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Young Indiana Jones - History

Young Indiana Jones - History


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Reviewed by Dan Perry

The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones is a story of
excitement, history, education, and humor. Those who are interested in
finding out how Indiana Jones becomes the gun fighting archaeological
adventurer of the movies would do well to give the series a try. More
importantly, the series focuses on the education of young Indiana and
in the process teaches us a few things about history.

The series revolves around Indiana as a young man and follows his
travels and adventures with the rest of his family. Each adventure
begins with a map so the viewer knows the geography of where Indy is
going and in the process gives us a rather indirect geography lesson.
Also the series has a humorous way of explaining facts that have to do
with the history of wherever the Jones family is. For example, in the
first episode Indiana explains the gruesome details of mummification
at the dinner table as everyone excuses themselves, one by one,
because of being taken by a sudden upset stomach. However, there are
still ghosts and mummies so one needs to be able to separate fact from
story.

With each episode there is entertainment and education. Those who
are interested in learning some general things about history and those
who are fans of the old movies would do well to check this series out.
If neither of those interest you then perhaps it's better to move on.

The Day of the Battle begins with a depiction of the Trident Conference where Akins brings to life the personalities of both Roosevelt and Churchill as well as some of the lesser participants as well. Before long we are on the beaches of Sicily with the soldiers as the storm ashore. The book covers both the short battle to capture Sicily as well as the longer and more difficult battle to capture Italy. I recommend this book to all who want to learn more about World War II and the US army.

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30 Years Ago: Young Indiana Jones Starts Production

Lucasfilm had been making movies for nearly two decades before it started work in live-action series television. The first show to be made was Maniac Mansion (1990), a co-production with Atlantis Films in Canada. But the first to be made solely by Lucasfilm was The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, which first aired in 1992.

Part historical romance, part youthful adventure, Young Indy was inspired in part by George Lucas’ passion for history and education. After completing Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), he decided to take the big screen archaeologist back to his childhood and send him on televised adventures. From the age of nine to his young adulthood, Indy would cross paths with famous historical figures and participate in significant events that would shape world history. The aim was to inspire a curiosity about the past within young people.

After more than a year of intensive research and script development, cameras first rolled on Young Indy 30 years ago today on May 13, 1991. Both onscreen and off, it was the start of a great adventure. Before the series wrapped, Young Indy would shoot in some two-dozen countries across Europe, Asia, Africa, the Pacific, and North America, enlisting local cast and crew from each destination, making it a truly international endeavor.

Ironically, a series that would visit more countries than perhaps any other to date began production in a sound stage. Crew arrived at J Stage at Shepperton Studios southeast of London at 8:30 that morning, and the cast half an hour later. Appropriately, the day’s set-ups were from the first episode to be aired.

Joining his parents and tutor, nine-year-old Indy (Corey Carrier) embarks on a worldwide tour while his father gives lectures and conducts research. This first scene depicts the passengers at dinner on their voyage from England to Alexandria, Egypt, where Indy would meet T.E. Lawrence (future “Lawrence of Arabia”) and Howard Carter (future discoverer of King Tutankhamun’s tomb).

On set, a special “dance floor” was used to simulate the intense rocking of the ship and the resulting seasickness among the diners. For most it’s too much to bear after Indy begins sharing grisly details about Egyptian mummies. The only one left at the scene’s finale is the steady and confident Henry Jones, Sr. (Lloyd Owen). It was a fitting scene to begin with: a sprinkling of knowledge mixed with tongue-in-cheek humor, key ingredients to a one-of-a-kind production.

Three decades on, Lucasfilm raises its own glass to The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles and its dedicated cast and crew, who crisscrossed the globe on a year-round schedule and had almost as many adventures as Indy himself.


An adventurer is born

Most of our knowledge of Indy's childhood comes from the 1992 TV series The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones. While we know him as Indiana Jones, our roguish protagonist was actually born Henry Walton Jones Jr. on July 1, 1899. As his father Henry Walton Jones Sr. famously explains in The Last Crusade, Henry took his moniker from his dog, an Alaskan Malamute called "Indiana."

According to The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones, Indy was a skillful child who was adept at a range of physical activities such as climbing and horseback riding. His interest in whips was picked up upon visiting a traveling circus, where he was fascinated by a whip act. Later, as we see in The Last Crusade, this talent is honed by necessity when he finds himself trapped in a train full of circus animals with nothing but a whip for protection.

When Indiana was nine, his father, a highly successful professor of medieval history, embarked on a two-year lecture tour around the globe and decided to have his son accompany him. This was to be the beginning of Indy's adventurous lifestyle.


He's a terrible professor

A university professor is expected to do two things: teach students, and produce scholarly articles. As far as anyone can tell, Indiana Jones doesn't really do either. While the audience sees Indy in the classroom once or twice, he seems willing to abandon his students at the drop of a hat when a good adventure comes calling. Forget office hours—if you're one of Professor Jones' students, you'll be lucky if he shows up to class at all (according to the Raiders of the Lost Ark's novelization, he also hooks up with his students—or at least their classmates—which, while not illegal, crosses all kinds of ethical boundaries).

Indy isn't much of a scholar either, at least according to real-life experts. While real archaeologists spend about 70 percent of their time in the library, Jones heads out into the field equipped with little more than rumors and hearsay. He never takes notes, and doesn't seem to write many journal articles—"What's his publication record?" one academic asks. When Indy does make discoveries, like the fully functional deathtrap-filled cave at the beginning of Raiders of the Lost Ark, he ignores them in favor of shiny but less historically important baubles. It's no wonder that, according to the satirical publication McSweeney's, Indiana Jones was denied tenure. He might be a hero, but as an academic, he's just not up to snuff.


Contents

Screenwriter Lawrence Kasdan named the character after his wife's grandmother, and took the character's surname from Ravenwood Lane in California. [1] Spielberg originally intended the role for his girlfriend Amy Irving. [2] Sean Young and Stephanie Zimbalist auditioned for the role, [1] [3] Barbara Hershey was considered, [4] while Debra Winger turned it down. [5] Steven Spielberg cast Karen Allen, on the strength of her performance in National Lampoon's Animal House. Allen screen tested opposite Tim Matheson and John Shea, before Harrison Ford was cast as Indiana. [1]

Kasdan's depiction of Marion was more complex, and she was genuinely interested in René Belloq in earlier script drafts. [4] She and Paul Freeman added more comedy in the tent seduction scene. [1] Allen came up with her own backstory for the character, such as what happened to her mother, her romance with Indiana at age 15 or 16, and her time in Nepal Spielberg described it as "an entirely different movie". [4]

After Raiders of the Lost Ark was released, Spielberg wanted Allen to return for Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, but George Lucas decided that Indy would have a different love interest in each film. [1] Marion became a frequent supporting character in The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones, a Marvel Comics title which ran for 34 issues from January 1983 until March 1986. During the 1990s, Lucas forbade author Rob MacGregor from including her in his novels for Bantam Books' Indiana Jones series. "How did Indy meet Marion? What happened in their earlier encounters? George apparently wanted to keep that for the future. Maybe we’ll find out in Indy 4," MacGregor speculated. [6] Frank Darabont claimed it was his idea to bring back Marion for Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, during his tenure as writer from 2002 to 2004. [7]

Films Edit

Raiders of the Lost Ark Edit

Marion's father, Dr. Abner Ravenwood, was a professor of archaeology obsessed with finding the Biblical Ark of the Covenant he was also a mentor to the young Henry "Indiana" Jones, who eventually accompanied them on several digs.

Marion entered into a relationship with Indiana Jones during this time (when she was 15, according to the novelization of Raiders of the Lost Ark). [8] Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 Marion was about 16 or 17 years old when the relationship ended, and Jones was 27, ten years her senior. Later in her life, Marion chastised Jones, stating, "I was a child! I was in love! It was wrong and you knew it!" Jones showed little remorse and simply replied, "You knew what you were doing."

After Jones broke off contact with them both, he returned to the United States to focus on his career as an archaeology professor, and Marion and her father settled in Nepal. She later started running a local tavern – "The Raven" – after its manager (her father) died and left it to her. Taking advantage of her high tolerance for alcohol, she would frequently drink the bar's patrons under the table on a wager. She refused to return to the United States until she had enough money to return "with style".

In 1936, Marion found herself back in contact with Jones, when he offered her money for the headpiece of the Staff of Ra, an artifact originally located by her father. Reluctant at first, she was forced to cooperate when the bespectacled Gestapo agent Arnold Toht arrived to demand the piece himself. During the subsequent fight, the tavern caught fire. Marion told Jones that, until he paid her the full price he promised, she was his partner. She was then captured by the Nazis. Indy believed she was dead until he stumbled upon her bound and gagged in one of the Nazi tents. Reasoning that an escape would draw too much unwanted attention, Indy left her tied up but promised to return. The perceived betrayal did not affect Marion's refusal to cooperate with her captors, however. Belloq's advances resulted only in an aborted escape attempt, and Toht's interrogation was likewise met with uncommon resistance. After being captured by and escaping from Jones' rival, Rene Belloq, she helped Jones recover the Ark of the Covenant from the Nazis. In the process, the couple rekindled their relationship.

Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Edit

Jones continued to pursue archaeological artifacts, while Marion tried her hand at journalism before opening a bar in New York City named The Raven's Nest. For a time, she also worked as the public relations officer for the museum at Marshall College. However, a week before their planned wedding Indy left her without explanation and unaware she was pregnant with their future son Henry "Mutt" Jones III. Marion began a relationship with the RAF pilot Colin Williams (whom Jones had initially introduced to her) three months after Mutt was born, and they eventually married and lived happily until Colin was killed during World War II. Jones' eccentric old friend, Harold Oxley, then helped raise Mutt, acting as a second (technically third) father.

Twenty years after Mutt's birth, Russians captured Oxley in an attempt to find the mythical crystal skulls that he had pursued. After she was captured trying to find Oxley, Marion sent Mutt to find Jones. After a desperate escape attempt, she revealed to Jones, who had remained clueless, that Mutt was actually his son. During the adventure, she and Jones again realized their love for each other. Back home, they were married, set to continue their adventures together. [9]


Well, as of this writing Paramount+ is still called “CBS All Access,” and that’s because CBS and Paramount were separate companies until a re-merger made the not separate companies anymore. So, as of January 2021, Indiana Jones movies switched over to CBS All Access, which will soon be Paramount+ in March.

So, yes, unless you want to rent Indiana Jones movies on Amazon Prime or iTunes or whatever, the adventures of Indy, Marcus Brody, Marion Ravenwood, and, Indy’s dad (Sean Connery) are right here, on CBS All Access/Paramount+

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • The Temple of Doom (1984)
  • The Last Crusade (1989)
  • The Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008)

Reception [ edit | edit source ]

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles received mixed reception from fans, although it won 10 Emmy Awards from 23 nominations, and also earned a 1994 Golden Globe nomination for Best Drama series. ΐ] In 1993, Corey Carrier was nominated for the Young Artist Award in the category of "Best Young Actor Starring in a Television Series". ⏁] In 1994, David Tattersall was nominated for the ASC Award in the category of "Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Regular Series". ⏂] Though the series won many awards, it also earned its share of criticism. The New York Times called the pilot "clunky", ⏃] felt that the show's educational elements were too obvious and forced, and felt that the show relied too heavily on the audience's prior knowledge. ⏄] The National Coalition on Television Violence named the series the most violent television series of 1993, ⏅] ⏆] with an average of 60 acts of violence per episode. ⏇] ⏈] The series has been criticized for its purposefully inconsistent tone and style, and the fact that two actors play Young Indy. ⏉] ⏊]

During an interview with Entertainment Weekly, which was conducted when he was on the set of "Young Indiana Jones and the Mystery of the Blues", Harrison Ford remarked "This show as far as I'm concerned is the best thing on television and has nothing to do with my connection to Indiana Jones". ⏋] The characters of Mystery Science Theater 3000 reference the show in several episodes from the early 1990s. As noted by film historian Laurent Bouzereau and Jody Duncan, the series had a tremendous impact on the making of Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace, the first installment of the Star Wars prequel trilogy, serving as a template for its making, as according to producer Rick McCallum, Young Indy was a testing bed to learn a new way of making films, stating that when they made seventeen episodes, they treated them as one film. ⏌] For George Lucas, making the show was one of the happiest times of his career and helped nurture an interest in pursuing an ultimately unrealized live-action Star Wars show. ⏍]

In the 2000 film Wonder Boys, a clip from the Young Indiana Jones episode "Ireland, April 1916" can be seen on a TV while a character is changing channels. A 2006 episode of the Cartoon Network stop-motion series Robot Chicken features a young Indiana Jones in a parody of Raiders of the Lost Ark. Family Guy producer Seth MacFarlane released an album with Joel McNeely that included an expanded version of the Young Indy song "She's Wonderful, Too", ⏎] originally composed for "Young Indiana Jones and the Scandal of 1920". ⏏] Jonathan Kasdan, son of Raiders of the Lost Ark writer Lawrence Kasdan and who had worked on the development of the script for the fifth Indiana Jones installment, loved the show and has stated that he personally takes the adventures as canon. ⏐]


Contents

During 1973, George Lucas wrote The Adventures of Indiana Smith. [1] Like Star Wars, it was an opportunity to create a modern version of the movie serials of the 1930s and 1940s. [2] Lucas discussed the concept with Philip Kaufman, who worked with him for several weeks and decided upon the Ark of the Covenant as the MacGuffin. The project was stalled when Clint Eastwood hired Kaufman to write The Outlaw Josey Wales. [3] In May 1977, Lucas was in Maui, trying to escape the enormous success of Star Wars. His friend and colleague Steven Spielberg was also there, on vacation from work on Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Spielberg told Lucas he was interested in making a James Bond film, but Lucas told him of an idea "better than James Bond", outlining the plot of Raiders of the Lost Ark. Spielberg loved it, calling it "a James Bond film without the hardware", [4] and had the character's surname changed to Jones. [2] Spielberg and Lucas made a deal with Paramount Pictures for five Indiana Jones films. [4]

Spielberg and Lucas aimed to make Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom much darker, because of their personal moods following their respective breakups and divorces. Lucas made the film a prequel as he did not want the Nazis to be the villains again. He had ideas regarding the Monkey King and a haunted castle, but eventually created the Sankara Stones. [5] He hired Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz to write the script as he knew of their interest in Indian culture. [6] The major scenes that were dropped from Raiders of the Lost Ark were included in this film: an escape using a giant rolling gong as a shield, a fall out of a plane in a raft, and a mine cart chase. [2] For the third film, Spielberg revisited the Monkey King and haunted castle concepts, before Lucas suggested the Holy Grail. Spielberg had previously rejected this as too ethereal, but then devised a father-son story and decided that "The Grail that everybody seeks could be a metaphor for a son seeking reconciliation with a father and a father seeking reconciliation with a son." [7]

Following the 1989 release of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas let the series end as he felt he could not think of a good plot device to drive the next installment, and chose instead to produce The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, which explored the character in his early years. Ford played Indiana in one episode, narrating his adventures in 1920 Chicago. When Lucas shot Ford's role in December 1992, he realized that the scene opened up the possibility of a film with an older Indiana set in the 1950s. The film could reflect a science fiction 1950s B-movie, with aliens as the plot device. [8] Ford disliked the new angle, telling Lucas: "No way am I being in a Steven Spielberg movie like that." [9] Spielberg himself, who depicted aliens in Close Encounters of the Third Kind and E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, resisted it. Lucas devised a story, which Jeb Stuart turned into a script from October 1993 to May 1994. [8] Lucas wanted Indiana to get married, which would allow Henry Jones Sr. to return, expressing concern over whether his son is happy with what he has accomplished. After learning that Joseph Stalin was interested in psychic warfare, Lucas decided to have Russians as the villains and the aliens to have psychic powers. [10] Following Stuart's next draft, Lucas hired Last Crusade writer Jeffrey Boam to write the next three versions, the last of which was completed in March 1996. Three months later, Independence Day was released, and Spielberg told Lucas he would not make another alien invasion film (or at least not until War of the Worlds in 2005). Lucas decided to focus on the Star Wars prequels instead. [8]

In 2000, Spielberg's son asked when the next Indiana Jones film would be released, which made him interested in reviving the project. [11] The same year, Ford, Lucas, Spielberg, Frank Marshall, and Kathleen Kennedy met during the American Film Institute's tribute to Ford, and decided they wanted to enjoy the experience of making an Indiana Jones film again. Spielberg also found returning to the series a respite from his many dark films during this period. [12] Spielberg and Lucas discussed the central idea of a B-movie involving aliens, and Lucas suggested using crystal skulls to ground the idea. Lucas found these artifacts as fascinating as the Ark, [13] and had intended to feature them for a Young Indiana Jones episode before the show's cancellation. [8] M. Night Shyamalan was hired to write for an intended 2002 shoot, [11] but he was overwhelmed by the task, and claimed it was difficult to get Ford, Spielberg, and Lucas to focus. [14] Stephen Gaghan and Tom Stoppard were also approached. [11]

Frank Darabont, who wrote various Young Indiana Jones episodes, was hired to write in May 2002. [15] His script, titled Indiana Jones and the City of Gods, [8] was set in the 1950s, with ex-Nazis pursuing Jones. [16] Spielberg conceived the idea because of real-life figures such as Juan Perón in Argentina, who allegedly protected Nazi war criminals. [8] Darabont claimed Spielberg loved the script, but Lucas had issues with it, and decided to take over writing himself. [8] Lucas and Spielberg acknowledged that the 1950s setting could not ignore the Cold War, and the Russians were more plausible villains. Spielberg decided he could not satirize the Nazis after directing Schindler's List, [17] while Ford felt "We plum[b] wore the Nazis out." [9] Darabont's main contribution was reintroducing Marion Ravenwood as Indiana's love interest, but he gave them a 13-year-old daughter, which Spielberg decided was too similar to The Lost World: Jurassic Park. [8]

Jeff Nathanson met with Spielberg and Lucas in August 2004, and turned in the next drafts in October and November 2005, titled The Atomic Ants. David Koepp continued on from there, giving his script the subtitle Destroyer of Worlds, [8] based on the Robert Oppenheimer quote. It was changed to Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, as Spielberg found this a more inviting title which actually named the plot device. [18] Koepp wanted to depict the character of Mutt as a nerd, but Lucas refused, explaining he had to resemble Marlon Brando in The Wild One "he needs to be what Indiana Jones's father thought of [him] – the curse returns in the form of his own son – he's everything a father can't stand". [8] Koepp collaborated with Lawrence Kasdan on the film's "love dialogue". [19]

The Walt Disney Company has owned the Indiana Jones intellectual property since its acquisition of Lucasfilm, the series' production company, in 2012, when Lucas sold it for $4 billion. [20] Walt Disney Studios owns the distribution and marketing rights to future Indiana Jones films since 2013, with Paramount retaining the distribution rights to the first four films and receiving "financial participation" from any additional films. [21] [22] [23]

Film U.S. release date Directed by Screenplay by Story by Produced by
Raiders of the Lost Ark June 12, 1981 ( 1981-06-12 ) Steven Spielberg Lawrence Kasdan George Lucas and Philip Kaufman Frank Marshall
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom May 23, 1984 ( 1984-05-23 ) Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz George Lucas Robert Watts
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade May 24, 1989 ( 1989-05-24 ) Jeffrey Boam George Lucas and Menno Meyjes
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull May 22, 2008 ( 2008-05-22 ) David Koepp George Lucas and Jeff Nathanson Frank Marshall
Untitled film July 29, 2022 ( 2022-07-29 ) James Mangold James Mangold, Jez Butterworth and John-Henry Butterworth [24] James Mangold Frank Marshall, Kathleen Kennedy, Simon Emanuel, and Steven Spielberg [25]

Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) Edit

The first film is set in 1936. Indiana Jones (Harrison Ford) is hired by government agents to locate the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazi Germans. The Nazis have teams searching for religious artefacts, including the Ark, which is rumored to make an army that carries the Ark before it invincible. [26] The Nazis are being helped by Indiana's arch-rival and French archaeologist René Belloq (Paul Freeman). With the help of his former lover and tough bar owner Marion Ravenwood (Karen Allen) and his friend Sallah (John Rhys-Davies), Indiana manages to recover the Ark in Egypt. The Nazis steal the Ark and capture Indiana and Marion. Belloq and the Nazis perform a ceremony to open the Ark, but when they do so, they are all killed by the Ark's wrath. Indiana and Marion, who survived by closing their eyes, manage to get the Ark to the United States, where it is stored in a secret government warehouse.

Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) Edit

The second film is set in 1935, a year before Raiders of the Lost Ark. Indiana escapes Chinese gangsters with the help of singer/actress Willie Scott (Kate Capshaw) and his twelve-year-old sidekick Short Round (Jonathan Ke Quan). The trio crash-land in India, where they come across a village whose children have been kidnapped. The Thuggee led by Mola Ram (Amrish Puri) has also taken the holy Sankara Stones, which they will use to take over the world. Indiana manages to overcome Mola Ram's evil power, rescues the children and returns the stones to their rightful place, overcoming his own mercenary nature. The film has been noted as an outlier in the franchise, as it does not feature Indy's university or any antagonistic political entity, and is less focused on archaeology, being presented as a dark movie with gross-out elements, human sacrifice and torture.

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) Edit

The third film is set in 1938. Indiana and his friend Marcus Brody (Denholm Elliott) are assigned by American businessman Walter Donovan (Julian Glover) to find the Holy Grail. They are teamed up with Dr. Elsa Schneider (Alison Doody), following on from where Indiana's estranged father Henry (Sean Connery) left off before he disappeared. It transpires that Donovan and Elsa are in league with the Nazis, who captured Henry Jones in order to get Indiana to help them find the Grail. However, Indiana recovers his father's diary filled with his research, and manages to rescue him before finding the location of the Grail. Both Donovan and Elsa fall to the temptation of the Grail, while Indiana and Henry realize that their relationship with each other is more important than finding the relic.

Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) Edit

The fourth film is set in 1957, nineteen years after The Last Crusade. Indiana is having a quiet life teaching before being thrust into a new adventure. He races against agents of the Soviet Union, led by Irina Spalko (Cate Blanchett) for a crystal skull. His journey takes him across Nevada, Connecticut, Peru, and the Amazon rainforest in Brazil. Indiana is faced with betrayal by one of his best friends, Mac (Ray Winstone), is introduced to a greaser named Mutt Williams (Shia LaBeouf), who turns out to be his son (his real name revealed to be Henry Jones III), and is reunited with, and eventually marries, Marion Ravenwood, who was introduced in the first movie.

Untitled fifth film (2022) Edit

After going through a development hell (as had the previous installment), [11] a fifth Indiana Jones film was announced by Disney with James Mangold writing and directing, [27] [28] Ford returning to play the titular character, [29] and Spielberg, Marshall, and Kathleen Kennedy producing. [30] It is scheduled for release on July 29, 2022. [31] Frank Marshall has affirmed that the film will be a sequel, [32] and in May 2020, said that writing had "just started". [30] Former Disney CEO Bob Iger has indicated that the film will not be the conclusion of the franchise as a whole. [33]

Ford said he would return for a fifth film if it does not take another twenty years to develop. [34] In 2008, Lucas suggested that he might "make Shia LaBeouf the lead character next time and have Harrison Ford come back like Sean Connery did in the last movie", [35] but later said this would not be the case. [36] [a] In August 2008, Lucas was researching potential plot devices, and stated that Spielberg was open to the idea of the fifth film. [37] [b] In November 2010, Ford said that he and Spielberg were waiting for Lucas to present an idea to them. [39] In March 2011, Karen Allen said, "What I know is that there's a story that they like, which is a huge step forward." [40] In July 2012, Frank Marshall disclosed that "It's not on until there is a writer on the project." [41]

In October 2012, The Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm, thereby granting Disney ownership rights to the Indiana Jones intellectual property. [42] [43] In December 2013, Walt Disney Studios purchased the distribution and marketing rights to future Indiana Jones films, with Paramount Pictures receiving "financial participation" from any additional films. [21] [22] [23] In December 2013, studio chairman Alan Horn said that a fifth Indiana Jones film would not be ready for at least 2–3 years. [44] In a May 2015 interview with Vanity Fair, Kathleen Kennedy confirmed plans for a fifth film, stating that another film "will one day be made inside this company. . We haven't started working on a script yet, but we are talking about it." [45]

On March 15, 2016, Disney announced that the fifth film would be released on July 19, 2019, with Ford reprising his role, Spielberg directing, Koepp writing and Kennedy and Marshall acting as producers. In June, Spielberg confirmed that Lucas would return as executive producer, despite Deadline Hollywood having reported otherwise. [46] [47] Spielberg also announced that John Williams would return to compose the score. [48] On April 25, 2017, the official Star Wars website updated the film's release date to July 10, 2020. [49] In September 2017, Bob Iger said that the future of the franchise with Ford was unknown, but that the film "won't be just a one-off". Spielberg promised that Indiana would not be killed off, [33] and Koepp stated that Mutt would not return in the movie. [50] In January 2018, Deadline Hollywood reported that Spielberg was eyeing the film as his next project following the completion of Ready Player One. [51] [c]

In June 2018, it was reported that Jonathan Kasdan had replaced Koepp as scriptwriter, and that the film would miss its 2020 release date. [53] [54] Shortly thereafter, Disney postponed the film's release date to July 9, 2021. [55] A few months later, Marshall stated, "I dunno if you'd call it a writers room, but a lot of people that we trust pitch ideas and things." [56] In May 2019, it was reported that Kasdan had written his script from scratch, but that his work was now being replaced by Dan Fogelman, whose screenplay used "an entirely different premise". [57] Two months later, Ford said that the film "should be starting to shoot sometime next year". [58] Later reports narrowed the beginning of filming down to April 2020, [59] suggesting principal photography was to take place at the Iver-based Pinewood Studios. [60] Speaking in September 2019, Koepp said that he was working on the project again, and that they had "got a good idea this time". [61] [d]

In February 2020, Spielberg stepped down as director, stating that he wanted to "pass along Indy's whip to a new generation to bring their perspective to the story". [63] James Mangold will direct the film, [30] while Spielberg will remain attached as a "hands-on" producer. [63] In April 2020, it was reported that the film's release date was delayed to July 29, 2022, because of the COVID-19 pandemic. [31] In May 2020, Marshall said that work had "just started" on the script. [30] In separate interviews, Koepp and Marshall revealed that Mangold was working on the story. [27] [64] [65] In January 2021, John Rhys-Davies expressed interest in reprising his role of Sallah. [66] In April 2021, Phoebe Waller-Bridge, Mads Mikkelsen, [67] and Thomas Kretschmann [68] joined the cast, [69] with production scheduled to begin later that year. Williams was confirmed to return as composer, [25] and that Jez and John-Henry Butterworth would be co-writing the film with Mangold. [24]

In May 2021, Mads Mikkelsen was quoted as saying he had read the script and that "it was everything I wished it to be." [70] Later that month, Boyd Holbrook and Shaunette Renée Wilson joined the cast. [71] Filming began in June 2021, [72] including on location at Bamburgh Castle, [73] North York Moors Railway, [74] and Leaderfoot Viaduct [75] in the Scottish Borders.

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedNetwork
16March 4, 1992 ( 1992-03-04 ) April 8, 1992 ( 1992-04-08 ) ABC
222September 21, 1992 ( 1992-09-21 ) July 24, 1993 ( 1993-07-24 )
TV films4October 15, 1994 ( 1994-10-15 ) June 16, 1996 ( 1996-06-16 ) The Family Channel

A television series titled The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992–1996) featured three incarnations of the character: Sean Patrick Flanery played Indiana aged 16–21 Corey Carrier played an 8- to 10-year-old version in several episodes and George Hall narrated the show as the 93-year-old Jones, who bookended each episode. Lucas began developing the series in 1990 as "edutainment" that would be more cerebral than the films. The show was his first collaboration with producer Rick McCallum, and he wrote the stories for each episode. Writers and directors on the show included Carrie Fisher, Frank Darabont, Vic Armstrong, Ben Burtt, Terry Jones, Nicolas Roeg, Mike Newell and Joe Johnston. In the Chronicles, Jones crosses paths with many historical figures, played by stars such as Daniel Craig, Christopher Lee, Bob Peck, Jeffrey Wright, Marc Warren, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Elizabeth Hurley, Anne Heche, Vanessa Redgrave, Julian Fellowes, Timothy Spall and Harrison Ford as a 50-year-old Indiana in one episode (taking the usual place of Hall). [76] [77] [78]

The show was filmed in over 25 countries for over 150 weeks. Season one was shot from March 1991 to March 1992 the second season began two months later and wrapped in April 1993. [79] The ABC network was unsure of Lucas's cerebral approach, and attempted to advertise the series as an action-adventure like the films. Ratings were good if unspectacular, and ABC was nervous enough to put the show on hiatus after six episodes until September 1992. [76] With only four episodes left of the second season to air, ABC eventually sold the show to the Family Channel, who changed the format from 50-minute episodes to 90-minute TV movies. Filming for the final four episodes took place from January 1994 to May 1996. [79] The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles received a mixed reception from fans, although it won 10 Emmy Awards out of 23 nominations, as well as a 1994 Golden Globe nomination for Best Drama series. It was also an experimentation ground in digital effects for Lucasfilm. [76]

The original broadcast versions of some episodes were briefly released in Japan on laserdisc in 1993 and on VHS in 1994. However, Lucas drastically reedited and restructured the show for its worldwide home video release. Major structural changes were made, including the complete removal of the 'bookend' sections narrated by the 93-year-old Jones, and the editing of all the one-hour episodes together into two-hour episodes. Approximately half of the series was released on VHS in various markets around the world in 1999, but the entire series was not released until its DVD debut, in a series of three boxsets released from 2007 to 2008, to tie in with the theatrical debut of Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. Among other extras, the DVDs include approximately 100 new historical featurettes.

Cast Edit

This is a list of characters who have appeared in the Indiana Jones film franchise.

Characters Film series Television series
Raiders of the Lost Ark Temple of Doom Last Crusade Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Untitled film The Young Chronicles
Season 1 Season 2
Dr. Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr. Harrison Ford Harrison Ford Harrison Ford Sean Patrick Flanery (age 16–21)
Corey Carrier (age 8–10)
George Hall (age 93)
River Phoenix
(age 13) [80]
Boutalat (age 3) Harrison Ford (age 50)
Neil Boulane (infant)
Marcus Brody Denholm Elliott Denholm Elliott Denholm Elliott
(photograph)
Sallah John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies
(photograph)
Marion Ravenwood Karen Allen Karen Allen
René Belloq Paul Freeman [81]
Major Arnold Toht Ronald Lacey [82]
Colonel Dietrich Wolf Kahler [83]
Wilhelmina "Willie" Scott Kate Capshaw Kate Capshaw
(photograph)
Short Round Ke Huy Quan [84]
Mola Ram Amrish Puri [85]
Maharaja Zalim Singh Raj Singh
Chattar Lal Roshan Seth
Professor Henry Jones Sr. Sean Connery Sean Connery
(photograph)
Lloyd Owen
Alex Hyde-White
(young) [86]
Walter Donovan Julian Glover [87]
Dr. Elsa Schneider Alison Doody [88]
Colonel Vogel Michael Byrne [89]
Kazim Kevork Malikyan
Herman J. J. Hardy
Henry "Mutt" Jones III Shia LaBeouf
Irina Spalko Cate Blanchett
George "Mac" Michale Ray Winstone
Professor Harold Oxley John Hurt
Colonel Dovchenko Igor Jijikine
Dean Charles Stanforth Jim Broadbent
TBA Phoebe Waller-Bridge
TBA Mads Mikkelsen
TBA Thomas Kretschmann
TBA Boyd Holbrook
TBA Shaunette Renée Wilson
Anna Jones Ruth De Sosa
Helen Seymour Margaret Tyzack
Remy Baudouin Ronny Coutteure
Thomas Edward
"T. E." Lawrence
Joseph A. Bennett Douglas Henshall

Additional crew and production details Edit

Film Composer Editor Cinematographer Production
company
Distributor
Raiders of the Lost Ark John Williams Michael Kahn Douglas Slocombe Lucasfilm Ltd. Paramount Pictures
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Janusz Kamiński
Untitled fifth film TBA Phedon Papamichael Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures

Box office performance Edit

Critical and public response Edit

Academy Awards Edit

The series has been nominated for 13 Academy Awards, of which they have won 6. Raiders of the Lost Ark was also given a Special Achievement Award for Best Sound Effects Editing.

Award category
Raiders of the Lost Ark Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Best Art Direction Won
Best Sound Won Nominated
Best Cinematography Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Film Editing Won
Best Original Score Nominated
Best Picture Nominated
Best Sound Effects Editing Special Achievement
(Ben Burtt and Richard L. Anderson)
Won
Best Visual Effects Won

Novels Edit

A novelization of Raiders of the Lost Ark was written by Campbell Black and published by Ballantine Books in April 1981. [104] It was followed by Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, written by James Kahn and published by Ballantine in May 1984. [105] Finally, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was published in May 1989, and was the first Indiana Jones book by Rob MacGregor. [106] A fan of the first two films, MacGregor admitted that writing the novelization made him "somewhat disappointed" with the third film, as he had expanded the script whereas Steven Spielberg had cut scenes to tighten the story. [107]

George Lucas asked MacGregor to continue writing original novels for Bantam Books. These were geared toward an adult or young adult audience, and were prequels set in the 1920s or early 1930s after Jones graduates from college. Of the film characters, Lucas only permitted Marcus Brody to appear. [107] He asked MacGregor to base the books on real myths, but except for the deletion of a sex scene, the writer was given total creative freedom. His six books – Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi, Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants, Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils, Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge, Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy, and Indiana Jones and the Interior World – were published from February 1991 to November 1992. The Genesis Deluge, published in February 1992 and featuring Noah's Ark, was the best-selling novel MacGregor felt this was because it "had a strong following among religious-oriented people [. ] because they tend to take the Noah's Ark story to heart and think of it as history and archaeological fact, rather than myth." MacGregor's favorite book was The Seven Veils, [107] which featured real-life explorer Percy Fawcett and the death of Indiana's wife, Deirdre Campbell. [108] [109] [110] [111] [112] [113]

Martin Caidin wrote the next two novels in Bantam's series, Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates and Indiana Jones and the White Witch. These feature Gale Parker as Indiana's sidekick they introduced afterwords to the series, regarding each novel's historical context. [114] [115]

Caidin became ill, so Max McCoy took over in 1995 and wrote the final four novels: Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone, Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs, Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth, and Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx. McCoy set his books closer in time to the events of Raiders of the Lost Ark, which led to his characterizing Indiana as "a bit darker". The prolog of his first book featured a crystal skull, [116] and this became a recurring story, concluding when Jones gives it up in the final novel. Lucas's involvement with McCoy's novels was limited, although LucasFilm censored sexual or outlandish elements in order to make the books appeal to younger readers [117] they also rejected the theme of time travel in the final book. [116] Sallah, Lao Che, Rene Belloq and the Nazis made appearances, and McCoy also pitted Jones against Benito Mussolini's fascists and the Japanese. Jones also has a doomed romance with Alecia Dunstin, a librarian at the British Museum. [118] [119] [120] [121] A novel involving the Spear of Destiny was dropped, because Dark Horse Comics was developing the idea and later DC Comics developed the idea. [116]

The books were only published in paperback, as the series editor felt readers would not be prepared to pay the hardback price for an adventure novel. [122]

In February 2008, the novelizations of the first three films were published in one edition [123] James Rollins' Kingdom of the Crystal Skull novelization arrived the following May. [124] Children's novelizations of all four films were published by Scholastic in 2008. [125]

MacGregor was said to be writing new books for Ballantine for early 2009, but none have been published. [126]

A new adult adventure, Indiana Jones and the Army of the Dead by Steve Perry, was released in September 2009. [127]

A novel based on the video game Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings, written by MacGregor to coincide with the release of the game, was canceled due to problems around the game's production. [128]

Additionally, German author Wolfgang Hohlbein wrote eight Indiana Jones novels in the early 1990s, which were never translated to English.

List of novels Edit

All of the following were published by Bantam Books, with the exception of Army of the Dead, which was published by Del Rey.

  • Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi (Feb 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants (June 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils (Dec 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge (Feb 1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy (Sept 1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Interior World (1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates (Dec 1993) – by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the White Witch (1994) – by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone (1995) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs (1996) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth (1997) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx (1999) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Army of the Dead (2009) – by Steve Perry

Indiana Jones novels by Wolfgang Hohlbein:

  • Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (1990) – (Indiana Jones and the Longship of the Gods)
  • Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (1990) – (Indiana Jones and the Feathered Snake)
  • Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Gold of El Dorado)
  • Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Lost People)
  • Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Sword of Genghis Khan)
  • Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (1992) – (Indiana Jones and the Secret of Easter Island)
  • Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (1993) – (Indiana Jones and the Labyrinth of Horus)
  • Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (1994) – (Indiana Jones and the Legacy of Avalon)

Children's novels Edit

Find Your Fate Edit

Ballantine Books published a number of Indiana Jones books in the Find Your Fate line, written by various authors. These books were similar to the Choose Your Own Adventure series, allowing the reader to select from options that change the outcome of the story. Indiana Jones books comprised 11 of the 17 releases in the line, which was initially titled Find Your Fate Adventure. [129]

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island (June 1984) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba (June 1984) – Rose Estes
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower (Aug 1984) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates (Aug 1984) – Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire (Oct 1984) – Andy Helfer
  • Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death (Dec 1984) – Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt (Feb 1985) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance (Apr 1985) – Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan (May 1985) – Ellen Weiss
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island (1986) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Elephant (Feb 1987) – Megan Stine and H. William Stine

Scholastic Edit

In 2008, Scholastic released a series of middle-grade novels based on the stories and screenplays. Each book of this edition included several pages of color stills from filming.

  • Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark – Ryder Windham
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom – Suzanne Weyn
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade – Ryder Windham

In May 2009, two new middle-grade books were to begin a new series of Untold Adventures, though no further books appeared. [130]

  • Indiana Jones and the Pyramid of the Sorcerer – Ryder Windham
  • Indiana Jones and the Mystery of Mount Sinai – J.W. Rinzler

Young Indiana Jones Edit

In the early 1990s, different book series featured childhood and young adult adventures of Indiana Jones in the early decades of the century. Not all were directly tied to the Young Indiana Jones Chronicles TV series.

The following books are set in Indy's mid- to late-teen years.

  • Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure (1990) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror (1990) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death (1990) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City (1990) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril (1991) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge (1991) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders (1991) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of Ruby Cross – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Titanic Adventure (1993) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango (1993) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld (1994) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire (1994) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates' Loot (1994) – by J.N. Fox
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger (1995) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Madman (unpublished) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ring of Power (unpublished) – Megan Stine

These books were novelizations of episodes of the TV series. Some feature Indy around age 8 others have him age 16–18.

  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Mummy's Curse – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Field of Death – by Les Martin
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Safari Sleuth – by A.L. Singer
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Secret Peace – by William McCay
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Trek of Doom – by Les Martin
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Revolution! – by Gavin Scott
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Race to Danger – by Stephanie Calmenson
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Prisoner of War – by Sam Mclean

These are labeled Choose Your Own Adventure books. Like the TV series, some feature Indy around age 8, others age 16–18.

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles:

  • The Valley of the Kings – by Richard Brightfield
  • South of the Border – by Richard Brightfield
  • Revolution in Russia – by Richard Brightfield
  • Masters of the Louvre – by Richard Brightfield
  • African Safari – by Richard Brightfield
  • Behind the Great Wall – by Richard Brightfield
  • The Roaring Twenties – by Richard Brightfield
  • The Irish Rebellion – by Richard Brightfield

Young Indiana Jones:

  • The Mata Hari Affair – by James Luceno
  • The Mummy's Curse – by Parker Smith
  • The Curse of the Jackal – by Dan Barry
  • The Search for the Oryx – by Dan Barry
  • The Peril of the Fort – by Dan Barry
  • Lost Diaries of Young Indiana Jones – by Eric D. Weiner
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: On the Set and Behind the Scenes – by Dan Madsen
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Egypt – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Rome – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Greece – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Vikings – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Incas – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Aztecs – by John Malam

Comic books Edit

Video games Edit

Since the release of the original film, there have been a number of video games based on the Indiana Jones series. These include both games based on (or derived from) the films, as well as those featuring the characters in new storylines.

Games adapted or derived from the films Edit

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1982, Atari Inc) – The first Indiana Jones video game. Released on the Atari 2600. (1985, Atari Games) – Arcade game, later converted to many home computer and console formats, including an NES version in 1988.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (1989, LucasArts) – One of two Last Crusade-based games released by LucasArts in 1989.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (1989, LucasArts)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1991, Taito) – Released for the NES console.
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (1994, JVC/LucasArts) – The final film adaptation until 2008, based upon all three original films. Released on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • Lego Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures (2008, LucasArts) – Based on the original three movies and the Lego toy franchise.
  • Lego Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues (2009, LucasArts) – A sequel to the original Lego Indiana Jones game.

Original games Edit

  • Indiana Jones in the Lost Kingdom (1985, Mindscape)
  • Indiana Jones in Revenge of the Ancients (1987, Mindscape) – Released for the Apple II and PC DOS computer platforms.
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (1992, LucasArts) – Released for DOS (IBM PC) compatibles in 1992.
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1993, Jaleco) – Released for the NES console.
  • Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (1994, LucasArts) – Released for the Sega Genesis
  • Indiana Jones and His Desktop Adventures (1996, LucasArts)
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (1999, LucasArts) – Released in 1999 on the PC, as well as for the Nintendo 64
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (2D Version) (2001, LucasArts) – A 2D version of Infernal Machine released for the Game Boy Color
  • Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (2003, LucasArts) – a prequel to Temple of Doom. Released on the PlayStation 2, Xbox and Microsoft Windows in 2003.
  • Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings (2009, LucasArts) – Released in June 2009 for the Nintendo DS, Wii, PSP and PS2. [131]
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Puzzles (2009, THQ) – Developed by Universomo and published by THQ Wireless for BlackBerry, iOS, and Windows Mobile. [132][133][134][135]
  • Indiana Jones Adventure World (2011, Zynga) – The social gaming company Zynga partnered with Lucasfilm to produce this game late 2011. [136]
  • Untitled Indiana Jones game (TBA, Bethesda Softworks, MachineGames, Lucasfilm Games) – a new game announced to be in development on January 12, 2021 with Todd Howard executive producing. [137]

Cancelled games Edit

  • Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix – An intended sequel to The Fate of Atlantis, intended for a 1995 release, but was cancelled. developed a game around 2006 as a reskin of a cancelled Tomb Raider game, but this incarnation was not successful either. [138]

Theme park attractions Edit

Prior to Disney's acquisition, George Lucas collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on several occasions to create Indiana Jones attractions for Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide. Indiana Jones-themed attractions and appearances at Disney theme parks include:

  • The Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular! show opened at Disney's Hollywood Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, in 1989.
  • The Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril roller-coaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallée, France, in 1993.
  • The Indiana Jones Adventure, which opened at Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995 and at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, in 2001.
  • An Indiana Jones-themed bar lounge, "Jock Lindsey's Hangar Bar", opened in 2015 at Disney Springs at the Walt Disney World Resort. [139][140] at Disney's Hollywood Studios featured a scene based on Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Toy lines Edit

For the holiday season following the June 1981 debut of Raiders of the Lost Ark, Kenner produced a 12-inch-tall "Authentically styled Action Figure" of Indiana Jones. The next spring they delivered nine smaller-scale (3 3 ⁄ 4 ") action figures, three playsets, replicas of the German desert convoy truck and Jones's horse, all derived from the Raiders movie. [141] They also offered a Raiders board game. [142]

In conjunction with the theatrical release of The Temple of Doom in 1984, TSR, Inc. released miniature metal versions of twelve characters from both films for a role playing game. LJN Toys Ltd. also released action figures of Jones, Mola Ram, and the Giant Thugee.

No toys were produced to tie in with The Last Crusade in 1989

Sideshow Collectibles, Gentle Giant, Diamond Select Toys and Kotobukiya [145] also earned Indiana Jones licensing rights in 2008. [146] [147] [148] [149] Lego released eight play sets to coincide with the fourth film, based on Raiders and The Last Crusade as well as on Kingdom of the Crystal Skull [150] [151]

Merchandise featuring franchise cross-overs include a Mr. Potato Head "Taters Of The Lost Ark" set by Hasbro, [152] Mickey Mouse as Indiana Jones, [153] and a Muppets-branded Adventure Kermit action figure, produced by Palisades Toys and based on the frog's appearance in the Disney World stunt show as seen in The Muppets at Walt Disney World. [154]

Disney Vinylmation introduced a series based on Indiana Jones characters in 2014. [155]

Role-playing games Edit

There have been two publications of role-playing games based on the Indiana Jones franchise. The Adventures of Indiana Jones Role-Playing Game was designed and published by TSR, Inc. under license in 1984. [156] Ten years later, West End Games acquired the rights to publish their own version, The World of Indiana Jones.

Pinball Edit

A pinball machine based on the first three films was released in 1993. Stern Pinball released a new edition in 2008, which featured all four movies. [157]


Smart as a Whip

“Seventy percent of all archaeology is done in the library. Research. Reading,” says professor Indiana Jones to a roomful of students in Last Crusade. But it’s the other 30 percent—the boulder-fleeing, the snake-dodging—that makes for good cinema. Moviegoers lining up today for the professor’s fourth outing probably aren’t looking for what you’d describe as an intellectual experience. Who can claim to have learned anything from Raiders of the Lost Ark—beyond the fact that if you happen to be present at the opening of the Ark of the Covenant and prefer your face unmelted, you had better close your eyes?

Yet in the early ‘90s, George Lucas decided the Indy franchise had more to teach than just how to survive a run-in with an occult artifact. What began as a software project for his George Lucas Educational Foundation eventually grew into The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones, a TV series about Indy’s coming of age in the first part of the 20 th century. “This is not an action-adventure film,” Lucas told the New York Times. “It deals with issues and ideas.” Recently, when the show was released on DVD, Lucas expressed his hope that it might be a valuable component of “a modern high school history class.”

The sprawling series, which aired in weekly hourlong episodes on ABC, follows Indy on his adventures around the globe, first as a young child (Corey Carrier), then as a teenage soldier and spy during World War I (Sean Patrick Flanery), and later as a college student. Each episode sends Indy on a sort of extreme field trip, where he meets great figures and witnesses seismic events—like Zelig without the neurosis, or “Forrest Gump with a whip,” as Lucas has put it. In his formative years, Indiana safaris with Teddy Roosevelt, excavates a mummy’s tomb with Howard Carter, becomes pen pals with T.E. Lawrence (“Dear Ned …”), jams with Sidney Bechet, and punches Ernest Hemingway in the face.

He also beds half of the women in Europe and a fair number in the States as well. If you were a prominent woman between the years of 1916 and 1920, you probably slept with Indiana Jones. Dorothy Parker’s line about the floozy who “speaks 18 languages and can’t say no in any of them” could have equally applied to Indy—except he speaks 27. (He actually meets Parker in a late episode but in a rare act of forbearance does not attempt to have sex with her, since he is already dating three other women.) Even Edith Wharton, almost 40 years his senior, finds she can’t keep her hands off a barely legal Indy.

Predictably, many of the show’s history lessons are dubious. Young viewers who know nothing else about, say, Hemingway and Kafka will be left with dominant impressions that are either trivial or false: that the former was an accomplished cellist, that the latter once rode a file cabinet down a grand staircase. When the show does try to impart some serious history, the pendulum swings toward dull didacticism: When Indy meets Arnold Toynbee at Versailles after the war, the historian tritely admonishes that “those who forget the lessons of history are doomed to repeat it.” Indy returns to his flat and pens the phrase in his notebook, followed by a large question mark. He then looks out the window at the night sky, deep in thought.

“Edutainment” is typically a zero-sum game between its educational and entertainment elements. Yet every once in a while, Young Indiana Jones manages to pull off both at once. Joining the Mexican revolution in 1916, Indy storms a hacienda with Pancho Villa and his band. In the hacienda’s private movie theater, the revolutionaries screen American films while Indy translates. The first reel, a love story, moves the grizzled guerrillas to tears, but the jingoistic newsreel that follows forces Indy to fudge the translation to avoid causing a riot. Still, one piece of the newsreel—on developments in the war in Europe—stirs Indy, eventually driving him to enlist in the Belgian army (the only Allied force ramshackle enough not to check his age). The scene in the theater is elegantly economical: funny, tense, moving, character-developing. And it might even teach you a thing or two: about the state of World War I in 1916 and how Americans got their news about it.

Lucas had told his writers that they were making “Masterpiece Theater for the masses” and declared the show “much more like Howards End than Raiders of the Lost Ark.” But his hope that viewers would come for Indy and stay for the edification proved naive. With 1989’s Last Crusade a fond recent memory, audiences didn’t care for this brainy young Indy, and after a few episodes deficient in whip-cracking, they began to tune out. “It didn’t matter how many times I said it was a coming-of-age series about a young boy’s exploration of history,” he told the L.A. Times as the show was failing in 1993. “[P]eople still expected to see that rolling boulder.”

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, as the show was originally titled, had some of the highest production values in television history it was shot on location in dozens of countries it boasted actors from Vanessa Redgrave to Max von Sydow, directors from Mike Newell to Nicolas Roeg, and writers from Frank Darabont to Carrie Fisher *. But it could still never quite shake a slightly ersatz quality: The award-winning music from Laurence Rosenthal was just not quite as stirring as John Williams’ Sean Patrick Flanery was just not quite as good-looking as River Phoenix. Steven Spielberg had nothing to do with the show, and Harrison Ford appeared only once, bookending a late episode as a ratings-boosting favor to Lucas.

ABC yanked the show after just six episodes, reviving it only after it won five Emmys. * The show died slowly and quietly, and even though Lucas had “deluged” 10,000 schools with study guides, according to his biographer John Baxter, it never had a life of its own in the classroom.

Unaccustomed to failure, Lucas now seems to hope that the advent of DVD, and the release of the latest cinematic installment in the Indy story, will finally allow him to complete his pedagogical mission. The new DVDs come in three volumes, totaling 31 discs, nearly one per episode. Why all the extra space? In addition to the Young Indiana episodes, the DVD sets feature 94 original half-hour companion documentaries. Some discs contain nothing but these documentaries, produced by Lucas and a team of documentarians he recruited. Among the luminaries to show up in the films are Henry Kissinger—in “Woodrow Wilson—American Idealist”—and Colin Powell—in “Hellfighters—Harlem’s Heroes of World War One.”

The idea is that teachers might show a Young Indiana episode in which Elizabeth Hurley plays the smitten daughter of a suffragette, after which students will be eager to sit through a documentary about Emmeline Pankhurst. And if they do, they will indeed learn something: The documentaries, whose only real tie to Young Indiana is the choice of subject matter, are well-made and much more scrupulous about accuracy than the series itself.

Is anyone taking the bait this time around? The History Channel was impressed enough (or eager enough to get a piece of the Indy marketing action) to agree to air them. And the Web turns up a few history teachers who are fans of the new releases. Thomas Riddle, a teacher in Greenville, S.C., has set up Indyintheclassroom.com. A lesson plan on the site comes complete with a chronology of WWI, a map of the Somme offensive, and viewing questions. (“Why is Indy sent to a maximum security POW camp?” “How do the Russians provide Indy and De Gaulle an opportunity to escape?”)

Riddle, who has received help and encouragement from folks at Lucasfilm (some free early cuts of the DVDs, for one thing), recently organized an event in Greenville’s science center called “Walking Through Time With Indiana Jones.”* Admirable though Riddle’s efforts may be, there is something unsettling about them too, epitomized in a line from the event’s flyer: “We’ve decided to end our exhibition time frame in the ‘50s, since that is as far as Indy’s adventures have been chronicled thus far.” The social science teacher bent on using Indy to inspire the next generation of history jocks is confronted with a tricky epistemological problem: “If a war rages somewhere in the world, and Indiana Jones isn’t there to fight in it, does it actually happen?”

Lucas’ intentions may also be admirable, but in the end, Indiana Jones isn’t any better at teaching history than Chewbacca, whose native language must be tonal, would be at teaching Chinese. Still, you could do worse than spend a few hours with Lucas’ foray into television. “People aren’t interested in ideas. It’s personalities they get excited about,” Lowell Thomas tells Indy in one episode. The show may not be so good at conveying ideas—don’t expect to pop out the DVD and suddenly be able to rattle off Wilson’s Fourteen Points. But the personality of Indiana Jones is enough to carry the show along, and the best of his adventures—his romp through Paris with Pablo Picasso, his stint as a stunt double in a John Ford Western—are, if nothing else, something to get excited about.

Correction, May 23, 2008: The article originally stated that Thomas Riddle had received DVDs from Lucasfilm so that he could get a head start on his site. In fact, the site was live before Riddle received the DVDs. (Return to the corrected sentence.)

Correction, May 27, 2008: The article originally misspelled Carrie Fisher’s name. (Return to the corrected sentence.)

Correction, June 3, 2008: The article originally stated that The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles eventually held a slot on Mondays after Monday Night Football, when most kids were asleep. While it was eventually moved from its Saturday night slot to Monday night, it aired after Monday Night Football only on the West Coast. (Return to the corrected sentence.)


Watch the video: Young Indiana Jones Historical Documentary 14 - Europe 1900 to 1914 (May 2022).