Dorsey and Sinatra, who had been very close, never reconciled their differences. Up until his death in November 1956, Dorsey occasionally made biting comments about Sinatra to the press such as "he's the most fascinating man in the world, but don't put your hand in the cage". 
Onset of Sinatramania and role in World War II (1942–1945) Edit
Perfectly simple: It was the war years and there was a great loneliness, and I was the boy in every corner drugstore, the boy who'd gone off drafted to the war. That's all.
By May 1941, Sinatra topped the male singer polls in Billboard and DownBeat magazines.  His appeal to bobby soxers, as teenage girls of that time were called, revealed a whole new audience for popular music, which had been recorded mainly for adults up to that time.  The phenomenon became officially known as "Sinatramania" after his "legendary opening" at the Paramount Theatre in New York on December 30, 1942.  According to Nancy Sinatra, Jack Benny later said, "I thought the goddamned building was going to cave in. I never heard such a commotion . All this for a fellow I never heard of."  Sinatra performed for four weeks at the theatre, his act following the Benny Goodman orchestra, after which his contract was renewed for another four weeks by Bob Weitman due to his popularity. He became known as "Swoonatra" or "The Voice", and his fans "Sinatratics". They organized meetings and sent masses of letters of adoration, and within a few weeks of the show, some 1000 Sinatra fan clubs had been reported across the US.  Sinatra's publicist, George Evans, encouraged interviews and photographs with fans, and was the man responsible for depicting Sinatra as a vulnerable, shy, Italian–American with a rough childhood who made good.  When Sinatra returned to the Paramount in October 1944 only 250 persons left the first show, and 35,000 fans left outside caused a near riot, known as the Columbus Day Riot, outside the venue because they were not allowed in.    Such was the bobby-soxer devotion to Sinatra that they were known to write Sinatra's song titles on their clothing, bribe hotel maids for an opportunity to touch his bed, and accost his person in the form of stealing clothing he was wearing, most commonly his bow-tie. 
Sinatra signed with Columbia Records as a solo artist on June 1, 1943 during the 1942–44 musicians' strike.  Columbia Records re-released Harry James and Sinatra's August 1939 version of "All or Nothing at All",  which reached number 2 on June 2, and was on the best-selling list for 18 weeks.  He initially had great success,  and performed on the radio on Your Hit Parade from February 1943 until December 1944,  and on stage. Columbia wanted new recordings of their growing star as quickly as possible, so Alec Wilder was hired as an arranger and conductor for several sessions with a vocal group called the Bobby Tucker Singers.  These first sessions were on June 7, June 22, August 5, and November 10, 1943. Of the nine songs recorded during these sessions, seven charted on the best-selling list.  That year he also made his first solo nightclub appearance at New York's Riobamba,  and a successful concert in the Wedgewood Room of the prestigious Waldorf-Astoria New York that year secured his popularity in New York high society.  Sinatra released "You'll Never Know", "Close to You", "Sunday, Monday, or Always" and "People Will Say We're in Love" as singles. By the end of 1943 he was more popular in a DownBeat poll than Bing Crosby, Perry Como, Bob Eberly, and Dick Haymes. 
Sinatra did not serve in the military during World War II. On December 11, 1943, he was officially classified 4-F ("Registrant not acceptable for military service") by his draft board because of a perforated eardrum. However, U.S. Army files reported that Sinatra was "not acceptable material from a psychiatric viewpoint", but his emotional instability was hidden to avoid "undue unpleasantness for both the selectee and the induction service".  Briefly, there were rumors reported by columnist Walter Winchell that Sinatra paid $40,000 to avoid the service, but the FBI found this to be without merit.    Toward the end of the war, Sinatra entertained the troops during several successful overseas USO tours with comedian Phil Silvers.  During one trip to Rome he met the Pope, who asked him if he was an operatic tenor.  Sinatra worked frequently with the popular Andrews Sisters in radio in the 1940s,  and many USO shows were broadcast to troops via the Armed Forces Radio Service (AFRS).  In 1944 Sinatra released "I Couldn't Sleep a Wink Last Night" as a single and recorded his own version of Crosby's "White Christmas", and the following year he released "I Dream of You (More Than You Dream I Do)", "Saturday Night (Is the Loneliest Night of the Week)", "Dream", and "Nancy (with the Laughing Face)" as singles. 
Columbia years and career slump (1946–1952) Edit
Despite being heavily involved in political activity in 1945 and 1946, in those two years Sinatra sang on 160 radio shows, recorded 36 times, and shot four films. By 1946 he was performing on stage up to 45 times a week, singing up to 100 songs daily, and earning up to $93,000 a week. 
In 1946 Sinatra released "Oh! What it Seemed to Be", "Day by Day", "They Say It's Wonderful", "Five Minutes More", and "The Coffee Song" as singles,  and launched his first album, The Voice of Frank Sinatra,  which reached No. 1 on the Billboard chart. William Ruhlmann of AllMusic wrote that Sinatra "took the material very seriously, singing the love lyrics with utter seriousness", and that his "singing and the classically influenced settings gave the songs unusual depth of meaning".  He was soon selling 10 million records a year.  Such was Sinatra's command at Columbia that his love of conducting was indulged with the release of the set Frank Sinatra Conducts the Music of Alec Wilder, an offering unlikely to appeal to Sinatra's core fanbase at the time, which consisted of teenage girls.  The following year he released his second album, Songs by Sinatra, featuring songs of a similar mood and tempo such as Irving Berlin's "How Deep is the Ocean?" and Harold Arlen's and Jerome Kern's "All The Things You Are".  "Mam'selle", composed by Edmund Goulding with lyrics by Mack Gordon for the film The Razor's Edge (1946),  was released as a single.  Sinatra had competition versions by Art Lund, Dick Haymes, Dennis Day, and The Pied Pipers also reached the top ten of the Billboard charts.  In December he recorded "Sweet Lorraine" with the Metronome All-Stars, featuring talented jazz musicians such as Coleman Hawkins, Harry Carney and Charlie Shavers, with Nat King Cole on piano, in what Charles L. Granata describes as "one of the highlights of Sinatra's Columbia epoch". 
Sinatra's third album, Christmas Songs by Sinatra, was originally released in 1948 as a 78 rpm album set,  and a 10" LP record was released two years later.  When Sinatra was featured as a priest in The Miracle of the Bells, due to press negativity surrounding his alleged Mafia connections at the time, [q] it was announced to the public that Sinatra would donate his $100,000 in wages from the film to the Catholic Church.  By the end of 1948, Sinatra had slipped to fourth on DownBeat ' s annual poll of most popular singers (behind Billy Eckstine, Frankie Laine, and Bing Crosby).  and in the following year he was pushed out of the top spots in polls for the first time since 1943.  Frankly Sentimental (1949) was panned by DownBeat, who commented that "for all his talent, it seldom comes to life". 
Though "The Hucklebuck" reached the top ten,  it was his last single release under the Columbia label.  Sinatra's last two albums with Columbia, Dedicated to You and Sing and Dance with Frank Sinatra, were released in 1950.  Sinatra would later feature a number of the Sing and Dance with Frank Sinatra album's songs, including "Lover", "It's Only a Paper Moon", "It All Depends on You", on his 1961 Capitol release, Sinatra's Swingin' Session. . 
Cementing the low of his career was the death of publicist George Evans from a heart attack in January 1950 at 48. According to Jimmy Van Heusen, Sinatra's close friend and songwriter, Evans's death to him was "an enormous shock which defies words", as he had been crucial to his career and popularity with the bobbysoxers.  Sinatra's reputation continued to decline as reports broke out in February of his affair with Ava Gardner and the destruction of his marriage to Nancy,  though he insisted that his marriage had long been over even before he had met Gardner.  In April, Sinatra was engaged to perform at the Copa club in New York, but had to cancel five days of the booking due to suffering a submucosal hemorrhage of the throat.  Evans once said that whenever Sinatra suffered from a bad throat and loss of voice it was always due to emotional tension which "absolutely destroyed him". 
In financial difficulty following his divorce and career decline, Sinatra was forced to borrow $200,000 from Columbia to pay his back taxes after MCA refused to front the money.  Rejected by Hollywood, he turned to Las Vegas and made his debut at the Desert Inn in September 1951,  and also began singing at the Riverside Hotel in Reno, Nevada. Sinatra became one of Las Vegas's pioneer residency entertainers,  and a prominent figure on the Vegas scene throughout the 1950s and 1960s onwards, a period described by Rojek as the "high-water mark" of Sinatra's "hedonism and self absorption". Rojek notes that the Rat Pack "provided an outlet for gregarious banter and wisecracks", but argues that it was Sinatra's vehicle, possessing an "unassailable command over the other performers".  Sinatra would fly to Las Vegas from Los Angeles in Van Heusen's single-engine plane.  On October 4, 1953, Sinatra made his first performance at the Sands Hotel and Casino, after an invitation by the manager Jack Entratter,  who had previously worked at the Copa in New York.  Sinatra typically performed there three times a year, and later acquired a share in the hotel.  [r]
Sinatra's decline in popularity was evident at his concert appearances. At a brief run at the Paramount in New York he drew small audiences.  At the Desert Inn in Las Vegas he performed to half-filled houses of wildcatters and ranchers.  At a concert at Chez Paree in Chicago, only 150 people in a 1,200-seat capacity venue turned up to see him.  By April 1952 he was performing at the Kauai County Fair in Hawaii.  Sinatra's relationship with Columbia Records was also disintegrating, with A&R executive Mitch Miller claiming he "couldn't give away" the singer's records.  [s] Though several notable recordings were made during this time period, such as "If I Could Write a Book" in January 1952, which Granata sees as a "turning point", forecasting his later work with its sensitivity,  Columbia and MCA dropped him later that year.  His last studio recording for Columbia, "Why Try To Change Me Now", was recorded in New York on September 17, 1952, with orchestra arranged and conducted by Percy Faith.  Journalist Burt Boyar observed, "Sinatra had had it. It was sad. From the top to the bottom in one horrible lesson." 
Career revival and the Capitol years (1953–1962) Edit
The release of the film From Here to Eternity in August 1953 marked the beginning of a remarkable career revival.  Tom Santopietro notes that Sinatra began to bury himself in his work, with an "unparalleled frenetic schedule of recordings, movies and concerts",  in what authors Anthony Summers and Robbyn Swan describe as "a new and brilliant phase".  On March 13, 1953, Sinatra met with Capitol Records vice president Alan Livingston and signed a seven-year recording contract.  His first session for Capitol took place at KHJ studios at Studio C, 5515 Melrose Avenue in Los Angeles, with Axel Stordahl conducting.  The session produced four recordings, including "I'm Walking Behind You",  Sinatra's first Capitol single.  After spending two weeks on location in Hawaii filming From Here to Eternity, Sinatra returned to KHJ on April 30 for his first recording session with Nelson Riddle, an established arranger and conductor at Capitol who was Nat King Cole's musical director.  After recording the first song, "I've Got the World on a String", Sinatra offered Riddle a rare expression of praise, "Beautiful!",  and after listening to the playbacks, he could not hide his enthusiasm, exclaiming, "I'm back, baby, I'm back!" 
In subsequent sessions in May and November 1953,  Sinatra and Riddle developed and refined their musical collaboration, with Sinatra providing specific guidance on the arrangements.  Sinatra's first album for Capitol, Songs for Young Lovers, was released on January 4, 1954, and included "A Foggy Day", "I Get a Kick Out of You", "My Funny Valentine", "Violets for Your Furs" and "They Can't Take That Away from Me",  songs which became staples of his later concerts.   That same month, Sinatra released the single "Young at Heart", which reached No. 2 and was awarded Song of the Year.    [t] In March, he recorded and released the single "Three Coins in the Fountain", a "powerful ballad"  that reached No. 4.  Sinatra's second album with Riddle, Swing Easy!, which reflected his "love for the jazz idiom" according to Granata,  was released on August 2 of that year and included "Just One of Those Things", "Taking a Chance on Love", "Get Happy", and "All of Me".   Swing Easy! was named Album of the Year by Billboard, and he was also named "Favorite Male Vocalist" by Billboard, DownBeat, and Metronome that year.   Sinatra came to consider Riddle "the greatest arranger in the world",  and Riddle, who considered Sinatra "a perfectionist",  offered equal praise of the singer, observing, "It's not only that his intuitions as to tempi, phrasing, and even configuration are amazingly right, but his taste is so impeccable . there is still no one who can approach him." 
In 1955 Sinatra released In the Wee Small Hours, his first 12" LP,  featuring songs such as "In the Wee Small Hours of the Morning", "Mood Indigo", "Glad to Be Unhappy" and "When Your Lover Has Gone".  According to Granata it was the first concept album of his to make a "single persuasive statement", with an extended program and "melancholy mood".  Sinatra embarked on his first tour of Australia the same year.  Another collaboration with Riddle resulted in the development of Songs for Swingin' Lovers!, sometimes seen as one of his best albums, which was released in March 1956.  It features a recording of "I've Got You Under My Skin" by Cole Porter,  something which Sinatra paid meticulous care to, taking a reported 22 takes to perfect. 
His February 1956 recording sessions inaugurated the studios at the Capitol Records Building,  complete with a 56-piece symphonic orchestra.  According to Granata his recordings of "Night and Day", "Oh! Look at Me Now" and "From This Moment On" revealed "powerful sexual overtones, stunningly achieved through the mounting tension and release of Sinatra's best-teasing vocal lines", while his recording of "River, Stay 'Way from My Door" in April demonstrated his "brilliance as a syncopational improviser".  Riddle said that Sinatra took "particular delight" in singing "The Lady is a Tramp", commenting that he "always sang that song with a certain amount of salaciousness", making "cue tricks" with the lyrics.  His penchant for conducting was displayed again in 1956's Frank Sinatra Conducts Tone Poems of Color, an instrumental album that has been interpreted to be a catharsis to his failed relationship with Gardner.  Also that year, Sinatra sang at the Democratic National Convention, and performed with The Dorsey Brothers for a week soon afterwards at the Paramount Theatre. 
In 1957, Sinatra released Close to You, A Swingin' Affair! and Where Are You?—his first album in stereo, with Gordon Jenkins.  Granata considers "Close to You" to have been thematically his closest concept album to perfection during the "golden" era, and Nelson Riddle's finest work, which was "extremely progressive" by the standards of the day. It is structured like a three-act play, each commencing with the songs "With Every Breath I Take", "Blame It on My Youth" and "It Could Happen to You".  For Granata, Sinatra's A Swingin' Affair! and swing music predecessor Songs for Swingin' Lovers! solidified "Sinatra's image as a 'swinger', from both a musical and visual standpoint". Buddy Collette considered the swing albums to have been heavily influenced by Sammy Davis Jr., and stated that when he worked with Sinatra in the mid-1960s he approached a song much differently than he had done in the early 1950s.  On June 9, 1957, he performed in a 62-minute concert conducted by Riddle at the Seattle Civic Auditorium,  his first appearance in Seattle since 1945.  The recording was first released as a bootleg, but in 1999 Artanis Entertainment Group officially released it as the Sinatra '57 in Concert live album, after Sinatra's death.  In 1958 Sinatra released the concept album Come Fly with Me with Billy May, designed as a musical world tour.  It reached the top spot on the Billboard album chart in its second week, remaining at the top for five weeks,  and was nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year at the inaugural Grammy Awards.  The title song, "Come Fly With Me", written especially for him, would become one of his best known standards.  On May 29 he recorded seven songs in a single session, more than double the usual yield of a recording session, and an eighth was planned, "Lush Life", but Sinatra found it too technically demanding.  In September, Sinatra released Frank Sinatra Sings for Only the Lonely, a stark collection of introspective [u] saloon songs and blues-tinged ballads which proved a huge commercial success, spending 120 weeks on Billboards album chart and peaking at No. 1.  Cuts from this LP, such as "Angel Eyes" and "One for My Baby (and One More for the Road)", would remain staples of the "saloon song" segments of Sinatra's concerts. 
In 1959, Sinatra released Come Dance with Me!, a highly successful, critically acclaimed album which stayed on Billboard's Pop album chart for 140 weeks, peaking at No. 2. It won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, as well as Best Vocal Performance, Male and Best Arrangement for Billy May.  He also released No One Cares in the same year, a collection of "brooding, lonely" torch songs, which critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine thought was "nearly as good as its predecessor Where Are You?, but lacked the "lush" arrangements of it and the "grandiose melancholy" of Only the Lonely. 
In the words of Kelley, by 1959, Sinatra was "not simply the leader of the Rat Pack" but had "assumed the position of il padrone in Hollywood". He was asked by 20th Century Fox to be the master of ceremonies at a luncheon attended by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev on September 19, 1959.  Nice 'n' Easy, a collection of ballads, topped the Billboard chart in October 1960 and remained in the charts for 86 weeks,  winning critical plaudits.   Granata noted the "lifelike ambient sound" quality of Nice and Easy, the perfection in the stereo balance, and the "bold, bright and snappy" sound of the band. He highlighted the "close, warm and sharp" feel of Sinatra's voice, particularly on the songs "September in the Rain", "I Concentrate on You", and "My Blue Heaven". 
Reprise years (1961–1981) Edit
Sinatra grew discontented at Capitol, and fell into a feud with Alan Livingston, which lasted over six months.  His first attempt at owning his own label was with his pursuit of buying declining jazz label, Verve Records, which ended once an initial agreement with Verve founder, Norman Granz, "failed to materialize."  He decided to form his own label, Reprise Records  and, in an effort to assert his new direction, temporarily parted with Riddle, May and Jenkins, working with other arrangers such as Neil Hefti, Don Costa, and Quincy Jones.  Sinatra built the appeal of Reprise Records as one in which artists were promised creative control over their music, as well as a guarantee that they would eventually gain "complete ownership of their work, including publishing rights."  Under Sinatra the company developed into a music industry "powerhouse", and he later sold it for an estimated $80 million.  His first album on the label, Ring-a-Ding-Ding! (1961), was a major success, peaking at No.4 on Billboard.  The album was released in February 1961, the same month that Reprise Records released Ben Webster's The Warm Moods, Sammy Davis Jr.'s The Wham of Sam, Mavis River's Mavis and Joe E. Lewis's It is Now Post Time.  During the initial years of Reprise, Sinatra was still under contract to record for Capitol, completing his contractual commitment with the release of Point of No Return, recorded over a two-day period on September 11 and 12, 1961. 
In 1962, Sinatra released Sinatra and Strings, a set of standard ballads arranged by Don Costa, which became one of the most critically acclaimed works of Sinatra's entire Reprise period. Frank Jr., who was present during the recording, noted the "huge orchestra", which Nancy Sinatra stated "opened a whole new era" in pop music, with orchestras getting bigger, embracing a "lush string sound".  Sinatra and Count Basie collaborated for the album Sinatra-Basie the same year,  a popular and successful release which prompted them to rejoin two years later for the follow-up It Might as Well Be Swing, arranged by Quincy Jones.  The two became frequent performers together,  and appeared at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1965.  Also in 1962, as the owner of his own record label, Sinatra was able to step on the podium as conductor again, releasing his third instrumental album Frank Sinatra Conducts Music from Pictures and Plays. 
In 1963, Sinatra reunited with Nelson Riddle for The Concert Sinatra, an ambitious album featuring a 73-piece symphony orchestra arranged and conducted by Riddle. The concert was recorded on a motion picture scoring soundstage with the use of multiple synchronized recording machines that employed an optical signal onto 35 mm film designed for movie soundtracks. Granata considers the album to have been "impeachable" [sic], "one of the very best of the Sinatra-Riddle ballad albums", in which Sinatra displayed an impressive vocal range, particularly in "Ol' Man River", in which he darkened the hue. 
In 1964 the song "My Kind of Town" was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song.  Sinatra released Softly, as I Leave You,  and collaborated with Bing Crosby and Fred Waring on America, I Hear You Singing, a collection of patriotic songs recorded as a tribute to the assassinated President John F. Kennedy.   Sinatra increasingly became involved in charitable pursuits in this period. In 1961 and 1962 he went to Mexico, with the sole purpose of putting on performances for Mexican charities, [v] and in July 1964 he was present for the dedication of the Frank Sinatra International Youth Center for Arab and Jewish children in Nazareth. 
Sinatra's phenomenal success in 1965, coinciding with his 50th birthday, prompted Billboard to proclaim that he may have reached the "peak of his eminence".  In June 1965, Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., and Dean Martin played live in St. Louis to benefit Dismas House, a prisoner rehabilitation and training center with nationwide programs that in particular helped serve African Americans. The Rat Pack concert, called The Frank Sinatra Spectacular, was broadcast live via satellite to numerous movie theaters across America.   The album September of My Years was released September 1965, and went on to win the Grammy Award for best album of the year.  Granata considers the album to have been one of the finest of his Reprise years, "a reflective throwback to the concept records of the 1950s, and more than any of those collections, distills everything that Frank Sinatra had ever learned or experienced as a vocalist".  One of the album's singles, "It Was a Very Good Year", won the Grammy Award for Best Vocal Performance, Male.  A career anthology, A Man and His Music, followed in November, winning Album of the Year at the Grammys the following year. 
In 1966 Sinatra released That's Life, with both the single of "That's Life" and album becoming Top Ten hits in the US on Billboard ' s pop charts.  Strangers in the Night went on to top the Billboard and UK pop singles charts,   winning the award for Record of the Year at the Grammys.  Sinatra's first live album, Sinatra at the Sands, was recorded during January and February 1966 at the Sands Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas. Sinatra was backed by the Count Basie Orchestra, with Quincy Jones conducting.  Sinatra pulled out from the Sands the following year, when he was driven out by its new owner Howard Hughes, after a fight.  [w]
Sinatra started 1967 with a series of recording sessions with Antônio Carlos Jobim. He recorded one of his collaborations with Jobim, the Grammy-nominated album Francis Albert Sinatra & Antônio Carlos Jobim, which was one of the best-selling albums of the year, behind the Beatles's Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.  According to Santopietro the album "consists of an extraordinarily effective blend of bossa nova and slightly swinging jazz vocals, and succeeds in creating an unbroken mood of romance and regret".  Writer Stan Cornyn wrote that Sinatra sang so softly on the album that it was comparable to the time that he suffered from a vocal hemorrhage in 1950. 
Sinatra also released the album The World We Knew, which features a chart-topping duet of "Somethin' Stupid" with daughter Nancy.   In December, Sinatra collaborated with Duke Ellington on the album Francis A. & Edward K..  According to Granata, the recording of "Indian Summer" on the album was a favorite of Riddle's, noting the "contemplative mood [which] is heightened by a Johnny Hodges alto sax solo that will bring a tear to your eye".  With Sinatra in mind, singer-songwriter Paul Anka wrote the song "My Way", using the melody of the French "Comme d'habitude" ("As Usual"), composed by Claude François and Jacques Revaux.  Sinatra recorded it just after Christmas 1968.  "My Way", Sinatra's best-known song on the Reprise label, was not an instant success, charting at No. 27 in the US and No. 5 in the UK,  but it remained in the UK charts for 122 weeks, including 75 non-consecutive weeks in the Top 40, between April 1969 and September 1971, which was still a record in 2015.   Sinatra told songwriter Ervin Drake in the 1970s that he "detested" singing the song, because he believed audiences would think it was a "self-aggrandizing tribute", professing that he "hated boastfulness in others". 
In an effort to maintain his commercial viability in the late 1960s, Sinatra would record works by Paul Simon ("Mrs. Robinson"), the Beatles ("Yesterday"), and Joni Mitchell ("Both Sides, Now") in 1969. 
"Retirement" and return (1970–1981) Edit
In 1970, Sinatra released Watertown, a critically acclaimed concept album, with music by Bob Gaudio (of the Four Seasons) and lyrics by Jake Holmes.  However, it sold a mere 30,000 copies that year and reached a peak chart position of 101.  He left Caesars Palace in September that year after an incident where executive Sanford Waterman pulled a gun on him. [x] He performed several charity concerts with Count Basie at the Royal Festival Hall in London.  On November 2, 1970, Sinatra recorded the last songs for Reprise Records before his self-imposed retirement,  announced the following June at a concert in Hollywood to raise money for the Motion Picture and TV Relief Fund.  He gave a "rousing" performance of "That's Life", and finished the concert with a Matt Dennis and Earl Brent song, "Angel Eyes" which he had recorded on the Only The Lonely album in 1958.  He sang the last line."'Scuse me while I disappear." The spotlight went dark and he left the stage.  He told LIFE journalist Thomas Thompson that "I've got things to do, like the first thing is not to do anything at all for eight months . maybe a year",  while Barbara Sinatra later said that Sinatra had grown "tired of entertaining people, especially when all they really wanted were the same old tunes he had long ago become bored by".  While he was in retirement, President Richard Nixon asked him to perform at a Young Voters Rally in anticipation of the upcoming campaign. Sinatra obliged and chose to sing "My Kind of Town" for the rally held in Chicago on October 20, 1972. 
In 1973, Sinatra came out of his short-lived retirement with a television special and album. The album, entitled Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back,  arranged by Gordon Jenkins and Don Costa,  was a success, reaching number 13 on Billboard and number 12 in the UK.   The television special, Magnavox Presents Frank Sinatra, reunited Sinatra with Gene Kelly. He initially developed problems with his vocal cords during the comeback due to a prolonged period without singing.  That Christmas he performed at the Sahara Hotel in Las Vegas,  and returned to Caesars Palace the following month in January 1974, despite previously vowing to perform there again [sic].  He began what Barbara Sinatra describes as a "massive comeback tour of the United States, Europe, the Far East and Australia".  In July, while on a second tour of Australia,  he caused an uproar by describing journalists there – who were aggressively pursuing his every move and pushing for a press conference – as "bums, parasites, fags, and buck-and-a-half hookers".  After he was pressured to apologize, Sinatra instead insisted that the journalists apologize for "fifteen years of abuse I have taken from the world press". Union actions cancelled concerts and grounded Sinatra's plane, essentially trapping him in Australia.  In the end, Sinatra's lawyer, Mickey Rudin, arranged for Sinatra to issue a written conciliatory note and a final concert that was televised to the nation.  In October 1974 he appeared at New York City's Madison Square Garden in a televised concert that was later released as an album under the title The Main Event – Live. Backing him was bandleader Woody Herman and the Young Thundering Herd, who accompanied Sinatra on a European tour later that month.  
In 1975, Sinatra performed in concerts in New York with Count Basie and Ella Fitzgerald, and at the London Palladium with Basie and Sarah Vaughan, and in Tehran at Aryamehr Stadium, giving 140 performances in 105 days.  In August he held several consecutive concerts at Lake Tahoe together with the newly-risen singer John Denver,   who became a frequent collaborator.  Sinatra had recorded Denver's "Leaving on a Jet Plane" and "My Sweet Lady" for Sinatra & Company (1971),   and according to Denver, his song "A Baby Just Like You" was written at Sinatra's request for his new grandchild, Angela.  During the Labor Day weekend held in 1976, Sinatra was responsible for reuniting old friends and comedy partners Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis for the first time in nearly twenty years, when they performed at the "Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon".   That year, the Friars Club selected him as the "Top Box Office Name of the Century", and he was given the Scopus Award by the American Friends of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel and an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Nevada. 
Sinatra continued to perform at Caesars Palace in the late 1970s, and was performing there in January 1977 when his mother Dolly died in a plane crash on the way to see him.  [y]  He cancelled two weeks of shows and spent time recovering from the shock in Barbados.  In March, he performed in front of Princess Margaret at the Royal Albert Hall in London, raising money for the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.  On March 14, he recorded with Nelson Riddle for the last time, recording the songs "Linda", "Sweet Loraine", and "Barbara".  The two men had a major falling out, and later patched up their differences in January 1985 at a dinner organized for Ronald Reagan, when Sinatra asked Riddle to make another album with him. Riddle was ill at the time, and died that October, before they had a chance to record. 
In 1978, Sinatra filed a $1 million lawsuit against a land developer for using his name in the "Frank Sinatra Drive Center" in West Los Angeles.  During a party at Caesars in 1979, he was awarded the Grammy Trustees Award, while celebrating 40 years in show business and his 64th birthday.   That year, former President Gerald Ford awarded Sinatra the International Man of the Year Award,  and he performed in front of the Egyptian pyramids for Anwar Sadat, which raised more than $500,000 for Sadat's wife's charities. 
In 1980, Sinatra's first album in six years was released, Trilogy: Past Present Future, a highly ambitious triple album that features an array of songs from both the pre-rock era and rock era.  It was the first studio album of Sinatra's to feature his touring pianist at the time, Vinnie Falcone, and was based on an idea by Sonny Burke.  The album garnered six Grammy nominations – winning for best liner notes – and peaked at number 17 on Billboard's album chart,  and spawned yet another song that would become a signature tune, "Theme from New York, New York".  That year, as part of the Concert of the Americas, he performed in the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which broke records for the "largest live paid audience ever recorded for a solo performer".  The following year, Sinatra built on the success of Trilogy with She Shot Me Down, an album that was praised for embodying the dark tone of his Capitol years.  Also in 1981, Sinatra was embroiled in controversy when he worked a ten-day engagement for $2 million in Sun City, in the internationally unrecognized Bophuthatswana, breaking a cultural boycott against apartheid-era South Africa. President Lucas Mangope awarded Sinatra with the highest honor, the Order of the Leopard, and made him an honorary tribal chief. 
Later career (1982–1998) Edit
Santopietro stated that by the early 1980s, Sinatra's voice had "coarsened, losing much of its power and flexibility, but audiences didn't care".  In 1982, he signed a $16 million three-year deal with the Golden Nugget of Las Vegas. Kelley notes that by this period Sinatra's voice had grown "darker, tougher and loamier", but he "continued to captivate audiences with his immutable magic". She added that his baritone voice "sometimes cracked, but the gliding intonations still aroused the same raptures of delight as they had at the Paramount Theater".  That year he made a reported further $1.3 million from the Showtime television rights to his "Concert of the Americas" in the Dominican Republic, $1.6 million for a concert series at Carnegie Hall, and $250,000 in just one evening at the Chicago Fest. He donated a lot of his earnings to charity.  He put on a performance at the White House for the Italian prime minister, and performed at the Radio City Music Hall with Luciano Pavarotti and George Shearing. 
Sinatra was selected as one of the five recipients of the 1983 Kennedy Center Honors, alongside Katherine Dunham, James Stewart, Elia Kazan, and Virgil Thomson. Quoting Henry James, President Reagan said in honoring his old friend that "art was the shadow of humanity" and that Sinatra had "spent his life casting a magnificent and powerful shadow".  On September 21, 1983, Sinatra filed a $2 million court case against Kitty Kelley, suing her for punitive damages, before her unofficial biography, His Way, was even published. The book became a best-seller for "all the wrong reasons" and "the most eye-opening celebrity biography of our time", according to William Safire of The New York Times.  Sinatra was always adamant that such a book would be written on his terms, and he himself would "set the record straight" in details of his life.  According to Kelley, the family detested her and the book, which took its toll on Sinatra's health. Kelley says that Tina Sinatra blamed her for her father's colon surgery in 1986.  He was forced to drop the case on September 19, 1984, with several leading newspapers expressing concerns about his views on censorship. 
In 1984, Sinatra worked with Quincy Jones for the first time in nearly two decades on the album, L.A. Is My Lady, which was well received critically.  The album was a substitute for another Jones project, an album of duets with Lena Horne, which had to be abandoned. [z] In 1986, Sinatra collapsed on stage while performing in Atlantic City and was hospitalized for diverticulitis,  which left him looking frail.  Two years later, Sinatra reunited with Martin and Davis and went on the Rat Pack Reunion Tour, during which they played many large arenas. When Martin dropped out of the tour early on, a rift developed between them and the two never spoke again. 
On June 6, 1988, Sinatra made his last recordings with Reprise for an album which was not released. He recorded "My Foolish Heart", "Cry Me A River", and other songs. Sinatra never completed the project, but take number 18 of "My Foolish Heart" may be heard in The Complete Reprise Studio Recordings (1995). 
In 1990, Sinatra was awarded the second "Ella Award" by the Los Angeles-based Society of Singers, and performed for a final time with Ella Fitzgerald at the award ceremony.  Sinatra maintained an active touring schedule in the early 1990s, performing 65 concerts in 1990, 73 in 1991 and 84 in 1992 in seventeen different countries. 
In 1993, Sinatra returned to Capitol Records and the recording studio for Duets, which became his best-selling album.  The album and its sequel, Duets II, released the following year,  would see Sinatra remake his classic recordings with popular contemporary performers, who added their vocals to a pre-recorded tape.  During his tours in the early 1990s, his memory failed him at times during concerts, and he fainted onstage in Richmond, Virginia, in March 1994.  His final public concerts were held in Fukuoka Dome in Japan on December 19–20, 1994.  The following year, Sinatra sang for the last time on February 25, 1995, before a live audience of 1200 select guests at the Palm Desert Marriott Ballroom, on the closing night of the Frank Sinatra Desert Classic golf tournament.  Esquire reported of the show that Sinatra was "clear, tough, on the money" and "in absolute control".  Sinatra was awarded the Legend Award at the 1994 Grammy Awards, where he was introduced by Bono, who said of him, "Frank's the chairman of the bad attitude . Rock 'n roll plays at being tough, but this guy is the boss – the chairman of boss . I'm not going to mess with him, are you?"  
In 1995, to mark Sinatra's 80th birthday, the Empire State Building glowed blue.  A star-studded birthday tribute, Sinatra: 80 Years My Way, was held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, featuring performers such as Ray Charles, Little Richard, Natalie Cole and Salt-N-Pepa singing his songs.  At the end of the program Sinatra performed on stage for the last time to sing the final notes of the "Theme from New York, New York" with an ensemble.  In recognition of his many years of association with Las Vegas, Frank Sinatra was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame in 1997. 
While Sinatra never learned how to read music well, he had a fine, natural understanding of it,  and he worked very hard from a young age to improve his abilities in all aspects of music.  He could follow a lead sheet during a performance by "carefully following the patterns and groupings of notes arranged on the page" and made his own notations to the music, using his ear to detect semitonal differences.  Granata states that some of the most accomplished classically trained musicians soon noticed his musical understanding, and remarked that Sinatra had a "sixth sense", which "demonstrated unusual proficiency when it came to detecting incorrect notes and sounds within the orchestra".  Sinatra was an aficionado of classical music,  and would often request classical strains in his music, inspired by composers such as Puccini and Impressionist masters. His personal favorite was Ralph Vaughan Williams.  He would insist on always recording live with the band because it gave him a "certain feeling" to perform live surrounded by musicians.  By the mid 1940s, such was his understanding of music that after hearing an air check of some compositions by Alec Wilder which were for strings and woodwinds, he became the conductor at Columbia Records for six of Wilder's compositions: "Air for Oboe", "Air for English Horn", "Air for Flute", "Air for Bassoon", "Slow Dance" and "Theme and Variations". [aa] The works, which combine elements of jazz and classical music, were considered by Wilder to have been among the finest renditions and recordings of his compositions, past or present.  At one recording session with arranger Claus Ogerman and an orchestra, Sinatra heard "a couple of little strangers" in the string section, prompting Ogerman to make corrections to what were thought to be copyist's errors.  Critic Gene Lees, a lyricist and the author of the words to the Jobim melody "This Happy Madness", expressed amazement when he heard Sinatra's recording of it on Sinatra & Company (1971), considering him to have delivered the lyrics to perfection. 
Voice coach John Quinlan was impressed by Sinatra's vocal range, remarking, "He has far more voice than people think he has. He can vocalize to a B-flat on top in full voice, and he doesn't need a mic either".  As a singer, early on he was primarily influenced by Bing Crosby,  but later believed that Tony Bennett was "the best singer in the business".  Bennett also praised Sinatra himself, claiming that as a performer, he had "perfected the art of intimacy."  According to Nelson Riddle, Sinatra had a "fairly rangy voice", [ab] remarking that "His voice has a very strident, insistent sound in the top register, a smooth lyrical sound in the middle register, and a very tender sound in the low. His voice is built on infinite taste, with an overall inflection of sex. He points everything he does from a sexual standpoint".  Despite his heavy New Jersey accent, according to Richard Schuller, when Sinatra sang his accent was barely detectable, with his diction becoming "precise" and articulation "meticulous".  His timing was impeccable, allowing him, according to Charles L. Granata, to "toy with the rhythm of a melody, bringing tremendous excitement to his reading of a lyric".  Tommy Dorsey observed that Sinatra would "take a musical phrase and play it all the way through seemingly without breathing for eight, ten, maybe sixteen bars". Dorsey was a considerable influence on Sinatra's techniques for his vocal phrasing with his own exceptional breath control on the trombone,  and Sinatra regularly swam and held his breath underwater, thinking of song lyrics to increase his breathing power. 
—Barbara Sinatra on Sinatra's voice and musical understanding. 
Arrangers such as Nelson Riddle and Anthony Fanzo found Sinatra to be a perfectionist who constantly drove himself and others around him, stating that his collaborators approached him with a sense of uneasiness because of his unpredictable and often volatile temperament.  Granata comments that Sinatra was almost fanatically obsessed with perfection to the point that people began wondering if he was genuinely concerned about the music or showing off his power over others.  On days when he felt that his voice was not right, he would know after only a few notes and would postpone the recording session until the following day, yet still pay his musicians.  After a period of performing, Sinatra tired of singing a certain set of songs and was always looking for talented new songwriters and composers to work with. Once he found ones that he liked, he actively sought to work with them as often as he could, and made friends with many of them. He once told Sammy Cahn, who wrote songs for Anchors Aweigh, "if you're not there Monday, I'm not there Monday". Over the years he recorded 87 of Cahn's songs, of which 24 were composed by Jule Styne, and 43 by Jimmy Van Heusen. The Cahn-Styne partnership lasted from 1942 until 1954, when Van Heusen succeeded him as Sinatra's main composer. 
Unlike many of his contemporaries, Sinatra insisted upon direct input regarding arrangements and tempos for his recordings. He would spend weeks thinking about the songs he wanted to record, and would keep an arranger in mind for each song. If it was a mellow love song, he would ask for Gordon Jenkins. If it was a "rhythm" number, he would think of Billy May, or perhaps Neil Hefti or some other favored arranger. Jenkins considered Sinatra's musical sense to be unerring. His changes to Riddle's charts would frustrate Riddle, yet he would usually concede that Sinatra's ideas were superior.  Barbara Sinatra notes that Sinatra would almost always credit the songwriter at the end of each number, and would often make comments to the audience, such as "Isn't that a pretty ballad" or "Don't you think that's the most marvelous love song", delivered with "childlike delight".  She states that after each show, Sinatra would be "in a buoyant, electrically charged mood, a post-show high that would take him hours to come down from as he quietly relived every note of the performance he'd just given". 
—Nelson Riddle noting the development of Sinatra's voice in 1955. 
Sinatra's split with Gardner in the fall of 1953 had a profound impact on the types of songs he sang and on his voice. He began to console himself in songs with a "brooding melancholy", such as "I'm a Fool to Want You", "Don't Worry 'Bout Me", "My One and Only Love" and "There Will Never Be Another You",  which Riddle believed was the direct influence of Ava Gardner. Lahr comments that the new Sinatra was "not the gentle boy balladeer of the forties. Fragility had gone from his voice, to be replaced by a virile adult's sense of happiness and hurt".  Author Granata considered Sinatra a "master of the art of recording", noting that his work in the studio "set him apart from other gifted vocalists". During his career he made over 1000 recordings.  Recording sessions would typically last three hours, though Sinatra would always prepare for them by spending at least an hour by the piano beforehand to vocalize, followed by a short rehearsal with the orchestra to ensure the balance of sound.  During his Columbia years Sinatra used an RCA 44 microphone, which Granata describes as "the 'old-fashioned' microphone which is closely associated with Sinatra's crooner image of the 1940s", though when performing on talk shows later he used a bullet-shaped RCA 77.  At Capitol he used a Neumann U47, an "ultra-sensitive" microphone which better captured the timbre and tone of his voice. 
In the 1950s, Sinatra's career was facilitated by developments in technology. Up to sixteen songs could now be held by the twelve-inch L.P., and this allowed Sinatra to use song in a novelistic way, turning each track in a kind of chapter, which built and counterpointed moods to illuminate a larger theme".  Santopietro writes that through the 1950s and well into the 1960s, "Every Sinatra LP was a masterpiece of one sort of another, whether uptempo, torch song, or swingin' affairs. Track after track, the brilliant concept albums redefined the nature of pop vocal art". 
Debut, musical films, and career slump (1941–1952) Edit
Sinatra attempted to pursue an acting career in Hollywood in the early 1940s. While films appealed to him,  being exceptionally self-confident,  he was rarely enthusiastic about his own acting, once remarking that "pictures stink".  Sinatra made his film debut performing in an uncredited sequence in Las Vegas Nights (1941), singing "I'll Never Smile Again" with Tommy Dorsey's Pied Pipers.  He had a cameo role along with Duke Ellington and Count Basie in Charles Barton's Reveille with Beverly (1943), making a brief appearance singing "Night and Day".  Next, he was given leading roles in Higher and Higher and Step Lively (both 1944) for RKO.  
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cast Sinatra opposite Gene Kelly and Kathryn Grayson in the Technicolor musical Anchors Aweigh (1945), in which he played a sailor on leave in Hollywood for four days.   A major success,  it garnered several Academy Award wins and nominations, and the song "I Fall in Love Too Easily", sung by Sinatra in the film, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song.  He briefly appeared at the end of Richard Whorf's commercially successful Till the Clouds Roll By (1946), a Technicolor musical biopic of Jerome Kern, in which he sang "Ol' Man River". 
Sinatra co-starred again with Gene Kelly in the Technicolor musical Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949), a film set in 1908, in which Sinatra and Kelly play baseball players who are part-time vaudevillians.  He teamed up with Kelly for a third time in On the Town (also 1949), playing a sailor on leave in New York City. The film remains rated very highly by critics, and in 2006 it ranked No. 19 on the American Film Institute's list of best musicals.  Both Double Dynamite (1951), an RKO Irving Cummings comedy produced by Howard Hughes,  and Joseph Pevney's Meet Danny Wilson (1952) failed to make an impression.  The New York World Telegram and Sun ran the headline "Gone on Frankie in '42 Gone in '52". 
Career comeback and prime (1953–1959) Edit
Frank Sinatra holding Oscar (1954-03-25).jpg
Fred Zinnemann's From Here to Eternity (1953) deals with the tribulations of three soldiers, played by Burt Lancaster, Montgomery Clift, and Sinatra, stationed on Hawaii in the months leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor.  Sinatra had long been desperate to find a film role which would bring him back into the spotlight, and Columbia Pictures boss Harry Cohn had been inundated by appeals from people across Hollywood to give Sinatra a chance to star as "Maggio" in the film.  [ac] During production, Montgomery Clift became a close friend,  and Sinatra later professed that he "learned more about acting from him than anybody I ever knew before".  After several years of critical and commercial decline, his Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor win helped him regain his position as the top recording artist in the world.  His performance also won a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture.  The Los Angeles Examiner wrote that Sinatra is "simply superb, comical, pitiful, childishly brave, pathetically defiant", commenting that his death scene is "one of the best ever photographed". 
Sinatra starred opposite Doris Day in the musical film Young at Heart (1954),  and earned critical praise for his performance as a psychopathic killer posing as an FBI agent opposite Sterling Hayden in the film noir Suddenly (also 1954). 
Sinatra was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor and BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his role as a heroin addict in The Man with the Golden Arm (1955).  [ad] After roles in Guys and Dolls,  and The Tender Trap (both 1955),  Sinatra was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his role as a medical student in Stanley Kramer's directorial début, Not as a Stranger (also 1955).  During production, Sinatra got drunk with Robert Mitchum and Broderick Crawford and trashed Kramer's dressing room.  Kramer vowed to never hire Sinatra again at the time, and later regretted casting him as a Spanish guerrilla leader in The Pride and the Passion (1957).  
Sinatra featured alongside Bing Crosby and Grace Kelly in High Society (1956) for MGM, earning a reported $250,000 for the picture.  The public rushed to the cinemas to see Sinatra and Crosby together on-screen, and it ended up earning over $13 million at the box office, becoming one of the highest-grossing pictures of its year.  He starred opposite Rita Hayworth and Kim Novak in George Sidney's Pal Joey (1957), Sinatra, for which he won for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.  Santopietro considers the scene in which Sinatra sings "The Lady Is a Tramp" to Hayworth to have been the finest moment of his film career.  He next portrayed comedian Joe E. Lewis in The Joker Is Wild (also 1957)  the song "All the Way" won the Academy Award for Best Original Song.  By 1958, Sinatra was one of the ten biggest box office draws in the United States,  appearing with Dean Martin and Shirley MacLaine in Vincente Minnelli's Some Came Running and Kings Go Forth (both 1958) with Tony Curtis and Natalie Wood.  "High Hopes", sung by Sinatra in the Frank Capra comedy, A Hole in the Head (1959),   won the Academy Award for Best Original Song,  and became a chart hit, lasting on the Hot 100 for 17 weeks. 
Later career (1960–1980) Edit
Due to an obligation he owed to 20th Century Fox for walking off the set of Henry King's Carousel (1956), [ae] Sinatra starred opposite Shirley MacLaine, Maurice Chevalier and Louis Jourdan in Can-Can (1960). He earned $200,000 and 25% of the profits for the performance.  Around the same time, he starred in the Las Vegas-set Ocean's 11 (also 1960), the first film to feature the Rat Pack together and the start of a "new era of screen cool" for Santopietro.  Sinatra personally financed the film, and paid Martin and Davis fees of $150,000 and $125,000 respectively, sums considered exorbitant for the period.  He had a leading role opposite Laurence Harvey in The Manchurian Candidate (1962), which he considered to be the role he was most excited about and the high point of his film career.  Vincent Canby, writing for the magazine Variety, found the portrayal of Sinatra's character to be "a wide-awake pro creating a straight, quietly humorous character of some sensitivity."  He appeared with the Rat Pack in the western Sergeants 3 (also 1962), following it with 4 for Texas (1963).  For his performance in Come Blow Your Horn (also 1963) adapted from the Neil Simon play, he was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. 
Sinatra directed None but the Brave (1965),  and Von Ryan's Express (1965) was a major success,   However, in the mid 1960s, Brad Dexter wanted to "breathe new life" into Sinatra's film career by helping him display the same professional pride in his films as he did his recordings. On one occasion, he gave Sinatra Anthony Burgess's novel A Clockwork Orange (1962) to read, with the idea of making a film, but Sinatra thought it had no potential and did not understand a word.  [af]
In the late 1960s, Sinatra became known for playing detectives,  including Tony Rome in Tony Rome (1967) and its sequel Lady in Cement (1968).   He also played a similar role in The Detective (1968). 
Sinatra starred opposite George Kennedy in the western Dirty Dingus Magee (1970), an "abysmal" affair according to Santopietro,  which was panned by the critics.   The following year, Sinatra received a Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award  and had intended to play Detective Harry Callahan in Dirty Harry (1971), but had to turn the role down due to developing Dupuytren's contracture in his hand.  Sinatra's last major film role was opposite Faye Dunaway in Brian G. Hutton's The First Deadly Sin (1980). Santopietro said that as a troubled New York City homicide cop, Sinatra gave an "extraordinarily rich", heavily layered characterization, one which "made for one terrific farewell" to his film career. 
After beginning on the Major Bowes Amateur Hour radio show with the Hoboken Four in 1935, and later WNEW and WAAT in Jersey City,  Sinatra became the star of radio shows of his own on NBC and CBS from the early 1940s to the mid-1950s. In 1942, Sinatra hired arranger Axel Stordahl away from Tommy Dorsey before he began his first radio program that year, keeping Stordahl with him for all of his radio work.  By the end of 1942, he was named the "Most Popular Male Vocalist on Radio" in a DownBeat poll.  Early on he frequently worked with The Andrews Sisters on radio, and they would appear as guests on each other's shows,  as well as on many USO shows broadcast to troops via the Armed Forces Radio Service (AFRS).  He appeared as a special guest in the sisters' ABC Eight-to-the-Bar Ranch series,  while the trio in turn guested on his Songs by Sinatra series on CBS.  Sinatra had two stints as a regular member of cast of Your Hit Parade [ag] his first was from 1943 to 1945,  and second was from 1946 to May 28, 1949,  during which he was paired with the then-new girl singer, Doris Day.  Starting in September 1949, the BBD&O advertising agency produced a radio series starring Sinatra for Lucky Strike called Light Up Time – some 176 15-minute shows which featured Frank and Dorothy Kirsten singing – which lasted through to May 1950. 
In October 1951, the second season of The Frank Sinatra Show began on CBS Television. Ultimately, Sinatra did not find the success on television for which he had hoped. [ah] Santopietro writes that Sinatra "simply never appeared fully at ease on his own television series, his edgy, impatient personality conveying a pent up energy on the verge of exploding".  In 1953, Sinatra starred in the NBC radio program Rocky Fortune, portraying Rocco Fortunato (a.k.a. Rocky Fortune), a "footloose and fancy free" temporary worker for the Gridley Employment Agency who stumbles into crime-solving. The series aired on NBC radio Tuesday nights from October 1953 to March 1954. 
In 1957, Sinatra formed a three-year $3 million contract with ABC to launch The Frank Sinatra Show, featuring himself and guests in 36 half-hour shows. ABC agreed to allow Sinatra's Hobart Productions to keep 60% of the residuals, and bought stock in Sinatra's film production unit, Kent Productions, guaranteeing him $7 million.  Though an initial critical success upon its debut on October 18, 1957, it soon attracted negative reviews from Variety and The New Republic, and The Chicago Sun-Times thought that Sinatra and frequent guest Dean Martin "performed like a pair of adult delinquents", "sharing the same cigarette and leering at girls".  In return, Sinatra later made numerous appearances on The Dean Martin Show and Martin's TV specials. 
Sinatra's fourth and final Timex TV special, Welcome Home Elvis, was broadcast in March 1960, earning massive viewing figures. During the show, he performed a duet with Presley, who sang Sinatra's 1957 hit "Witchcraft" with the host performing the 1956 Presley classic "Love Me Tender". Sinatra had previously been highly critical of Elvis Presley and rock and roll in the 1950s, describing it as a "deplorable, a rancid smelling aphrodisiac" which "fosters almost totally negative and destructive reactions in young people."  [ai] A CBS News special about the singer's 50th birthday, Frank Sinatra: A Man and His Music, was broadcast on November 16, 1965, and garnered both an Emmy award and a Peabody Award. 
According his musical collaboration with Jobim and Ella Fitzgerald in 1967, Sinatra appeared in the TV special, A Man and His Music + Ella + Jobim, which was broadcast on CBS on November 13.  When Sinatra came out of retirement in 1973, he released both an album and appeared in a TV special named Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back. The TV special was highlighted by a dramatic reading of "Send in the Clowns" and a song-and-dance sequence with former co-star Gene Kelly.  In the late 1970s, John Denver appeared as a guest in the Sinatra and Friends ABC-TV Special, singing "September Song" as a duet. 
Sinatra starred as a detective in Contract on Cherry Street (1977), cited as his "one starring role in a dramatic television film".  Ten years later, he made a guest appearance opposite Tom Selleck in Magnum, P.I., playing a retired policeman who teams up with Selleck to find his granddaughter's murderer. Shot in January 1987, the episode aired on CBS on February 25. 
Sinatra had three children, Nancy (born 1940), Frank Jr. (1944–2016) and Tina (born 1948), with his first wife, Nancy Sinatra (née Barbato, 1917–2018), to whom he was married from 1939 to 1951.  
Sinatra had met Barbato in Long Branch, New Jersey in the late 1930s, where he spent most of the summer working as a lifeguard.  He agreed to marry her after an incident at "The Rustic Cabin" which led to his arrest. [aj] Sinatra had numerous extramarital affairs,  and gossip magazines published details of affairs with women including Marilyn Maxwell, Lana Turner, and Joi Lansing.  [ak]
—Barbara Sinatra on Sinatra's popularity with women. 
Sinatra was married to Hollywood actress Ava Gardner from 1951 to 1957. It was a turbulent marriage with many well-publicized fights and altercations.  The couple formally announced their separation on October 29, 1953, through MGM.  Gardner filed for divorce in June 1954, at a time when she was dating matador Luis Miguel Dominguín,  but the divorce was not settled until 1957.  Sinatra continued to feel very strongly for her,  and they remained friends for life.  He was still dealing with her finances in 1976. 
Sinatra reportedly broke off engagements to Lauren Bacall in 1958  and Juliet Prowse in 1962.  He married Mia Farrow on July 19, 1966, a short marriage that ended with divorce in Mexico in August 1968.  They remained close friends for life,  and in a 2013 interview Farrow said that Sinatra might be the father of her son Ronan Farrow (born 1987).   In a 2015 CBS Sunday Morning interview, Nancy Sinatra dismissed the claim as "nonsense". 
Sinatra was married to Barbara Marx from 1976 until his death.  The couple married on July 11, 1976, at Sunnylands, in Rancho Mirage, California, the estate of media magnate Walter Annenberg. 
Sinatra was close friends with Jilly Rizzo,  songwriter Jimmy Van Heusen, golfer Ken Venturi, comedian Pat Henry and baseball manager Leo Durocher.  In his spare time, he enjoyed listening to classical music and attended concerts when he could.  He swam daily in the Pacific Ocean, finding it to be therapeutic and giving him much-needed solitude.  He often played golf with Venturi at the course in Palm Springs, where he lived,  and liked painting, reading, and building model railways. 
Though Sinatra was critical of the church on numerous occasions  and had a pantheistic, Einstein-like view of God in his earlier life,  he was inducted into the Catholic Sovereign Military Order of Malta in 1976,  and he turned to Roman Catholicism for healing after his mother died in a plane crash in 1977. He died as a practicing Catholic and had a Catholic burial. 
Style and personality Edit
Sinatra was known for his immaculate sense of style.  He spent lavishly on expensive custom-tailored tuxedos and stylish pin-striped suits, which made him feel wealthy and important, and that he was giving his very best to the audience.   He was also obsessed with cleanliness—while with the Tommy Dorsey band he developed the nickname "Lady Macbeth", because of frequent showering and switching his outfits.  His deep blue eyes earned him the popular nickname "Ol' Blue Eyes". 
For Santopietro, Sinatra was the personification of America in the 1950s: "cocky, eye on the main chance, optimistic, and full of the sense of possibility".  Barbara Sinatra wrote, "A big part of Frank's thrill was the sense of danger that he exuded, an underlying, ever-present tension only those closest to him knew could be defused with humor".  Cary Grant, a friend of Sinatra, stated that Sinatra was the "most honest person he'd ever met", who spoke "a simple truth, without artifice which scared people", and was often moved to tears by his performances.  Jo-Caroll Dennison commented that he possessed "great inner strength", and that his energy and drive were "enormous".  A workaholic, he reportedly only slept four hours a night on average.  Throughout his life, Sinatra had mood swings and bouts of mild to severe depression,  stating to an interviewer in the 1950s that "I have an over-acute capacity for sadness as well as elation".  Barbara Sinatra stated that he would "snap at anyone for the slightest misdemeanor",  while Van Heusen said that when Sinatra got drunk it was "best to disappear". 
Sinatra's mood swings often developed into violence, directed at people he felt had crossed him, particularly journalists who gave him scathing reviews, publicists, and photographers.  According to Rojek he was "capable of deeply offensive behavior that smacked of a persecution complex".  He received negative press for fights with Lee Mortimer in 1947, photographer Eddie Schisser in Houston in 1950, Judy Garland's publicist Jim Byron on the Sunset Strip in 1954,   and for a confrontation with Washington Post journalist Maxine Cheshire in 1973, in which he implied that she was a cheap prostitute.  [al]
His feud with then-Chicago Sun Times columnist Mike Royko began when Royko wrote a column questioning why Chicago police offered free protection to Sinatra when the singer had his own security. Sinatra fired off an angry letter in response calling Royko a "pimp", and threatening to "punch you in the mouth" for speculating that he wore a toupée.  Royko auctioned the letter, the proceeds going to the Salvation Army. The winner of the auction was Vie Carlson, mother of Bun E. Carlos of the rock group Cheap Trick. After appearing on Antiques Roadshow,  Carlson consigned the letter to Freeman's Auctioneers & Appraisers, which auctioned it in 2010. 
Sinatra was also known for his generosity,  particularly after his comeback. Kelley notes that when Lee J. Cobb nearly died from a heart attack in June 1955, Sinatra flooded him with "books, flowers, delicacies", paid his hospital bills, and visited him daily, telling him that his "finest acting" was yet to come.  In another instance, after an argument with manager Bobby Burns, rather than apologize, Sinatra bought him a brand new Cadillac. 
Alleged organized-crime links and Cal Neva Lodge Edit
Sinatra became the stereotype of the "tough working-class Italian American", something which he embraced. He said that if it had not been for his interest in music, he would have likely ended up in a life of crime.  Willie Moretti was Sinatra's godfather and the notorious underboss of the Genovese crime family, and he helped Sinatra in exchange for kickbacks and was reported to have intervened in releasing Sinatra from his contract with Tommy Dorsey.  Sinatra went to the Mafia Havana Conference in 1946,  and the press learned of his being there with Lucky Luciano. One newspaper published the headline "Shame, Sinatra".  He was reported to be a good friend of mobster Sam Giancana,  and the two men were seen playing golf together.  Kelley quotes Jo-Carrol Silvers that Sinatra "adored" Bugsy Siegel, and boasted to friends about him and how many people he had killed.  Kelley says that Sinatra and mobster Joseph Fischetti had been good friends from 1938 onward, and acted like "Sicilian brothers".  She also states that Sinatra and Hank Sanicola were financial partners with Mickey Cohen in the gossip magazine Hollywood Night Life. 
The FBI kept records amounting to 2,403 pages on Sinatra, who was a natural target with his alleged Mafia ties, his ardent New Deal politics, and his friendship with John F. Kennedy.  The FBI kept him under surveillance for almost five decades beginning in the 1940s. The documents include accounts of Sinatra as the target of death threats and extortion schemes.  The FBI documented that Sinatra was losing esteem with the Mafia as he grew closer to President Kennedy, whose younger brother Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy was leading a crackdown on organized crime.  Sinatra said he was not involved: "Any report that I fraternized with goons or racketeers is a vicious lie". 
In 1960, Sinatra bought a share in the Cal Neva Lodge & Casino, a casino hotel that straddles the California-Nevada state line on the north shores of Lake Tahoe. Sinatra built the Celebrity Room theater which attracted his show business friends Red Skelton, Marilyn Monroe, Victor Borge, Joe E. Lewis, Lucille Ball, Lena Horne, Juliet Prowse, the McGuire Sisters, and others. By 1962, he reportedly held a 50-percent share in the hotel.  Sinatra's gambling license was temporarily stripped by the Nevada Gaming Control Board in 1963 after Giancana was spotted on the premises.  [am] Due to ongoing pressure from the FBI and Nevada Gaming Commission on mobster control of casinos, Sinatra agreed to give up his share in Cal Neva and the Sands.  That year, his son Frank Jr. was kidnapped but was eventually released unharmed.  Sinatra's gaming license was restored in February 1981, following support from Ronald Reagan. 
Sinatra held differing political views throughout his life. His mother, Dolly Sinatra (1896–1977), was a Democratic Party ward leader,  and after meeting President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, he subsequently heavily campaigned for the Democrats in the 1944 presidential election.  According to Jo Carroll Silvers, in his younger years Sinatra had "ardent liberal" sympathies, and was "so concerned about poor people that he was always quoting Henry Wallace".  He was outspoken against racism, particularly toward blacks and Italians, from early on. In November 1945 Sinatra was invited by the mayor of Gary, Indiana, to try to settle a strike by white students of Froebel High School against the "Pro-Negro" policies of the new principal.  His comments, while praised by liberal publications, led to accusations by some that he was a Communist, which he said was not true.  In the 1948 presidential election, Sinatra actively campaigned for President Harry S. Truman.  In 1952 and 1956, he also campaigned for Adlai Stevenson. 
Of all the U.S. presidents he associated with during his career, he was closest to John F. Kennedy.  Sinatra often invited Kennedy to Hollywood and Las Vegas, and the two would womanize and enjoy parties together.  In January 1961 Sinatra and Peter Lawford organized the Inaugural Gala in Washington, D.C., held on the evening before President Kennedy was sworn into office.  After taking office, Kennedy decided to cut ties with Sinatra due, in part, to the singer's ties with the Mafia.  His brother Robert, who was serving as Attorney General and was known for urging FBI director J. Edgar Hoover to conduct even more crackdowns on the Mafia,  was even more distrustful of Sinatra. 
In 1962, Sinatra's friendship with Kennedy, whom he first met in the 1950s, officially ended when Kennedy officially decided to remove Sinatra, who never shook off rumors of affiliation with the Mafia,  from his "gang."  Sinatra was snubbed by the President during his visit to Palm Springs, where Sinatra lived, when he decided to stay with the Republican Bing Crosby, due to FBI concerns about Sinatra's alleged connections to organized crime. [an] Despite also having ties with the Mafia, Crosby was not willing to give as much public hints as Sinatra.  Sinatra had invested a lot of his own money in upgrading the facilities at his home in anticipation of the President's visit, fitting it with a heliport, which he later smashed up with a sledgehammer upon being rejected.   Despite the snub, when he learned of Kennedy's assassination he reportedly sobbed in his bedroom for three days.  [ao]
Sinatra worked with Hubert H. Humphrey in 1968,  and remained a supporter of the Democratic Party until the early 1970s. Although still a registered Democrat, Sinatra endorsed Republican Ronald Reagan for a second term as Governor of California in 1970.   He officially changed allegiance in July 1972 when he supported Richard Nixon for re-election in the 1972 presidential election. 
In the 1980 presidential election, Sinatra supported Ronald Reagan and donated $4 million to Reagan's campaign.  Sinatra arranged Reagan's Presidential gala, as he had done for Kennedy 20 years previously.   In 1985, Reagan presented Sinatra with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, remarking, "His love of country, his generosity for those less fortunate . make him one of our most remarkable and distinguished Americans." 
Santopietro notes that Sinatra was a "lifelong sympathizer with Jewish causes".  He was awarded the Hollzer Memorial Award by the Los Angeles Jewish Community in 1949.  He gave a series of concerts in Israel in 1962, and donated his entire $50,000 fee for appearing in a cameo role in Cast a Giant Shadow (1966) to the Youth Center in Jerusalem.  On November 1, 1972, he raised $6.5 million in bond pledges for Israel,  and was given the Medallion of Valor for his efforts.  The Frank Sinatra Student Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem was dedicated in his name in 1978.  He owned a Jewish skullcap, known as a kippah or yarmulkah, which was sold as part of his wife's estate many years after his death. 
From his youth, Sinatra displayed sympathy for African Americans and worked both publicly and privately all his life to help the struggle for equal rights. He blamed racial prejudice on the parents of children.  Sinatra played a major role in the desegregation of Nevada hotels and casinos in the 1950s and 1960s.  At the Sands in 1955, Sinatra went against policy by inviting Nat King Cole into the dining room,  and in 1961, after an incident where an African-American couple entered the lobby of the hotel and were blocked by the security guard, Sinatra and Davis forced the hotel management to begin hiring black waiters and busboys.  On January 27, 1961, Sinatra played a benefit show at Carnegie Hall for Martin Luther King Jr. and led his fellow Rat Pack members and Reprise label mates in boycotting hotels and casinos that refused entry to black patrons and performers. According to his son, Frank Jr., King sat weeping in the audience at one of his father's concerts in 1963 as Sinatra sang "Ol' Man River", a song from the musical Show Boat that is sung by an African-American stevedore.  When he changed his political affiliations in 1970, Sinatra became less outspoken on racial issues.  Though he did much towards civil rights causes, it did not stop the occasional racial jibe from him and the other Rat Pack members toward Davis at concerts.  
Sinatra died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on May 14, 1998, aged 82, with his wife and 3 children at his side, after a heart attack.   Sinatra was in ill health during the last few years of his life, and was frequently hospitalized for heart and breathing problems, high blood pressure, pneumonia and bladder cancer. He also suffered from dementia-like symptoms due to his usage of antidepressants.  He had made no public appearances following a heart attack in February 1997.  Sinatra's wife encouraged him to "fight" while attempts were made to stabilize him, and reported that his final words were, "I'm losing."  Sinatra's daughter, Tina, later wrote that she and her siblings (Frank Jr. and Nancy) had not been notified of their father's final hospitalization, and it was her belief that "the omission was deliberate. Barbara would be the grieving widow alone at her husband's side."  The night after Sinatra's death, the lights on the Empire State Building in New York City were turned blue, the lights at the Las Vegas Strip were dimmed in his honor, and the casinos stopped spinning for one minute.  
Sinatra's funeral was held at the Roman Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills, California, on May 20, 1998, with 400 mourners in attendance and thousands of fans outside.  Gregory Peck, Tony Bennett, and Sinatra's son, Frank Jr., addressed the mourners, who included many notable people from film and entertainment.   Sinatra was buried in a blue business suit with mementos from family members—cherry-flavored Life Savers, Tootsie Rolls, a bottle of Jack Daniel's, a pack of Camel cigarettes, a Zippo lighter, stuffed toys, a dog biscuit, and a roll of dimes that he always carried—next to his parents in section B-8 of Desert Memorial Park in Cathedral City, California. 
His close friends Jilly Rizzo and Jimmy Van Heusen are buried nearby. The words "The Best Is Yet to Come", plus "Beloved Husband & Father" are imprinted on Sinatra's grave marker.  Significant increases in recording sales worldwide were reported by Billboard in the month of his death. 
Robert Christgau referred to Sinatra as "the greatest singer of the 20th century".  His popularity is matched only by Bing Crosby, Elvis Presley, The Beatles, and Michael Jackson.  For Santopietro, Sinatra was the "greatest male pop singer in the history of America",  who amassed "unprecedented power onscreen and off", and "seemed to exemplify the common man, an ethnic twentieth-century American male who reached the 'top of the heap', yet never forgot his roots". Santopietro argues that Sinatra created his own world, which he was able to dominate—his career was centred around power, perfecting the ability to capture an audience.  Encyclopædia Britannica referred to Sinatra as "often hailed as the greatest American singer of 20th-century popular music. Through his life and his art, he transcended the status of mere icon to become one of the most recognizable symbols of American culture." 
Gus Levene commented that Sinatra's strength was that when it came to lyrics, telling a story musically, Sinatra displayed a "genius" ability and feeling, which with the "rare combination of voice and showmanship" made him the "original singer" which others who followed most tried to emulate.  George Roberts, a trombonist in Sinatra's band, remarked that Sinatra had a "charisma, or whatever it is about him, that no one else had".  Biographer Arnold Shaw considered that "If Las Vegas had not existed, Sinatra could have invented it". He quoted reporter James Bacon in saying that Sinatra was the "swinging image on which the town is built", adding that no other entertainer quite "embodied the glamour" associated with Las Vegas as him.  Sinatra continues to be seen as one of the icons of the 20th century,  and has three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work in film and music. There are stars on east and west sides of the 1600 block of Vine Street respectively, and one on the south side of the 6500 block of Hollywood Boulevard for his work in television. 
In Sinatra's native New Jersey, Hoboken's Frank Sinatra Park, the Hoboken Post Office,  and a residence hall at Montclair State University were named in his honor.  He was awarded the Key to the City of Hoboken by Mayor Fred M. De Sapio on October 30, 1947.  Other buildings named for Sinatra include the Frank Sinatra School of the Arts in Astoria, Queens, the Frank Sinatra International Student Center at Israel's Hebrew University in Jerusalem dedicated in 1978,  and the Frank Sinatra Hall at the USC School of Cinematic Arts in Los Angeles, California, dedicated in 2002.  Wynn Resorts' Encore Las Vegas resort features a restaurant dedicated to Sinatra which opened in 2008.  Items of memorabilia from Sinatra's life and career are displayed at USC's Frank Sinatra Hall and Wynn Resort's Sinatra restaurant.   Near the Las Vegas Strip is a road named Frank Sinatra Drive in his honor.  The United States Postal Service issued a 42-cent postage stamp in honor of Sinatra in May 2008, commemorating the tenth anniversary of his death.   The United States Congress passed a resolution introduced by Representative Mary Bono Mack on May 20, 2008, designating May 13 as Frank Sinatra Day to honor his contributions to American culture. 
Sinatra received three Honorary Degrees during his lifetime. In May 1976, he was invited to speak at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) graduation commencement held at Sam Boyd Stadium. It was at this commencement that he was bestowed an Honorary Doctorate litterarum humanarum by the university.  During his speech, Sinatra stated that his education had come from "the school of hard knocks" and was suitably touched by the award. He went on to describe that "this is the first educational degree I have ever held in my hand. I will never forget what you have done for me today".  A few years later in 1984 and 1985, Sinatra also received an Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from Loyola Marymount University as well as an Honorary Doctorate of Engineering from the Stevens Institute of Technology.  
Sinatra has been portrayed on numerous occasions in film and television. A television miniseries based on Sinatra's life, titled Sinatra, was aired by CBS in 1992. The series was directed by James Steven Sadwith, who won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Directing for a Miniseries or a Special, and starred Philip Casnoff as Sinatra. Sinatra was written by Abby Mann and Philip Mastrosimone, and produced by Sinatra's daughter, Tina. 
Sinatra has subsequently been portrayed on screen by Ray Liotta (The Rat Pack, 1998),  James Russo (Stealing Sinatra, 2003),  Dennis Hopper (The Night We Called It a Day, 2003),  and Robert Knepper (My Way, 2012),  and spoofed by Joe Piscopo and Phil Hartman on Saturday Night Live.  A biographical film directed by Martin Scorsese has long been planned.  A 1998 episode of the BBC documentary series Arena, The Voice of the Century, focused on Sinatra.  Alex Gibney directed a four-part biographical series on Sinatra, All or Nothing at All, for HBO in 2015.  A musical tribute was aired on CBS television in December 2015 to mark Sinatra's centenary.  Sinatra was also portrayed by Rico Simonini in the 2018 feature film Frank & Ava, which is based on a play by Willard Manus.  
Sinatra was convinced that Johnny Fontane, a mob-associated singer in Mario Puzo's novel The Godfather (1969), was based on his life. Puzo wrote in 1972 that when the author and singer met in Chasen's, Sinatra "started to shout abuse", calling Puzo a "pimp" and threatening physical violence. Francis Ford Coppola, director of the film adaptation, said in the audio commentary that "Obviously Johnny Fontane was inspired by a kind of Frank Sinatra character". 
'That kept him alive,' he told the newspaper.
'That honest to goodness kept him going,' Sinatra Jr. said, 'and I have said my philosophy — I'm a backyard philosopher, I guess — is that the dirtiest word in the English language is 'retirement.' '
Sinatra married only once, to attorney Cynthia McMurry-Sinatra. They divorced in 2000.
They wed on her father's farm on October 18, 1998 - which was just five months after Frank Sinatra died.
For the past half century Frank Jr has toured the world as a singer for the past two decades performing his father's classic songbook in his show Sinatra Sings Sinatra.
In an interview with the Mail on Sunday last year, he described what it was like living in the shadow of his father.
He said he had woefully few memories growing up of his father. He admitted much of what he learned came from the pages of books, fanzines and, more recently, computer searches.
Frank Jr had been touring around the world for more than half a century. He is seen here in Miami last week. In his last interview with a Florida newspaper he said retirement is the 'dirtiest word in the English language'
His mother Nancy, Sinatra's childhood sweetheart, supported her husband wholeheartedly while raising three children virtually solo until he left her for the movie star Ava Gardner.
First came daughter Nancy (who would later forge her own successful singing career in the Sixties with hits like These Boots Are Made For Walking), then Frank in 1944, followed by younger sibling Tina.
When Frank was born, his father was away on a movie set. His mother, who Frank Jr still saw every week until he died, posed for publicity shots holding her newborn in her arms alongside a blown-up photo of her absent husband.
'My father in those days was in the fat of his career. As anyone in showbusiness knows, when the phone is ringing you take the work while you can get it,' Frank Jr. later said.
But there was a side to the suave, cocksure performer that Frank hid from the world, a crippling life-long battle with depression that Frank Srenior dubbed the 'Black Dog'.
His son says: 'Like any man, his life was highs and lows. At one point he was riding the crest. He was the biggest star in the world.
'Then in one nine-week period, in 1957, his entire world exploded.
'His movie contract was cancelled, he was released by his agency, the wife he adored divorced him (Ava Gardner) and his TV show was canned.
Kidnapped and held for ransom when he was 19, Sinatra Jr. had already followed his dad into the music business by then. He is pictured right with his father alongside Dean Martin and his son Dean Paul in 1967
Frank Jr. is pictured alongside his mother Nancy and sister Nancy Jr (date unknown)
'Confucius said: 'The man who knows not pain can never recognise pleasure.'
'In my father's case, his terrible times were amplified many times because of his stature. I remember the 'Black Dog' from the time I could not see over the top of this table.'
When asked if he had any mementoes from his father, he said: 'Yes, I have a pair of cufflinks with his initials on them.'
Frank repeatedly spoke of how his own life was 'immaterial', adding: 'I've never been a success. I have never had a hit movie, a hit television programme, a hit record.
'It would have been good for my personal integrity, my personal dignity to have had something like that.
'I have never made a success in terms of my own right. I have been very good at re-creation. But that is something that pleases me because my father's music is so magnificent.'
Perhaps the one time his father made his love abundantly clear was when the 19-year-old Frank Jr was kidnapped for four days.
The story became headline news around the world and knocked the assassination of President Kennedy (which happened the month before) off the front pages.
Sammy Davis Jr and Frank Sinatra Jr in the film 'A Man Called Adam' in 1966
Frank Sinatra is seen for the first time since the kidnapping of his son, Frank Jr, in 1963
On the evening of December 8, 1963, two drug-addled drifters, Barry Keenan and his friend Joe Amsler, both 23, knocked on the door of Frank Jr's hotel room in Lake Tahoe, California: 'They decided the best way to make a great deal of money in a short space of time was to hold a rich man's kid to ransom,' he recalled.
'They pretended they were delivering a Christmas package but the next thing I knew this guy had a gun in my face.'
He was bundled in the boot of a car and driven to a 'safe' house outside Los Angeles, an eight-hour drive away.
Sinatra Sr immediately offered a $1 million reward, an offer countered by the bumbling kidnappers with a request for $240,000.
Frank Jr says: 'I thought my life was over. I'd been blindfolded and held in a dirty house. I knew they were in contact with Sinatra but had no idea what was going to happen.'
The ordeal lasted four days before the money was handed over (it was dropped in a bin at a petrol station) and Frank Jr was released in the glare of publicity.
The kidnappers were caught days later after boasting of their exploits.
HOW AMATEUR CRIMINALS TRIED TO GET RICH OFF THE MOST FAMOUS SINGER IN THE WORLD BY KIDNAPPING HIS SON. AND HOW THEY DRASTICALLY FAILED
Chief FBI agent William G. Simons of Los Angeles (left) and FBI Assistant Director Joseph Casper (also left) show newsmen the ransom money recovered after the kidnapping of Sinatra Jr.
Just days after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy—a group of amateur criminals hoping to get rich engineered one of the most infamous kidnappings in American history.
For several weeks, two 23-year-old former high school classmates - Barry Keenan and Joe Amsler - had been following a 19-year-old singer, Frank Sinatra Jr, from city to city,
They were waiting to find the right time to make their move.
The pair decided to strike on the evening of December 8, 1963. Sinatra, Jr was performing at Harrah’s Club Lodge in Lake Tahoe on the border of California and Nevada.
At around 9 pm he was resting in his dressing room when Keenan knocked on the door. He was pretending to deliver a package to the singer, who was just starting his career.
That is when the chaos unfolded.
Keenan and Amsler tied up Sinatra’s friend with tape, who was relaxing with the star at the time, and blindfolded their victim.
They then dragged him to a car waiting outside.
The singer’s friend quickly freed himself and told police his friend has been taken.
Roadblocks were set up, and the kidnappers were actually stopped by police, but they managed to get through.
Agents then met with young Sinatra’s father in Reno and his mother in Bel Air, California.
The FBI recommended that Sinatra wait for a ransom demand, pay it, and then allow the Bureau to track the money and find the kidnappers.
The following evening, Keenan called a third conspirator, John Irwin, who was to be the ransom contact.
Irwin called the elder Sinatra and told him to await the kidnappers’ instructions.
On December 10, he passed along the demand for $240,000 in ransom. Sinatra, Sr. gathered the money and gave it to the FBI, which photographed it all and made the drop per Keenan’s instructions between two school buses in Sepulveda, California during the early morning hours of December 11.
While Keenan and Amsler picked up the money, Irwin had gotten nervous and decided to free the victim.
Sinatra, Jr. was found in Bel Air after walking a few miles and alerting a security guard.
The youngster described what he knew to FBI agents, but he had barely seen two of the kidnappers and only heard the voice of the third conspirator.
Still the bureau were able to track down the house where he was being kept. In the end, Keenan, Amsler, and Irwin were all convicted after they started to fold on each other.
The three suspects in the Frank Sinatra Jr. kidnapping are shown in court (left to right) Barry Keenan, 23, Clyde Amsler, 23, and John Irwin, 42. They were all convicted after ratting on each other
Sinatra Sr, who had negotiated directly with the criminals, was bereft after, midway through a call with the abductors, the payphone he was using ran out of money and he had no more coins.
From that moment on he always carried around a roll of ten-cent coins. When he was buried in 1998 a roll of dimes was placed in his casket.
But the final insult to Frank Jr came during the kidnappers' trial.
The suspects were dubbed 'rank amateurs' by the prosecutor. Their defence lawyer tried to sway the jury by implying the kidnapping was all a stunt to promote Frank Jr's failing musical career.
Lawyer Gladys Root told the hushed courtroom: 'This was a planned contractual agreement between Frank Sinatra and others connected with him… was this the publicity he had been looking for to make the ladies swoon over him like Poppa?'
It was a lie but the mud stuck: 'It definitely affected my career. People didn't trust me. They thought, 'There's no smoke without fire.' It was a life-changing experience. It puts you in touch with yourself.'
Keenan and Amsler were sentenced to 24 years while another accomplice, Irwin – the man who picked up the ransom package – received a 16-year jail term. None of the trio served more than five years in jail.
He smokes a cigarette while at the 53rd Annual Variety Clubs International Convention in 1980 with actress Melissa Sue Anderson
The family - (left to right) Frank Jr, Nancy, Frank and Nancy Jr - enjoy a meal together at the New York nightclub, The Stork Club
Frank Sinatra's manager says antidepressant was to blame for his failing health during his final years
Frank Sinatra's former manager reveals an inside look into the final years of the legendary singer's life.
When Eliot Weisman became Frank Sinatra’s manager in 1975, he was warned by his friends in show business that he didn’t know what he was getting himself into. But Weisman said yes to the job offer and became a close confidant, oftentimes acting as a therapist, until the singer’s death in 1998.
Weisman recently shared his accounts of what it was really like working with the iconic entertainer in a memoir titled “The Way It Was.”
The former manager told Fox News that when he met Sinatra, he didn’t see a suave, debonair crooner who casually kicked back with a glass of Jack Daniel’s. Instead, he witnessed an aging performer who was worried about the future.
“He was at the crossroads of the pressure he was receiving for his wife, his security and his children regarding the assets of his estate,” Weisman told Fox News. “They had started a couple of little businesses, none of which had really worked out… It was uncomfortable. Because I was the monkey in the middle… It started to make sense 2-3 years down the line.”
Eliot Weisman with "The Boss." (Courtesy of Eliot Weisman)
Sinatra was also reportedly paranoid about his safety. Not only did he carry an Uzi on his private jet, but he also kept a pistol hidden in his custom boots while on stage at all times, Weisman said.
“A lot of these habits were going on for years and I wasn’t even totally aware of them until I was told about them,” admitted Weisman. “… I guess it’s something that never really bothered me because I knew that. he always had security around him. So if God forbid something really happened, he wouldn’t be anywhere near it. But I wasn’t worried about it.”
However, there was one behavior that concerned Weisman. He claimed Sinatra allegedly overused an antidepressant known as Elavil, which can cause numerous side effects, including blurred vision, rapid weight gain, agitation and confusion.
Frank Sinatra may have endured severe side effects after taking an antidepressant. (Courtesy of Eliot Weisman)
The effects of the prescribed drug became so severe, the press suspected Sinatra, who struggled to remember lyrics to his iconic hits and repeated anecdotes, was suffering from Alzheimer's disease, Weisman said. His daughter Tina previously recalled how he became more forgetful and would at times lose his coordination and stumble.
“If you read about the antidepressant he was on, if you read the warnings, everything that could go wrong, like loss of vision, loss of hearing, loss of memory — all of those things he at one time or another was harmed by it,” Weisman explained. “The antidepressant he was on… I think you’re only supposed to be on it for 12-13 months, at most. Then you come off it for a while or change it to another antidepressant. He was on it for 10-15 years.”
Weisman hoped Sinatra’s regimen would change, but he claimed Sinatra's fourth and final wife Barbara was against it.
Frank Sinatra sitting with his wife Barbara. (Courtesy of Eliot Weisman)
“Barbara decided that it was the wrong thing to do because sometimes when you go off one antidepressant and on to another, you could get violent,” he said. “She was concerned about that. It never happened. There’s no doubt in my mind that the antidepressant was responsible for a lot of his failing health.”
Weisman noticed that the alleged sour relationship between Barbara and Sinatra’s three children was a big concern.
“He didn’t like confrontation, period,” said Weisman. “Especially in his family. And everybody in his family was aware of it… From time to time, whether it was Barbara alone or the kids or a combination, some things would get out of whack.
Frank Sinatra greeting a fan. (Courtesy of Eliot Weisman)
"I think he became more upset, depressed about those things. It bothered him when there was confrontation about who’s getting what in the future after his death… He wanted his wife taken care of and his kids taken care of fairly.”
However, Weisman added Barbara truly cared for Sinatra and was always on top of what was best for him during his final years.
Despite his health woes, Sinatra dedicated his life to music. For more than 60 years, he performed for royalty, presidents, stars and millions of adoring fans across the world. In 1998, he died at age 82 from a heart attack.
Frank Sinatra with the Rat Pack. (Courtesy of Eliot Weisman)
That’s when Weisman received an unwanted surprise. In 2001, a woman who legally changed her name to Julie Sinatra came forward, claiming she was Sinatra’s secret daughter.
The Arizona native declared that if the family wouldn’t agree to a DNA test, she would want Sinatra’s body exhumed. But in 2002, Julie wrote to Weisman, stating she was willing to drop the case in return for financial assistance. The Sinatra estate offered $100,000, a decision that infuriated Tina.
“It drove Tina and I completely apart,” recalled Weisman. “I never really spoke to her after that because she felt I was letting her father be blackmailed by offering this lady a settlement.
Frank Sinatra playing golf with Dean Martin and friends. (Courtesy of Eliot Weisman)
"She said, ‘If my father were alive, he’d never let anybody blackmail us like that.’ I said, ‘No, he wouldn’t. He would offer twice as much to get rid of her in 24 hours.’ That was not a fun time… Nobody was happy.”
Today, Weisman lives in Parkland, Florida, far away from Hollywood. He spoke with Barbara on several occasions before her death at age 90 in July. Her son Robert Oliver Marx from her first marriage to actor Zeppo Marx is aware of the book.
“I didn’t speak to Tina,” said Weisman. “I felt the way things were left, that was the best thing, for me not to speak to her. But I did send through her attorney two books, one for him and one for Tina and told them that I hope they enjoyed the read.”
The band singer
Sinatra’s six-month tenure with the James band resulted in 10 commercial recordings featuring the young singer. On songs such as “From the Bottom of My Heart,”“My Buddy,” and “Ciribiribin,” Sinatra’s warm baritone and sensitivity to lyrics are well showcased. The best-known of the James-Sinatra sides is “All or Nothing at All”—a flop in 1939 but a million-seller when rereleased in 1943, after both men had become stars. Sinatra’s reputation among industry musicians grew swiftly, and James graciously freed Sinatra from his contract when the singer received a more lucrative offer from bandleader Tommy Dorsey in December 1939. The 83 commercial recordings (as well as several surviving air checks) that Sinatra went on to make with the Dorsey band from 1940 to 1942 represent his first major body of work.
Sinatra was enormously influenced by Dorsey’s trombone playing and strove to improve his breath control in order to emulate Dorsey’s seamless, unbroken melodic passages. It was also during this period that Sinatra proved his mastery of both ballads and up-tempo numbers, and Dorsey arrangers Axel Stordahl, Paul Weston, and Sy Oliver soon tailored their arrangements to highlight Sinatra’s skills. Often teamed with singer Connie Haines, or with Dorsey’s vocal group, The Pied Pipers (featuring future recording star Jo Stafford), Sinatra was featured on memorable sides such as “I’ll Never Smile Again,” “I’ll Be Seeing You,” “Without a Song,” and “Oh! Look at Me Now.”
By 1942 Sinatra’s fame had eclipsed that of Dorsey, and the singer yearned for a solo career—a risky venture in the days when few big-band singers found success on their own. Dorsey enjoyed having such a popular performer in his band and became irate when Sinatra expressed his desire to leave, even though Sinatra offered to stay with the band for another year. After months of bitter negotiations, Sinatra left the Dorsey organization in late 1942 within weeks, he was a cultural phenomenon. Near-hysteria was generated by Sinatra’s appearances at New York’s Paramount theatre in January 1943, and such throngs of screaming, young female fans—known as “ bobby-soxers”—had not been seen since the days of Rudolph Valentino. The singer was soon dubbed “Frankieboy,” “The Sultan of Swoon,” and, most popularly, “The Voice.”
35 Interesting Facts About Frank Sinatra
I bet you have heard this- ” Alcohol may be man’s worst enemy but the bible says love your enemy. ”
The bigger the quote is, the more prominent was the name who said this. The American Singer, Actor, Producer, whose talent sparkled in the hearts of people in the 20th-century becoming one of the most popular and influential music artists. We’re talking about Frank Albert Sinatra. Let’s dive into the life of this fantastic persona:
1. Forceps That Scarred Him For Life
Frank Sinatra was born on December 12, 1915, in Hoboken New Jersey, as the only child of his parents. Frank was delivered with the aid of forceps causing severe injuries to his left cheek, neck, and ears, the damage that remained for life.
2. The Offspring Of A Lawbreaker
Dolly Sinatra was the mother of Frank Sinatra. She was a very bold person, who held criminal records. She helped to fill the ballots for the corrupt democrats who ruled the local politics. She even carried out illegal abortions for free which made her famous as “Hatpin Dolly.”
Source: express.co.uk, Image: Wikimedia
3. Wicked Mother Who Opened The Ways
Dolly would dress frank in pink and often beat him to discipline him. Despite that Frank once said that the reason he was able to do so much was because of his mother’s ambition. She even got her connections to give his boy a place in the band that later came to be known as ‘Hoboken Four.’
4. Claimed To Have Starred In Porn
Darwin Porter, the author of Sinatra’s biography, claims that the singer had starred in one of the porn movies called ‘The Masked Bandit‘ in 1934 when he went broke.
5. The Achievements Of The Ambitionist
Frank Sinatra as Maggio From Here to Eternity compressed
Though he faced many hardships, he’s had various awards entitled to his name. He got several awards in singing and acting including 4 Golden Globe Awards, 11-times Grammy Award and an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for the movie ‘From Here To Eternity.’
Source: Wikipedia, Image: Wikimedia
6. Marriage! A Habit?
Frank Sinatra and Ava Gardner
He married four times. The first wife was Nancy Barbato Sinatra, his childhood lover. Ava Gardner, the second wife, and actress followed by Mia Farrow, and Barbara Marx.
Source: telegraph.co.uk, Image: Flickr
7. Life Before Singing
He has formerly worked as a delivery boy at the Jersey Observer newspaper and later as a riveter at the Tietjen & Lang shipyard.
8. The 18-Carat Maniac Depressive
Frank regarded himself as -carat manic depressive.’ He attempted several suicides. One when he thought he was not popular, the other three in agony of his volatile affair with Ava Gardner.
9. His PA System
In the starting of his career as a singer, he carried his PA system, wherever he went.
10. The First Teen Idol
Frank Sinatra is known to be amongst the first teen idols of the world.
11. The One Who Inspired Him
Hearing Bing Crosby, the first American Multimedia Star, teen Frank was inspired for choosing singing as a vocation.
Source: britannica.com, Image: Wikimedia
12. President And The Hollywood Star
Former President John F. Kennedy and Sinatra were best of friends. His rumoured acquaintance with the gangsters and Sinatra discussing his affair to Kennedy’s sister led him out of Kennedy’s circle. The Friendship finally ended when Sinatra smashed the helipad with a sledgehammer he had built for the president to visit his home.
13. The Rat Pack
The Rat Pack was then a famous informal group of entertainers featuring Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Lawford, and Joey Bishop. However, they called themselves either as ‘The Summit’ or ‘The Clan.’
Source: biography.com, Image: Wikimedia
14. His Fatherly Love That Followed To Grave
When Frank Sinatra Jr. was abducted 1963. The kidnappers demanded only to call them using payphones. Though his son was rescued in the end he got the habit of carrying the roll of dimes (cost of payphone at that time) in his pocket that he took to his grave.
15. Headlines That Were Not Merely For His Talent
However, a famous personality he was, he was notorious for his bad temper as well. He once threw glass pitcher at his drummer buddy rich, punched a reporter he threw ketchup at the restaurant waiter, he even sent his bodyguard to assault a woman. Definitely not a man to mess with.
16. The Neat Freak Sinatra
Sinatra had an obsession with cleanliness. He would often bath 12 times a day.
17. The Godfather
There was a movie ‘The Godfather’ by Mario Puzo. Sinatra inspired the character in the movie. It led to many people believe that Sinatra was linked to the mafia.
Source: dailymail.co.uk, Image: Wikimedia
18. Sinatra: I Hate This Song. Hate It!
There are plenty of songs that Sinatra sung that are famous and most probably everybody loves them. ‘My Way’ and ‘Strangers In The Night’ are two songs by Sinatra that he hated.
Source: nydailynews.com, Image: Flickr
19. The Song That Named Scooby Doo
Have you listened to Sinatra’s ‘Strangers in the night’ when he sings “Doobie- doo.” Animator Iwao Takamoto was so inspired by the song that he created the world famous cartoon Dog and named him ‘Scooby-doo.’
Source: theatlantic.com, GIF: tenor.com
20. The Inventor Of The Concept Of Concept Album
Frank Sinatra’s first album ‘The Voice’ is believed to be the first concept album. It was after this album that the idea of the themed albums came strolling on.
21. The Famous Nickname
Despite the physical scars that stayed lifelong with him. He had a nickname of ‘Ol’ Blue Eyes’ that people still know it from.
22. One Charlie Was Chaplin, The Other Was Sinatra
His spontaneous and energetic approach for energy, rather than perfection and over rehearsal gave him the title of ‘One- Take Charlie.’
23. Bed Before Sunrise. No!
Frank hated going to sleep and only slept when the sun would rise.
24. The Peak Of Embarrassment
Sinatra and the famous baseball player once tried to raid their ex-lover Marilyn Monroe’s apartment to catch her with another man. They were with two other men Hank Sarnikola, a friend of Frank, and Billy Karen, the maitre they even hired detectives. But something strange happened, they accidentally intruded another’s lady apartment. It was embarrassing for Frank as he was the one who had hired detectives.
Source: The Secret Life of Marilyn Monroe By J. Randy Taraborrelli
25. Farrow Looks A Lot Like Sinatra
Ronan Farrow is an American Journalist, lawyer, and former government advisor. He is the son of filmmaker Wendy Allen and Mia Farrow, ex-wife of Sinatra. In an interview with Vanity Fair, Mia claimed that he and Frank had never broken up, she even stated that Ronan could be the son of Frank Sinatra. Are They? They do look alike.
26. Sinatra’s Paid Fans
By the 1940s, Frank was famous but his publicist wouldn’t leave a chance to publicize Sinatra. It made him audition girls, who could sing and scream the loudest. They were paid $5 each and would be placed where they could excite the crowd.
27. He Has Even Featured In FBI Files
Apart from his fans, FBI was also after him. The first case in his name was ‘Adultery and Seduction (Crime back then).’ Ranging from fighting, drinking to womanizing and his ties with the mafia, there is a huge file of total 1300 pages in his name.
28. Military Exemption! Was It Fake?
Sinatra’s birth was a tragic one, and everyone knows that he had lifelong injuries from birth. FBI laid out an investigation about the star’s exemption from the military in World War II as a draft-exempt 4-F, suffering from malnutrition, ear infections, and emotional stability. He was alleged to bribe $40,000 to a doctor for declaring him physically unfit to serve the military.
29. His Form Of Mania
By 1940s, Sinatra was already a heartthrob of the ladies. With thousands of fans rioting and greeting him after the performance, his popularity gave phenomena that came to be known as ‘Sinatramania.’
30. His Fuss On Red Carpet
He made sure in the contracts specifying the red carpet leading from his dressing room to the stage must be anchored by tacks no more than 18 inches apart.
31. I’m Losing
After suffering from heart and breathing problems, the luminary died on May 14, 1998, at the age of 82. His last word to his wife was ‘I’m Losing.’ The day he died, the Empire State building was lit up in his tribute.
32. Secret’s Of The Grave
Sinatra took a pack of cigarettes, a lighter, a bottle of bourbon whiskey and the roll of 10 dimes to his grave. His grave has engravings “The Best Is Yet To Come,” which coincidentally is the last song he sang in public when he was 79.
Source: BBC, Image: Flickr
34. His Brilliance In Will
Sinatra had four marriages it was likely that there would be a fight amongst his children for will. So he included a ‘No-contest clause,’ according to which, if any of the people try to fight for inheritance, they would be deprived of it.
35. He Didn’t Even Leave The Space
Talking about space means stars, galaxies, the moon, sun, planets, and asteroids. Sinatra’ is the asteroid that has been named in the memory of Frank Sinatra.