History Podcasts

Troy University

Troy University

Troy University, formerly known as Troy State University, is a public university situated in Troy, Alabama. The university provides a variety of educational programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels for a diverse student body in traditional, nontraditional, and emerging electronic formats.The university encompasses a 460-acre campus plus the adjacent Troy University Arboretum. The university's dedicated faculty and staff promote discovery and exploration of knowledge and its application to life-long success through effective teaching, service, creative partnerships, scholarship, and research.The university was founded in February 1887, by an act of the Alabama Legislature as State Normal School – an institution to train teachers for Alabama’s schools. The school changed its name to Troy State Normal College in 1893.Until 1929, the college offered extension courses for teachers and granted teaching certificates. The State Board of Education changed the charter of the institution and renamed it Troy State Teacher’s College.In 1930, the college moved to its present site and the first two buildings were dedicated - Shackelford Hall, in memory of Edward Madison Shackelford president of the school, from 1899-1936, and Bibb Graves, Alabama’s “education governor.”In 1957, the legislature voted to change the name to Troy State College and to allow it to begin a Master's degree program. In 1969, the college earned university status and changed its name to Troy State University.The Troy University system has additional major campuses in the state of Alabama including Troy University Phenix in Phenix City, Troy University Montgomery, and Troy University Dothan. The university boasts a large off-campus/distance learning program and features different courses in conjunction with the United States Armed Forces.


Troy University (New York)

Troy University was a short-lived university established at Troy, New York in 1858 under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The school closed in 1861. The building that housed the university remained a prominent Troy landmark until 1969. On the site now is Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Folsom Library.

There were initial plans for the founding of a college in Troy in 1853, and the plan for organization was adopted in 1854. [1] The New York State Regents issued a provisional charter on April 13, 1855 to the educational board of the Methodist Episcopal Church. [1] The original plan was for a four-year college course and an additional university course of "Lectures upon the higher branches of Science and literature, extending through two years". [1] There also were unrealized plans for a school of Theology. [1] A 36-acre (150,000 m 2 ) property was bought including most of Mount Ida in Troy, and a large building of Byzantine architecture was erected. [1]

The university opened for students on September 9, 1858, and the institution remained opened for about three years. [1] On representations made to the Board of Regents by the President of the Board of Trustees, and by the Acting President of the faculty, the charter of Troy University was made absolute on March 18, 1861. [1] Troy University was considered firmly enough established to allow for the 1859 creation of the Kappa Phi chapter of Delta Kappa Epsilon chartered March 2, 1860. [2]

The administration of the University raised funds by selling scholarships, which were a right to attend in the future based on a current dollar amount. [1] Apparently the inflationary period of the early 1860s destroyed the financial stability of the university. Sometime in 1862, the property's mortgage was foreclosed upon, and the site was purchased by St. Mary's Church of Albany. [1] The Catholic Church maintained a seminary on the grounds, known as "St. Joseph's Theological Seminary of the Province of New York." In 1896, it became a Scholasticate of the Christian Brothers. [3] The remaining thirteen students of Troy University were admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut [4]

St. Joseph's Seminary trained hundreds of priests until it closed during the 1890s. The building was subsequently used for a variety of purposes including housing orphans for a time. [5]

The huge four story building, with its four tall spires and Byzantine architecture, was an imposing feature of the Troy skyline until it was razed in 1969. [6] The building was purchased by RPI in 1958 and was renamed the "University Building". The School of Management, the Public Relations department and a portion of the Physics department occupied the first two floors. The upper floors were closed off due to concerns of structural instability. The Folsom Library was constructed on the site in 1976. [5]


Troy University Football

Troy's inaugural year in Division I-A included games against highly ranked opponents including the University of Miami and the University of Nebraska, which went on to play each other for the 2001 national championship. Despite a daunting schedule, Troy finished the season 7-4, including a 21-9 upset over Mississippi State University. Satisfied with these successes, the university decided to expand Memorial Field and seek a conference affiliation. These decisions resulted in the construction of Veterans Memorial Stadium with a capacity of more than 30,000 fans and Troy State University joining the Sun Belt Conference for the 2004 season. In its first year as a Sun Belt member, Troy won the conference title and received an invitation to the Silicon Valley Bowl in San Jose, California, where the team lost to Northern Illinois 34-21. After a poor conference showing in 2005, in 2006 the Trojans beat Middle Tennessee State University in a game that became known as the "Miracle at Murfreesboro." Troy scored two touchdowns in the final minutes to win 21-20. The season's accomplishments were capped off by an invitation to the R+L Carriers New Orleans Bowl. In front of a nationally televised audience, the Trojans dominated Rice University 41-17 to win its first bowl game in school history. Since its transition to Division I-A, Trojan football has enjoyed a growing reputation as a "giant killer." In nationally televised home games, Troy upset Marshall in 2003, seventeenth-ranked Missouri in 2004, and Oklahoma State in 2007, and in 2017 against number 25 Louisiana State University 24-21 in Baton Rouge. In 2014, longtime coach Larry Blakeney (1991-2014) retired as the winningest coach in program history with a 178-113-1 record. The Trojans enjoyed continued success under former offensive coordinator Neal Brown, posting a 10-3 record and top-25 ranking in 2016 and winning three consecutive bowl games from 2016-2018. The program went 11-2 in 2017, 10-3 in 2018, and was tied for the best record in the conference at 7-1 both those seasons.

English, Van. Beyond the Normal: The Centennial History of Troy State University, 1880-1986. Troy, Ala.: Troy State University Press, 1988.


Troy University - History

Trojan Statue at Troy University The city of Troy is the county seat and the largest town in Pike County. From its origins as a small rural settlement, Troy has grown into a thriving college town as the home of Troy University. Troy operates under a mayor-council form of government. The mayor serves and is elected at-large, and the five council members serve single-member districts. Zebulon Montgomery Pike Once part of territory belonging to the Creek Indians, the land that would become Troy was first settled in the early 1830s. Known as Deer Stand Hill at this time, its first recorded white settler was William Soles in 1835. Subsequent settlers established textile mills and began raising cattle. Three Notch Road, originally a Creek hunting trail to Tennessee, became an official road in 1824 and was used as a trade route to Pensacola. In 1838, the owners of Deer Stand Hill, John Hanchey and John Coskrey, succeeded in having the county seat moved from Monticello to their property, a more central location in the county, and Troy was thus founded. Curbside Market in Troy The first mercantile enterprise in Troy was begun in the 1840s by James M. Thompson and Stephen D. Smiley, who ran a general merchandise store. A grocery and several taverns followed. A congressional act in 1842 established Troy as a Federal Post Office, and at least two post roads served it at the time. Troy's population was small at the outbreak of the Civil War in April 1861, but by 1863 John P. Amerine was able to organize enough men to form the Fifty-seventh Alabama Infantry Regiment in the city. The Troy Messenger, a daily newspaper, was established in 1866 and is one of the oldest newspapers in the state.
  • Educational services, and health care and social assistance (27.4 percent)
  • Retail trade (16.0 percent)
  • Manufacturing (15.6 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services (10.3 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (6.5 percent)
  • Public administration (3.9 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (4.8 percent)
  • Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (4.5 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing and utilities (3.4 percent)
  • Construction (3.2 percent)
  • Information (1.7 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (1.5 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (1.2 percent)
Troy University The Troy Public School System has one high school, one middle school, one elementary school, and an alternative learning center. The Troy-Pike Regional Center for Technology provides vocational training. There is also one private K-12 school. Troy is also home to Troy University, a public institution of higher education that was founded in 1887 with campuses in several other Alabama cities.

Pioneer Museum Smokehouse The Troy University Arboretum is a botanical garden and nature preserve located next to the Troy University main campus. It includes more than 300 different species of trees, as well as a 2.5-mile nature trail with a swamp, stream, and pond. Other places of interest include the Town Square Confederate Memorial Monument, the Johnson Center for the Arts, the Pioneer Museum of Alabama, the Pike County Lake Troy Recreation Center, the Bicentennial Park, and the Trojan Oaks Golf Course. Troy is host to the annual TroyFest, held in honor of local artist Jean T. Lake. This festival, which celebrates fine art and crafts, draws nearly 10,000 people to downtown Troy.


The Institute for Leadership Development in an interdisciplinary program that encourages responsible and ethical leadership in all walks of life, thereby contributing positively to the betterment of society. The institute provides advanced course work and mentorship to a variety of departments on campus and also performs various public services and seminars in the interest of cultivating leaders outside the TSU campus.

A beautiful 75 acres of lush forest, the university’s arboretum is only a short walk from campus. The arboretum is available for ecological study, relaxation, and reflection. Students benefit from a hands-on experience with environmental education programs and the 3,100 square foot Forest Resources Educational Complex.


Troy University Traditions and History

This week’s blog post is about something closer to home…well, my home.

I am attending Troy University and I found out that Troy has some history and traditions. Troy University was founded on February 26, 1887 and was called Troy State Normal School, where it was a place where students were being trained to be teachers for Alabama schools.

Troy is naturally an older school with a lot of traditions that have been built over the years and even some “haunted” places.

The Kissing Rock

On the main quad, there is a big, yellow rock between the McCartha and Bibb Graves buildings that is called The Kissing Rock. The tradition is that if a couple stands over the rock and shares a kiss, than they will have a long relationship.

In 1987, The Palladium, Troy University’s yearbook, even took a picture of one couple making a kiss agreement and sharing a short story about their love.

I just hope the rock actually works!

Sailing Course

On the north side of the campus, there is a large lagoon that once held a sailing class. Yes, in the summer of 1938, Lake Lagoona was where students could learn to sail for a grade.

I’m not sure how long that class lasted, but I’m sure that would be popular today.

Rosa Parks Library and Museum

Troy University has campus all over the world and there are actually three of those campuses in Alabama. There is a campus in Phenix City, Montgomery and Dothan.

Near the Montgomery campus, there is a Library and Museum dedicated to Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks Library and Museum actually got constructed where the December 1, 1955 incident happened, when Rosa Parks didn’t give up her seat to a white man and was arrested for it.

Sorority Hill

I’m going to talk about a place that even kind of chills me.

It is not on the main campus, but is located at Sorority Hill on Elm Street. According to an article from the Tropolitan, the school’s newspaper, The Alabama Baptist Children’s Home sheltered orphans on Elm Street for decades.

There are rumors that some of the children died while staying at the orphanage. One of the rumors says that a child was killed in a bathroom at the building that known as Phi Mu house.

Good Luck Memorial Plaque

This one took me forever to try and find.

At the newly built campus dining hall, there is a plaque dedicated to Foy Ingram Cummings. According to the Tropolitan, Cummings was a former professor for the department of education and psychology and was loved by the staff and the students she taught.

On the plaque is the face of her four grandchildren with a description that says, “Her love was her children.”

The faces have become a luck charm because students would rub their nose on the one of the children’s nose for good luck.

The plague was originally at the Trojans Center, but was moved to Foy Fountain on October 3, 2015 and the wish for good luck lives on.


Early history (1909–1965) Edit

Troy University has fielded a football team continuously since 1946. Prior to that year, the team was fielded with many interruptions from 1909 to 1942. Eight years were skipped from 1913 to 1920 due to lack of participation and later World War I, while the Wall Street Crash of 1929 kept the team from playing that year.

Coach George Penton led the Troy Trojans for two seasons, 1911 and 1912. Under his tutelage, the Trojans completed their only undefeated season, a 3–0 record.

Albert Elmore was the head coach from 1931 to 1937. A University of Alabama alumnus, he is credited with changing the team name to "Red Wave" (a variation of Alabama's "Crimson Tide"). [3] In seven years at Troy State, five of which were winning seasons, Elmore compiled a 35–30–3 record. [4]

In 1947, Fred McCollum took the head coaching position at Troy State. From 1947 to 1950, he compiled an overall record of 20 wins, 18 losses and three ties (20–18–3) with the Red Wave, which included back to back six-win seasons in 1948–1949. [4]

William Clipson was head football coach from 1955 to 1965. His overall record of 20-68 included a 6-3 winning season in 1964. He had previously served as football coach at Troy High School from 1942 to 1951 and head basketball coach at Florida Southern from 1952 to 1955.

Billy Atkins era (1966–1971) Edit

On January 8, 1966, Billy Atkins was named the head coach of the Troy football team. [5] In 1968, he coached Troy State to the NAIA National Championship and was named the NAIA Coach of the Year. [5] Atkins finished at Troy State with a 44–16–2 record before leaving in 1971. [5] He is the second-most winningest coach in Troy history, only behind Larry Blakeney. Atkins was inducted into the Troy University Sports Hall of Fame in 2012.

Tom Jones era (1972–1973) Edit

Tom Jones was hired as Troy State's head coach in 1972. [6] He served as the head football coach from 1972 to 1973, compiling a record of 11–7–2. In addition to his head coaching duties Jones also served as the Troy University Athletic Director from 1972–1974.

Byrd Whigham era (1974–1975) Edit

Byrd Whigham led the Troy Trojans football program for two seasons and his teams compiled a 12–8 record in his two seasons. Whigham departed after the 1975 season. [7]

Charlie Bradshaw era (1976–1982) Edit

Former Kentucky head coach Charlie Bradshaw came out of retirement in 1976 to accept the position of head coach for the Trojans, [7] which had become the school's nickname just a short time earlier. Under Bradshaw's tutelage, the Trojans compiled a 41–27–2 record, which included three eight-win seasons and one conference championship. [8] However, a 3–7 campaign in 1981 and a 2–8 season in 1982 ended Bradshaw's tenure at Troy State.

Chan Gailey era (1983–1984) Edit

In 1983, Chan Gailey took over the head coaching duties at Troy State, where he led the Trojans to a 12–1 record in 1984 en route to the Division II championship. Gailey departed Troy State after two seasons to accept the position of tight ends coach and special teams coordinator with the NFL's Denver Broncos. [9]

Rick Rhoades era (1985–1987) Edit

Rick Rhoades, previously the Trojans' defensive coordinator, was the head coach at Troy State from 1985 to 1987. [10] In 1987, he led the team to the NCAA Division II Football Championship. [10] Rhoades left Troy State after three seasons.

Robert Maddox era (1988–1990) Edit

At Troy State, head coach Robert Maddox inherited a team which the previous season had gone 12–1–1, winning the NCAA Division II Football Championship. Despite this, in 1988, Troy State had its first losing season since 1982, going 4–6. The following season, the team showed little improvement, finishing with an identical 4–6 record. In 1990, Troy State improved slightly to 5–5, and Maddox resigned following a season-ending 24–23 win over Nicholls State. [11]

Larry Blakeney era (1991–2014) Edit

Larry Blakeney became the twentieth head football coach at Troy State University [12] on December 3, 1990. The program was officially still a Division II program, but were already approved to transition to NCAA Division I-AA the following season. He took over a program that won two national championships the previous decade, but were 13–17 the previous 50 years.

The first full year at Division I-AA, the Troy State Trojans made it to the semifinal game and finished 12–1–1, 10–0–1 in the regular season. This marked the first undefeated, regular, full season of Troy State Trojans football and they finished ranked first in the end of season poll by Sports Network. In 1995, the team improved on that record finishing 11–0 in the regular season for the first undefeated and untied season in history. During the eight seasons the team was a member of I-AA football, they made the playoffs seven seasons and won the Southland Conference championship three times and made the playoff semifinals twice.

Troy State transitioned to Division I-A in 2001. During that season they defeated three Division I-A schools, including their first win over a BCS conference school, Mississippi State. The transition makes Blakeney one of two coaches to ever take a football team from Division II to I-A (the other is UCF's Gene McDowell).

In 2004, Troy's first year in the Sun Belt Conference, Blakeney coached his team to one of the biggest victories in the school's and the Sun Belt's history after defeating then No. 17 ranked Missouri 24–14 at home, in front of a national audience on ESPN2. He once again coached his team to a victory over a BCS school in 2007 at home, routing Oklahoma State 41–23 on ESPN2

After losing the 2008 New Orleans Bowl in overtime against Southern Miss and losing the 2010 GMAC Bowl in double-overtime against Central Michigan, Blakeney would get his second bowl victory in the 2010 New Orleans Bowl, defeating Ohio 48–21.

ESPN recognized Blakeney as one of the top 5 non-AQ recruiting closers in 2009. [13]

Troy University football began playing in the NCAA's Division I-A in 2001, became a football only member of the Sun Belt Conference in 2004, and joined that conference for all other sports in 2005. The Trojan football team made its first bowl game appearance in the Silicon Valley Football Classic on December 30, 2004 that same season, but lost to Northern Illinois, 34–21. In 2006, Troy won the Sun Belt Conference for the first time after defeating Middle Tennessee in dramatic fashion in the last game of the 2006 season in a game that is now referred to as "The Miracle in Murfreesboro". As the 2006 Sun Belt Conference champions, Troy played in the New Orleans Bowl on December 22, 2006 against Rice University, routing the Owls of Conference USA by a score of 41–17. The New Orleans Bowl victory was Troy's first bowl victory in history.

Under Blakeney's tutelage, many quarterbacks at Troy University broke school records and some national records. From 2010 to 2013, Corey Robinson broke the school record for career passing yards and is ranked No. 11 in the NCAA for all-time career passing yards with 13,477. One of his more memorable performances came the first game of his senior year when he rallied his team from a 31-17 deficit vs. UAB to a 34-31 OT win, in the process breaking Steve Sarkisian's record for highest completion percentage in a game with a minimum of 30 attempts. Robinson completed 30 of 32 attempts for a new record of 93.8%.

Upon Robinson's graduation, new freshman quarterback Brandon Silvers stepped in and set yet another national record in 2014. During Silvers' freshman campaign, he broke Sam Bradford's (Oklahoma) NCAA record for completion percentage by a freshman as he completed 70.5 percent of his passes (191-of-271) Bradford completed 69.5 percent of his attempts in 2007.

Larry Blakeney officially retired at the end of the 2014 season. He led the program to three Southland Football League titles and five straight Sun Belt Conference titles, as well as guided the Trojans to seven FCS playoff appearances and four FBS bowl games. Blakeney finished with an overall record of 178–113–1 as head coach at Troy. Blakeney is the winningest coach in the Troy University history and he is the 4th winningest collegiate coach all-time in the state of Alabama, only behind greats Paul "Bear" Bryant, Cleveland L. Abbott, and Ralph "Shug" Jordan. [14]

Neal Brown era (2015–2018) Edit

Kentucky offensive coordinator Neal Brown, who had served in the same capacity at Troy from 2008–2009, was named the Trojans head coach in November 2014. [15] In 2015, Brown's Trojans posted a 4–8 record. [16] Troy was ranked for the first time in the AP top 25 on November 13, 2016, they became the first team from the Sun Belt Conference to be ranked in the Top 25 and finished the year with a record of 10–3. [17] Troy capped off the 2016 season by defeating Ohio in the Dollar General Bowl in Mobile, Alabama.

In Brown's third season at the helm in 2017, he led Troy to a fast 3-1 start to begin the season. In the fifth game of the season on September 30, Troy faced No. 25-ranked LSU. After leading in the 3rd quarter by a score of 24-7, the LSU Tigers began to mount a comeback in the 4th quarter by scoring 14 unanswered points and trailing just 24-21 with less than 30 seconds left in the game. LSU began to move the ball down-field before having only 8 seconds left on the clock. The very next play wound up being an interception for Troy, which sealed the upset victory. The win over LSU snapped the Tigers' 46-game non-conference home winning streak, which was the longest such streak in the country at the time. Ironically LSU's last non-conference home loss came to another Alabama school UAB 13-10 back in 2000. The Trojans would wind up winning the Sun Belt title after defeating Arkansas State in a thriller, 32-25. Afterward, Troy met North Texas in the New Orleans Bowl, with Troy defeating the Mean Green by a score of 50-30. Troy's 11-2 overall record is the programs best season finish since joining the FBS in 2001.

Following Troy's record season in 2017, Brown would lead Troy to yet another 10+ win season in 2018. The Trojans began the season with a home-opener against No. 22 Boise State, in front of a Veterans Memorial Stadium record crowd of 29,612. The Trojans came up short, losing 20-56 to the Broncos, but would go on a 5-game win streak following the loss. During the 5-game win streak, Troy repeated what they had done the season before, beating another power conference team as they ventured into Lincoln, Nebraska and defeating Nebraska by a score of 24-19. In Troy's sixth game of the season, starting quarterback Kaleb Barker suffered a knee injury that kept him out for the remainder of the season. Brown decided to make Sawyer Smith the new starting quarterback for Troy afterwards. Upon suffering an upset loss to Liberty, Brown led Troy on another 4-game win streak, which included a win over South Alabama to win the Battle for the Belt rivalry trophy. In the last game of the regular season, Troy would play Appalachian State at Kidd Brewer Stadium in what turned out to be the deciding game to see who would win the Sun Belt's East division. Appalachian State would come away with a 21-10 victory over Troy, effectively knocking Troy out of the Sun Belt championship hunt. Troy finished the regular season with a 9-3 overall record, 7-1 in conference play.

Upon receiving an invite to the 2018 Dollar General Bowl, the Trojans were pitted against Mid-American Conference East division champion Buffalo, who was 10-3 on the season and was considered the favorite to win the bowl game. Buffalo featured future NFL Draft Picks in QB Tyree Jackson, WR Anthony Johnson, and LB Khalil Hodge. Despite what the oddsmakers were predicting, Brown was able to lead Troy to victory over Buffalo, 42-32. The win secured Neal Brown's third-straight 10+ win season, and set a new record in Troy football history as the first time Troy had ever had three straight seasons with 10 or more wins. It also marked three straight bowl wins for Troy.

Following the season, West Virginia went on to hire Neal Brown as their new head coach.

Chip Lindsey era (2019–present) Edit

On January 10, 2019 it was announced that Chip Lindsey would become Troy's 22nd head coach. He was previously on staff at Kansas as offensive coordinator for less than two months before being hired by Troy to be its head coach. Lindsey comes to Troy with additional experience as an offensive coordinator for Auburn, Arizona State, and Southern Miss.

National championships Edit

The program won the 1968 NAIA National Championship against Texas A&I (now Texas A&M-Kingsville). Troy beat North Dakota State in 1984 to win their first Division II national title. They won their second Division II national title in 1987 after defeating Portland State.

Season Division Coach Record Opponent Result
1968 NAIA Billy Atkins 11–1 Texas A&I W 43–35
1984 NCAA Division II Chan Gailey 12–1 North Dakota State W 18–17
1987 NCAA Division II Rick Rhoades 12–1 Portland State W 31–17

Conference championships Edit

Troy has won 21 conference championships, 15 outright and six shared. [18] : 180–187

Season Conference Coach Overall Record Conference Record
1939 Alabama Intercollegiate Conference Albert Choate 7–4 4–0
1941 Alabama Intercollegiate Conference Albert Choate 5–4 3–0
1942 Alabama Intercollegiate Conference Albert Choate 4–3 2–0
1967 Alabama Collegiate Conference Billy Atkins 8–2 3–0
1968 Alabama Collegiate Conference Billy Atkins 11–1 3–0
1969 Alabama Collegiate Conference Billy Atkins 8–1–1 3–0
1971† Gulf South Conference Billy Atkins 6–3 5–1
1973 Gulf South Conference Tom Jones 7–2–1 6–2
1976 Gulf South Conference Charlie Bradshaw 8–1–1 7–1
1984 Gulf South Conference Chan Gailey 12–1 7–1
1986 Gulf South Conference Rick Rhoades 10–2 8–0
1987 Gulf South Conference Rick Rhoades 12–1–1 8–0
1996 Southland Conference Larry Blakeney 12–2 5–1
1999† Southland Conference Larry Blakeney 11–2 6–1
2000 Southland Conference Larry Blakeney 10–2 7–0
2006† Sun Belt Conference Larry Blakeney 8–5 6–1
2007† Sun Belt Conference Larry Blakeney 8–4 6–1
2008 Sun Belt Conference Larry Blakeney 8–5 6–1
2009 Sun Belt Conference Larry Blakeney 9–4 8–0
2010† Sun Belt Conference Larry Blakeney 8–5 6–2
2017† Sun Belt Conference Neal Brown 11–2 7–1

Division championships Edit

The Sun Belt Conference began divisional play in 2018, with Troy being in the Sun Belt's East Division. Troy has won 1 divisional championship.

Year Division Coach Overall Record Conference Record Opponent CG Result
2018† Sun Belt East Neal Brown 9–3 7–1 N/A lost tiebreaker to Appalachian State

FBS bowls Edit

Since moving up to FBS, Troy is 5–3 all time in bowl games with the Trojans' latest bowl win in 2018. [ citation needed ]

Season Coach Bowl Opponent Result
2004 Larry Blakeney Silicon Valley Football Classic Northern Illinois L 21–34
2006 Larry Blakeney New Orleans Bowl Rice W 41–17
2008 Larry Blakeney New Orleans Bowl Southern Miss L 27–30
2009 Larry Blakeney GMAC Bowl Central Michigan L 41–44
2010 Larry Blakeney New Orleans Bowl Ohio W 48–21
2016 Neal Brown Dollar General Bowl Ohio W 28–23
2017 Neal Brown New Orleans Bowl North Texas W 50–30
2018 Neal Brown Dollar General Bowl Buffalo W 42–32

FCS playoffs Edit

Troy made seven appearances in the I-AA/FCS playoffs from 1993 to 2000. They had a 5–7 record.

Year Round Opponent Result
1993 First Round
Quarterfinals
Semifinals
Stephen F. Austin
McNeese State
Marshall
W 42–20
W 35–28
L 21–24
1994 First Round James Madison L 26–45
1995 First Round Georgia Southern L 21–24
1996 Quarterfinals
Semifinals
Murray State
Montana
W 31–3
L 7–70
1998 First Round Florida A&M L 17–27
1999 First Round
Quarterfinals
James Madison
Florida A&M
W 27–7
L 10–17
2000 First Round Appalachian State L 30–33

Division II playoffs Edit

Troy made three appearances in the NCAA Division II playoffs, winning the national championship twice.

Year Round Opponent Result
1984 First Round
Semifinals
Championship (Palm Bowl)
Central State
Towson State
North Dakota State
W 31–21
W 45–3
W 18–17
1986 First Round
Semifinals
Virginia Union
South Dakota
W 31–7
L 28–42
1987 First Round
Semifinals
Championship
Winston-Salem State
UCF
Portland State
W 45–14
W 31–10
W 31–17

NAIA playoffs Edit

In their time in the NAIA, the Trojans played once in the playoffs, having a record of 2-0, with one NAIA national championship.

Year Round Opponent Result
1968 Semifinals
Championship (Champion Bowl)
Willamette (OR)
Texas A&M-Kingsville
W 63–10
W 45–35

Other bowls Edit

When Troy was a member of the Alabama Intercollegiate Conference (which not affiliated with an athletic organization such as the NCAA), they played in the inaugural Paper Bowl in Pensacola, Florida in 1948.

Date Bowl Opponent Result
1948 Paper Bowl Jacksonville State L 0–19

Head coach list from the 2018 Media Guide. [19]

Coach Tenure Record Pct.
Virgil McKinley 1909 1–0–2 .667
Dan Herren 1910 1–1–2 .500
George Penton 1911–1912 7–1–1 .833
J. W. Campbell 1921–1923 12–13–1 .481
Ross V. Ford 1924 2–1–4 .571
Otis Bynum 1925–1926 12–4–1 .735
Gladwin Gaumer 1927–1928 7–7 .500
No coach 1930 1–2 .333
Albert Elmore 1931–1937 33–25–4 .565
Albert Choate 1938–1942 25–26–1 .490
No coach 1943–1945 3–4 .429
Fred McCollum 1947–1950 21–17–3 .549
Jim Grantham 1951–1954 11–23–1 .329
William Clipson 1955–1965 26–68 .277
Billy Atkins 1966–1971 44–16–2 .726
Tom Jones 1972–1973 11–7–2 .600
Byrd Whigham 1974–1975 12–8 .600
Charlie Bradshaw 1976–1982 40–27–2 .594
Chan Gailey 1983–1984 19–5 .792
Rick Rhoades 1985–1987 28–7–1 .792
Robert Maddox 1988–1990 13–17 .433
Larry Blakeney 1990–2014 178–113–1 .611
Neal Brown 2015–2018 35–16 .686
Chip Lindsey 2019–present 9-10 .474

South Alabama Edit

Troy has an annual intra-conference rivalry with in-state foe South Alabama, known as the Battle for the Belt. The two schools first met on the gridiron in 2012, and have played every year since. Even though both schools are in separate divisions in the Sun Belt Conference, they have a protected rivalry and play each other annually. The rivalry is tied 3-3.

UAB Edit

Troy and UAB have met a total of 12 times. Both teams met fairly consistently until the shuttering of UAB's football program in 2014. UAB has since resurrected their football program. The teams are scheduled to renew their rivalry in 2028. Troy holds the series lead, 7-5.

Middle Tennessee Edit

Troy's rivalry with Middle Tennessee, now dormant following Middle Tennessee's 2013 move to Conference USA, is known as the Battle for the Palladium. Troy and Middle Tennessee first played each other in 1936, but it wasn't until 2003 that the schools started playing annually for the Palladium Trophy.

Jacksonville State Edit

When Troy was a member of Division I-AA in football, they played Jacksonville State almost annually in the Battle for the Ol' School Bell rivalry. The idea for a school bell trophy stemmed from the two schools' common origins as teachers' colleges from the late 1800s to the 1930s. The last meeting between Troy and Jacksonville State was in 2001, with Troy (then known as Troy State) winning 21–3.

Larry Blakeney Field at Veterans Memorial Stadium is nicknamed "The Vet" and has a seating capacity of 30,000. The stadium was originally dedicated to the Troy State Teachers College students and Pike County residents who had died in World War II. The stadium solely consisted of a small, 5,000-seat grandstand on the west side of a running track, and was built into the natural slope of the ground. It was expanded several times, including the addition of upper deck in 1998 that brought capacity up to 17,500, until receiving a large addition of seating in 2003 which expanded the capacity of the stadium to 30,000. After the addition of the north endzone facility in 2018, the capacity once again expanded to 30,402.

The north endzone facility at the stadium is the largest featured endzone facility in the Sun Belt Conference and features a 3,150 sq.ft. Daktronics 15HD video board, which is also the largest in the conference, and the 6th largest among Group of Five schools.

Trojan Walk Edit

Before each Troy home football game, hundreds of Troy fans and students line University Avenue on campus to cheer on the team as they march with the Sound of the South band and cheerleaders from the Quad to Tailgate Terrace, surrounded by fans who pat them on the back and shake their hands as they walk toward Veterans Memorial Stadium.

Band Show on University Edit

Before each home game, the Sound of the South marching band performs a pre-game show on University Avenue in between all of the tailgating areas before the Trojan Walk begins.

Trojan Fanfare Edit

During the pre-game show at Veterans Memorial Stadium, the Sound of the South will perform what is known as the "Trojan Fanfare." The band will line up around the concourse of the stadium, from the east side, to the south side, to the west side, and begin to play the "Trojan Fanfare". They later run down the steps around the stadium toward the field, and get into formation on the field to begin pregame. It is a favorite among most fans and energizes the fanbase leading up to kickoff.

"Havoc!" Edit

One of the more popular traditions of gameday, during the pre-game show the band marches onto the field to prepare for the football team to run out of the gates. The band falls silent, and the announcer then recites the phrase from William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. Fans in the stadium will yell out "Havoc!" in unison along with the announcer before the last line of the phrase:

And so, with mighty warriors clad in strongest armor
and well prepared to receive the lot dealt by fate
the contest is at hand.
And the commander's spirit, ranging for revenge
shall in a monarch's voice cry, 'Havoc!'
and let slip the dogs of war.

The phrase "Havoc!" is also used as a motto or battle cry among Trojan fans.

Post-game Celebration & Band Show Edit

After Troy wins a home game, the players will go to the corner of the stadium where the Sound of the South marching band is and will sing the fight song, alma mater, and sometimes do chants with them.

There is also a post-game band show after every home football game, where the Sound of the South marching band sets up to perform on the football field in the south endzone, and performs a final show for all remaining fans still in attendance.

Trojan Warrior Edit

Before every game and after every touchdown, the Trojan Warrior or Trojan Princess would blaze down the football field on a horse named "Big Red." This tradition is no longer used because the football field turf was changed from grass to artificial grass.

FBS Edit

Since 2001 when Troy joined the FBS, the Trojans have not finished a season ranked in the Top 25.

Troy spent one week ranked in the AP Poll in 2016, debuting at No. 25 after defeating Appalachian State and having a record of 8-1. Troy is the first football program in the Sun Belt Conference's history to be ranked in the Top 25 in either the AP Poll or the Coaches' Poll.


Contents

The campus has its roots in extension courses offered at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery during the 1950s. A separate Troy State College teaching center was established at Maxwell in 1965, which led to the creation of the present-day Montgomery Campus. In 1982, the Montgomery and Dothan campuses were granted independent accreditation, and the Troy State University System was formed. In April 2004, "State" was dropped from the University's name to reflect the institution's new, broader focus. In August 2005, all Troy campuses were reunified under one accreditation.

For several years in a row, the Princeton Review named the university to its "Best in the Southeast" list due to excellence in academic programs and institutional data collected from the university. [2]

In 2017, the U.S. News & World Report ranked the university as the #14 Most Innovative School, as well as the #27-ranked Top Public School among South regional universities.

Structure Edit

Troy University at Montgomery offers 3 associate degree programs, 15 bachelor's degree programs, 10 master's degree programs, and one doctoral program. The school also offers 2 education specialist programs. In addition to the nontraditional programs and courses offered on the Montgomery Campus, students are also given access to all the degree programs and courses offered at other Troy University campuses.

All degree programs can also work in conjunction with Troy University's other campuses, allowing students to take additional classes at different Troy campuses at the same time if necessary.

Classes Edit

The majority of the classes offered on the Montgomery campus are evening classes. All of the degrees offered by the campus can be completed entirely through evening classes. There are also classes offered online through in conjunction with military students at Maxwell Air Force Base. Additional weekend, television, and online courses are also available.

Schools/Colleges Edit

The university is composed of five academic colleges, a graduate school, and a division of general studies:

  • College of Arts & Sciences
  • College of Education
  • College of Communications & Fine Arts
  • Sorrell College of Business
  • College of Heath & Human Services
  • The Graduate School
  • Division of General Studies

Since 1950, Troy University has been proud to work with military service members, veterans and their families as they pursue advanced education under the G.I. Bill, the Tuition Assistance Program, the MyCAA initiative, private funding and other financing options. Troy University is an educational partner with the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard, providing military-specific scholarships and TROY for Troops support centers to military-affiliated students and veterans. The University proudly counts some 60 flag officers among the ranks of its alumni, has a presence on or near over 30 military installations worldwide and participates in online learning programs with all service branches. For generations, Troy University has understood the needs of the military student and has built a military inclusive institution offering a broad range of high quality, very affordable undergraduate and graduate academic programs supported by outstanding student services.

Troy currently offers an educational support site for military personnel at nearby Maxwell Air Force Base.


Troy University - History

Troy Bickham is a Professor of History. Having joined Texas A&M in 2003, he served in various roles at the university’s campus in Qatar from 2009-19, before returning to the Department of History. He teaches broadly in the histories of Britain and its empire, the Atlantic world, and British colonial North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He is an elected Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.

Bickham has written on a variety of topics and published in multiple leading journals, including Past & Past Present, Journal of British Studies, Eighteenth-Century Studies, and the William and Mary Quarterly. He is the author of four monographs: Savages within the Empire (2005), which explores how encounters with Native Americans affected British culture in the eighteenth century Making Headlines (2008), which examines British engagement with the American Revolution via the British newspaper press and The Weight of Vengeance (2012), which is a transatlantic study of the Anglo-American War of 1812. His most recent book, Eating the Empire (2020), investigates how food from around the world shaped British culture in the eighteenth century. His current research projects include a cultural history of the maple tree and mapping the public communications networks of early modern Britain and its empire.

Publications

Eating the Empire: Food and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain

The Weight of Vengeance: The United States, the British Empire and the War of 1812

Making Headlines: The American Revolution as Seen Through the British Press


SIGNIFICANT EVENTS OF JEFFERSON'S AND MADISON'S PRESIDENCIES.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS OF JEFFERSON'S PRESIDENCY

I. The Way He Was Elected in 1800
II. Midnight Judges Issue
III. Tripolitan War
IV. Louisiana Purchase, 1803
V. Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1804-1805
VI. Hamilton and Burr Duel, July 1, 1804
VII. War Between Britain and France
A. Went to war in 1803
B. Both warned U.S. not to ship arms to the other and both will attempt to stop the U.S. and
other countries from trading with the other. THE U.S. SEES THIS AS A VIOLATION OF
OUR NEUTRAL RIGHTS. The U.S. should be free to trade with whomever they want.
C. In 1806, Britain started stopping U.S. ships to inspect for arms and deserters
D. Found some deserters but also took some American sailors
E. Impressed these sailors into the British navy (Impressment)
F. Jefferson convinced Congress to pass laws to stop the U.S. from importing certain British-
made goods.
G. Tensions increased after the Chesapeake-Leopard incident, June, 1807.
a. HMS Leopard stopped the USS Chesapeake at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay which is
in U.S. waters.
b. Demanded to search the Chesapeake for deserters and the captain refused.
c. Leopard opened fire, killing 3 and wounded 18
d. Captain of Chesapeake surrendered and British boarded the ship
e. Americans demand war against Britain
f. President Jefferson, to avoid war because the Navy and Army were weak, proposed a
policy of "peaceful coercion" and demanded that the British stop impressment. Britain
would not.
g. Jefferson's response was the EMBARGO ACT of 1807.

VIII. EMBARGO ACT
A.Is "OGRABME" spelled backwards. A newspaper cartoon called the embargo the
OGRABME and portrayed it as a snapping turtle.
B. The Embargo Act prohibited ALL international trade America.
C. Was a disaster for the U.S. economy
D. Splits Republican Party revived the Federalist Party
E. Congress repealed it on March 1, 1809 and passed the Non-intercourse Act allowing
American merchants to trade with anyone except Britain and France. The U.S. announced
that if either Britain or France would stop violating America's neutral rights, the U.S.
would begin trade with that country.
F. WAS JEFFERSON'S WORST MISTAKE AS PRESIDENT

IX. ELECTION OF 1808
A. James Madison, Republican, elected over the Federalist, Charles Pinckney by a narrow
margin of 47 electoral votes.


SIGNIFICANT EVENTS OF JAMES MADISON'S PRESIDENCY

I. INDIAN TROUBLES IN THE WEST
As Americans moved westward, Indian lands continued to be taken. In the Northwest, TECUMSEH, a Shawnee Indian chief attempted to organize the southern and northern tribes to stop further takeover of their lands. In 1811, WILIAM HENRY HARRISON, governor of the Indiana Territory, attacked the Indians at TIPPECANOE RIVER and defeated Tecumseh and stopped Tecumseh's efforts. This made Harrison a hero.

II. WAR HAWKS
In the Congressional elections of 1810, some young Republicans were elected from the South, primarily because they supported war with Britain and Spain. They will become known as WAR HAWKS because of this, and two that are most notable are HENRY CLAY of Kentucky and JOHN C. CALHOUN of South Carolina. They want the U.S. to take Canada and Spanish Florida. Farmers supported this.

III. ELECTION OF 1812
Madison re-elected over the Federalist candidate, DeWitt Clinton. Some Republicans helped the Federalists in the North and almost defeated Madison. Madison carried the South and West. This shows that the Republican Party was divided, most of this over whether to go to war with Britain or not.


Championships

Troy has won 20 total conference championships to go along with 3 national championships. The program won the 1968 NAIA National Championship against Texas A&I (now Texas A&M-Kingsville). Troy beat North Dakota State in 1984 to win their first Division II national title. They won their second Division II national title in 1987 after defeating Portland State.

Conference Year Overall Record Coach
Alabama Intercollegiate Conference 1939 7–4–0 Albert Choate
1941 5–4–0
1942 4–3–0
1967 8–2–0 Billy Atkins
1968 11–1–0
1969 8–1–1
Mid-South Athletic Conference 1971 6–3–0
Gulf South Conference 1973 7–2–1 Tom Jones
1976 8–1–1 Charlie Bradshaw
1984 ^ 12–1–0 Chan Gailey
1986 10–2–0 Rick Rhoades
1987 ^ 12–1–1
Southland Conference 1996 12–2 Larry Blakeney
1999 11–2
2000 10–2
Sun Belt Conference 2006 8–5
2007 8–4
2008 8–5
2009 9–4
2010 8–5

Bold indicates national championship.
† Denotes NAIA National Championship.
^ Denotes NCAA Division II National Championship.


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