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Manatee SP-51 motor - History

Manatee SP-51 motor - History


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Manatee

A former name retained.

(Motorboat: t. 2; 1. 35'; b. 8'6"; dr. 2'3"; s. 22 k.; cpl.
4; a. 1 1-pdr.)

Manatee (SP-51), a wooden-hulled gas-powered motorboat, was built by Brown Bros. Shipyard, Tottenville, Staten Island, N.Y., in 1915; acquired by the Navy from her owner J.B. Fallon 21 April 1917; and placed in naval service 23 April 1917. Following America's entry into World War I Manatee was assigned to distant service in European waters where she supported a flying boat detachment. After the Armistice, she was presumably returned to the United States. As of 1 July 1920 her name no longer appeared on the Navy list.


There are still many DMV services that require paper and you can print out the forms yourself. Most are in the form of a PDF file. You can also go to your local DMV Office and get DMV Related forms there.

Forms for Printing

There are dozen of forms available for printing. Listed here you will find the most commonly used forms. The complete list is available here.

Drivers License, Learners Permit, and ID Cards

  • Drivers license renewal or address change
  • Drivers license Fraud or Identity Theft
  • Drivers license history check
  • Drivers license refund request
  • Eye exam
  • Home-based education program notification to keep operator's license
  • Parent consent form B to obtain operator's license (under 18)
  • Reinstate drivers license - court authority to reinstate
  • Reinstatement for meeting school enrollment requirements
  • Report a driver

Learners Permit | Restricted License

  • Parent consent form A for learners license (under 18)
  • Home-based education program notification
  • Drivers license refund request
  • Eye exam
  • Home-based education program notification to keep operator's license
  • Parent consent form B to obtain operator's license (under 18)
  • Reinstate drivers license - court authority to reinstate
  • Reinstatement for meeting school enrollment requirements
  • Report a driver

Registration Tag and Title Services

  • Certificate of Title
  • Notice of Sale
  • Power of Attorney
  • Certificate of Title
  • Certificate of Destruction
  • International Registration Plan
  • Personalized License Plate
  • Records Request
  • DMV Procedures Manual
  • Amateur Radio License Plate Application

Military Members - Titles and Registrations

Military members are exempt from many of the state's requirements because of their frequent moves. Military members still need to inform the DMV of their status based on Florida DMV requirements.

  • Certificate of Title with/without registration application
  • Florida insurance affidavit
  • Florida insurance exemption
  • Initial registration fee exemption affidavit

Each of the forms available has detailed instructions from the Department of Motor Vehicles that explains how to fill in the form and where to send it.


Habitat

There are three species of manatee: the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) the West Indian manatee, or the American manatee (Trichechus manatus) and the African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). Their names indicate the regions in which they live. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. The African manatee lives along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. The Amazon manatee lives in the Amazon River's drainage, from the headwaters in Colombia, Peru and Ecuador to the mouth of the Amazon in Brazil. Their range is estimated to be around 2.7 million square miles (7 million square kilometers), according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The West Indian manatee lives in the southern and eastern United States, although a few "vagrants" have been known to reach the Bahamas, according to the IUCN.


Traffic

Traffic violations are non-criminal, payable offenses that generally do not require a court appearance. The Clerk of the Circuit Court's Office processes traffic citations issued by every law enforcement agency in Manatee County. The duties of the Traffic Division include informing the public of all the options available for disposition of their traffic citation, collecting fines, distributing the proceeds according to Florida Law, and maintaining accurate public records.

Available Options for Traffic Violations
If you have received a traffic citation in Manatee County, you have thirty (30) calendar days from the date the ticket was issued to choose one of the following three (3) options to resolve the ticket.

Please have your citation number and/or case number readily available when contacting the clerk's office by telephone. A printable Traffic Option Form can be download from our site under the Forms section.

1. Pay the ticket
2. Plead Not Guilty
3. Elect Driver Improvement School

If you choose option 1, to pay the ticket, points are assessed against your driver's license, if applicable. You have thirty (30) calendar days from the date you received your ticket to pay your fine and fill out the Option Form. Failure to pay the fine will result in the report for suspension of your driver's license and the assessment of late fees.

If you choose option 2, to plead not guilty, you must make your request for a hearing in writing to the Clerk within thirty (30) calendar days of the date the ticket was received. You will be notified in writing of your court date.

If you choose option 3, to attend driver improvement school (see Related Links), you must pay the fine and fill out the Option Form and file it with the Clerk's Office within thirty (30) calendar days of the date you received the ticket. You will be granted an extra ninety (90) days to attend a Driver Improvement School in the State of Florida, no points are assessed against your driver's license. Failure to attend Driver Improvement School will result in the report for suspension of your license and the assessment of late fees. Traffic School election can only be made once every 12 months, no more than 5 times in your lifetime.
You can provide proof of completion in person, by fax, or by email. Please see contact information.
[email protected]

***The Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles shall require any operator convicted of violations 316.074(1), 316.075(1)C1, 316.172, 316.191, or 319.192 to attend a department-approved driver improvement course in order to maintain driving privileges if traffic school is not elected***

***Failure to provide insurance proof which was valid at the time the citation was issued, may result in a suspension of your drivers license by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles pursuant to Florida statute 316.646(3)***

Drivers License Transcripts

The Manatee County Clerk's Office sells Florida driver's license transcripts only. Citizens can purchase copies of their driver license transcripts, which contain driver's history information, from the Clerk's Office. There is a $23.25 fee charge for the transcript. A person can only request and/or purchase their own driver license transcript and must present a valid form of identification with both a valid picture and signature.


Contents

Between 1969 and 1974, and again between 1989 and 2002, Nissan produced a high performance version of its Skyline coupe called the Nissan Skyline GT-R. This car proved to be iconic for Nissan [5] [6] and achieved much fame and success on both road and track.

The GT-R is an entirely new model sharing little with the Skyline GT-R save its signature four round tail lights. Like some later generations of the Skyline GT-R, the GT-R has all-wheel drive with a twin-turbocharged 6-cylinder engine. But the four-wheel-steering HICAS system has been removed and the former straight-6 RB26DETT engine has been replaced with a new VR38DETT V6 engine. [7] Because of the GT-R's heritage, the chassis code for the all-new version has been called CBA-R35, [8] or R35 for short (where CBA stands for the emissions standard prefix), carrying on the naming trend from previous Skyline GT-R generations.

The GT-R has also retained its Skyline predecessor's nickname, Godzilla, [9] originally given to it by the Australian motoring publication Wheels in its July 1989 edition.

Concepts Edit

Nissan showed two GT-R concept cars at motor shows before it unveiled the production model: one at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2001, to preview a 21st-century GT-R [10] and a redesigned one, dubbed GT-R Proto, at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show. Officials said the production GT-R would be 80 to 90% based on the second concept. [11]

Production model Edit

The production version of the GT-R debuted at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show as the 2009 model year, with a lap time of 7:38 minutes at the Nürburgring Nordschleife beating the all-time sports classic Porsche 911 Turbo as Nissan stated before launching the car. [12] The GT-R launched in the Japanese market on December 6, 2007. The U.S. official launch was seven months later on July 7, 2008. Universal Nissan in Los Angeles provided a customer with the delivery of a new GT-R, fresh from the production line at 12:01 am, on July 7, 2008. The Canadian launch was also in July 2008. Europe became the third consumer market, where it launched in March 2009. The large disparity in initial marketing between these regional releases is due to Nissan having to build GT-R performance centers where the car is serviced.

The engines are hand built by only four specially trained mechanics called "Takumi Craftsmens" on a special line at Nissan's Yokohama plant and their names are badged on every GT-R engine. The cars are built at their Tochigi plant on a shared production line. [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

Design Edit

Nissan chief creative officer, Shirō Nakamura, has likened the new GT-R to the giant robots of the Gundam series. [18] Nakamura stated: "The GT-R is unique because it is not simply a copy of a European-designed Sports car it had to really reflect Japanese culture."

Nissan's American designers sculpted the rear three-quarters of the vehicle, while their European designers sculpted the roofline. [18]

Polyphony Digital, creators of the Gran Turismo series of motor racing video games, were themselves involved in the development of the GT-R, having been contracted to design the GT-R's multifunction display. [19]

Nissan PM platform Edit

As of 2014 [update] the GT-R was the only model built on Nissan's Premium Midship (PM) platform, [20] an evolution of the Front Midship (FM) architecture introduced on the 2001 (V35) Skyline. It is a hybrid unibody assembled on ultra-low-tolerance jigs similar to those used in race car construction. Alcoa aluminum is used for the hood, trunk lid, and outer door skins, with die-cast aluminum front shock towers and inner door structures. Outer body panels are stamped using a multiple-strike coining process for added rigidity and precision. The chassis is stiffened with a carbon-composite front cross member/radiator support.

Exterior Edit

Nissan developed a 6-stage paint process with a double clear coat and chip-resistant paint for use in critical areas of the GT-R chassis. An optional liquid-effect finish employs a hand-polished 8-stage process with product-specific Super Silver metallic paint and three layers of clearcoat.

Optional features Edit

The Premium trim for the GT-R has a body-coloured rear spoiler whereas the Black Edition has a dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler. Both the Premium and Black Edition models are fitted with (LED) headlights, automatic on/off headlights, LED daytime running lights, LED taillights and brake lights, dual-heated body-colour power wing mirrors, power-folding side mirrors, flush-mounted aluminum door handles, four 5-inch exhaust outlets with polished tips and UV-reducing solar glass. [21]

Specifications Edit

The Nissan GT-R is powered by the VR38DETT V6 engine, a 3,799 cc (3.8 L 231.8 cu in) DOHC V6 with plasma transferred wire arc sprayed cylinder bores. [22] [23] Two parallel Ishikawajima-Harima (IHI) turbochargers provide forced induction. [24] Models manufactured between 2007 and 2009 are rated at a manufacturer-claimed engine output of 358 kW (487 PS 480 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 583 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft) at 3,200–5,200 rpm. [22] The engine also meets California Air Resources Board Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) standards. [22] The standard GT-R and the NISMO GT-R has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.27. [22] [25]

A curb weight of 1,724 kg (3,800 lb) [2] [4] with side curtain airbags is achieved using a jig welded steel chassis with aluminium used for the hood, trunk, and doors. [22] A rear mounted six-speed BorgWarner designed [26] dual-clutch automatic transmission built by Aichi Machine Industry [27] shifting gears in just 0.2 seconds is used in conjunction with the ATTESA E-TS system [28] to provide power to all four wheels, along with Nissan's Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC-R) to aid in stability. [22] Three shift modes can also be selected for various conditions. [22] The Nissan GT-R features four-wheel 15" floating disc Brembo brakes with monoblock calipers (six-piston on the front four-piston on the rear). [22] [29]

Year Output Torque Source
2007–2009 358 kW (487 PS 480 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
583 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,200 rpm
[22]
2010–2011 362 kW (492 PS 485 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
588 N⋅m (434 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,200 rpm
[30] [31]
2012 395 kW (537 PS 530 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
607 N⋅m (448 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,200 rpm
[32]
2013–2016 406 kW (553 PS 545 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
628 N⋅m (463 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,800 rpm
[33] [34] [35] [36]
2017–present 421 kW (573 PS 565 hp)
at 6,800 rpm
633 N⋅m (467 lb⋅ft)
at 3,300–5,800 rpm
[37] [38] [39] [40] [41]

2011 facelift Edit

The revised GT-R features an engine with revised mapping, changes to valve timing, larger inlets and a revised exhaust system which boosts rated power to 406 kW (552 PS 544 hp) [42] and 612 N⋅m (451 lb⋅ft) of torque from 3,200 to 6,000 rpm. Changes also include a new more rigid front strut bar made from carbon composite, larger front brake rotors, new lighter and stiffer wheels, and revised Dunlop tires. Cosmetic changes include a new front bumper with integrated LEDs. The front bumper improves cooling to the radiator and front brakes while reducing drag. A new rear diffuser improves downforce and also includes additional rear cooling ducts. The interior was revised to improve quality. The new model is offered with a new HDD CARWINGS navigation system with enhanced entertainment features and a USB port with iPod connectivity. The revised GT-R went on sale in Japan from mid-November 2010 and February 2011 in Europe, North America, and other regions. [43]

In late 2011, Nissan put GT-R mechanicals into a Nissan Juke-R. Two cars were built by RML – one left hand drive and one right hand drive. It was not put into production. [44]

2017 facelift Edit

The updated Nissan GT-R has the same twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (3.8 L 231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine but increased the engine output to 419 kW (570 PS 562 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lbf⋅ft) at 3,200–5,800 rpm. The transmission system is also refined to shift the gears quicker than before.

Other updates include a new front and rear end, bumpers design have been added to improve air cooling system and aerodynamics, new leather has been added to the whole interior with a new steering wheel, new infotainment systems and redesigned center console, new 20-inch aluminum forged wheels, new suspension system, new titanium exhaust system, and new braking systems were added to newly updated GT-R. [45]

SpecV Edit

Nissan introduced the GT-R SpecV on January 7, 2009 at the 2009 Tokyo Auto Salon. This version uses carbon fibre trim inside and out, and has no rear seats. [46] In addition, a new colour was introduced limited to the SpecV, LAC Black Opal, [47] The car came with Bridgestone Potenza RE070R tyres. [48]

The GT-R SpecV is powered by the standard twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (3.8 L 231.8 cu in) V6. A new high gear boost controller that allows a temporary increase in boost pressure from the IHI twin turbochargers, now larger than those on the standard GT-R, delivering 20 N⋅m (15 lb⋅ft) more torque than the standard GT-R in mid to high-range revs. [48] Other mechanical changes include a titanium exhaust, Recaro bucket seats, [48] reworked suspension, carbon ceramic brakes, and 20-inch (510 mm) NISMO wheels. Overall weight is decreased by 60 kg (132 lb) over the standard GT-R. [49]

Sales began in Japan on February 2, 2009, at seven preselected dealers staffed with specially trained mechanics knowledgeable about racing circuit driving. The price was ¥15,750,000 (about US$160,000 ). The SpecV was also sold in Europe and the Middle East. A total of 110 [50] SpecV were built, 77 for Japan, 24 for Europe, 1 for United Kingdom, 7 for Middle East and 1 additional car.

In November 2011, Nissan introduced the TRACK PACK Special Edition. The model provides racing Track Pack accessories to replace the Spec V version. Including Bilstein adjustable suspension, brake radiator air guide, RAYS forged aluminum alloy wheels, carbon fiber front spoiler with air guide, etc. The rear seat is removed in the car to reduce weight, and it is equipped with high friction special anti-skid Bucket seat. It went on sale on November 24, 2011, and was exported to other regions in January 2012. It is limited to 150 units worldwide.

Auto Express tested the SpecV and posted a 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) time of 3.20 seconds, 1 ⁄ 4 mile (400 m) time of 11.5 seconds, pulled 1.12 g on the skidpad and 120.2 km/h in the slalom. An earlier tested Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1 resulted in an identical slalom speed but a lower 1.06 g on the skidpad. [51]

Egoist/VVIP Edit

Nissan introduced the GT-R Egoist as the luxury version of Nissan GT-R for the 2012 model year which is only produced for the Japanese and European markets with only 43 units. (With 2 VVIP Editions).

The new updates to Egoist include increased engine power output to 537 PS 530 hp (395 kW) at 6,800 rpm and torque to 607 N⋅m (448 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm. Nissan improved straight-line performance for this new model with 2.9 seconds of 0-60 mph time, and it can do a quarter-mile in 11.2 seconds at 122.7 mph.

Interior upgrades include a Wajima lacquer steering emblem, exclusive leather and Alcantara for instrument panel, console, door trim, rear side, pillar trim and roof trim, new leather interior colour, fabric carpet, leather cleaner, leather car verification case, and leather seats.

For Exterior a new Carbon-fibre rear spoiler with LED-type high-mount brake light, a Titanium muffler, and exhaust system, dedicated emblem, and Rays lightweight forged aluminum wheels with carbon-ceramic brakes.

The VVIP Edition was introduced by Nissan Middle East and it was only sold in the Middle East. VVIP version upgrades include interior colours among 12 choices (four upper area interior colours and seven lower area interior colours), new racing seats, Wajima Lacquer (Maki-e) Emblem on the middle of the steering wheel, new Bose Precision Sound System and Carbon Rear Spoiler. The wheels, front shells, and some other small components were painted with unique gold paint.

The car went on sale with a price tag of US$140,000 and sold 35 units in Japan, 3 in the United Kingdom, 3 in Europe, and 2 VVIP Editions in the Middle East. [52]

Black Edition Edit

The Black Edition comes with exclusive 20-inch RAYS wheels and a carbon-fibre rear spoiler. Recaro racing seats were commissioned specifically by Nissan for the Black Edition. The interior is finished in red and black leather, but a beige colour known as 'Pale Ivory' is also available. No mechanical changes are made from the standard GT-R.

Track Edition Edit

In 2013, for the 2014 model year, Nissan introduced a limited production Track Edition GT-R which removes the rear seats (saving 10 kg (22 lb) over the Black Edition) and adds stiffer suspension, carbon fibre air inlets, improved brake cooling, a unique front spoiler, and new black and gray leather Recaro front seats. [53]

At the April 2019 New York Auto Show, Nissan introduced the 2020 model year GT-R Track Edition. The car gets its drivetrain from the NISMO GT-R's twin-turbocharged 3.8 L 231.8 cu in (3,799 cc) V6 VR38DETT engine with 609 PS 601 hp (448 kW) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm and gets a 20% of increase in acceleration reaction time compared to the previous model year GT-R Track Edition. Other updates includes a NISMO tuned independent suspension system, new dry carbon fibre roof reducing weight, NISMO front fenders, new RAYS 20-inch NISMO forged aluminium alloy wheels with Dunlop 255/40RF-20 run-flat SP Sport Maxx GT 600 DSST NISMO-spec tires and dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler. The Track Edition includes new re-designed red and black colour treatment for interior with high-grip Recaro seats. [56]

Gentleman Edition Edit

Nissan introduced the GT-R Gentleman Edition in 2012 for sale only in France and Belgium. Nissan planned to build only 10 units of this model. This model based on the 2014 model year GT-R Premium Edition and sold with a price tag of US$110,627. [57]

Midnight Opal Special Edition Edit

In July 2013, Nissan introduced the Midnight Opal Special Edition. The production planned to produce 100 units of this model. But 115 units were built of this edition.

The new model's upgrades include new Midnight Opal special paint colour (which is painted for Nissan Skyline GT-R's special editions), Carbon rear spoiler (with LED high-mount brake light), increased the antifreeze concentration, new RAYS aluminum lightweight forged wheels with a unique hyper titanium colour, Gold aluminum model number plate in engine bay and new SRS curtain airbag system.

The car went on sale with a price tag of US$105,590. And sold 48 units for Japan, 50 for the United States, 3 for Europe, 9 for the Middle East, 1 for Korea, and 1 for Taiwan. [58]

GT-R NISMO Edit

Nissan introduced the GT-R NISMO at the November 2013 Tokyo Motor Show, [59] as the world's fastest volume production vehicle around Nürburgring Nordschleife with a lap time of 7:08.679 minutes by Nissan test driver Michael Krumm. [60]

In the new model, power increases to 441 kW (600 PS 591 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3,200-5,800 rpm. The 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) time changed to 2.5 seconds. [61] The gear-ratios did not change in the dual-clutch transmission. The fuel tank capacity is 19.5 US gal 16.3 imp gal (74 L). Additional front and rear brake cooling ducts are added, and a full NISMO tuned suspension is installed, including a hollow 17.3 mm (0.68 in) rear stabilizer bar from the NISMO performance division.

Special edition forged alloys by RAYS in 20-inch sizes are included. The standard GT-R's aluminum trunk lid is swapped out for a full carbon fibre panel and additional spot welds and adhesive help strengthen the chassis. A front splitter with carbon fibre air ducts up front add to the special NISMO full aerodynamic package, while a large racing-style carbon wing completes the rear.

Inside, the NISMO edition has special seats with a black and red colour treatment made with synthetic suede. The instrument binnacle and steering wheel are also covered in synthetic suede. The Bose stereo system does not have active noise control. The gauges have some red colour treatment as well. NISMO-specific options are low-gloss matte gray paint and a full titanium exhaust with additional heatsinks. These changes, in aggregate, reduce weight by 17 kg (38 lb), which is the reason that the NISMO GT-R accelerates even faster than before.

At the 2019 New York Auto Show, Nissan unveiled the 2020 GT-R NISMO and the 50th anniversary GT-R for the GT-R's 50th anniversary. Updates to the NISMO GT-R include a new "R mode" gear shifting the setting to shift gears more quickly, new turbochargers from the GT3 race car to improve the acceleration, RAYS 20-inch wheels, GT3-inspired fender vents, lightweight carbon-ceramic brakes, new re-tuned suspension, and the roof, hood and fenders are made with carbon fibre to reduce the weight. Nissan says new NISMO GT-R is faster and more track-focused than previous models, and the weight has been reduced by 20 kg compared to the 2017 model year NISMO GT-R. [62] [63]

In June 2019, Nissan's Hiroshi Tamura visited Motor Trend for an interview to talk about the 2020 Nissan GT-R NISMO. He said the acceleration from 0 to 80 km/h (0 to 50 mph) is quicker by 2.4 m (8 ft) because of improvement on acceleration. He also said that the lap time of the Nurburgring Nordschleife will be quicker by 5 seconds compared to the previous model year GT-R NISMO because of a 5% improvement in cornering force and better braking performance. [64]

Nissan claimed the price for the 2020 model year GT-R NISMO of US$210,740. [65] and the car can accelerate 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.5 seconds, and achieve a top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph). [66]

In a test by Top Speed magazine, a 2020 Nissan GT-R NISMO accelerated from 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.48 seconds. [67]

GT-R NISMO N-Attack Edit

A special edition of the GT-R NISMO is outfitted after the purchase of the NISMO model. This package includes the parts which the original GT-R NISMO has when racing for the fastest lap time on the Nürburgring track. For Japan, installation is handled by NISMO Omori factory. For North America, the conversion is handled by STILLEN. [68]

45th Anniversary Gold Edition Edit

Nissan introduced a limited production 45th Anniversary Gold Edition GT-R based on the Premium package. Ride quality was improved compared to the previous model. It went on sale at the beginning of February 2015.

The car has the twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine with 410 kW (550 hp 558 PS) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm.

The car painted in a unique gold-coloured paint called Silica Brass, which was earlier used for the Nissan Skyline GT-R R34 M-Spec. Other updates include a gold-tone VIN plate in the engine compartment, a commemorative plaque on the interior center console, new LED headlights, taillights, and brake lights, new fully black coloured interior, new 20-spoke RAYS wheels finished in black colour and the limited production vehicle number plate under the hood.

Nissan built only 80 units of this edition – 25 for Japan, 27 for USA, 5 for United Kingdom, 2 for mainland Europe, 16 for Middle East, 4 for Australia and one additional car for testing and press use. [69] [70]

GT-R50 Edit

To celebrate the GT-R's 50th anniversary, Nissan has announced that, in 2019, they will introduce a limited-production GT-R called the GT-R50. Only fifty of these cars will be produced with a price tag of US$1.1 million and the car became the most expensive vehicle produced by Nissan. The GT-R50 shares its powertrain with the GT-R NISMO but is rated at 530 kW (721 PS 711 hp) and 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) of torque. [71] [72]

Upgrades to the engine include large diameter turbochargers shared with the GT3 specification GT-R, a heavy-duty crankshaft, pistons and connecting rods, a modified intake system, a new exhaust system, a recalibrated gearbox, and a reinforced differential. The rear suspension system uses Bilstein continuously variable dampers and the car uses carbon-ceramic brakes. The GT-R50 comes standard in 21-inch carbon-fibre wheels with Michelin Pilot Super Sport tires.

The design of the bodywork is a result of a collaboration between Italdesign and Nissan, with the former celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2018. Construction of the bodywork is mainly of aluminum and carbon-fibre.

It was originally shown as a concept car not intended for production. Nissan decided to produce fifty of them to celebrate Nissan's 50th anniversary but it was delayed 2 years to 2020 due to modifications required to make it road legal.

The design was developed by a team of Nissan's European and American designers and has been described as a "car within a car". The front and back sections are designed so they appear to be emerging from the bodywork. Key design elements include a redesigned rear section, stretched LED headlamps at the front, a power bulge on the hood, a lowered roofline, and "Samurai blade" cooling ducts behind the front wheels. [73]

The first production model of the GT-R50 was revealed in May 2020 in Italy. It retains all the design elements of the prototype such as the new headlamps, the bumper designs, splitters, rocker panels, active rear wing, hollow taillamps, and dual tailpipes. [74]

Naomi Osaka Edition Edit

Nissan introduced the GT-R Naomi Osaka Edition for 2019 in September 2018. Nissan described that they made this car to celebrate the partnership with Nissan brand ambassador Naomi Osaka. Nissan planned to build 50 units of this model with specifications of the GT-R Premium model.

The car came with three body colours including Midnight Opal, Brilliant White Pearl, and Meteor Flake Black Pearl. Both exterior and interior colours matched her. Other upgrades include new Ivory, Amber Red or Tan interior with Urban Black coloured seats, Carbon rear spoiler (with LED high-mount brake light), Gold aluminum model number plate in the engine compartment, SRS curtain airbag system, Privacy glass, increased the Antifreeze concentration and Dark grey front fender outlet ducts. [75]

50th Anniversary Edition Edit

Nissan introduced the 50th Anniversary Edition for 2019 at the 2019 New York Auto Show. The car has the 3,799 cc (3.8 L 231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine with 421 kW (572 PS 565 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm. Nissan revealed the price of US$123,040 to the bayside blue, pearl white GT-R 50th Anniversary Edition and US$125,040 for the super silver GT-R 50th Anniversary Edition. [65]

Nissan introduced two-tone exterior colours – bayside (wangan) blue, with white racing stripes, blue accents on the wheel spokes, and pearl white with red stripes and super silver with white stripes also available for the 50th Anniversary Edition GT-R.

The 50th Anniversary Edition GT-R includes unique steering wheel and shift knob trim, special embossed seats, an Alcantara headliner with unique stitching and Alcantara-wrapped sunvisors. [76]

Bolt Edition Edit

In 2012, a "Usain Bolt" special edition GT-R was built by Nissan and auctioned off to raise funds for charity along with a display model held in Tokyo, Japan. [ when? ] [77] [78] In 2013, another one was built and delivered to Usain Bolt. [79] Bolt's car has gray wheels, a "Spec Bolt" badge and "white egoist" colour style interior. Its licence plate is 7300GJ, corresponding to Jamaica.

The displayed car has grey chrome wheels but no Bolt Spec badge and a black interior with red accents along the edge of the seat. It has a license plate with the words "MR BOLT" on them. After being displayed, [ where? ] it was moved to the Nissan Heritage Museum, Zama where it is exhibited.

Rod Maher of Australia won the auctioned vehicle at the charity eBay auction. This car delivered as an Australian specification GT-R and has gold wheels, a black interior but no red accents or Bolt Spec badge. [80]

Fastest drift vehicle Edit

Nissan builds the fastest drift vehicle with support of NISMO by using a 2016 model year GT-R NISMO which was specifically tuned for the Guinness World Record for <Fastest Drift.

The modifications included power output is increased to 1380 hp, a racecar spec interior, Greddy Trust's tuning setup, new aerodynamic parts, specially tuned TOYO tyres, new Recaro seats and new RAYS lightweight wheels. Tests began at Fuji Speedway in Japan with a professional drifting driver Masato Kawabata. At the end of the tests the Nissan GT-R broke the record at Fujairah International Airport, UAE.

Three attempts were undertaken by the Nissan Middle East's organization. There were three attempts with driver Masato Kawabata for the record and on the third attempt car broke the record with a trap speed of 304.96 km/h and a 30-degree angle drift. [81]

Predzilla Edit

The Predzilla GT-R was specially built by a 2017 model year Nissan GT-R Premium Edition and donated to the Nashville Predators Foundation. This Nissan GT-R was the main attraction in the Predators Foundation fundraising auction. The auction was won by David and Hilary Whitt of Richmond, Virginia, United States for a price of US$113,000.

This GT-R Premium model is custom-painted in Preds’ official colours and graphics and features a carbon fibre rear, especially blue colour painted RAYS wheels and a black coloured interior. [82]

GT-R/C Edit

Nissan built this car to celebrate the release of Gran Turismo Sport and to mark 20 years of Nissan involvement in the Gran Turismo gaming series. This car was extensively modified to be driven entirely by a DualShock 4 controller.

The GT-R/C controlled by NISMO athlete and GT Academy winner Jann Mardenborough around in a cockpit of a helicopter at the Silverstone National Circuit. On Mardenborough's fastest lap which took 1:17.47 minutes, the car averaged 122 km/h and reached a top speed of 211 km/h.

The GT-R/C is fitted with four robots that operate the steering, transmission, brakes, and throttle. Six computers mounted in the rear of the car update the controls at up to 100 times a second.

The unmodified Dual-Shock 4 connects to a micro-computer that interprets the joystick and button signals and transmits them to the cars' onboard systems. The wireless operation has a primary control range of one kilometre.

To help Mardenborough judge the vehicle's speed through the corners, a Racelogic VBOX Motorsport sensor was installed to relay speed data to an LCD display in the helicopter cockpit.

The GT-R/C is also fitted with two independent safety systems operating on different radio frequencies in order to allow two additional operators to apply full ABS braking and cut the engine in the event of the main operator losing control of the vehicle.

In 2018, the Nissan GT-R/C will be used in a tour of primary and secondary schools in the UK to promote future careers in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) subjects. [83]

Nissan states the GT-R can attain a top speed of 315 km/h (196 mph) [84] and Motor Trend recorded a top speed of 313.8 km/h (195.0 mph). [85] In tests the original production model was shown to be capable of achieving 0-97 km/h (60 mph) times as low as 3.2 seconds using "launch control". [85] Owners expressed concern that duplicating the times achieved in these tests would void their factory warranty. Nissan's chief vehicle engineer Kazutoshi Mizuno has indicated that he has never used the term "launch control", which refers to the act of turning off vehicle dynamic control (VDC) and launching the car at around 4,500 rpm. [86] However, Nissan's director of product planning John Wiener stated in an interview with Jay Leno that "we (Nissan) actually offer a 'launch mode'". [87] The GT-R user's manual states that turning off the VDC is only meant for escaping low-traction situations such as mud or snow. Nissan has re-programmed the 2010 model year GT-R to reduce the engine speed at launch to around 3,000-3,500 rpm with VDC enabled, which is meant to improve acceleration times. The new programming was also installed on old 2009 vehicles still in Nissan's inventory, and is available for existing 2009 vehicles. [88]

The updated GT-R now has a launch mode called "R-Mode Start". Pushing the three buttons up, includes the Transmission, Suspension and VDC the car gets to "R-Mode Start". The system allows a maximum of 4 consecutive hard launches before locking itself out, after which it can be unlocked by driving normally for 2.4 km (1.5 mi). The increased engine output of later models combined with the "R-Mode Start" has lowered the 0-97 km/h (60 mph) time to 3.2 seconds. [89] Motor Trend achieved a standing quarter-mile time of 11.6 seconds at 190 km/h (120 mph) using a US-spec 2009 model year GT-R. [90] Autocar achieved a 0-160 km/h (100 mph) time of 8.5 seconds. [91]

Independent lap times Edit

Testing by Drivers Republic of a GT-R and 911 GT2 in stock form resulted in times of 7:56 minutes for the GT-R and 7:49 minutes for the GT2 respectively in partially damp conditions. While the tester had no doubt that the GT2 could achieve the factory time of 7:32 minutes, he couldn't imagine the customer GT-R going faster than 7:41 minutes in spite of the 7:29 minutes of factory claim. [93]

The German magazine sport auto achieved a time of 7:50 minutes on the Nürburgring with a car supplied to them by Nissan during an initial short test in 2007 in partially damp condition. [94] In 2009, in a full "super test" sport auto achieved a time of 7:38 minutes on the Nürburgring with a standard GT-R driven by Horst von Saurma, [95] identical to a later "super test" Corvette ZR1 time. [96] In a first test with the facelifted GT-R model, sport auto recorded a lap time of 7:34 minutes on the Nürburgring with a standard GT-R driven by Horst von Saurma. [97]

The sport auto magazine tested the 2007 model year GT-R on the Hockenheimring circuit and recorded a lap time of 1:10.7 minutes during the "supertest". [98]

Nissan's Nürburgring lap times Edit

In 2009 Nissan claimed a lap time of 7:26.7 minutes with a 2009 model year GT-R on the base model's Dunlop tires [99] having previously set a time of 7:29 minutes on standard Japanese market tires. [100] [101] Porsche has claimed Nissan overstated the GT-R's performance in September 2008. [102] [103] Porsche claimed to have conducted a test of a factory stock, European market GT-R and achieved a slower time (of 7:54 minutes), apparently implying that the car isn't as fast around this public road as Nissan claims and/or that their driver isn't as talented as Nissan's. Nissan disputed the former and implied the latter claim in October 2008. [104] [105]

In September 2010, Nissan's sets a Nürburgring lap time using the 2011 model year GT-R with a new design. Driven by GT-R's development driver Toshio Suzuki. and the car set a lap time of 7:24.22 minutes. [106] [107]

According to Nissan, the GT-R improved its Nürburgring lap time in October 2012 to 7:19.1 minutes by due to the 2014 model year improvements. This made it the 9th fastest ever production car around the Nürburgring at the time. Nissan claimed that it lost half a second in traffic, making a potential lap time of 7:18.6 minutes possible. [108] [109]

In February 2013, Nissan opened the new NISMO headquarters in Yokohama. Nissan's CEO Carlos Ghosn planned to introduce the GT-R NISMO within a year as the leading NISMO brand and attempt a production vehicle lap record at the Nürburgring Nordschleife. On May 18 development began, with Nissan's chief vehicle engineer Noboru Kaneko leading the joint NISMO and Dunlop Tyres effort to set the production vehicle lap record at the Nürburgring.

On June 26, the team started testing with standard GT-R's at Sendai Hi-Land Raceway. On July 16, the team visited the Nürburgring and collected data to aid development, and the team builds the GT-R NISMO and its aerodynamic development was finalized after testing it at the Sendai Raceway on July 24.

On September 2, the team returned to the Nürburgring with three GT-R NISMO cars and four drivers with two laps for each driver. drivers included Infiniti Red Bull Racing third driver Sébastien Buemi, NISMO global brand ambassador and racer Michael Krumm, German touring car driver Armin Hahne, and a Japanese driver, Tetsuya Tanaka. team stopped all the tests of GT-R NISMO and on September 30, the team was aiming for a lap under 7:10 minutes, Armin Hahne and Tetsuya Tanaka didn't get close to the target record but Sébastien Buemi did a lap time of 7:12 minutes on his first lap, on his second lap he stopped to take some fuel out to reduce the weight. On the way to do a lap time under 7:10 minutes, the car ran out of fuel. Michael Krumm did his first lap time of 7:10 minutes.

At 4:48 p.m just twelve minutes before the Nordschleife was scheduled to close, and five minutes before the rain, Michael Krumm did his second lap time of 7:08.679 minutes and achieved a peak speed of 310 km/h (193 mph) on the Dottinger Hohe uphill climb, Nissan claimed it was the fastest road-legal volume production vehicle, and it was 11 seconds slower than the production vehicle lap record holder limited production Porsche 918 Spyder Weissach Package's lap time of 6:57 minutes set earlier that month, making it the second-fastest road-legal production vehicle around the track.

After setting the lap time, the NISMO team invited the Car and Driver journalist Tony Quiroga to attempt the fastest lap time with a passenger at the Nürburgring Nordschleife. Michael Krumm drove the GT-R NISMO with the journalist and set a lap record for fastest production vehicle with a passenger around the track with a lap time of 7:19.46 minutes with a peak speed of 303 km/h (188 mph) on the Dottinger Hohe uphill climb. [110] [111] [112] [113] [114]

In June 2014, the Nissan GT-R NISMO was revealed at the Goodwood Festival. The car ran on the Goodwood Hill climb, driven by Jann Mardenborough, set a time of 49.27 seconds, making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle up the hill. [115]

Nürburgring GP 5.15 km Course

On August 13, 2014, German car magazine Sport Auto tested the 2015 model year GT-R NISMO at the Nurburgring GP 5.15 km circuit, driven by Christian Gebhardt, set a new road-legal production vehicle lap record around the track with 2:13.80 minutes of lap time. [116]

On September, 2014, Motor Trend conducted a test using the 2015 model year Nissan GT-R NISMO at Willow Springs - Street of Willow circuit. The test driver Randy Pobst set a lap time of 1:19.07 minutes and making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle around track. The 2014 model year GT-R Track Edition lapped in 1:19.55 minutes and took the second place, 2012 model year GT-R Premium lapped in 1:20.25 minutes and took the third place of the road-legal production vehicle lap records around track. On February, 2015, Motor Trend tested a comparison with the GT-R NISMO and the Corvette C7 Z06, On the track test, test driver Randy Pobst drove the GT-R NISMO at Willow Springs Circuit set a new road-legal production vehicle lap record around the track at the time with a lap time of 1:25.70 minutes. [117] [118] [119]

On December 8, 2017, in a test conducted by Nissan for 50th anniversary of the GT-R, a 2018 model year Nissan GT-R NISMO, driven by Kazuo Shimizu, set a lap time of 1.00.293 minutes on the Tsukuba Circuit – making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle around the track at the time. [120] [121] On December 9, 2019 Nissan again broke the own record of the fastest road-legal production vehicle around the track using a 2020 model year Nissan GT-R NISMO, driven by Tsugio Matsuda, set a lap time of 59.361 seconds. [122] [123]

In 2018, Nissan conducted a test on the INTA Circuit in Spain, driven by Marc Gené with a 2017 model year GT-R NISMO, GT-R Track Edition, and a GT-R Premium. The GT-R NISMO set a new road-legal production vehicle lap record around the track with a lap time of 1:05.83 minutes. The GT-R Track Edition lapped in 1:06.39 minutes and took second place, GT-R Premium lapped in 1:06.93 minutes and took the third place of the road-legal production vehicle lap records around the track. [124]

Super GT Edit

NISMO, the motorsport arm of Nissan, entered the Nissan GT-R in the Super GT race series in the GT500 class for the 2008 season, replacing the 350Z. [125]

The 2008 GT500 version of the car has a completely different drivetrain compared to the production car. The race car is upgraded to a VK45DE 4.5-litre naturally aspirated [126] V8 instead of the twin-turbocharged VR38DETT V6 engine. It uses a 6-speed sequential manual gearbox and a rear-wheel-drive layout from its predecessor, the 350Z race car. [127]

A prototype was spotted testing around the Suzuka Circuit as well as Fuji Speedway in Japan. [128] [129] The car went on to win the opening race of the 2008 Super GT season at Suzuka scoring a one-two finish for Nissan. [130] In race two, the GT-Rs repeated their 1–2 result. It won the drivers' championship in the 2008 season through the Xanavi NISMO GT-R driven by Satoshi Motoyama and Benoît Tréluyer, although they only came third in the teams' championship. It also won 7 out of 9 races by 4 different teams using GT-Rs.

The GT500 version scored 4 victories in the 2009 Japanese SUPER GT Series GT 500 class.

In 2010, the VK45DE 4.5-litre engine was replaced by a newly developed 3.4-litre engine (VRH34A). [131]

In 2011 and 2012, Team Mola GT-R with drivers Ronnie Quintarelli and Masataka Yanagida got back to back championships in both teams' and drivers' classifications in the Super GT500 class. [132]

In 2014, the Super GT regulations were aligned with those of the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, and so the V8 engine was replaced with a 2.0-litre, 4-cylinder turbocharged engine. [133]

FIA GT/GT1 World Championship Edit

On February 27, 2009, NISMO announced a partnership with British racing team Gigawave Motorsports to enter a GT-R in four races in the 2009 FIA GT Championship season. The entry did not compete for championship points but was used by NISMO to refine the performance of the GT-R for future customer teams to use the car in the planned FIA GT1 World Championship in 2010. NISMO driver Michael Krumm and Gigawave driver Darren Turner would co-drive the GT1 GT-R. [134]

The Sumo Power GT-R won the 2010 RAC Tourist Trophy at Silverstone Circuit as part of the FIA GT1 World Championship on May 2, 2010.

The 2011 season saw Swiss Racing Team switch to Lamborghini which left Sumo Power running four GT-Rs, two under the Sumo Power GT name and two under JR Motorsports.

JR Motorsports with the drivers Michael Krumm and Lucas Luhr won the Drivers Championship for the 2011 season, gaining 3 wins and 1 pole position in 10 races. The team got second place in the teams' championship because in the last race the No.23 car retired from a crash and the No.22 car had a penalty when leading in the first place of the race and finished at 8th. End of the race team behind by just 3 points by the team champions.

GT-R Nismo GT1 Edit

Designed and produced specifically to compete in the FIA GT1 World Championship, the GT-R NISMO GT1 is based on the road-going version of the Nissan GT-R. The GT-R NISMO GT1 is powered by a NISMO race-prepped VK56DE, a naturally aspirated V8 engine that displaces 5,552 cc. It measures 2,040 mm (80.3 in) in width, 4,730 mm (186.2 in) inches in length, and has a wheelbase of 2,780 mm (109.4 in). [135]

  • Displacement: DOHC naturally aspirated V8 front mid-engine 5,552 cc (5.6 L 338.8 cu in)
  • Power output: 600 PS 591 hp 600 PS (capped – GT1 regulations)
  • Valves Per Cylinder: 4
  • Torque: 649.91 N⋅m (479.35 lb⋅ft)
  • Drivetrain: Rear-wheel drive : 1,250 kg (2,756 lb) (as per GT1 regulations)
  • Transmission: Ricardo 6-speed transaxle, sequential shift lever, 5.5-inch carbon triple-plate clutch
  • Suspension: Adjustable suspension with double wishbones front and multi-link rear
  • Brakes: Brembo 6-piston calipers with carbon discs and pads
  • Tyres: Front and rear Michelin 31/71-18 (GT1 controlled specification)

GT-R Nismo GT3 Edit

The GT-R NISMO GT3 is powered by the VR38DETT, a twin-turbocharged V6 engine that displaces 3,799 cc. It measures 80.15 inches in width, 188.19 inches in length, and has a wheelbase of 109.45 inches. [136]

  • Displacement: DOHC twin-turbocharged V6 front mid-engine 3,799 cc (3.8 L 231.8 cu in)
  • Power output: 447 kW (608 PS 599 hp) at 6,500 rpm
  • Valves Per Cylinder: 4
  • Torque: 691 N⋅m (510 lb⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm
  • Drivetrain: Premium Midship RWD : 1,300 kg (2,866 lb)
  • Brakes: Front: 6-piston caliper Rear: 4-piston caliper : 0.26
  • Transmission: Six-speed sequential racing transmission in transaxle configuration with multi-disc limited-slip differential and traction control
  • Suspension: Adjustable suspension with double wishbones front and multi-link rear
  • Extras: semi-automatic paddle-shift
  • Tyres: Front: 330/710-18, Rear: 330/710-18
  • Top speed: 293–330 km/h (182–205 mph) depending on gearing ratio.

The GT-R GT3 won the 2015 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour driven by Katsumasa Chiyo, Wolfgang Reip, and Florian Strauss. The NISMO team returned to the Mount Panorama Circuit for the 2016 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour where after qualifying a disappointing 13th, Chiyo, Strauss and Nissan Australia's Rick Kelly finished in second place, only 1.2 seconds behind the race-winning McLaren 650S GT3 from Tekno Autosports. The NISMO Athlete Global Team led the most laps in the race having led for 107 of the 297 laps run. [137]

In addition, a GT-R GT3 won the Pro-Am cup championship at the 2013 Blancpain Endurance Series. [138] but in two years later Nissan GT Academy won the championship at the 2015 Blancpain Endurance Series. [139] and also it won the Super Taiku Series and Super GT for several times respectively.

In 2016, it won in all six races for the Super Endurance Series, easily winning the series championship. At the Total 24 Hours of Spa, the car finished all the races consecutively 4 years in a row between 2014 and 2017, as well as finishing 24 Hours Nurburgring consecutively between 2014 and 2016. [140] [141]

Other categories Edit

A production-based GT-R made its world motorsport debut in Australia's Targa Tasmania tarmac rally in April 2008, [142] however it sustained damage early in the event and did not complete the rally. [143] Later in 2008 a GT-R won the Competition Modern class in the Targa West [144] before returning to Targa Tasmania in 2009 to take the outright win in the Modern class. [145] In 2009 Nissan's GT-R won the One Lap of America competition. [146] In 2010 the GT-R finished 2nd over all in the One Lap of America competition.

During the 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, a pair of GT class GT-Rs were campaigned by Brass Monkey Racing and driven by Steve Ott and Tony Rivera. [147]

On June 4, 2010, NISMO announced a Club Track Edition [148] GT-R available via its Nissan supported Omori aftermarket factory. This domestic market trim is a non-street legal, race-ready variant equipped with a 6-point roll cage and upgraded with the NISMO race package developed through its Tokachi endurance racer program.

On June 25 and 26, 2011, the No. 71 Schulze Motorsport Nissan GT-R took part in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring 2011 driven by Michael Schulze, Tobias Schulze, Kazunori Yamauchi and Yasuyoshi Yamamoto. The car finished the race in 36th place overall, achieving a victory in the SP 8T class after overcoming several technical problems. [ citation needed ] It was the first time a Nissan GT-R took part in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring. In the following year, Nissan participated the SP8T class with 2 Club Track Edition GT-Rs as a works team, which driven by Team Nissan and Team GT Academy, both cars completed the race in 99th and 30th in overall respectively – through they are the only entries in SP-8T class that year.

Tuning Edit

Despite early concerns about the difficulty of modifying the Nissan GT-R, many aftermarket tuning parts have become available. The previously reported "untunable" ECU has since been hacked by several tuning houses.

COBB Tuning was the first company to access the GT-R's encrypted ECU. [149] With their AccessPORT anyone can reprogram both the engine and transmission control units with off the shelf or custom maps. Mine's also has limited control of the ECU, and others (MCR, [150] HKS, and Top Secret) have bypassed the unit. They have been seen testing modified GT-Rs with the former two having conducted tests at the Tsukuba Circuit. [151] [152]

Ecutek tuning, on the other hand, was the first company to manipulate and change shift points on the GT-R in the TCM (Transmission Control Module) on automatic mode. This can be done at will by the driver. Ecutek also allows the driver to adjust launch control on the fly available with a wrap-around boost gauge that can read over 20 PSI. [153] Like COBB Tuning, Ecutek currently offers engine tuning on the ECU and TCM with different launch control software from LC1 up to LC5. [154] On January 16, 2013, Ecutek also became the first company to construct and offer Flex Fuel hardware and software capability for all Nissan GT-Rs. This fuel kit requires the Ecutek specific TCM. The kit provides changes in the cold start cranking compensation, changes to the maximum target boost, changes in the ignition timing, changes to target airflow, changes in cam timing, and changes in the fuel economy gauge reading all based solely on ethanol content in the gas tank. [155]

Japan based tuner Mine's has created the VR38DETT super response engine which uses lightened engine internals like titanium rods, lightened pistons and many other components that allow the engine to rev more quickly, it makes 588 kW 789 hp 800 PS. [156] [157]

AMS Performance, Alpha Logic Performance, and Extreme Turbo Systems all build drag cars and aftermarket tuner parts for the Nissan GT-R.

In a review by Motor Trend editor Scott Kanemura, it was revealed that the GPS system fitted to the GT-R would remove the 180 km/h (112 mph) speed limiter when the car arrives at a race track, but only on tracks approved by Nissan. Aftermarket ECUs have been developed to bypass the speed limiter, in addition to stand-alone speed-limiter defeaters. The GPS check will not be implemented in American models. [158]

In August 2008, Nissan's official motorsport and tuning arm NISMO announced the "Club Sport" tuning package for the GT-R . The package, which is also fitted to the SpecV, [159] includes Bilstein Damptronic compatible dampers, 20" forged aluminum wheels from RAYS Engineering, Bridgestone run-flat tires, Recaro carbon fibre-shelled bucket seats, a titanium exhaust, and a revised rear diffuser with an added cooling duct. [160] The package is supported by a warranty and saves over 20 kg (44 lb).

Drag Racing Edit

AMS Performance, based in West Chicago Illinois, has set record power levels and performance numbers for the GT-R. Their Alpha Omega GT-R as well as the first GT-R to reach the 9's, 8's, and 7's. In June 2013, OMEGA broke into the 7s when it ran a 7.98 at 299.56 km/h (186.14 mph). During the evening of the 7-second pass, Omega broke a couple of other records. Omega bested its previous 97–209 km/h (60–130 mph) time with 2.67 seconds. Omega also broke the 161–241 km/h (100–150 mph) record which was previously held by an Underground Racing TT Gallardo (2.58 seconds) with 2.45 seconds. But in June 2015, the Alpha Omega GT-R get generating over 2050 HP and boasts 0–60 mph time of 1.49 seconds. Omega set multiple world records at the WannaGoFast 1/2 Mile Shootout at Built Field Airport in Monee, Illinois which included: 361.8 km/h (224.91 mph) in a standing 1/2 mile 97–209 km/h (60–130 mph) time in 2.28 seconds 0–161 km/h (0–100 mph) in 2.78 seconds 0–300 km/h (0–186 mph) in 7.07 seconds 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) in 10.49 seconds. the Alpha Omega GT-R did its best quarter-mile time in 7.49 seconds at 310 km/h (193 mph). making it the quickest and fastest GT-R and road-legal vehicle in the world. and the car won the King Of The Streets competition two times in a row. The AMS Performance Alpha Omega package functions more as a shop/research and development vehicle which is the reason why it is not available to the general public. However, anybody can purchase the Alpha 6, Alpha 9, Alpha 10, Alpha 12, Alpha 14, Alpha 16, and Alpha X packages each respectively with approximately 600, 900, 1000, 1200, 1,400, 1,600, 2,200 wheel horsepower when installed and tuned. [161] [162]

In 2017 AMS Performance build a GT-R calls Alpha-G GT-R and the car will be the first Nissan GT-R to do a quarter-mile in 6 seconds. The car ran it from 6.937 seconds driven by Gidi Chamdi with a trap speed of 315.36 km/h (196 mph) and held the fastest AWD record. [163] But Later ETS (Extreme Turbo Systems) GT-R broke the record with 6.88 seconds of quarter-mile pass at 358.80 km/h (223 mph). And it became the world's fastest car at a standing half-mile with a trap speed of 410.29 km/h (255 mph). [164]

In December 2018, the Alpha Logic Performance from Dubai set the quarter-mile record for fastest GT-R and fastest AWD using their "Panda" GT-R in 6.582 seconds at 373.82 km/h (232.28 mph). [165] [166] But in 2019 Import vs Domestic finals the 3500 whp and 100 PSI of boost ETS-G GT-R broke the quickest and fastest GT-R, AWD and Stock Unibody world record. Car ran the 1/4 mile in 6.56 seconds and a trap speed of 362.02 km/h (225 mph). And won the competition by beating the Alpha Queen GT-R which is ran a 6.87 second quarter mile. [167]

At the Dragtimes Competition, Russia, the AMS Alpha 12 GT-R broke the fastest road-legal standing 1 mile record driven by Jury with a trap speed of 382 km/h (237 mph) but later the record broken by a 2500 whp Ford GT. [168] Later in the same competition, Switzer Goliath GT-R broke the quickest road-legal standing 1 mile record in 22.602 seconds with a trap speed of 402 km/h (250 mph). [169] [170]

Time Attack Edit

Modified Nissan GT-Rs have competed in time attack challenges, especially for WTAC (World Time Attack Challenge). Time attack GT-Rs have been fielded by HKS, Precision Automotive Racing and LYFE.

In 2015, the HKS GT-R became the fastest time attack GT-R, it has the same VR38DETT engine generating over 1200 HP. It became the fastest vehicle at Fontana, California, Fuji Speedway (with a peak speed of over 322 km/h (200 mph) and in Sydney Motorsport Park. the car competes at the 2015 WTAC and won the GT-R R35 class with the fastest lap record of 1:30.838 minutes. [171] But in 2017, LYFE's 1136 HP GT-R broke all HKS's records and won the title as fastest time attack GT-R at the WTAC. [172]

In 2017 WTAC, Precision Automotive Racing's GT-R, driven by Aaron McGranahan, set a peak speed of 269 km/h (167 mph) and won the Flying 500 class title. [173]

Hill Climb Edit

The Nissan GT-R has competed in both stock and modified forms in many hill climbing competitions, such as the Jaguar Simola Hill Climb in South Africa.

At the 2019 Jaguar Simola Hill Climb, the Nissan GT-R was named the most successful supercar. In the final Top 10 Shootout event, Kyle Mitchell won the event, setting a time of 40.862 seconds and becoming the fastest road-legal vehicle. [174] [175]

Drifting Edit

In February 2016, using a modified GT-R NISMO, Masato Kawabata set a new world record for the fastest 30-degree drift at approximately 304 km/h at the Fujairah International Airport. [176]

Others Edit

The Nissan GT-R played a main role in Fast & Furious 6. [177] The car in the widely successful movie has modified bumpers, new vented hood, modified fenders, side sills, carbon doors, carbon roof, and carbon spoilers.

On the August 13, 2014, Mike Newman broke the record for the 'fastest speed for a car driven blindfolded' in a Nissan GT-R modified by Litchfield Motors (UK). [178]

Year Award and Title
2007 Top Gear Awards – Sports car of the Year [179]
2008 Autocar – Drivers Car of the Year. [180]
2008 Evo Magazine – Car of the Year [181]
2008 Japan's Most Advanced Technology Award [182]
2008 Popular Mechanics – Automotive Excellence Awards 2008 (Design) [183]
2009 Automobile Magazine – Automobile of the Year [184]
2009 MotorWeek – Driver's Choice Awards 2009– Best Performance Car
2009 Edmunds.com – Edmunds' Inside Line Editors' Most Wanted Awards: Instant Classic [185]
2009 Motor Trend – Motor Trend Car of the Year [186]
2009 Popular Science – Auto Tech Grand Award Winner [187]
2009 International Car of the Year [188]
2009 World Performance Car [189]
2009 Guinness World Records – Fastest 0–60 mph acceleration by a four-seater production car [190]
2010 Yahoo – Listed as having one of the best resale values of any sports car. [191]
2011 Motor Magazine Performance Car Cup Winner [192]

From 2007 to 2017 Nissan produced over 37,315 GT-R units and sold for different markets. [193] This makes it the most sold Nissan sports car and one of the highest sales for any production sports car. These are the sales figures for July 2020.

Calendar
Year
US Canada Japan Europe
2007 807 [194]
2008 1730 [195] 137 [195] 4871 [194] 1 [196]
2009 1534 [195] 133 [195] 531 [194] 1987 [196]
2010 877 [195] 62 [195] 395 [197] 1078 [196]
2011 1294 [195] 72 [195] 526 [197] 889 [196]
2012 1188 [195] 117 [195] 558 [197] 738 [196]
2013 1237 [195] 125 [195] 668 [197] 480 [196]
2014 1436 [195] 125 [195] n/a [a] 503 [196]
2015 1105 [195] 130 [195] n/a [a] 486 [196]
2016 698 [195] 156 [195] n/a [a] 618 [196]
2017 578 [195] 134 [195] n/a [a] 816 [198]
2018 538 [195] 72 [199] n/a [a] 524 [198]
2019 331 [199] 53 [199] n/a [a] n/a [a]
2020 128 [199] 13 [199] n/a [a] n/a [a]
Notes

  1. ^"NISSAN – CORPORATE INFORMATION – Outline of Company – Facilities in Japan". www.nissan-global.com. Nissan Motor Corporation . Retrieved October 4, 2014 .
  2. ^ ab
  3. Swan, Tony (December 1, 2007). "2009 Nissan GT-R". www.caranddriver.com . Retrieved May 23, 2020 .
  4. ^
  5. "2009 Nissan Skyline GT-R". www.edmunds.com. Inside Line. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007 . Retrieved October 21, 2017 .
  6. ^ ab
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  406. "2016 Nissan GT-R Press Kit" (Press release). US: Nissan . Retrieved March 5, 2018 .
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  413. ^ An estimated lap time by engineers from Nissan.
  • Gorodji, Alex (2008). Nissan GT-R: Legendary performance, Engineering Marvel. Minneapolis: Motorbooks. pp. 192 pages. ISBN-978-0-7603-3036-4 .

160 ms 9.5% ? 160 ms 9.5% Scribunto_LuaSandboxCallback::callParserFunction 120 ms 7.1% dataWrapper 120 ms 7.1% type 100 ms 6.0% Scribunto_LuaSandboxCallback::plain 100 ms 6.0% Scribunto_LuaSandboxCallback::find 100 ms 6.0% Scribunto_LuaSandboxCallback::gsub 80 ms 4.8% Scribunto_LuaSandboxCallback::getAllExpandedArguments 80 ms 4.8% [others] 500 ms 29.8% Number of Wikibase entities loaded: 0/400 -->


Trumpy boats for sale

* This price is based on today's currency conversion rate.

Trumpy

Trumpy is a yacht builder that currently has 14 yachts for sale on YachtWorld, including 0 new vessels and 14 used yachts, listed by experienced boat and yacht brokers mainly in the following countries: United States and Italy. Models currently listed on YachtWorld vary in size and length from 53 feet to 104 feet. Premiere models listed have motors up to an impressive 1,300 horsepower, while the most compact models for sale may have as modest as 75 horsepower engines (although the average engine size across all of our current listings is 495 HP).

Type of yachts by Trumpy

This builder offers boat hull types including displacement and semi-displacement that are frequently used for traditional, time-honored endeavors such as overnight cruising and sailing. Trumpy equips models listed with inboard drive power options, available with diesel propulsion systems.

Often admired and relied upon for their Motor Yachts, Antique and Classic and Cruisers, the Trumpy boats listed generally have a greater draft and very wide beam, attributes that make them popular and an excellent choice for overnight cruising and sailing.

How much do Trumpy boats cost?

Trumpy boats for sale on YachtWorld are offered at a swath of prices from $149,000 on the more modest side, with costs all the way up to $1,995,000 for the more sophisticated, luxurious yachts.

What Trumpy model is the best?

Some of the most popular Trumpy models presently listed include: Houseboat, Classic, 53, 72' and CPMY. Various Trumpy models are currently offered for sale by specialized yacht brokers, dealers and brokerages on YachtWorld, with listings ranging from 1926 year models up to 1973.


Report Your Missing License or ID

Though not required, the state strongly recommends that you report your stolen driver's license or identification card to the DHSMV and law enforcement. When you report a stolen license, you're eligible for a free replacement but more importantly, the police report helps protect you against identity theft under Florida law.

Before you apply for a replacement:

  • Report the theft to law enforcement.
    • An officer will provide you with a copy of the police report. Keep this—with a police report, your replacement will be free (as long as you aren't changing your information).
    • You may be required to provide other documents proving your identity, SSN, and residency. Contact your driver's license office before visiting to determine your exact requirements.

    Identity Fraud and Your FL License or ID

    If you believe you have been a victim of fraud due to the loss of your license or ID, you'll need to complete an Identity Theft/Driver License Fraud Report (Form HSMV 72068). Bring the form to the DHSMV, along with 2 documents proving your identity, when you apply for a replacement driver's license or ID card.

    Reporting your stolen license does more than just save you a few bucks it also helps prevent someone from stealing your identity. Learn more about protecting your identity on the DHSMV identity theft page.


    Locating Vaccination Records

    Immunization records that exist for adults are usually records that were provided to their parents when they received vaccines as children and in the adult’s medical record of the physician or clinic where vaccines were given. There is no national database that maintains the immunization records for adults.

    If official copies of immunization records are needed or if there is a desire to update personal records, the following places may provide some assistance to obtaining these records:

    • Request immunization records from parents or caregivers if they still have them.
    • Search baby books or other saved documents from childhood
    • Contact the high school and/or college health services attended for dates of any immunizations received. Please be advised that records are only maintained for a certain length of time.
    • Contact previous employers (including the military) that may have required immunizations for employment purposes.
    • Contact your health care provider or county health department. Please be advised that records are maintained by the health care provider’s office for a limited number of years.
    • Check with the county health department to determine if you have immunizations recorded in the Florida SHOTS™ system.

    If Unable to Locate Immunization Records

    After taking the actions above and you are still unsuccessful the location of the immunization records, your health care provider may be able to perform blood tests (titer testing) to determine if you have immunity to some vaccine-preventable diseases. You may need to receive some vaccines again, which is safe.


    Honda RC51 VTR1000 SP1/SP2

    Two decades ago Honda, so often kings of the multi-cylinder four-stroke racing world since the stunning arrival of several jewel-like Grand Prix machines in the 1960s, had realised that something truly new was required to stay in the important game of winning WorldSBK championships. Something new for Honda, at least.

    In 2000 the biggest Japanese manufacturer of them all adopted a 1000cc V-twin engine configuration, the same basic format that their main WorldSBK rivals – Ducati – had been using to such great effect long before the WorldSBK party had officially started in 1988.

    In reality, the Honda VTR1000SP1 was a very different design to the Desmodromic, 90° belt-driven ‘laid down L’ of the Ducati.

    The reason for the birth of the Japanese twin-spar aluminium framed 90° V-twin was simple. Having won the Superbike Riders’ Championship with Fred Merkel and the RC30 (twice), then John Kocinski and the RC45 as recently as 1997, the writing was on the wall for the whole era of 750cc four-cylinders being competitive against bigger-bore twins. Even the title-winning Honda V-fours.

    Aprilia, another Italian marque which competed against Honda in the smaller GP classes, had already jumped on the big V-twin bandwagon as they entered WorldSBK full of ambition in 1999. Even little Bimota had hybridized their small-production run Italian philosophy with a V-twin Suzuki engine for the 2000 WorldSBK season.

    Despite all this V-twin momentum building up elsewhere it must have taken a degree of deep thought – even a corporate deep breath – before the go-ahead was given to abandon the much-loved V-four configuration Honda had made their own trademark for many years. Especially given that any racing version of the new road going V-twin would be an instant technical challenge against the prime exponents of the V-due art, Ducati.

    Honda, however, has never been a company lacking ambition.

    The new bike, the VTR1000SP1 (suffixed ‘W’ for the works bikes in WorldSBK), had a relatively upright single crank V-twin engine layout, four valve heads fed by two fuel injectors per cylinder. Engine capacity maxed out at 999cc, by regulation.

    Philosophically radical it may have been but it was relatively conventional, aside from the roadbikes’ side mounted coolant radiators, brought to the front on the racebike. And it worked well from the very start.

    New Zealander Aaron Slight, and the eventual double World Champion Colin Edwards, were the first to transition from fours to twins in Honda’s full HRC Castrol Honda team, based in the UK but very much a direct factory effort from Japan. With Showa suspension and Nissin brakes on the racebike, it was all very Japanese indeed.

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    Edwards, a Texan from head to toe, knew at that point in time Honda – or maybe anybody – probably needed a twin to win, based on at least one central truth in any form of motorsport.

    “The old saying goes that there is no replacement for displacement, and that still stands true,” said Edwards, 20 years after he won the first of his two WorldSBK crowns. And it was not just a cubed route to success for the larger twin, it was also its very nature compared to a high-revving 750 four. “The thing with the twin was that it was like riding a Supersport bike,” remembers Edwards. “It had such easy, deliverable power. There was no ‘hit’ – you could do it in your sleep. It was such an easy bike to ride compared to the four-cylinders.”

    Colin Edwards and the VTR-SP RC51 Honda

    Edwards had been a convert to 1000cc twins before he even got one of his own, even in his pre-RC45 V-four days it seems. “Before I joined Honda I was with Yamaha and I said to them, ‘let’s build a twin!’” stated Colin. “Then when I joined Honda they decided they were going to do it, so obviously we were excited about it, knowing what Honda do with motors. They had ability to extract a lot of power out of it and we were excited about it.”

    Edwards first got confirmation that the VTR1000SP1 was on the way as early as 1998, and first rode it in early 1999.

    “We heard in 1998 that they were building it,” he said, “We went testing on it in Australia, at Phillip Island and Eastern Creek in – I think – February 1999. It was a full year before they even brought the bike out. I rode two days on the twin at PhiIlip Island. The bike was way slow it was in a somewhat production mode at that time and it did not have any kit on it to speak of. But our lap times were about three-quarters of a second behind the RC45, I want to say, and we were going about 20-25kmph slower down the straight. We knew it was slow just because they had not had any time to develop it. We knew we could get more power out of it, but at that time we had just started playing with fuelling and mapping.”

    As well as being fast around the corners, and eventually fast enough down the straight after the first year of non-competitive engine development, Edwards also found the bike relatively easy on tyres compared to the higher-revving fours he had known before.

    “The twins were definitely easier on tyres, but at that time we were going through – I am not going to say a transition – but there was so much development going on with Michelin at that time,” confirmed Edwards, who was the fastest test rider imaginable for Michelin in those heady days before single make tyre regulations became almost ubiquitous in most championships. Tailored options were the norm. “Everybody was on different casings and different rubber… everybody had pretty much carte blanche. It was sort of, ‘try this one and if it doesn’t work try that one.’ Then they would come over and say, ‘Fogarty likes this one, why don’t you try this one?’ You did not have two or three to choose from, like nowadays. It was quite different back in the day.”

    Another pleasant characteristic of the new V-twin was that it was less finicky in its basic on-track preparation. “It was definitely easier to set-up,” said Colin.

    Colin Edwards and the VTR-SP RC51 Honda

    But despite all the new things to understand, and while trying to race to win the title during a season in which nine different riders on seven different makes of machine won races, Honda’s brand new V-twin and Edwards had still secured the Riders’ Championship. They took eight race wins along the way, including the first and last of the season. A shift to 1000cc had led to 400 championship-winning points.

    It was top teamwork, after a difficult but finally rewarding debut season for the VTR SP1. To the query of was it more man or machine in 2000, Edwards stated, “I think it was both things.” He was certainly ready to win outright as much as the new bike was. “I finished second the year before and I had been improving year-by-year. My level of riding was getting to the top level and ready to fight for the championship. At the same time, the bike we brought out was easier to ride but by no means perfect. The SP2 I would say was perfect. That was a great bike. The SP1… we did have to play around with it. It was not like every race was awesome.”

    As well as so many challenges for individual wins, Edwards was also competing in the era of tyre wars, which his Michelins usually won, but by not every time. Some races were downright stressful for this reason, and more.

    “It was stressful!” agreed Colin. “We had that tyre thing going on, and then you would show up at Sugo or Donington, or anywhere where Dunlop were on point and there was nothing you could do. We did have bad weekends and you just had to come out of a bad weekend the best you could.”

    Colin Edwards and the VTR-SP RC51 Honda

    With limits of the amount of testing he could do on WorldSBK circuits, Edwards made the most of his other riding opportunities, especially in France. “I think that was around the time that you had two allocated test tracks, and we did more tests at Clermont-Ferrand for Michelin than anywhere,” remembers Colin. “We could not have done without that.”

    After the then all-time WorldSBK great Carl Fogarty (Ducati) had been eliminated from 2000 season and then his career through a nasty shoulder injury, Edwards’ was given no respite in his title charge after Noriyuki Haga and his homologation special Yamaha found their stride.

    “The first race, in South Africa, I won. Haga was right there with me and Fogarty. In the second race Haga just cleared off – by seconds. He was gone and I was riding my ass off. It was just weird why had he not done that in the first race? A setting change, whatever, I dunno? But it was a little bit abnormal I thought at the time.

    “At Brands Hatch all I had to do was to have, I think, two tenth places, even if they had not taken those points away, so it was in the back of my mind. It was Brands Hatch and I usually won there, so I was not really stressed.”

    In the final chapter of a multi-venue rolling fairytale, Honda’s first WorldSBK V-twin and Edwards won the title, and would do so again on the subsequent SP2 in 2002. But it was that first winning season in 2000 that blew everybody’s mind, even if it took every joule of energy and spark of inspiration the manufacturer, technical partners, team and rider had to make the outcome certain.

    “Adrian Gorst was my crew chief, which he had been since 1998 and Neil Tuxworth was leading the team – we had a really good crew,” affirmed Edwards.

    “Honda put in a lot that year, I would say a full factory effort. We had some Japanese staff come around race-by-race. As far as the amount of effort that was put in I would say maximum. There was nothing that we were missing. That was also the first year that me and Valentino Rossi did the Suzuka 8-Hour. So all of this went into developing the bike – it was a big, big effort on the twin that year.”

    Edwards continues “We won WorldSBK, we beat Ducati and the bike was awesome, but the 2002 bike was even way better. It was a development thing. We did the whole first two years with the SP1, found out where our weaknesses were, where we could make it better, and built that into the 2002 models. That is just R&D, but from where they started in 2000, obviously they started at a really good spot – and we won the championship.”

    In the end, the RC51 in its three years of full WorldSBK competition amassed 26 victories, a further 30 podium places and two Riders’ Championship titles in 2000 and 2002 with Colin Edwards.

    Colin Edwards and the VTR-SP RC51 Honda


    Welcome to Hillsborough River State Park

    Just minutes from downtown Tampa, this diverse park offers a refuge from city life with seven miles of nature trails and wonderful wildlife viewing.

    Come visit a breathtaking oasis of natural and historical significance. Stroll along the river rapids, enjoy camping, explore historic structures, share a picnic or view scenic landscapes. Hillsborough River State Park provides many opportunities for outdoor recreation. From fishing in the Hillsborough River to hiking or biking on the trails or picnicking under pavilions built in the 1930s, there is something for everyone here.

    Besides enjoying a living history lesson, visitors can kayak or canoe class II river rapids, which are rare in Florida, and hike seven miles of nature trails.

    Camping is another popular activity at Hillsborough River State Park, just a short distance from the bustling city of Tampa.